Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Life span chapter 8

1,910 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Life span chapter 8

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late Childhood 6-11 Years-of-Age PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney 6-11 Years-of-Age 1
  2. 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ir8BO4-7DkM 6-11 Years-of-Age 2
  3. 3. The Development of SelfUnderstanding   • Increasingly describe selves with psychological characteristics & traits – Ex: • Popular • Nice • Smart 6-11 Years-of-Age 3
  4. 4. The Development of SelfUnderstanding   • More likely: – Recognize social aspects of self • Include groups they belong to – Girl Scouts – Christian – What do I do in comparison to others? • Previous stage – What I do or don’t do 6-11 Years-of-Age 4
  5. 5. Self-Esteem & Self-Concept   • Personal perceptions match reality? • Maybe • Self-concept – Self-evaluate in many areas • Academic • Athletic • Appearance – How might this affect a child? 6-11 Years-of-Age 5
  6. 6. Self-Efficacy • Self-efficacy – Belief that one can master a situation & produce favorable outcomes • Low self-efficacy for learning – May avoid many learning tasks, especially challenging ones • Math: know it when I grow up • High-self-efficacy for learning – Eagerly work at learning tasks 6-11 Years-of-Age 6
  7. 7. Self Regulation • Self-regulation – Manage • Behavior • Emotions • Thoughts – Allows social skills & achievement • Capacity in self-regulation – Development, prefrontal cortex 6-11 Years-of-Age 8
  8. 8. Developmental Changes in Emotion • Better understanding of emotions • Can experience more than 1 emotion at a time. – Angry sister broke your toy – Sad you don’t have toy • Increased awareness of events leading to emotional reactions – “She hit me so I smashed her toy.” 6-11 Years-of-Age 9
  9. 9. Developmental Changes in Emotion • Ability to suppress or conceal – Negative feelings • Strategies for redirecting feelings – Self-soothing after upset • Play with favorite toy • Capacity for genuine empathy 6-11 Years-of-Age 10
  10. 10. Kohlberg Stages • Based on Piaget • 6 stages of moral development • Believed universal 6-11 Years-of-Age 11
  11. 11. 6-11 Years-of-Age 12
  12. 12. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O7pQJ0ptjk0 Kohlberg Stages 6-11 Years-of-Age 13
  13. 13. Kohlberg's Moral Development Theory • http://www.youtube.c om/watch? v=zY4etXWYS84 6-11 Years-of-Age 14
  14. 14. Kohlberg Stages • 3 Levels – Level 1: Preconventional reasoning – Level 2: Conventional reasoning – Level 3: Postconventional reasoning • 6 Stages – 2 stages in each level – (Need to keep in mind the 3 levels only) 6-11 Years-of-Age 15
  15. 15. Preconventional Reasoning – Early childhood development – Interpret good & bad in terms of (behaviorism) • External rewards • Punishments – Egocentric 6-11 Years-of-Age 16
  16. 16. Conventional Reasoning • Middle school • Apply certain standards – Standards set by others • Parents • Government • Learn to conform 6-11 Years-of-Age 17
  17. 17. Postconventional Reasoning • Usually college years • Recognize alternative moral courses – Explore options – Decide on personal moral code 6-11 Years-of-Age 18
  18. 18. Kohlberg Stages Research • Moral stages appeared later than Kohlberg envisioned. • Reasoning at Stage 6 rare. 6-11 Years-of-Age 19
  19. 19. Physical Development • Females • Males – Longer life expectancy – Less likely to develop • physical disorders • mental disorders – 10% taller – 2X’s risk of coronary disease – Hormones – More depression – Hormones • Stop growth of long bones at puberty 6-11 Years-of-Age • Promote growth of long bones 20
  20. 20. Physical Development • Females • Males – Brain smaller – Larger • More folds – Portions of corpus callosum larger – Areas involved in emotional expression show more activity 6-11 Years-of-Age • Part of hypothalamus related to sex • Area of parietal lobe larger – Visuospatial skills 21
  21. 21. Cognitive Development • Males better – Math – Visuospatial skills • Females better – Verbal abilities • Later studies – Verbal differences between females & males virtually disappeared – Math & visuospatial differences still existed • Have cognitive differences between females & males been exaggerated? 6-11 Years-of-Age 22
  22. 22. Aggresion • Who is more aggressive M or F? 6-11 Years-of-Age 23
  23. 23. Socioemotional Development • Aggression: – Boys more physically aggressive – Girls more verbally aggressive • Spread malicious rumors • Ignoring someone when angry • Boys more likely to hide – Negative emotions • Girls less likely to express – Disappointment that might hurt others’ feelings 6-11 Years-of-Age 24
  24. 24. Gender Differences in Prosocial Behavior • Prosocial behavior – Acting to help another person, particularly when only goal is to help. • Females – View selves as more prosocial & empathic – Across childhood & adolescence, engage in more prosocial behavior • Biggest gender difference occurs for kind & considerate behavior • Smaller difference in sharing 6-11 Years-of-Age 25
  25. 25. Developmental Changes in Parent-Child Relationships • Parents – spend less time with children – continue to be important – support & stimulate academic achievement • Children – less physical discipline than they did as preschoolers – more self-regulation 6-11 Years-of-Age 26
  26. 26. Developmental Changes in Peer Relations • Peers – Socializing time increases – Group size increases – Less supervision – Same-sex groups preferred • Until age 12 6-11 Years-of-Age 27
  27. 27. Being Popular • Popular children – – – – – – – – reinforce others listen open lines of communication with peers happy control negative emotions show enthusiasm show empathy self-confident , not conceited 6-11 Years-of-Age 28
  28. 28. Other Statuses • Neglected children – Low rates of interaction with peers – Described as shy by peers • Rejected children – Often more serious adjustment problems than those neglected – Some are aggressive 6-11 Years-of-Age 29
  29. 29. Bullying • Bullied children – Reported • More loneliness • Difficulty making friends • Victimized – Anxious & socially withdrawn children • Non-threatening & unlikely to retaliate – Aggressive children • May be targets because their behavior is irritating to bullies 6-11 Years-of-Age 31
  30. 30. Bullying Cont. • Victims – more headaches – more abdominal pain – sleeping problems – tired – more depression • Bullies – More likely to have a poor academic record – Smoke – Drink alcohol 6-11 Years-of-Age 32
  31. 31. Functions of Friendships • Children’s friendships serve what functions? 6-11 Years-of-Age 33
  32. 32. 6 Functions of Friendships 6-11 Years-of-Age 35
  33. 33. Socioeconomic Status & Ethnicity • Schools in low-income areas are more likely to have: – more students with low achievement test scores – low graduation rates – small % of students going to college – young teachers with less experience – encourage rote learning – buildings & classrooms old & crumbling 6-11 Years-of-Age 37
  34. 34. Newsletter • Newsletter 6-11 yrs. 6-11 Years-of-Age 39

×