Life span chapter 10

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Life span chapter 10

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Socioemotional Development in Adolescence 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  2. 2. Identity  Identity composed of: vocational/career identity political identity religious identity relationship identity achievement; intellectual identity sexual identity cultural/ethnic identity interests personality physical identity 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  3. 3. Ongoing Search  Identity issues: Questions about identity come up throughout life Such as? Parents Important in adolescent's development of identity – How? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  4. 4. Self-Esteem  Self-esteem Overall way we evaluate ourselves  May be correlation between  Adolescent self-esteem & Future adjustment in adulthood How was your self esteem in adolescence? Is it better now? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  5. 5. Autonomy and Attachment  Adolescent’s push for autonomy & responsibility Puzzles Angers many parents  How should you handle this issue? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  6. 6. Autonomy and Attachment  Adult should  Allow reasonable decisions All through childhood adults should be slowly letting go  Continue to guide adolescent  Ask questions to help them to think  Ex: Want a new car – Questions?  Boys given more independence  Secure attachment  Important in adolescents’ relationships with parents 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  7. 7. 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  8. 8. Old & New Models  Old model  Detach from parents & move into autonomy  Parent-adolescent conflict intense & stressful  New model  Parents important attachment figures & support systems  Parent-adolescent conflict is moderate  Everyday negotiations & minor disputes Normal Serve positive function – What could that be? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  9. 9. Competent Development Results when Parents …     Show warmth & respect Not too controlling Not too permissive Demonstrate interest  Spend time with them  Monitor activities  Understand development  Communicate expectations for high standards of conduct & achievement  Recognize moderate conflict is normal  Deal with problems & conflict constructively  Understand adolescents don’t become adults overnight  NUMBER 1 RULE: BE A GOOD ROLE MODEL 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  10. 10. Friends  Prefer smaller number of friendships  More intense  More intimate  Increasingly important in meeting social needs  Ups & downs of experiences with friends  Shape adolescents’ well-being 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  11. 11. Friends  Longitudinal study Close friendships at 16 predicts positive romantic relationships at 20-23  Conform more to peer pressure than when children 8th – 9th grade conformity to antisocial behavior peeks. Drug use 12 - 13 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  12. 12. Dating & Romantic Relationships  Dating can be a form of:  Recreation  Source of status  Learning about close relationships  Way of finding a mate  Often comfort in numbers  Teens begin hanging out in mixed-sex groups  Cyberdating  Popular Especially middle school age  Hazardous Who are they really talking to? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  13. 13. Gay & Lesbian Dating    Many date heterosexually, which can help clarify their sexual orientation disguise it  Few have same-sex romantic relationships Limited opportunities Social disapproval 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  14. 14. Sociocultural Contexts & Dating    Differences in dating patterns among ethnic groups  Values, religious beliefs, & traditions dictate: Age dating begins How much freedom in dating Dates chaperoned by adults or parents Roles of males/females in dating 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  15. 15. Dating & Adjustment  Those who date more likely  accepted by peers  perceived as more physically attractive  Early dating & “going with” someone associated with :  adolescent pregnancy  problems at home  problems at school 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  16. 16. Variations of adolescence around the world  Asian Indian  2/3 accept parents’ choice of marital partner  Philippines  Many females sacrifice their futures Move to city Send money home  Middle East  Many not allowed to interact with opposite sex, even in school 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  17. 17. Variations of adolescence around the world Cont.  Kenya Street youth May delinquent Prostitution  United States Marrying later  Russia Marrying earlier Legitimize sexual activity 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  18. 18. Rites of Passage    Rite of passage  Ceremony or ritual  Marks transition  One status to another  Gain access to: – Sacred adult practices – Knowledge – Sexuality  Often involve a ritual – Death – Rebirth » or – Means of contact with spiritual world 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  19. 19. Do we have rites of passage for American adolescents?  US no universal ceremony  Jewish bar & bat mitzvah  Catholic confirmation  Quinceañera  Sweet 16 party  School graduation closest  Social organizations  May have ceremonies Initiations Debuts 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  20. 20. Delinquency  Juvenile delinquent  2002 Juvenile court caseloads  3 males to 1 female  High delinquency rates Minority groups Low SES  Should adolescent be tried as an adult? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  21. 21. Causes of Delinquency    Many causes  Heredity  Identity problems  Community influences  Family experiences  Peers may Reinforce negative identity Norms lower-SES peer groups & gangs  Antisocial 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  22. 22. Causes of Delinquency    Family conflict  Inconsistent & inappropriate discipline  Sibling influences  Delinquent peers Greatly increases risk  Lack of parental monitoring Especially important 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  23. 23. Depression    Adolescent girls consistently higher rates depression  Risk Family factors Poor peer relationships Problems in romantic relationships 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  24. 24. Suicide    Suicide behavior Escalates in adolescence Increases further in emerging adulthood  Suicide 3rd leading cause of death ages 10 – 19  Take suicide talk or attempt seriously! Most unsuccessful 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  25. 25. Gender Differences in Suicide  Females more likely to attempt  Males more likely to succeed  Males more lethal means  Guns  Females more likely  Cut their wrists  Overdose sleeping pills  Lesbian & gay  Especially vulnerable 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  26. 26. Adolescent Problems & their Treatment  4 main problems drug abuse delinquency sexual problems school-related problems  Higher risk More than 1 above, more risk 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  27. 27. Successful Programs  Programs successful preventing or reducing problems Intensive individualized attention Community-wide multi-agency collaborative approaches Early identification & intervention 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age

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