Subjects & Verbs<br />Every sentence has a subject & a verb.<br />Who or what the sentence speaks about is called the subject.<br />What the sentence says about the subject is called the verb.<br />Ex. The teachersmiled.<br />My kittenis sweet.<br />
Find a subject<br />To find a subject, ask who or what the sentence is about.<br />Below are some examples.<br />“The Children laughed”. Who is the sentence about? Children.<br />“Several branches fell”. What is the sentence about? Several branches.<br />
Find a verb<br />To find a verb, ask what the sentence says about the subject.<br />Ex.“The Children laughed”. What does the sentence say about children? They laughed.<br />Another way to find the verb is to put I, you, he, she, we, it, or theyin front of the word you think is a verb. If it makes sense, it’s a verb. <br />
Verbs<br />Remember that most verbs show action.<br />However, linking verbsdo not show action. They give information about the subject.<br />Ex. “That man is a hero”. The linking verbistells us that the man is a hero.<br />Some other linking verbs include am, are, was, were, feel, appear, look, become, andseem.<br />
More on subjects & verbs<br />1. A pronoun (Any word like he, she, it, we, you, & they used in place of a noun) can be the subject.<br />Ex. Heseems lonely. Theylike to jog.<br />2. A sentence may have more than one subject & verb<br />Ex. My heartskipped and pounded.<br />The money and credit cardswere stolen.<br />
More on subjects & verbs<br /><ul><li>3. The subject of a sentence never appears within a prepositional phrase.
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begin with a preposition.
Some common prepositions include by, in, at, on, off, over, under, to, with, & among.
It helps to cross out prepositional phrases when looking for the subject.</li></ul>Ex. Under my pillow I found a quarter. <br />
More on subjects & verbs<br />4. Many verbs consist of more than one word. <br />For example, there are many forms of the verb smile (smiles, is smiling, had been smiling).<br />5. Words like not, just, never, only, andalways are not part of the verb, although they may appear within it. <br />Ex. Sam did not start his homework.<br />
More on subjects & verbs<br />6. No verb preceded by to is the verb of the sentence.<br />Ex. My car began to sputter. I ran to get help.<br />7. No –ing word by itself is ever the verb. It may be part of it, but needs a helping verb in front of it. <br />Ex. Incorrect: They leaving for school.<br />Correct: They are leaving for school.<br />
Subject-Verb Agreement<br />A verb must agree with its subject in number.<br />A singular subject has a singular verb.<br />Ex. The dogis hungry.<br />A plural subject has a plural verb.<br />Ex. The dogsare hungry.<br />