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# Run Ons

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### Run Ons

1. 1. Run-Ons<br />p. 430-431<br />
2. 2. What are Run-Ons?<br />Two complete thoughts (independent clauses) are run together with no adequate sign given to mark the break between them. <br />
3. 3. Types of Run-Ons<br />Run-ons that have no punctuation to mark the break between thoughts are fused sentences: they are joined together as if only one thought.<br />Ex. My grades are good my social life gets a C.<br />
4. 4. Types of Run-Ons<br />Run-ons that use a comma to connect two complete thoughts are a comma splice. <br />Ex. My grades are good, my social life gets a C.<br />A comma alone is not strong enough to connect two complete thoughts (independent clauses). <br />A stronger, clearer mark is needed between two thoughts.<br />
5. 5. Comma Splices<br />Comma splices can also occur when two or more independent clauses are separated by a comma and a coordinating adverb, instead of by a coordinating conjunction. <br />Ex. Jim studied for the test, therefore he passed.<br />Conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, for, so, & yet.<br />
6. 6. Words that Lead to Run-ons<br />People often write run-ons when the second thought begins with one of these words…<br />I, you, he, she, it, we, they, there, this, that, now, then, next.<br />Be on the alert for run-ons when you use these words!<br />
7. 7. Correcting Run-ons<br />Method 1. Period and a capital letter.<br />For fused sentences, locate where the major break is between thoughts. <br />Place a period in-between thoughts.<br />Make the first letter of the first word in the second thought a capital letter.<br />Ex. My grades are good. My social life gets a C.<br />
8. 8. Method 2. Comma and a joining word.<br />Use a comma and a joining word (conjunction).<br />And- In addition to, along with.<br />But- Yet, however, on the other hand, just the opposite, except.<br />For- Because*, the reason why, the cause of something.<br />So- As a result, therefore. <br />Ex. My grades are good, but my social life gets a C.<br />
9. 9. Method 3. Semicolon ( ; )<br />Use a semicolon to mark the break between thoughts.<br />A semicolon is known as a strong comma. <br />The semicolon may be used alone. <br />Ex. It rained all week; the highway was flooded.<br />
10. 10. Method 3. Semicolon ( ; )<br /><ul><li> Use a semicolon with a transitional word & a comma to join two complete thoughts.</li></ul>Ex. We were out of money; therefore, we decided not to eat out that weekend.<br /><ul><li>See p. 438 for a list of transitional words and their meanings.</li></li></ul><li>Method 4. Subordination.<br />Use dependent words to show that one thought is not as important as another.<br />Ex. Because it rained all week, the highway was flooded.<br />Some common subordinate words:<br />After, although, as, because, before, since, if, even though, unless, until, when, while.<br />
11. 11. Read the sentence aloud & listen for a break to indicate two complete thoughts. Your voice will probably drop and pause at a break.<br />Read the paper aloud from last sentence to first. This will help you hear and see each complete thought. <br />