ACH 245 Lecture 05 (Plotting 2010)

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ACH 245 Lecture 05 (Plotting 2010)

  1. 1. ACH 245 Computer Applications for Design <ul><li>Lecture 5 - The Basics of Plotting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Model Space vs. Paper Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating Layout Tabs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plotting from a Layout Tab </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Model Space vs. Paper Space <ul><li>Model space is an infinitely large three-dimensional drawing space where “real” objects are drawn </li></ul><ul><li>Paper space is a drawing sheet- sized two-dimensional space where drawings are assembled </li></ul><ul><li>The UCI ( U ser C oordinate I con) changes to inform the user what drawing mode they are in </li></ul>Paper Space UCI Model Space UCI
  3. 3. Model Space vs. Paper Space <ul><li>Model Space </li></ul><ul><li>Model space is where you create the drawing at full scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If an object is 100’ long your draw it as 100’ long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Drawing is also edited or modified in model space </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Model Space vs. Paper Space <ul><li>Paper Space </li></ul><ul><li>Paper space is where you set up a sheet to be plotted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper Space is divided into Layout Tabs you create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Layouts are used to house the title block and have VIEWPORTS in order to view your full scale drawing at an architectural scale…like ¼”=1’-0” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>There is a single model space environment, but multiple paper space environments called Layouts , that you create </li></ul><ul><li>Layouts appear as tabs at the bottom of the screen and new AutoCAD Drawings start with one created for you </li></ul>
  6. 6. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>To create a new layout from scratch: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click on any layout tab and choose New layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A new layout tab is added to the drawing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><ul><li>Because it is intended that you will plot from paper space , all New Layouts ask for page setup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Page Setup Manager </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><ul><li>Select your layout tab and then modify </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><ul><li>This will bring up the Page Setup dialogue box </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Page setup allows you to tell the program all the plotting information specified when you send a drawing to the plotter </li></ul><ul><li>Things like… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot Device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing Orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot Area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Printing is called “ plotting ” in CAD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Printers are called “ plotters ” </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying the Plot Device : </li></ul>For setting up 8½” x 11” paper (letter size)
  12. 12. <ul><li>Specifying the Plot Device : </li></ul><ul><li>On the Printer/plotter tab select plotter (in this case a “printer”) </li></ul><ul><li>cts-salemCALT331-Printer-1 </li></ul>Creating Layout Tabs For setting up 8½” x 11” paper (letter size) Select printer
  13. 13. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying the Plot Style Table </li></ul>
  14. 14. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Plot Style Table </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to plot in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black and white (monochrome) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grayscale, screens, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For normal colors set to “ none ” </li></ul><ul><li>For Black and White plots set the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Plot Device tab select Monochrome in the plot style area of the tab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regardless of your layer color all lines will be Black </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying the Paper Size </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Paper Size menu </li></ul><ul><li>Select Letter, 8.5x11 in. </li></ul>For setting up 8½” x 11” paper (letter size)
  16. 16. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying Drawing Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Select Landscape </li></ul>For setting up 8½” x 11” paper (letter size)
  17. 17. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying Plot Scale & Plot Area </li></ul><ul><li>Plot Scale 1’-0” = 1’-0” </li></ul><ul><li>Plot Area Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Leave other settings as is </li></ul>
  18. 18. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying a Plot Device </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on a layout tab </li></ul><ul><li>Select page setup manager </li></ul><ul><li>On the plotter cts-salemCALT331-Plotter1 </li></ul>For setting up 24” x 36” paper (size D)
  19. 19. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying the Plot Style Table </li></ul><ul><li>Same as letter size paper </li></ul><ul><li>Specifying Paper size </li></ul><ul><li>Select Arch D (portrait) </li></ul><ul><li>Specifying </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Select Landscape </li></ul>For setting up 24” x 36” paper (size D)
  20. 20. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Specifying Plot Scale & Plot Area </li></ul><ul><li>Plot Scale 1’-0” = 1’-0” </li></ul><ul><li>Plot Area Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Leave other settings as is </li></ul>For setting up 24” x 36” paper (size D)
  21. 21. Creating Layout Tabs <ul><li>Once the page setup is complete… </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on any layout tab to modify the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delete the layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rename the layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy a layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the layout along the layout bar </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Viewports <ul><li>To better understand Viewports : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagine that you a have a 24” x 36” sheet of vellum complete with title block and border. Now imagine there was a hole cut in the vellum that would allow you to view the drawing. You can interchange drawings within this hole. This hole is what AutoCAD calls a VIEWPORT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The VIEWPORT can be any size or shape and the drawing can be any scale </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewports only exist in Layouts </li></ul>
  23. 23. Viewports <ul><li>To Create a Viewport : </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you are on a View Tab </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the Viewport group </li></ul><ul><li>Select the New icon or type in MV ( make viewport ) at the command prompt </li></ul>
  24. 24. Viewports <ul><li>To Create a Viewport : </li></ul><ul><li>Select Single under Standard viewports </li></ul><ul><li>Select OK </li></ul>
  25. 25. Viewports <ul><li>To Create a Viewport : </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a rectangle to create the viewport </li></ul><ul><li>This will create a “portal” to model space (MS) showing the entities and objects inserted in MS </li></ul>
  26. 26. Viewports <ul><li>Click twice inside the viewport </li></ul><ul><li>Notice the outline of the viewport is now thicken. </li></ul><ul><li>And the presence of the UCS icon inside the viewport </li></ul><ul><li>You have access to Model Space </li></ul>Manipulating a Viewport :
  27. 27. Viewports <ul><li>Another indication that Model Space is activated inside the viewport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the Status Bar, look for MODEL </li></ul></ul>Manipulating a Viewport : <ul><li>Toggle between Model Space and Paper Space by clicking on button </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the Status Bar, look for PAPER </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Viewports Setting Scale to a Viewport :
  29. 29. Viewports <ul><li>Click twice inside the viewport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This will engage the model space environment within PS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the status bar, select the viewport scale </li></ul>Setting Scale to a Viewport :
  30. 30. Viewports <ul><li>Select an architectural scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This sets the viewport scale within Paper Space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pan by holding down wheel on mouse to center your image </li></ul>Setting Scale to a Viewport :
  31. 31. Viewports <ul><li>Setting Scale to a Viewport : </li></ul><ul><li>Click twice outside the viewport somewhere in the environment of PS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or you can toggle the PAPER/MODEL button in the status bar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This will return you to the Paper Space environment </li></ul><ul><li>Viewports have the same properties as MS entities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They can be scaled, stretched, moved, copied and erased. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Viewports <ul><li>You can change the scale of the viewport later by selecting the rectangle of the viewport (so that you see the grips) and choosing another scale </li></ul>Setting Scale to a Viewport :
  33. 33. Plotting From a Layout Tab <ul><li>Once a Layout Tab has been set up with a view port : </li></ul><ul><li>Right Click on layout tab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Or Control+P </li></ul>
  34. 34. Plotting From a Layout Tab <ul><li>Once a Layout Tab has been set up with a view port : </li></ul><ul><li>Right Click on layout tab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Or Control+P </li></ul><ul><li>Or File  Print  Plot </li></ul>
  35. 35. Plotting From a Layout Tab <ul><li>Once a Layout Tab has been set up with a view port : </li></ul><ul><li>Notice all the settings in the plot dialogue box are already specified </li></ul>DO A FULL PREVIEW
  36. 36. Plotting From a Layout Tab <ul><li>While in the preview… </li></ul><ul><li>If drawing looks “ OK ” </li></ul><ul><li>Right Click and select Plot </li></ul><ul><li>If not “OK” select “ Exit ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Returns you back to the Plot Dialogue box to make any changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you need to go back to your drawing select “ Cancel ” </li></ul></ul>ONLY PLOT IF THE DRAWING IF THE PREVIEW LOOKS CORRECT
  37. 37. NEXT CLASS <ul><li>Lecture 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Inserting Blocks and Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding The Design Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting Blocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting Documentation Tags </li></ul></ul>

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