Then not now

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for Queer DH on April 22

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  • My education as a straight white cis woman has come from my students. It was an amazing day when Max agreed to come help me in the Women’s Center at William Paterson University of New Jersey where he educated me and helped to transform our offerings beyond “women.’ He is now a professor at Bucks County Community College.My acknowledgement to Max is more than the proper respect due to him. It is also to emphasize that for me queering is praxis, something lived, not just written down. As we worked together to find ways to make our campus work for LGBTQ people, it changed how I understood feminism, my role as a professor, and the work I do.
  • It began with audrelorde and questions of exclusion, either/or
  • Blurring the binaries in a digital history project, four ps,What this is not, intersections of queer/New Media, queer theory and digital humanities Margaret Rhee, Micha Cardenas, Katie King, Alexis Lothian, Edmund Chang, Amanda Phillips
  • When I discovered Both/And beyond binariesWhy have I never seen this paper? Why according to world cat, why can I see it because of my academic privilege while others cannot?
  • A remix of that project mashed up with the recent What Jesus’ wife and questions posed by this panelWhy project based histories do things Working against that is a logical of techno utopianism that somehow the digital carries with it the means o tnot only erase erasures, disappearances and/or silences, but magically also the oppressions/biases that cause them Building on trevorowenss four flavors of dh I’ve described four types of digital history, prorgramming, presenting, preserving, and producing. Walk you through these viewed through lense of queering digitla history
  • Art project of Zach Blas
  • Programming for history how can we queer TEI?Technoutopian the possibilities may be endless but language is not how do we encode that which we struggle to name?
  • Almost at the end of my project I realized that Johnson never used the phrase black lesbian feminist obviously not programming but applicable in terms of working with digitized sources. If I’d searched using lesbian as one of my terms I might not have found her.
  • Presenting digital history, screenshot of Unghosting Apparitional lesbian history project descriptionTechno utopianism most implicit here. We can present history to the world now Mapping Queer philadelphia took 1977 guide to gay phiadelphia put the sites on a map But also queering as a methodology for presenting digital history, part of the bending until (almost) breaks ethos of digital humanities, in my project I attempted to do this by blurring the cateogires set out by Scalar (link to reflections on working in sacalar) by creating a productive frustriating user experincee
  • Project of retrieval in part, but also a meditation on ethical issues in archives, responsibilities of researchers, as well as on the utopian impulse in digital history
  • Producing digital history1. Juxta showing excision of Johnson and BristowJuxta of 1979 verbal remarks, 1979 published commentary, and 1984 The Master's ToolsThe anthologizing problem asCites to "Black Women on Black Women Writers" (click to enlarge) from google books, works citing article, following Jacqueline Hettel's method, visualized in RawUsing visualizations to highlight how in logicentric history production still complicated issues around what is the text, why this text not that text, and how a text can be both central and ignored
  • Preserving Lesbian HerstoryArchives and the Internet Archive and Reveal Digital all “outside” academic archives housing the “trivial” aka “ephemera” but central to doing this projectAs annCvetkovich argues these ‘archive of feelings’ are not “‘proper’ archival material, An indeed when I first began working in archives over 20 years ago now, my collection was titled radical ephemera those messy leaflets and pamplets left behind from social movements that were clearly important but fit no existing taxooloy and thus ended up dumped togetherBecause ephemera means that which exists only briefly or to be enjoyed for a short itme we are moved in toa different scale of time than archives imply the ephemeral might also be said to be trivia, of the lower order of things, unimportant for knowledges
  • Show paths at start, paths at the finish
  • Are these binariesBeing There Digital Archives and Queer Affect Holka/Nestle by Sam McBeanBonnie Morris AHA presentation that worries about queer/lesbianThe internet renders fluid these ideas of time as well
  • Binary of past and present Considerable tension between the idea of history embedded in community archives from the 1960s and 1970s and newer understanding of queer historiography, what I started with from de certau that history is moving the preserved remnants of the past into circulation with/of the presentAnd it is this last thing I want to pikc up on what are the ethics of digitizing something that was at once both open to the public andfor/of a group of insidersSocial movement time is timeless in a sense or rather encapsulated in its own time becaue the women read the flyer knew which Friday, and which rally and where it was. (not to mention the pragmatic question)As Madhu Narayan asks in conjnunction with her own research in LHA the LHA are specifcally understood to be a home for the ephemeralhttp://www.enculturation.net/lesbian-herstory-archives
  • Where is public what public is public which publics are privateThoughts on why Duke isn’t digitizing their Zine archives, while I can find little about digitizing movement periodicals there is a lot of talk about zines!Barnard’s approach, Spare Rib
  • Then not now

    1. 1. Then Not Now Queering digital history a project-based approach For Max Probst who taught me more about queer than any book ever did michelle moravec @professmoravec
    2. 2. Screenshot: Unghosting Apparitional Lesbian History
    3. 3. lesbian straight then now academic activist insider outsider sister/outsider racism sexism black white thinker doer archival ephemeral
    4. 4. Screenshot Unghosting Apparitional Lesbian History
    5. 5. the past is past (except when it isn’t) “fear of a rapid and final disappearance combines with anxiety about the meaning of the present and uncertainty about the future” (Pierre Nora) “an endless labor of differentiation” between a former period and the present.”( Michel de Certeau) thoughts provoked byThe Gospel of Jesus’ Wife: An Open Letter to Historians by Brice C Jones
    6. 6. “product” of queer technologies Code can morph to endless choices of queer non-essentialism: from Boolean statements transferring to a multitude of states beyond and between true or false, loops fluctuating wildly and unpredictably, if / then logic dissolving into if / if / if / if ad infinitum 1 0
    7. 7. <relationGrp> <relation name="spouse" mutual="#jabuendia #uiguaran"/> Following Laura Mandell, I ask can you queer TEI Possible relationship values for the attribute "name" include: spouse sibling Parent child fiancé(é) friend lover apprentice adversary colleague coworker masterservant others you encounter (the possibilities are endless)Partner? named unnamed
    8. 8. Screenshot Unghosting Apparitional Lesbian History
    9. 9. hegemonic discourse that privileges knowledge produced by the intellectual elite over against the kinds of knowledge produced outside of the academy. (Brice C Jones) academic activist The map shows that the majority of social and sexual institutions were either in or adjacent to the Gayborhood, … the Gayborhood was not the only queer space in the city …, suggesting the presence of satellite queer communities and neighborhoods outside of the confines of the gay ghetto Mapping Queer Philadelphia
    10. 10. Unghosting apparitional lesbian history
    11. 11. queer history might be best articulated, to borrow José Esteban Muñoz’s concept of ‘ephemera’, ‘as trace, the remains, the things that are left, hanging in the air like a rumor’ (2009: 65). because gay and lesbian cultures accrue around sexuality and intimacy, they ‘often leave ephemeral and unusual traces’ (Cvetkovich 2003: 8). Both from McBean 2013 archival ephemeral Internet archive Heresies #4 Herstories Digital Archive Independent Voices Digital Archive
    12. 12. Screenshot TimeMapper
    13. 13. queer lesbian ”digital sites open up new ways to consider how the past is translated in and through the present. … the desire for queer history, the desire to see LGBT historical subjects.” Sam McBean “advances in Internet technology and the possibility of digitalizing extant music, photographs and documents gave independent scholars the tools to preserve entire community herstories, complementing community-based digital archives… [question remains] how radical lesbian culture might best be articulated to future historians. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, a new generation of academic theorists shifted their lens from women’s history to queer studies, de-emphasizing overt identification with the L in LGBT.” Bonnie Morris
    14. 14. What’s interesting about the Archives—maybe a third or a quarter of the fliers I read don’t have a date on them. So you have no idea when they happened. And then a lot of things don’t say where, it’s just a phone number … And you’re sitting there screaming to no one but yourself, “Which Friday are you talking about?!” This is our history! Jen Jack Giesenking past present graduate students enrolled in the Projects in Digital Archives courses taught by Anthony Cocciolo at Pratt Institute School of Information and Library Science In conjunction with theLesbian Herstory Archives, … have worked to digitize audio and visual recording from the 3,000 audio cassettes and VHS tapes in the Archives' collection. LHA attempts to use the digital tools at its disposal to build context for archival materials. … how community-based archives … mobilize digital tools and media to build context and community. And I am also interested in theorizing what we in the academy can learn from such archives about building community, context and history, especially in the face of cultural erasure and amnesia. Madhu Narayan
    15. 15. public private
    16. 16. Permission Copyright Privacy Print culture Kelly Wooten, Research Services and Collection Development Librarian of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women’s History and Culture in the Duke University Libraries. public private As Spare Rib is still in copyright, in order for this project to go ahead it is crucial for the British Library that all Spare Rib contributors (including illustrators and photographers) grant permission for their material to be digitised and made available online for non- commercial use. Polly Russell, British Library Honoring a zine maker's request to remove her zine from one's collection can provoke ethical fisticuffs in a zine librarian/librarian zinester's heart. To whom is the feminist archivist of living authors' materials more responsible, the authors themselves or researchers from the future? And to distant researchers? … it is ultimately reasonable to have a creator-centric philosophy inform our decision- making. Jenna Freedman, Associate Director of Communications and Zine Librarian, Barnard College

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