JUVI Preterite Notes

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Notes created by Profe King about the irregular preterite

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JUVI Preterite Notes

  1. 1. ¡ El pret érito!
  2. 2. Pret érito Regular <ul><li>AR Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>é </li></ul><ul><li>aste </li></ul><ul><li>ó </li></ul><ul><li>amos </li></ul><ul><li>aron </li></ul><ul><li>ER/IR Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>í </li></ul><ul><li>iste </li></ul><ul><li>ió </li></ul><ul><li>imos </li></ul><ul><li>ieron </li></ul>These endings must have accents in yo form and él form!
  3. 3. -car, -gar, -zar verbs <ul><li>These AR verbs have a spelling change in the YO FORM ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>C  qu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo toqu é (change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tú tocaste (no change!) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G  gu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo jugu é Tú jugaste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Z  c </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo almorc é Tú almorzaste </li></ul></ul>P.S. Technically these are regular verbs. That’s why they still need accents!
  4. 4. Irregular Preterite IR/SER <ul><li>Fui </li></ul><ul><li>Fuiste </li></ul><ul><li>Fue </li></ul><ul><li>Fuimos </li></ul><ul><li>Fueron </li></ul><ul><li>No accents! </li></ul><ul><li>I went/ I was </li></ul><ul><li>You went/ You were </li></ul><ul><li>He went/ He was </li></ul><ul><li>We went/ We were </li></ul><ul><li>They went/They were </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dar Ver Hacer <ul><li>Di vi </li></ul><ul><li>Diste viste </li></ul><ul><li>Dio vio </li></ul><ul><li>Dimos vimos </li></ul><ul><li>Dieron vieron </li></ul><ul><li>No accents! </li></ul><ul><li>Hice </li></ul><ul><li>Hiciste </li></ul><ul><li>Hizo </li></ul><ul><li>Hicimos </li></ul><ul><li>Hicieron </li></ul>
  6. 6. Preterito Irregular: JUVI Verbs <ul><li>These verbs experiences spelling changes in the stem in the preterite </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>Have their own set of endings </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>No accents on JUVI verbs </li></ul><ul><li>(because irregulars never have accents!) </li></ul>
  7. 7. JUVI Endings <ul><li>All these verbs end in: </li></ul><ul><li>e </li></ul><ul><li>iste </li></ul><ul><li>o </li></ul><ul><li>imos </li></ul><ul><li>isteis (vosotros) </li></ul><ul><li>ieron *-eron for J verbs* </li></ul><ul><li>No accents here!!!!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. U Verbs: Poder, Poner, Saber <ul><li>Poder  pud </li></ul><ul><li>Poner  pus </li></ul><ul><li>Saber  sup </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Poder (could) </li></ul><ul><li>pud e </li></ul><ul><li>pud iste </li></ul><ul><li>pud o </li></ul><ul><li>pud imos </li></ul><ul><li>pud ieron </li></ul>
  9. 9. V Verbs: Andar, Estar, Tener (and verbs with tener in them) <ul><li>Andar  anduv </li></ul><ul><li>Estar  estuv </li></ul><ul><li>Tener  tuv </li></ul><ul><ul><li>obtener  obtuv </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contener  contuv </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>retener  retuv </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. Tener (had) </li></ul><ul><li>tuv e </li></ul><ul><li>tuv iste </li></ul><ul><li>tuv o </li></ul><ul><li>tuv imos </li></ul><ul><li>tuv ieron </li></ul>
  10. 10. I Verbs: Querer, Venir, Hacer <ul><li>Querer  quis </li></ul><ul><li>Venir  vin </li></ul><ul><li>Hacer  hic (z) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Querer (wanted) </li></ul><ul><li>quis e </li></ul><ul><li>quis iste </li></ul><ul><li>quis o </li></ul><ul><li>quis imos </li></ul><ul><li>quis ieron </li></ul>
  11. 11. J verbs: Decir, Traer, -ducir <ul><li>Decir  dij </li></ul><ul><li>Traer  traj </li></ul><ul><li>Conducir  conduj </li></ul><ul><li>. . . . </li></ul><ul><li>traducir  traduj </li></ul><ul><li>reducir  reduj </li></ul><ul><li>introducir  introduj </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>dij e </li></ul><ul><li>dij iste </li></ul><ul><li>dij o </li></ul><ul><li>dij imos </li></ul><ul><li>dij eron </li></ul><ul><li> dij ieron = BAD </li></ul>No “I” in ellos ending on J verbs!

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