Sylva Rotary 11/15/2013


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Rotarians Against Hunger

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  • Hunger is a term which has several meanings (ON SLIDE)
  • READ from SLIDEAccording to The Journal of Nutrition:THEN ADDRecent Feeding America Data indicated 48.8 million Americans—including 16.2 million children— live in THE 17.2 MILLION households that lack the means to get enough nutritious food on a regular basis. As a result, they struggle with hunger at some time during the year.  59% of food-insecure households reported that in the previous month they had participated in one or more of the three largest federal food and nutrition assistance programs: SNAP (formerly food stamps), School Lunch and WIC.
  • “It is impossible to talk about hunger and food security without talking about poverty. Hunger and food insecurity are primary consequences of poverty, and the three are inextricably linked.”Poverty is the principal cause of hunger, in America and beyond. Rates of food insecurity are substantially higher than the national average among households with incomes near or below the federal poverty line, among households with children headed by single parents (35.1% of female-headed households with children are food-insecure) and among Black and Hispanic households. Food insecurity is most common in large cities but still exists in rural areas, suburbs and other outlying areas around large cities− 25 % of households with children living in large cities are food-insecure. 
  • Minimum wage income keeps workers above the federal poverty threshold, but is the federal poverty threshold a reasonable minimum standard of living?The minimum wage of $1.60 an hour in 1968 would be $10.56 today when adjusted for inflation.In 2010 and 2011, more than one in five children (22 percent) lived in families with incomes below the poverty line, the highest level since 1993; black and Hispanic children, children living in single-mother families, and children under five are even more likely to be poor.Of Buncombe County low-wage workers, one third, 34%, are employed in food preparation and serving related occupations. 22% are retail sales workers. 10% work transportation and material moving occupations. 9% are building cleaning workers, and 9% hold office and administrative occupations. These jobs pay between $8 and $10/hour, and typically don’t offer benefits of any kind.
  • Extreme poverty defined as living on under $1.25 per day, has fallen by 29 percent over the past 20 years, with progress in poverty reduction has been concentrated in Asia, and especially, East Asia, with the major improvement occurring in China. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the number of people in extreme poverty has increased. Heavily Indebted Poor Countries 33 of which are in Sub-Saharan AfricaLess than one per cent of what the world spends annually on weapons could put every child into schoolNearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names.Less than one per cent of what the world spends every year on weapons would put every child into schoolOver 20,000 children die every day around the world.That is equivalent to:1 child dying every 4 seconds14 children dying every minute –nearly 300 during this presentationA 2011 Libya conflict-scale death toll every dayA 2010 Haiti earthquake occurring every 10 daysA 2004 Asian Tsunami occurring every 11 daysAn Iraq-scale death toll every 19–46 daysJust under 7.6 million children dying every yearSome 92 million children dying between 2000 and 2010
  • CHILDRENFood-insecure children are 90% more likely to have their overall health reported as “fair/poor” rather than “excellent/good” than kids from food-secure homes.Food insecurity is also linked to increased hospitalizations, developmental problems, headaches, stomach aches, iron deficiency anemia and even colds.developmental deficits such as inability to concentrate, resulting in poor academic performance.4 Food insecurity is associated with higher rates of behavioral problems in three-year-olds; in school-aged children, psychosocial deficits, as well as higher anxiety and depression; and, in adolescents, higher rates of depressive disorder and suicidal symptoms. Food-insecure children show smaller gains in math and reading achievement between kindergarten and third grade, and, among those ages six to 11, a higher likelihood of repeating a grade.5 Food insecurity, particularly when experienced in the earliest primary grades, also has a significant detrimental effect on non-cognitive classroom measures, such as interpersonal skills, self-control, and the group of competencies (including attentiveness, persistence, and flexibility) termed “approaches to learning.” 6Hunger in childhood has been linked to significant health problems in adulthood.Pregnant Women - - associated with a range of physical and mental complications.-receive fewer nutrients and experience long term physical health problems.[xiii]-at greater risk of major depression and other mental health problems. [xiv],[xv]In adults:Physical Health -hinder their ability to live a full and active life, associated with lower scores on physical and mental health exams, increased risk of developing diabetes, associated with a range of chronic illnesses such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and other cardiovascular risk factors.[ix] Mental Health - a demonstrated relationship with higher levels of aggression and anxiety and slower developing social skills. [xii]
  • 870 million people in the world do not have enough to eat. This number has fallen by 130 million since 1990, but progress slowed after 2008. Most of the world’s hungry live in developing countries (98%)  Three-quarters of all hungry people live in rural areas, mainly in the villages of Asia and Africa. Around 50 per cent of pregnant women in developing countries are iron deficient. Lack of iron means 315,000 women die annually from hemorrhage at childbirth.  Women make up a little over half of the world's population, but they account for over 60 percent of the world’s hungry. Undernutrition contributes to 2.6 million deaths of children under five each year - one third of the global total.  One out of six children -- roughly 100 million -- in developing countries is underweight.   One in four of the world's children are stunted 80 percent of the world's stunted children live in just 20 countries.  66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.Around 27-28 percent of all children in developing countries are estimated to be underweight or stunted. The two regions that account for the bulk of the deficit are South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.  
  • Questions which are used to measure Food Security are:1. “We worried whether our food would run out before we got money to buy more.” Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months? 2. “The food that we bought just didn’t last and we didn’t have money to get more.” Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months? A majority of US households (67 percent of households with children and 80 percent of those without children) reported no problems or concerns in meeting their food needs. Households that reported only one or two indications of food insecurity (12.7 percent of households with children and 7.7 percent of households without children) are also classified as food secure.
  • The percentage of households reporting low or very low food security has gone from an average of 11.1 percent in 1998-2001, to 13.7% for the 2006-2008 period to the current 17.1%The Food assistance system in North Carolina provides emergency food for an estimated 1,434,700 different people annually.29% of the members of client households in North Carolina are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).33% of households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).Among client households with children, 80% are food insecure and 33% are food insecure with very low food security (Table of clients in North Carolina report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).38% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).30% of client households in North Carolina report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)
  • A landmark 2010 study from Feeding America, the nation’s largest domestic hunger-relief organization, reported that 106,600 different Western North Carolinians (one in six) receive emergency food each year through MANNA FoodBank’s network of emergency food providers.106,600 different people in Western North Carolina seek food assistance in a single year from emergency food programs served by MANNA FoodBank.That’s 1 in 6 of our WNC neighbors33,000 are children9,600 are elderlyOf all the households served by MANNA’s partner agencies, 75% face hunger. Of those households with children, 84% face hunger.Only 45% of the client households served by MANNA FoodBank receive Food and Nutrition Services benefits (formerly known as food stamps). It is likely that many more are eligible.Western North Carolinians seeking emergency food assistance often face tough choices between paying for food or other essentials such as fuel, housing, and healthcare.36% of households seeking emergency food assistance do have at least one employed adult. Working people in Western North Carolina are struggling to make ends meet and while employed, many are underemployed, part time, or seasonal.
  • Sylva Rotary 11/15/2013

    1. 1. Hunger 101 Cases, Causes and Cures
    2. 2. Our Agenda  What do we mean by…  hunger?  food security and insecurity?  poverty?  Hunger’s consequences  Who is hungry, at home and abroad?  Income and food security simulation  Responses to hunger
    3. 3. Hunger defined  ―…strong desire, craving …or urgent need for food.‖  ―…refer to a potential consequence of food insecurity that, because of prolonged, involuntary lack of food, results in discomfort, illness, weakness, or pain that goes beyond the usual uneasy sensation.‖ USDA
    4. 4. Food security & food insecurity  Food security - access by all members at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life.  Food insecurity - Limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.
    5. 5. Poverty – Federal Guidelines Persons in Family Gross Income (48 states and DC) 1 $11,170 2 $15, 130 3 $19,090 4 $23,050 5 $27,010 6 $30,970 7 $34,930 8 $38,890 For each additional person, add $3,960 Source: 2012 HHS Poverty Guidelines
    6. 6. Poverty – The Living Wage  ―…the minimum amount that a worker must earn to afford his or her basic necessities, without public or private assistance.‖  WNC living wage  single individual is $24,648/year without benefits, or $21,528/year with benefits,  15% of 400 different occupations in Buncombe County or the work for 35,820 (31%) workers, pays below $11.85/hour.
    7. 7. Poverty - in our World  Almost half the world — over three billion people — live on less than $2.50 a day and 80% live on less than $10 a day  The GDP of the 41 Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (567 million people) is less than the wealth of the world’s 7 richest people combined.  Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names.  1 billion children live in poverty (1 in 2 children in the world).
    8. 8. Consequences of hunger  Children  Developmental, educational, & economic  Pregnant women  Low birth weight and many illnesses  Adults  Worsens existing health problems
    9. 9. Who is hungry in our world?  One-third of the world is well-fed.  One-third is under-fed.  One-third is starving.
    10. 10.
    11. 11. Who is hungry in America?  Food insecurity exists in every county in America  From 2.4% in Slope County, ND to 35.2% (37%) in Holmes County, MS  Ten states exhibited statistically significant higher household food insecurity rates than the U.S. national average of 14.7%  Mississippi         20.9% (19.2%) Arkansas 19.7% (19.2%) Texas 18.4% (18.5%) Alabama 17.9% (17.4%) Georgia 16.9% (17.4%) Missouri 16.2% Nevada 16.2% Ohio 16.1% 15.6%
    12. 12. Who is hungry in America?  …and North Carolina 17%
    13. 13. Who is hungry in NC? North Carolinians with low or very low food security in 2012  3.7 million households  17% of all NC households  27.3% of NC’s children  NC and LA have the highest percentage (27.6%) of children under 5 who are food insecure on a regular basis
    14. 14. Who is hungry in WNC?  In the 16 county MANNA service area –  106,600 people seek food assistance annually.  1 in 6 of our WNC neighbors  33,000 are children, 9,600 are elderly  36% of households served have at least one employed adult  Food insecurity ranges from 12.5% in Henderson County to 18.7% in Graham County
    15. 15. Who is hungry in Jackson County in 2012-13?  Of our population of nearly 41,000…  16.1% (15.8%) are food insecure  26.1% (26.2%) of our children are food insecure  19.5% (20.4%) live below the Federal poverty level  Over 11.5 (10.5) million pounds of food distributed through MANNA and 96 partner agencies. Over 476,000 million pounds in Jackson County, up from 287,000 in 2011-12.
    16. 16. Rotarians Against Hunger 2013  Selected Outcomes  Raised $44,215  Packaged 295,000+ meals  Engaged over 750 volunteers  Advanced education about hunger  Started innovative international development model
    17. 17. Rotarians Against Hunger 2014  Goals      Raise at least $50,000 Package 300,000 meals Distribute vegetable seed internationally Advance education about hunger Promote Rotary and expand club partnerships  When:  Where:  What: Saturday, March 22, 2014 Reuter YMCA, Biltmore Park Three shifts packaging meals
    18. 18. Rotarians Against Hunger 2014  More information at:   Donate!  Volunteer!  Schedule an educational program!