PANEL MTG NOTES: Expanding your problem gambling prevention toolkit: April 27 from 1: 45 – 3: 45 pm Heathman Lodge in Vancouver Audience: folks who are actually doing pg prevention; most likely mainly Oregon pgprev coordinators, many of whom are relatively new to the topic; WA may also have some prevention providers attending but they don’t have the same statewide system we do; may also be some treatment/recovery/admin typesPanelists and topics High school and middle school products/info –Wendy Hausotter, OHA PG Prevention Coordinator and Isabelle Barbour – OHA Adolescent Health Workplace - Lisa Miller – Marion County PG Prevention Retailers - Shawn Martinez – Josephine County PG Prevention School/community awareness game - Julie Hynes – Lane County PG PreventionOverall format Intro (brief self assessment of participant’s current pgm strategies as context setting activity?), 20 mins each for presentations, open for Q/A Hands on, practical glimpse at some things that have worked—we have many new pg prevention folks who could use some tools and trying things out out makes it more likely they will use Suggested content: overview of what you have developed and why—show samples or demo something or do a mock portion of the acticity, or have some kind of interactive component if possible—talk about tips for success—etc. Back up with materials placed on PG PrevCoord Website www.problemgamblingprevention.orgI will ask for the following AV: flip chart/easel/pens; laptop and projectorHandouts: I will prepare a handout with our topics and contact info; everyone bring their own copies of other handouts and/or send content for placement on pgprev coordinators website (send to firstname.lastname@example.org and cc email@example.com )We will bring our indiv presentations on jump drive to the Friday Oregon breakfast and Julie will put them together before our session.
Let’s look specifically at Oregon. This graph uses data from eight graders participating in the Oregon Healthy Teens survey, which is conducted in schools across the state. It shows that students reporting mostly A and B grades were less likely to experience various health risk factors than students with grades of C or lower. Students with D and F grades were the most likely to experience health risk factors.For example, take a look at low physical activity. 30% of the kids reporting low physical activity were earning Ds and Fs, while just 15 percent were earning As and Bs. Clearly, low physical activity is connected with lower academic outcomes. The pattern holds across the risk factors. In addition to this, Oregon Health Authority is just completing an analysis of data that shows that students who have risk factors such as xxx, xxx and xxx are the same students who are missing the most school, struggling academically and dropping out.
(FYI this is Thurston Elementary School in Eugene)Addressing these issues is not outside the scope for Oregon schools, it’s essential and it directly affects their ability to meet academic goals. Study data and success stories from across the state show that when schools provide nutritious food, opportunities for physical activity, bullying and violence prevention, healthcare and dental care—their students miss fewer classes, earn higher grades and graduate. But let’s not rely on dry data. Let’s hear from our teachers and students.(INTRODUCE TEACHER AND STUDENT GUEST SPEAKERS—LEAVE SLIDE UP WHILE THEY SPEAK)Prompts to speakers: Brief introduction- Name, Role, School, and School District When did you first realize that addressing health related barriers to learning in your work was essential?What actions has this awareness led you to take?What has been necessary to address health related barriers to learning (i.e. partnership, data, knowledge of evidence-based practices, systems change, planning, etc.) What have been the benefits of supporting school health for students/educational goals?What do schools need to make the new education transformation goals of 40-40-20 work?
Healthy People 2020 sets the national agenda for health priorities in this next decadeThe HP 2020 Adolescent Health Critical Indicators selected High School Graduation rate as one of the overarching public health priorities
Court’s landmark decision in McCleary v. State. That honor instead went to the court’s unanimous conclusion that, 35 years after a similar ruling, the state still wasn’t meeting its constitutional duty to “make ample provision for the education of all children.” The finding was confirmation of an open secret that successive governors and legislators had allowed the state to shift too much of the burden for funding schools to erratic local levies, leading to unequal and inadequate funding.But attention quickly shifted to a more original aspect of the court’s January decision: the proposed remedy. The justices didn’t just say fix it, as their predecessors had done. They said fix it by 2018 and show us your work along the way. The court – this time not unanimously but on a 7-2 vote – kept the case open and retained jurisdiction.“This court is appropriately sensitive to the Legislature’s role in reforming and funding education, and we must proceed cautiously,” Justice Debra Stephens wrote in the majority opinion. But the court would not do what was done three and half decades ago: “What we have learned from experience is that this court cannot stand on the sidelines and hope the state meets its constitutional mandate to amply fund education.”Since it is rare for the court to monitor compliance with its decisions, no one – the justices included – knew what it would look like. The court asked the lawyers who had argued the case to make suggestions.First up were state attorneys general William Clark and David Stolier who stressed that the court itself, not a lower court judge or a special master, should oversee compliance.It is not holding the state accountable. It is simply delaying enforcement of this court’s ruling until a later day – to the ongoing detriment of literally hundreds of thousands of Washington citizens in the defendant State’s public schools today.”The state has until May 18 to respond. The court will announce a plan sometime after that.Read more here: http://www.thenewstribune.com/2012/04/24/2118695/how-big-a-role-for-critics-in.html#storylink=cpyThe Oregon Supreme Court this morning rejected school advocates' legal claims that the Legislature should be ordered to give public schools billions more dollars to meet the standards of educational quality that voters added to the state Constitution in 2000.The high court agreed with the school advocates that the Legislature in 2005 allocated too little money for schools to achieve the kind of educational quality that Oregon voters endorsed. On that point, the court reversed lower court rulings in this three-year-old case. But Chief Justice Paul DeMuniz made clear in today's ruling that the remedy sought by school advocates -- an order from the court to force the Legislature to give schools more money -- goes beyond the Oregon Constitution. In effect, the high court upheld the status quo, which requires the Legislature to issue a report explaining why it was unable to fund schools at a higher level and detail the implications for students. The measure that voters put into the Constitution allows for that option.That section of the Constitution "contemplates the possibility that the legislature will not fund the public school system at the legislatively specified level in a particular biennium and provides that, in that instance, the legislature will report its failure to the public," DeMuniz wrote. Reach the full decision here. The case, Pendleton v. Oregon, was filed by 18 Oregon school districts and seven students.Read more about this case and reaction in Saturday's Oregonian.
How Schools Work and How to Work with Schools is a primer for health professionals and others who seek to serve children and youth in school settings. This guide includes a summary of the benefits for students when health professionals and educators work together; an overview of the core mission of education; a background chapter on how education works at the school, district, state, and national levels; as well as many practical tips for how to work effectively with educators, school administrators, and policymakers. (48 pp.)
Expanding Your Problem Gambling Prevention Toolkit
Expanding Your ProblemGambling Prevention Toolkit
Agenda• Introductions• Toolkit: – Workplace: Lisa Miller – Retailers: Shawn Martinez – Middle and High School: Wendy Hausotter – Schools in general: Isabelle Barbour – Awareness Game: Julie Hynes• Where to find these tools• Wrap up: questions/comments/concerns
• Give you some “tried and true” prevention tools so you can use them where you work• Save you from reinventing the wheel• Encourage you to use our problem gambling prevention coordinator’s website• Encourage you to share whatever you come up with as well!
How We Plan to Meet those Goals• Briefly introduce you to some problem gambling prevention tools that we have developed• Give you a chance to talk to the person who developed the activity or strategy• Show you where and how to find these tools• Offer support and advice if you use them
Introductions - please tell us:• your name• where you work• what your role is• any particular question you want to be sure we cover?
Isabelle Barbour, Team LeadHKLB Program, Oregon Public Health Division
The intersection of grades and health risk factors
Schools have a role in student health“Health and success in schools areinterrelated.Schools cannot achieve theirprimary mission of education ifstudents and staff are not healthyand fit physically, mentally andsocially.”National Association of StateBoards of Education
High School Graduation is Now a National and State Health Priority http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/
A Complex Cast of Thousands Governor Legislature State board of educationState level Chief state school officer State education agency staff School board Local government School Superintendent district level Central office staff Principal School improvement council School level School staffAdapted from NASBE’s How Schools Work and How to Work with Schools
How tough is school funding getting?• McCleary v. State (Washington) 2012• Pendleton v. Oregon 2009
Key Education Tools for Health/Prevention Professionals• National Association of State Boards of Education (http://nasbe.org) • How Schools Work and How to Work with Schools • School Health Policy Database• CDC- Adolescent and School Health (http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/index.htm) • Health and Academic Achievement • Coordinated School Health • National Health Education Standards
• Isabelle Barbour, Team Lead, Healthy Kids Learn Better Program, Oregon Public Health Division firstname.lastname@example.org 971-673-0376
PROBLEM GAMBLING AND THE WORKPLACE The Business Community Toolkits, resources, and helpful hints for working with this (often overlooked) population
Employee SurveyGAMBLING IN THE WORKPLACE SURVEY1. Organization Staff Size:___Small (1-10 employees) ___Medium (11-50) employees ___Large (50-100 or more employees)2. Does your organization have a written or unwritten policy addressing gambling in the workplace? ___Yes, we have a written gambling policy. ___Yes, we have an unwritten (understood) gambling policy. ___No, we do not feel the need to implement any type of gambling policy. ___No, but we have thought about implementing one in the future. ___I don’t know 75% of employees polled in Marion County3. Have you been concerned in the past or are you currently concerned with someone’s gambling habits (in the workplace or in your personal life)? ___Yes ___No4. Would you like more information for your workplace? ___Yes please. My contact information is listed below ___I would like to set up a free on-site training workshop. ___I would like a free problem gambling in the workplace toolkit. ___Other ______________________________________________ ___Not right now, but maybe in the future ___No thank you.
GAMBLING AWAY YOUR BOTTOM LINE… What’s a business to do? Remember: The mainLisa Miller, CPS Health Educator purpose of aProblem Gambling and Substance Abuse Prevention business is toMarion County Health Department MAKE MONEY.
Action Training Objectives Plan Understand connection between gambling related issues and workplace fraud/embezzlement Be able to recognize signs of problem gambling Develop policies and procedures to prevent and address problem gambling at the workplace Identify resources and assistance for coworkers and employees who showing sign of problem gambling
Problem Gambling in OregonOver 64% of Oregonians gamble in some way, shape, or form….most without any negative consequences.Unfortunately, 2.7% may have a problem… Set the Stage
Problem Gambling inthe WorkplaceWhy should businesses care? They are thinking it…why not bring it out in the open?
A Few Facts on EMBEZZLEMENT Highest percentage of embezzlers were women Men embezzled much larger amounts Embezzlers most likely to hold financial positions with in organization Interesting(from 2010 Marquet report) applicablehttp://www.marquetinternational.com/ tidbits…
A Few Facts on EMBEZZLEMENT Only 5% of embezzlers have a criminal record Gambling is a clear motivating factor in driving some major embezzlements (22% of all cases involve perpetrators who reportedly had gambling problems)…tie intogambling & (from 2010 Marquet report)workplace
The Problem Gambling and Crime Connection Moore (2009). More than one in three (35%) clients enrolled in treatment reported committing illegal acts to finance their gambling. Smith, Wynne, & Hartnagel (2003) Gambling related crime was responsible for 2.7% of Edmonton police records in 2001. National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999). A third of problem and pathological gamblers had been arrested, compared to 10% of low-risk gamblers and 4% of non-gamblers
Government/Education/Non-Profit In Oregon (2006-present): Bend: Postal Service, $156,000 (lead sales associate) Central Point: Court Clerk, $73,000, (Central Point Municipal Court) Hubbard: Postal Service, Undisclosed amount, case pending (Rural Postal Carrier), Pendleton: US Forest Service, $642,000 (firefighter) West Linn: City of West Linn, $1.4 million (finance director) “That only happens in Throughout US (2008-present): California: Business Manager, $422,000 (Orange County School District)* small Connecticut: Athletic Department official, $1.4 million (US Coast Guard)* businesses” Connecticut: Secretary, $200,000 (Connecticut Department of Developmental Services) Illinois: Assistant Controller, $580,000 (American Inter-Continental University)* Illinois: Library Clerk, $135,000 (Posen Public Library District) Nevada: Court Clerk, $202,000 (Washoe County District Court) Oklahoma: Accountant, $425,000 (Hinton Economic Development Authority) Oklahoma: $450,000 (Oklahoma Secondary School Activities Association)* Pennsylvania: Municipal Secretary, $389,000 (Springfield Township) Pennsylvania: Tax Collector, $224,000 (Lower Swatara Township) Washington: Cashier, $800,000 (Clallam County Treasurers Office) Washington: Assistant Finance Director, $1.3 million (City of Arlington)To keep current on news stories, try GOOGLE ALERTS. Sign up at http://www.google.com/alerts/create?hl=en
Financial InstitutionsIn OREGON (2005-present): Aloha: Bank Teller, $939,000 (US Bank) Who is your audience? Be Portland: Assistant Manager, $800,000 (First American Title Insurance) ready with specific examples whenThroughout US (2008-11): possible… California: Bank Manager, $679,000 (Citizens Business Bank) California: Branch Manager, $178,000 (BBVA Compass Bank) California: Business Relationship Officer, $236,000 (United Commercial Bank)* Georgia: Head Teller, $625,000 (MidSouth Federal Credit Union) Kansas: Chief Financial Officer, $800,000 (Summit America Insurance Services, Inc) Michigan: Bank Teller, $600,000 (Huntington National Bank) Missouri: Teller/Loan Secretary, $414,000 (Bank Northwest) Nevada: Vice President, $3.7 million (National Bank of Ely) * North Carolina: Bank Manager, $270,000 (Piedmont Bank) South Dakota: Bank Teller, $166,000 (American Bank and Trust)
Private BusinessIn Oregon (2006-present): Beaverton: Financial Planner, $563,000 (Financial Planning)$10,000 loss Eugene: Bookkeeper, $1.5 million (Transition Management Inc) for a small Hillsboro: Bookkeeper, $500,000 (Tigard Furniture Store) business might Klamath Falls: Cashier, $160,000 (Walmart Cash Office) compare to Newberg: Bookkeeper, $130,000 (Newberg Furniture Store)$1million loss Newport: Business Manager, $122,000 (Nursing Home) for large. Roseburg: Secretary, $140,000 (Days Creek) Salem: Lead Bookkeeper, $742,000 (Superior Tire Company) Springfield: Accounts Payable Clerk, $1.5 million (IP/KOKE Printing) Washington County: Bookkeeper, $275,000 (Easy Street Online IT Services)Throughout US (2008-present): Arkansas: Executive Director, $756,000 (Upper Southwest Solid Waste District)* Illinois: Bookkeeper, $1.5 million (ENR General Machining Co.) Kentucky: Used Car Manager, $1 million (Toyota Car Dealership) Louisiana: Office Manager $206,000 (Ark La Tex Farms, Inc) Nebraska: Manager, $154,000 (Joe Tess Place, Seafood Restaurant) New York: Bookkeeper, $617,000 (Eastern Star Home & Campus) Washington: Billing Clerk, $263,000 (Maersk, Inc)
THE HIDDEN ADDICTIONWhat does a Problem Gambler look like? Humanize the issue….everyday• Often high functioning and bright people working in• Usually employed variety of fields• Often not the typical user of social services•No obvious physical signs of addiction (i.e. a person can’tOD from too much gambling )Jane Warren Pam Cornell UniversityGrandma Former Credit Union VP Sandystole 250K to gamble Economics Degree (incarcerated for embezzlement) 4th grade teacherSource: National Council on Problem Gambling voices of recovery http://www.ncpgambling.org/
STORIES FROMTHE FIELDI was going to pay it back after the big win…
Employee accused of embezzling $140,000Roseburg, OR - Douglas County authoritiesarrested a Days Creek secretary accused ofembezzling almost $140,000 from heremployer to support a gambling habit.~ The Statesman Journal, Jan 9, 2010
Local furniture stores takes a lossHillsboro, OR - Bookkeeper for Tigard furniture storepleaded guilty to aggravated theft for stealing over$500,000 to support a gambling habit at casinos. ~The Oregonian, Oct 15, 2009Newberg, OR – The owner of a Newberg furniture storesaid he was shocked when he learned his bookkeeperwas suspected of embezzling nearly $130,000. She toldinvestigators she spent all the money gambling in barsand casinos. ~KPTV.com, February 9, 2010
What Causes ProblemGambling? Public Health Model Vs. Fraud/Embezzlement Triangle
The Fraud/Embezzlement Triangle Motivation Workplace policies and procedures: is the business fostering an environment that fraud thrives in? FRAUD EmbezzlementRationalizatio Opportunity n
Negative Effects of Problem Gambling 48% indicate suicidal thoughts 34% indicate alcohol-related problems 13% indicate drug-related problems 57% indicate they jeopardized or lost significant relationship or job because of gambling 38% committed illegal acts to obtain gambling moneyAs reported by the 1,861 gamblers who received publicly funded treatment in Oregon 2008-09
Is Your Business Safe? Theft/Fraud happening all around Occurs in Small and Large Businesses Extreme cases highlighted in the news Prevention is key Only 19% of businesses haveformal policy on workplace gambling (Society for Human Resource Management http://www.shrm.org/Pages/Default.aspx )
Recognizing Signs of Problem GamblingHow will you know?
Indicators Increase in gambling time and places Increase in size of bets Working up special occasions for gambling Intensity of interest in gambling Boasting wins; evading loses Exaggerated display of money and other possessions
Indicators (cont.) Gambling when there is a crisis Drop off in other activities/interests Frequent absences from school, work and home Excessive phone use Withdrawal from family Personality changes (irritability/hostility) Diversion of funds earmarked for other purposes
Workplace signs of a gambling problem Work performance deteriorates (pre-occupied, trouble concentrating, absent or late for meetings, misses assignment deadlines) Frequent unexplained absences or disappearances from work. Eager to organize and participate in betting opportunities.
Workplace signs of a gambling problem Frequently borrows money, argues with co-workers about money that is owed to them. Complains about mounting debts. Excessive use of the telephone for personal calls. Experiences mood swings, often related to winning and losing streaks. Credit card or loan bills are mailed to work rather than home.
Workplace signs of a gambling problem Increasing time spent gambling during lunch hour and coffee breaks . Requesting pay in lieu of vacation time. Making false claims against expense accounts. Theft of property.
Effects on the workplaceA problem gambler primarily affects theworkplace through Lost Time Lost Productivity Theft, Fraud and Embezzlement
OK, so we can recognize signs…now what are we suppose to do?Workplace Interventions
First Line of Defense is often Co-WorkersThe challenge is toidentify the problemgambler before theybecome desperate.
What can supervisors do? Use work-related observations Explain how the problem affects you Provideinformation, not advice
What can organizations do? Create/update policy statements Provide employee awareness training Make financial counseling available Monitor the money stream What do you want them to do? Small easy action steps…
Sample Policy Language Employees shall not participate, while on (business name) owned or leased property or while on duty, in any gambling activity (that is not an approved charitable fund-raiser). Gambling activities approved by the Director’s office must be accompanied by reference to, or information on, where employees may go to seek help for a gambling problem. Employees shall be informed that free, confidential treatment for gambling problems is available throughout Local partner, Cascade Employers Association, helped create this the State via the Oregon Problem Gambling you have a sample policy. Do Helpline (1- partner to collaborate with? 877-MY LIMIT).
Find out what will work bestEducation and for individual businesses you are working with…they areAwareness not One Size Fits All Posters in Break Room Annual in-service training Email / Newsletter Offer EAP services
Problem Gambling Help Line:Statewide, 24hr, free and confidential hotline staffed by professional counselorsPhone: 1-877-MY-LIMITOnline: http://1877mylimit.org/ (chat, IM, email) Marion County Problem Gambling Treatment Provider: Bridgeway Recovery Services, Salem, OR, provides in/out patient treatment for problem gamblers in recovery. Phone: 503.362.2021 Online: http://www.bridgewayrecovery.com/index.html
Need more? Keep in touch. You never know when they may need to refer back to what you just told them.Lisa Miller, CPSPrevention Services, Marion County Health Department976 N. Pacific Hwy Woodburn, OR 97071Phone: 503-981-2461 Email: email@example.comWebsite: http://www.co.marion.or.us/HLT/ad/gambling/
Student/ Parent training Parent and Student consent form signed and returned Practice
Students only have one dollar in cash with them and ID Two students enter store with adult advisor following behind One student picks up an item that is $1 of less At counter student ask for scratch ticket. At no time does the student pick up the ticket If the clerk gets the ticket, totals the sale and asks for money student say they don’t have enough money, pays for item and the second student reminds them that lottery tickets cannot be purchased by anyone under the age of 18 If the clerk asks for ID, show it If the clerk does not sell, give them their reward and thank the clerk for not selling
Never lie If they are in a tough situation leave the store If student is uncomfortable for any reason – leave The students fill out the data form with information from the visit
REMINDER SLIPJUST A REMINDER!One in every 25 Oregon teens (13-17 year olds) is a problem or at risk gambler– that’s more than 10,000 Oregon teens.REMEMBERORS 461.600 Sales to minors. (1) Tickets or shares in lottery games, including tickets or shares sold from vending machines or other devices, may not be sold to a person under 18 years of age.ORS 461.300 Selection of retailers; rules; contracts (4) The director may terminate a contract with a lottery game retailer based on the grounds for termination included in the contract or commission rules governing the contract. The grounds for termination must include, but are not limited to, the knowing sale of lottery tickets or shares to any person under the age of 18 years or knowingly permitting a person under the age of 21 years to operate a video lottery game terminal.
Students only have one dollar in cash with them and ID Two students enter store with adult advisor following behind One student locates the vending machine One of the students put $1 in machine Students may not lie if asked age or date of birth Second student is just observing employees or others in store If the machine sells a ticket to student it is handed to the adult
Never lie If they are in a tough situation leave the store If student is uncomfortable for any reason – leave The students fill out the data form with information from the visit
Letter to store owner manager Congratulation Regretfully Information to share with employees Any scratch tickets purchased are sent to State Lottery Commission
In 2007 Southern Oregon Drug Awareness conducted 100 reward and reminder visits of lottery scratch ticket retailers in Medford, Phoenix, Talent, Ashland, Central Point, White City, Eagle Point, Jacksonville, Rogue River, Trail, Prospect and Butte Falls. 100% SELLS FROM MACHINES
FOCUS TEEN COUNCIL MEMBERS AGE 13-17 25 visits – 5 clerk, 20 vending machines NO SALES!
Youth felt some of the vending machine were in hidden areas or not in sight of any employees to monitor. Youth felt if someone wanted a ticket they could push the button that says they are over 18. Some of the machines were by customer service and when they put money into the machine or was looking at the machine with employees or other adults close by no one said anything to the youth.
Lottery ticket machine (RIGHT) is out of sight of cashier, whereas movie machine (LEFT) is in sightPlacement of Lottery machine next to movie machine draws kids’ interest
Shawn Martinez, CPSJosephine County Prevention Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org 541-951-9399 cell
• 1 in 175 • 1 in 175 million• 1 in 175,000 • 1 in 175 billion
1 in 175 Million (174,233,510)Odds of getting struck by lightning: 1 in 280,000
Name at least 2 consequences thatsomeone may experience due to his/her gambling problem