They have to be wide, usable and specially provided near residential areas and schools2. lack in all Indian cities. In an European country, if a person even comes close to a zebra crossing, any and every vehicle stops and gives way to the pedestrian3.
Pune transport solutions
Solutions to Pune’s Commuting Woes
To improve the PMPML, we must ... a)Increase the number of buses significantly, and improve their maintenance. b) Rationalize bus routes- Improve connectivity to the upcoming areas of Pune Ex. Bus routes connecting the IT hub at Hinjewadi should be implemented c)Bring about transparency & efficiency in the functioning of the PMPML d) PMPML staff needs to be more courteous, compassionate and considerate while interacting with citizens and must drive carefully- through extensive training
SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT IN BRTS: Though the BRTS in the initial phase wasfairly successful, there were some areaswhere it could improve : Pedestrian crossing facilities Better usage of the Digital Info System Boarding the bus is a big hassle for Handicapped Passengers, so a system could be put in place to ease travel for such special passengers
PCMCMumbai – Bangaluru highway Phase1 – Metro line 1 - 16.6 Kms Hinjewadi Ramvadi Bund Garden Pataleshwar Phase1 – Metro line 2 -14.9 Deccan Gymkhana Vanaz Karve Road Swargate Phase I Leged •Metro Line 1 BRTS Phase I Stretch 1. Elevated BRTS Phase II Stretch 2. Underground BRTS Phase II Stretch ( City Core Area ) Bengaluru Pune Mumbai Highway •Metro Line 2 Katraj To Bangaluru Phase 2Courtesy : V I T’s PVP College of Architecture – Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. students 2009 -10
Proposed Pune Metro routes – Phase IDMRC’s recommendation for Pune Metro – Phase IStandard gauge metro as under : Corridor 1 – Pimpri Chinchwad to Swargate Length - 16.589 km - Elevated 11.57km – PC to Shivajinagar Underground 5.019km – Shivajinagar to Swargate Capital cost - Rs. 4911 crores + taxes Corridor 2 – Vanaz to Ramwadi Length - 14.925 km – Fully Elevated Capital cost - Rs. 2217 crores + taxes Total capital cost - Rs. 7128 crores + taxes Total completion cost without taxes – Rs. 8401crores Total completion cost with central taxes – Rs. 9534 crores Costs based on September 2008 prices – Actual cost of execution could be much higher
Proposed Pune Metro routes – Phase IIDMRC’s recommendation for future metro : Swargate – Katraj (4 km) Deccan – Tilak road – Swargate – Shankar Seth road – Race course – Bund Garden (11 km) Pataleshwar – University – Aundh – Hinjewadi (18 km)
Elevated Metro Issues2) Metro station on road 35 mtr wide,140 mtr long and 23 mtr (7-8 storey) high metro station at every one km – insufficient clear space for station (example Nalstop station) – demolition of road side buildings, land acquisition required – light, ventilation, access problems for road side buildings Station entry/exit will block footpath No parking space possible at metro station due to location in congested areas (DMRC report - Executive summary, pg 12) – people using own vehicles will not be able to use metro
4 Storey 7 Storey High High Platform Station TYPICAL METRO STATION (indicative concept drawing)Courtesy : V I T’s PVP College of Architecture, Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. students 2009 -10
Metro Alignment – Khandujibaba chowk P. Y. C Ground Chitale Bandhu Janseva Dinning Hall Deccan Post J. M. Road Office (Reference: DMRC Report)Courtesy : V I T’s PVP College of Architecture, Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. students 2009 -10
Metro Alignment – Sancheti chowk College of Engineering Sancheti hospital Courtesy : V I T ‘S PVP College of Architecture, Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. C.O.E.P Ground Kalaniketan Tata Indicom Civil CourtCourtesy : V I T’s PVP College of Architecture, Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. students 2009 -10
Elevated Metro Issues - Elevated v/s Underground Most of the drawbacks / problems with elevated metro highlighted earlier do not exist in case of underground metro Expected life Maintenance cost will also be high. Safety level Basic capital cost of underground metro is higher – however, saving due to shorter route length as it is not necessary to follow road alignment. Also indigenous broad gauge technology can be used which is cheaper than imported standard gauge. Also broad gauge has higher passenger capacity which may reduce number of coaches and station length which again means cost reduction.
Densification of Metro Corridor FSI 1.0 FSI 2.0 FSI 3.0 FSI 4.0Courtesy : V I T’s PVP College of Architecture, Pune. Project by : IV th year B.Arch. students 2009-10
Report in Mumbai newspaper(6-04-10) - Fire safety norms and Development Control rules violated by Mumbai Metro
Elevated Metro Issues - Elevated v/s UndergroundThe REAL cost of elevated metro – Direct cost of underground metro is no doubt higher than elevated But what about the impact of elevated metro on people and the city What costs to be assigned to (a) hardships, risks, trauma, losses, displacement etc. that citizens would suffer (b) closing of all future options (c) fall in quality of life (d) permanent disfigurement of city and such other impacts All such costs need to be factored in the cost for elevated metro to know it’s real cost for the city. Hence if there has to be a metro, it should be underground broad gauge metro on viable routes which will be more cost effective in the long run instead of elevated metro
Traffic-other suggested improvements1. NON-MOTORISED TRANSPORT Development for Non Motorized Transport – Cycle Tracks, Rent a Cycle scheme, etc. These have been started by the PMC but not well maintained or well constructed. Pedestrian facilities Zebra Crossings Where required, elevated crossings, skywalks, wide footpaths, subways, etc need to be constructed. Also pedestrians MUST use these and only these for safe crossing of roads. Even where provided they are underused Cycle Track at Law College Road Skywalk in Mumbai
2. Projects undertaken by the Pune Traffic Police like their facebook page, where complaints with a photo can be easily posted are good initiatives.3. Traffic Management : As many as 120 Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras have been installed in the city since December 2008 for the Intelligent Traffic System (ITS). But the project is far from being implemented. The process has been stuck as a private party as proposed to challan violators has not been zeroed-in and the tender process is yet to begin.
4. Road Improvement : Urgent need to improve quality of roads and bring in uniformity in them Concretizing heavy motorways Provision of various road facilities – Signage boards, lane markings, zebra crossings, parking lines, bus stop box, reflectors, Traffic islands, etc Development of storm water drains alongside each road Beautification of roads and areas around it – planting trees, landscaping Curb digging of roads – legal and illegal : Provide Underground Ducts
4. Road Improvement : Some of the well developed and maintained roads in the city Pedestrian crossing signal on J.M. Road
Final Bulletin of Solutions IMPROVE PMPML IMPROVE AND WIDEN EXISTING ROADS, PARKING, PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATE PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS INTRODUCE THE CONCEPT OF TIME STAGGERING PUBLIC MINDSET SHOULD CHANGE POSITIVELY
Conclusion When you take a problem in hand, complete it fully, don’t leave it hanging…the sufferers are the citizens alone The given discussion of problems, suggestions and solutions must be taken seriously If implemented, our dream of a modern, developed, clean Pune will come true This vision can very much be achieved in a span of 5 years if there is political will, implementation by the corporation and most importantly people’s participation
References Google image search Times of India articles Pune Mirror articles DNA articles Various case studies of renowned persons PMC website PMPML website Pune Police website Regional Transport Office website Wikipedia.org www.cityblogpune.com* Many of the pictures used have been taken by us, when going around the city*
This presentation has been developed by following the students of M.I.T. (Civil Engg. Dept.) under the guidance of Prof. and HOD Dr. S.S.Pimplikar1. Ankita Rathor2. Arjun Badhe3. Jeevan Morankar4. Harshal Nikose5. Priya Raj6. Sagar Shah7. Vivek Patwa