Code of ConductCode of conduct is ser of conventionalprinciples and expectations that areconsidered binding on any person who isa member of a particular group
Features of the code ofConduct 1.The code of conduct is a government induced self-imposed and mutually agreed voluntary principle of discipline. 2. It aims at preventing disputes 3.It restrains both the parties from unilateral action 4. The code compels the parties not to indulge in strike and lockouts without notice
5. It requires that constructive co-operation should be encouraged between workers and managements at all levels.6. It enjoins upon the management to take prompt action for the settlement of grievances, and implementations of awards and agreements.7. Any action that stands in the way of cordial relations and is against the spirit of the code on the part of both managements and trade unions should be avoided.
8. Both the central and state governments should rectify any shortcomings in the machinery they constitute for the administrations of labor laws.9. Employers are required to recognize the majority union in an establishment.10. The code of discipline stipulates: ”In order to maintain discipline in industry both the public and private sectors.
Factors guiding code ofconduct1.Honesty and Integrity2.Disclosure of Information3. Harassment4. Outside Employment5. Conflict of Interest6.Confidentiality7. Equal Opportunity Employer8.Misusing Company Resources9.Health and safety10.Payment and Gifts
Industrial Conflicts According to the Industrial Disputes Act 1947,”Industrial Disputes mean any dispute or difference between employers and employers, or between employers and workmen,organisation or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with the employment or non employment or with the conditions of labor of any person
Nature of Industrial Disputes Industrial Conflict is Human Conflict Urge for Higher Wages and Profit Conflict among Workers and Employers Conflict is not Personal Limitations of the system Labour Power Conflict of interests Profit maximization
Causes of Industrial Disputes Causes of Industrial Disputes Non-Economic Factors Economic Factors Trade Union PracticesManagement Practices Legal and Political Factors
Economic Factors Demand For higher wages Demand for allowances and Bonus High Industrial Profits
Non-Economic Factors Working conditions and working hours Modernization Personnel Causes Political causes Indiscipline Non Recognition of Trade Unions Weakness of Trade Unions Miscellaneous Causes
Management Practices Unfair labour practices Ineffective supervision Violation of acceptable Norms
Trade Union Practices Union Rivalry No cooperative Approach
Legal and Political Factors Multiplicity of Labor laws Political Interference