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Research Done by:
Praveena.K
Devanathan
Balarageetha
Krishna
Suriya.K
Priyadharshini.M
MANGALYAAN-like a breath of fresh air
Stepping in an ocean
A successful completion.
CONCEPT ANALYSIS
 TO ANALYSE THE PLANET
MARS.
Need of Mangalyaan
 ISRO is already using the technology to help other countries
put their equipment in space. If we continue to innovate in
cost and speed, we could become a big hub for space projects.
That would mean employment for 1000s of engineers and lot
of foreign money.
 If we could launch a Mars mission at the cost of setting up
ERP in an enterprise, we could build anything.
Objective1. Mission Objective:
Develop the Technologies Required for Design, Planning,
Management and operations of an Interplanetary
missions.
2. Technical Objectives :
Design and realization of Mars orbiter • Orbit around
the Mars • Deep space communication, Navigation,
Mission planning and management
3. Scientific Objectives :
Exploration of Mars surface features. • Study of
Morphology, Topography, Mineralogy and Martian
atmosphere by Indigenous scientific instruments. • To
see mars had the environment in which life evolved.
What Mangalyaan actually going to
do???
1. To find methane.
2. To find the availability of water in
MARS.
3. To find temperature and climatic
condition in mars.
4. To find the chemical components
present.
SHORT DESCRIPTION ABOUT
MANGALAAN
Name meaning : Mars-Craft (from
sanskrit mangala)
Duration:15 months.
Budget:450 crores.
Purpose: To analyse MARS.
Conti..
Operator: ISRO
Launched Place:Satish Dawan Space
Centre (Sriharikota)
Launch Date: 5 November 2013.
Orbital Insertion:24th September 2014
Brain’s Behind the mission
K. Radhakrishnan M.Annadurai
S.Ramakrishnan S.K.Shivakumar
Detailed Description
K.Radhakrishnan- Chairman ISRO
responsible for leading the mission
and overall activities of ISRO
M.Annadurai- Programme Director, MOM
responsible for budget management,
direction for spacecraft configuration,
schedule and resources
S. Ramakrishnan-Director of Vikram
Sarabhai Space Centre .
responsible for development of liquid
propulsion stages and their interfacing with
vehicle and launch operations.
S.K.Shivakumar-Orbiting payload Director,
ISAC
responsible for developing satellite
technology and implementing satellite
systems for scientific, technological and
application missions
Specification
MASS
The lift-off mass was 1,350 kg , including 852
kg of propellant mass.
DIMENSIONS
Cuboid in shape of approximately 1.5 m .
POWER
Electric power is generated by three solar array
panels of 1.8 × 1.4 m each. Electricity is stored in a 36
Ah Li-ion battery.
Conti…
PROPULSION
Liquid fuel engine of 440 N thrust is used for
orbit raising and insertion in Martian orbit, and 8
numbers of 22 N thrusters are used for attitude control .
COMMUNICATIONS
Two 230 W TWTAs and two coherent
transponders. The antenna array consists of a low-gain
antenna, a medium-gain antenna and a high-gain
antenna.
Image of Mangalyaan
Trajectory path
3 stages of mangalyaan
Stage 1: Geo Centric phase
departure hyperbolic trajectory & escapes the Sphere
of Influence(SOI) of Earth on 5th Dec,2013.
“Minimum Energy Transfer Orbit”
Stage 2:Hello centric phase
The Spacecraft leaves in a direction tangential to Earth
Orbit & encountered Mars tangentially to its orbit.
Stage 3:Martian phase
The spacecraft is scheduled to arrive at the Mars
Sphere of Influence(around 573473 km from the
surface of Mars) in a hyperbolic trajectory on 22th
Sep,2014
PUBLIC–PRIVATE
PARTNERSHIP (PPP)
A public–private partnership (PPP) is a government
service or private business venture which is funded
and operated through a partnership of government
and one or more private sector companies.
PPP involves a contract between a public
sector authority and a private party, in which the
private party provides a public service or project
and assumes substantial financial, technical and
operational risk in the project.
PPP IN MOM
 Involving a huge number of public and private
industries, ISRO has transferred the technology to
the local manufacturers and they in turn have built
the engine according to ISRO's specification.
 Totally 170 industries were involved for the Mars
orbiter mission.
 The public private partnership seems to be quiet
high.
 This high level of public private partnership could
possibly be a reason for lowering the mission cost.
 Currently over 500 small, medium and large-scale
industries participate in the space programme in
the form of development and supply of
hardware, software and other services.
 A recent report on industry participation in the
Mangalyaan mission suggested that 130 firms
(121 from private sector, 9 from public
sector) participated in the mission with 48 of
them involved in the development of the
spacecraft and 82 of them involved in the
development of the launch vehicle.
INPUT
 Two-thirds of its parts manufactured by domestic
firms such as Godrej & Boyce and India's largest
engineering company, Larsen & Toubro.
 Godrej Aerospace built mission-critical items
for this launch such as the liquid engine used in
(PSLV), precision components for the orbiter
thruster as well as the ground system antenna
together with on board antenna.
 Larsen & Toubro, which manufactured motor casings
and the antenna for India's Mars probe.
The Mars Color Camera (MCC) will provide high-
quality images of the planet, as well as its moons,
Phobos and Deimos.
The Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer
(TIS) will measure the temperature and emissivity
of the planet's surface as it varies from day to
night, making it possible to identify minerals and
soil types.
The Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition
Analyzer (MENCA) is a mass spectrometer, which
can identify chemical compounds in the planet's
outer atmosphere.
Mangalyaan carries five scientific instruments
Conti
The Lyman Alpha
Photometer (LAP) will
measure the ratio of
deuterium to hydrogen,
which will help to
explain how Mars has
lost its water over time.
The Methane Sensor
for Mars (MSM) is
intended to help answer
one of the biggest
mysteries about the red
planet.
Budget for MOM
 The total cost of the
project is 450 corers or
71 dollars.
 Its is one of very cheapest
and worthy mission
launched by ISRO.
Comparison of MOM with other
mission’s
How it is possible to do it?????
1. Inhouse- local technologies instead of
outsourcing production or purchasing
more expensive foreign components.
2. Lesser weight- Lighter
spacecraft are cheaper to build but that
also means they can carry fewer
instruments, which limits scientific
research capabilities.
Conti
3. No additional landing gear
4. Only one physical model of the
spacecraft, keeping costs down.
To keep costs down, the engineers for the
Indian Space Research Organization
building the craft modeled it exclusively
with computer software instead of
constructing physical prototypes.
Performance
Advantages
1.Cheapest Mars mission ever
It’s built with a cost of Rs. 450 crores / 71 million
(around Rs. 4 per Indian, Rs 12 per km)
2.Developed and deployed in 15 months
The project was approved by the government in
August 2012. It took ISRO just a year to put together
the spacecraft and the project. (i.e in August 2013,
ISRO announced the launch)
3.It takes 14minutes for a signal to reach Mars
If MOM sends any data, it took just 14 minutes
to reach ISRO’s communication panel. Similarly, for any
instruction sent to MOM, it took 14 minutes to reach
the craft.
ADVANTAGES
4.Knowledge is wealth
This mission helped ISRO to
understand about the dynamics of
designing a spacecraft in an
interplanetary area.
5.India is the 1st country to have a
successful Martian mission at the first
attempt
6.The MOM is helping our Indian kids, our
future to be more interested in space
science.
ADVANTAGESDisadvantages from People
Perspective
 The unbearable silliness of mission to Mars
{Published on Niti Central on Nov 10th}
Developing countries should focus on
those fields that are likely to benefit them
most urgently and in fields where other
countries are not motivated to invest.
Priority should be given for the areas
where research and development is sorely
missing and required.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST MOM
It’s a pride that India is the 4th country
to launch a satellite in Mars. But it’s a
shame that India is in 140th position at
literacy rate
Unwarranted Expense
Economy Slowdown
Major problems in front of country is
Hunger, Poverty and Illiteracy
What makes MOM special
1.Less cost
2.joined in elite club
3.Success in the 1st attempt
4.Record of 15 months
Interesting Facts
 The Mangalyaan mission cost India $73 million
(~Rs.450 crores) which is even cheaper than
an eight lane bridge in Mumbai which cost
$340 million.
 In real terms, when distributed over the
population of 1.2 billion, every Indian has
contributed Rs.4 per towards the mission.
Conti..
 Mangalyaan is the first spacecraft to be
launched outside the Earth’s sphere of
influence by ISRO in its entire history of 44
years.
 Considering that Mars is about 670 million
kilometers from the Earth, the cost of the
ride works out to about Rs.6.7 per kilometre
– cheaper than what even autorickshaws
charge anywhere in India!
Conti…
 The orbiter weighs 1,350-kg, which is even
less than the weight of an average sports
utility vehicle.
 The manufacturing of Mangalyaan took 15
months while NASA took five years to
complete MAVEN.
 If MOM found the presence of methane then
INDIA will be first country to achieve it.
Latest news of MOM
 ISRO Mars Orbiter Mission Team Wins
Space Pioneer Award.
 Isro's Mangalyaan Completes 100 Days
in Mars Orbit
 Radhakrishnan Retires, Leaving ISRO At
Its 'Most Glorified Pedestal Ever‘
 Isro's Mangalyaan Among Time
Magazine's '25 Best Inventions of
2014‘.
 Padmashree award for Indian
scientist’s.
Conti…
 India Repositions its Mars Orbiter to
Avoid Comet Siding Spring
 New York Times Apologizes Over India's
Mars Mission Cartoon
 Mangalyaan Makes a Surprise
Appearance in Friday's Google Doodle
 The Mangalyaan sent an image of
regional dust storm activities over the
northern hemisphere of the Red Planet.
Conclusion
Apart from all the arguments regarding
the Mangalyaan from people perspective.
It’s a pride for our nation to launch a
satellite build by our own technology and
scientist.
It shows that we are ahead with
technology and we are running very
furiously to reach the status as
“DEVELOPED NATION”.
Mangalyaan presentation

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Mangalyaan presentation

  • 2. MANGALYAAN-like a breath of fresh air Stepping in an ocean A successful completion.
  • 3. CONCEPT ANALYSIS  TO ANALYSE THE PLANET MARS.
  • 4. Need of Mangalyaan  ISRO is already using the technology to help other countries put their equipment in space. If we continue to innovate in cost and speed, we could become a big hub for space projects. That would mean employment for 1000s of engineers and lot of foreign money.  If we could launch a Mars mission at the cost of setting up ERP in an enterprise, we could build anything.
  • 5. Objective1. Mission Objective: Develop the Technologies Required for Design, Planning, Management and operations of an Interplanetary missions. 2. Technical Objectives : Design and realization of Mars orbiter • Orbit around the Mars • Deep space communication, Navigation, Mission planning and management 3. Scientific Objectives : Exploration of Mars surface features. • Study of Morphology, Topography, Mineralogy and Martian atmosphere by Indigenous scientific instruments. • To see mars had the environment in which life evolved.
  • 6. What Mangalyaan actually going to do??? 1. To find methane. 2. To find the availability of water in MARS. 3. To find temperature and climatic condition in mars. 4. To find the chemical components present.
  • 7. SHORT DESCRIPTION ABOUT MANGALAAN Name meaning : Mars-Craft (from sanskrit mangala) Duration:15 months. Budget:450 crores. Purpose: To analyse MARS.
  • 8. Conti.. Operator: ISRO Launched Place:Satish Dawan Space Centre (Sriharikota) Launch Date: 5 November 2013. Orbital Insertion:24th September 2014
  • 9. Brain’s Behind the mission K. Radhakrishnan M.Annadurai S.Ramakrishnan S.K.Shivakumar
  • 10. Detailed Description K.Radhakrishnan- Chairman ISRO responsible for leading the mission and overall activities of ISRO M.Annadurai- Programme Director, MOM responsible for budget management, direction for spacecraft configuration, schedule and resources
  • 11. S. Ramakrishnan-Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre . responsible for development of liquid propulsion stages and their interfacing with vehicle and launch operations. S.K.Shivakumar-Orbiting payload Director, ISAC responsible for developing satellite technology and implementing satellite systems for scientific, technological and application missions
  • 12. Specification MASS The lift-off mass was 1,350 kg , including 852 kg of propellant mass. DIMENSIONS Cuboid in shape of approximately 1.5 m . POWER Electric power is generated by three solar array panels of 1.8 × 1.4 m each. Electricity is stored in a 36 Ah Li-ion battery.
  • 13. Conti… PROPULSION Liquid fuel engine of 440 N thrust is used for orbit raising and insertion in Martian orbit, and 8 numbers of 22 N thrusters are used for attitude control . COMMUNICATIONS Two 230 W TWTAs and two coherent transponders. The antenna array consists of a low-gain antenna, a medium-gain antenna and a high-gain antenna.
  • 16. 3 stages of mangalyaan Stage 1: Geo Centric phase departure hyperbolic trajectory & escapes the Sphere of Influence(SOI) of Earth on 5th Dec,2013. “Minimum Energy Transfer Orbit” Stage 2:Hello centric phase The Spacecraft leaves in a direction tangential to Earth Orbit & encountered Mars tangentially to its orbit. Stage 3:Martian phase The spacecraft is scheduled to arrive at the Mars Sphere of Influence(around 573473 km from the surface of Mars) in a hyperbolic trajectory on 22th Sep,2014
  • 17. PUBLIC–PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) A public–private partnership (PPP) is a government service or private business venture which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies. PPP involves a contract between a public sector authority and a private party, in which the private party provides a public service or project and assumes substantial financial, technical and operational risk in the project.
  • 18. PPP IN MOM  Involving a huge number of public and private industries, ISRO has transferred the technology to the local manufacturers and they in turn have built the engine according to ISRO's specification.  Totally 170 industries were involved for the Mars orbiter mission.  The public private partnership seems to be quiet high.  This high level of public private partnership could possibly be a reason for lowering the mission cost.
  • 19.  Currently over 500 small, medium and large-scale industries participate in the space programme in the form of development and supply of hardware, software and other services.  A recent report on industry participation in the Mangalyaan mission suggested that 130 firms (121 from private sector, 9 from public sector) participated in the mission with 48 of them involved in the development of the spacecraft and 82 of them involved in the development of the launch vehicle.
  • 20. INPUT  Two-thirds of its parts manufactured by domestic firms such as Godrej & Boyce and India's largest engineering company, Larsen & Toubro.  Godrej Aerospace built mission-critical items for this launch such as the liquid engine used in (PSLV), precision components for the orbiter thruster as well as the ground system antenna together with on board antenna.  Larsen & Toubro, which manufactured motor casings and the antenna for India's Mars probe.
  • 21. The Mars Color Camera (MCC) will provide high- quality images of the planet, as well as its moons, Phobos and Deimos. The Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS) will measure the temperature and emissivity of the planet's surface as it varies from day to night, making it possible to identify minerals and soil types. The Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer (MENCA) is a mass spectrometer, which can identify chemical compounds in the planet's outer atmosphere. Mangalyaan carries five scientific instruments
  • 22. Conti The Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP) will measure the ratio of deuterium to hydrogen, which will help to explain how Mars has lost its water over time. The Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM) is intended to help answer one of the biggest mysteries about the red planet.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. Budget for MOM  The total cost of the project is 450 corers or 71 dollars.  Its is one of very cheapest and worthy mission launched by ISRO.
  • 26. Comparison of MOM with other mission’s
  • 27.
  • 28. How it is possible to do it????? 1. Inhouse- local technologies instead of outsourcing production or purchasing more expensive foreign components. 2. Lesser weight- Lighter spacecraft are cheaper to build but that also means they can carry fewer instruments, which limits scientific research capabilities.
  • 29. Conti 3. No additional landing gear 4. Only one physical model of the spacecraft, keeping costs down. To keep costs down, the engineers for the Indian Space Research Organization building the craft modeled it exclusively with computer software instead of constructing physical prototypes.
  • 30. Performance Advantages 1.Cheapest Mars mission ever It’s built with a cost of Rs. 450 crores / 71 million (around Rs. 4 per Indian, Rs 12 per km) 2.Developed and deployed in 15 months The project was approved by the government in August 2012. It took ISRO just a year to put together the spacecraft and the project. (i.e in August 2013, ISRO announced the launch) 3.It takes 14minutes for a signal to reach Mars If MOM sends any data, it took just 14 minutes to reach ISRO’s communication panel. Similarly, for any instruction sent to MOM, it took 14 minutes to reach the craft.
  • 31. ADVANTAGES 4.Knowledge is wealth This mission helped ISRO to understand about the dynamics of designing a spacecraft in an interplanetary area. 5.India is the 1st country to have a successful Martian mission at the first attempt 6.The MOM is helping our Indian kids, our future to be more interested in space science.
  • 32.
  • 33. ADVANTAGESDisadvantages from People Perspective  The unbearable silliness of mission to Mars {Published on Niti Central on Nov 10th} Developing countries should focus on those fields that are likely to benefit them most urgently and in fields where other countries are not motivated to invest. Priority should be given for the areas where research and development is sorely missing and required.
  • 34. ARGUMENTS AGAINST MOM It’s a pride that India is the 4th country to launch a satellite in Mars. But it’s a shame that India is in 140th position at literacy rate Unwarranted Expense Economy Slowdown Major problems in front of country is Hunger, Poverty and Illiteracy
  • 35. What makes MOM special 1.Less cost 2.joined in elite club 3.Success in the 1st attempt 4.Record of 15 months
  • 36. Interesting Facts  The Mangalyaan mission cost India $73 million (~Rs.450 crores) which is even cheaper than an eight lane bridge in Mumbai which cost $340 million.  In real terms, when distributed over the population of 1.2 billion, every Indian has contributed Rs.4 per towards the mission.
  • 37. Conti..  Mangalyaan is the first spacecraft to be launched outside the Earth’s sphere of influence by ISRO in its entire history of 44 years.  Considering that Mars is about 670 million kilometers from the Earth, the cost of the ride works out to about Rs.6.7 per kilometre – cheaper than what even autorickshaws charge anywhere in India!
  • 38. Conti…  The orbiter weighs 1,350-kg, which is even less than the weight of an average sports utility vehicle.  The manufacturing of Mangalyaan took 15 months while NASA took five years to complete MAVEN.  If MOM found the presence of methane then INDIA will be first country to achieve it.
  • 39. Latest news of MOM  ISRO Mars Orbiter Mission Team Wins Space Pioneer Award.  Isro's Mangalyaan Completes 100 Days in Mars Orbit  Radhakrishnan Retires, Leaving ISRO At Its 'Most Glorified Pedestal Ever‘  Isro's Mangalyaan Among Time Magazine's '25 Best Inventions of 2014‘.  Padmashree award for Indian scientist’s.
  • 40. Conti…  India Repositions its Mars Orbiter to Avoid Comet Siding Spring  New York Times Apologizes Over India's Mars Mission Cartoon  Mangalyaan Makes a Surprise Appearance in Friday's Google Doodle  The Mangalyaan sent an image of regional dust storm activities over the northern hemisphere of the Red Planet.
  • 41. Conclusion Apart from all the arguments regarding the Mangalyaan from people perspective. It’s a pride for our nation to launch a satellite build by our own technology and scientist. It shows that we are ahead with technology and we are running very furiously to reach the status as “DEVELOPED NATION”.