Time
Cemeteries
Liminal
Temporal
Medieval Cemetery
Burial inside Church walls
With increase in population, so to an increased area required for
cemeteries.
19th century cemeteries are based on “romantic” ideas of the
landscape as a pastoral picturesque representation of natures...
Architecture similar to the Greek temple, not for mortal
occupation but for spiritual occupation.
Erik Gunnar Apslund Architect
Woodland Cemetery
Enskede, Sweden 1914-50
CEMETERY PLAN, 1940
1 Main entrance 
2 Woodland Crematorium and chapels of Faith, Hope and Holy
Cross
3 Hill of Remembranc...
Terrestrial and Celestial
Outer Wall
Rough to Smooth
Classicism and Modernism
Entry linear and axial
Procession
Expansion and Contraction
3 Chapels: Faith, Hope and the Holy Cross, with the
crematorium below.
Expandable Chapel
Wood Soffit.
Polygonal Wall
Woodland Chapel
Use of Swedish vernacular
Sentimentality
Note the capital detail.
Hill of Remembrance, Deciduous Trees
Hill of Remembrance- Horizontality
Apslund’s Grave
Paving Detail- Mnemonic to tree trunks.
Carlo Scarpa Architect
Ottolenghi House
Byzantine Mosaics, the whole is greater than the sum of it’s parts.
Carlo Scarpa Architect
Brion Cemetery
Treviso, Italy 1969
Plants and Symbolism: Sorrow, The Sacred, Life and Growth, Perfume,
Fertility, Change and Eternity.
Sorrow-reinforced by the board formed
concrete.
View to “Meditation Garden”
Water features from the Islamic garden.
Vines
Meditation Garden.
Evergreen tree.
Island symbolic of death.
Overlap of planes.
Water Lilly
View to the Brion tomb
Use of tile and water channel.
Brion Tomb
Japanese Maple
Chapel
Design Drawing
Water as the body
Void as the soul
Detail Gate
Carlo Scarpa’s Grave
Enric Miralles & Carme Pinos Architects
Igualado Cemetery
Barcelona, Spain 1994
Maya Lin, Sculptor
Vietnam Memorial
Washington DC, 1982
Night and Day
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Presentation time (1)

  1. 1. Time
  2. 2. Cemeteries Liminal Temporal
  3. 3. Medieval Cemetery Burial inside Church walls
  4. 4. With increase in population, so to an increased area required for cemeteries.
  5. 5. 19th century cemeteries are based on “romantic” ideas of the landscape as a pastoral picturesque representation of natures divinity filled with monuments to humans mortality. The use of the obelisk. Destinations for strolling and communing with nature.
  6. 6. Architecture similar to the Greek temple, not for mortal occupation but for spiritual occupation.
  7. 7. Erik Gunnar Apslund Architect Woodland Cemetery Enskede, Sweden 1914-50
  8. 8. CEMETERY PLAN, 1940 1 Main entrance 
2 Woodland Crematorium and chapels of Faith, Hope and Holy Cross
3 Hill of Remembrance
4 Woodland Chapel Axial and Asymmetric Composition Symbolism Liminal Space
  9. 9. Terrestrial and Celestial
  10. 10. Outer Wall Rough to Smooth Classicism and Modernism
  11. 11. Entry linear and axial Procession Expansion and Contraction
  12. 12. 3 Chapels: Faith, Hope and the Holy Cross, with the crematorium below.
  13. 13. Expandable Chapel Wood Soffit. Polygonal Wall
  14. 14. Woodland Chapel Use of Swedish vernacular Sentimentality
  15. 15. Note the capital detail.
  16. 16. Hill of Remembrance, Deciduous Trees
  17. 17. Hill of Remembrance- Horizontality
  18. 18. Apslund’s Grave
  19. 19. Paving Detail- Mnemonic to tree trunks.
  20. 20. Carlo Scarpa Architect Ottolenghi House Byzantine Mosaics, the whole is greater than the sum of it’s parts.
  21. 21. Carlo Scarpa Architect Brion Cemetery Treviso, Italy 1969
  22. 22. Plants and Symbolism: Sorrow, The Sacred, Life and Growth, Perfume, Fertility, Change and Eternity.
  23. 23. Sorrow-reinforced by the board formed concrete.
  24. 24. View to “Meditation Garden” Water features from the Islamic garden. Vines
  25. 25. Meditation Garden. Evergreen tree. Island symbolic of death.
  26. 26. Overlap of planes. Water Lilly
  27. 27. View to the Brion tomb Use of tile and water channel.
  28. 28. Brion Tomb
  29. 29. Japanese Maple
  30. 30. Chapel Design Drawing
  31. 31. Water as the body Void as the soul
  32. 32. Detail Gate
  33. 33. Carlo Scarpa’s Grave
  34. 34. Enric Miralles & Carme Pinos Architects Igualado Cemetery Barcelona, Spain 1994
  35. 35. Maya Lin, Sculptor Vietnam Memorial Washington DC, 1982
  36. 36. Night and Day

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