Presentation landscape definition (1)


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Presentation landscape definition (1)

  1. 1. Lecture One Some Definitions of Landscape
  2. 2. Hermetic: her·met·ic adjective (ˌ) ər-ˌme h -tik : closed tightly so that no air can go in or out
  3. 3. Inflection: Inflection in architecture is the way in which the whole is implied by exploiting the nature of the individual parts, rather than their position or number. By inflecting toward something outside themselves, the parts contain their own linkage. Inflected parts are more integral with the whole than are uninflected parts. Robert Venturi, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture
  4. 4. Dialectic: di·a·lec·tic noun ˌ dī-ə-ˌ lek-tik philosophy : a method of examining and discussing opposing ideas in order to find the truth
  5. 5. M.C. Escher, Night and Day
  6. 6. Alvar Aalto , Villa Mariea, 1938
  7. 7. Landscape Painting
  8. 8. Jan Vermeer, “View of Delft” 1661
  9. 9. Winslow Homer, “The Life Line” 1884
  11. 11. Rene Magritte, ”The Human Condition 1”,1934
  12. 12. Rene Magritte in 1938 lecture: “ We see it as being outside ourselves even though it is only a mental representation of what we experience on the inside” “What lies beyond the windowpane of our apprehension, says Magritte, needs a design before we can properly discern a form, let alone derive pleasure from it’s perception. And it’s culture, convention, and cognition that makes that design; that invests a retinal impression with the quality we experience as beauty. Simon Schama Landscape and Memory
  13. 13. Claude Nicolas Ledoux, “Theater of the Eye” 1804
  14. 14. Wynn Bullock “Tide” 1951
  15. 15. Gaspard-Félix Tournachon a.k.a. Nadar 1820-1910,
  16. 16. First Photo of Earth from Space 1946
  17. 17. “After a seven days' march through woodland, the traveler directed toward Baucis cannot see the city and yet he has arrived. The slender stilts that rise from the ground at a great distance from one another and are lost above the clouds support the city. You climb them with ladders. On the ground the inhabitants rarely show themselves: having already everything they need up there, they prefer not to come down. Nothing of the city touches the earth except those long flamingo legs on which it rests and, when the days are sunny, a pierced, angular shadow that falls on the foliage.” Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities
  18. 18. Vicarious: vi·car·i·ous Adjective : experienced or felt by watching, hearing about, or reading about someone else rather than by doing something yourself Visceral: vis·cer·al Adjective Of or relating to the viscera. Relating to deep inward feelings rather than to the intellect: "the voters' visceral fear of change".
  19. 19. Robert Smithson, “A Heap of Language” 1966
  20. 20. Landscape as a Metric
  21. 21. “The word itself tells us much. It entered the English language, along with herring and bleached linen, as a Dutch import at the end of the sixteenth century. And landschap, like it’s Germanic root, Landshaft, signified a unit of human occupation, indeed a jurisdiction.” Simon Schama Landscape and Memory
  22. 22. Figure/Ground
  23. 23. Claude Lorraine, “Landscape with Aeneas at Delos” 1672
  24. 24. Jennifer Bartlett, “House” 1994
  25. 25. Richard Diebenkorn, “Ocean Park 54” 1968
  26. 26. Andrea Palladio, “Villa Barbaro” 1560
  27. 27. Big Architects, “Mountain Dwellings” 2009
  28. 28. Renzo Piano, “San Francisco Science Academy”, 2004
  29. 29. Patrik LeBlanc, Herzog and De Meuron “CaxiaForum, 2007
  30. 30. Cave Paintings at Chauvet, 32,000 B.C
  31. 31. Jackson Pollack, “Autumn Rhythm”, 1950
  32. 32. Landscape: Noun and Verb
  33. 33. “A landscape is a space deliberately created to speed up or slow down the process of nature. As Eliade expresses it, it represents man taking upon himself the role of time” J.B. Jackson
  34. 34. “Landscape like architecture has become a force for political and cultural change. Rather than exerting it’s presence as a ground or backround, to the architectural foreground , landscape design is pushing itself into the foreground of the design experience.” James Corner
  35. 35. “No one denies that as we become more uncertain of our status we need more and more reenforcement from our environment. But we should not use the word landscape to describe our private world, our private microcosm, and for a simple reason: a landscape is a concrete, threedimensional shared reality.” J.B. Jackson
  36. 36. “A German landschaft, for instance, can sometimes be a small administrative unit, corresponding in size to our ward . I have the feeling that there is evolving a slight but noticeable difference between the way we Americans use the word and the way the English do. We tend to think that landscape can mean natural scenery only, whereas in England a landscape almost always contains a human element.” J.B. Jackson
  37. 37. “Nevertheless the formula landscape as a composition of man-made spaces on the land is more significant that it first appears, for if it does not provide us with a definition it throws a revealing light on the origin of the concept. For it says that a landscape is not a natural feature of the environment but a synthetic space, a man-made system of spaces superimposed on the face of the land, functioning and evolving not according to natural laws but to serve a community – for the collective character of the landscape is one thing that all generations and points of view have agreed upon. A landscape is thus a space deliberately created to speed up or slow down the process of nature.” J.B. Jackson