MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS Millennium “Development goals (MDG’s) are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world’s main development challenges. The MDG’s are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. It was developed out of eight chapters of the United Nations Millennium Declaration signed in September 2000. It has eight goals and 21 targets.
The Authors perception on Millennium Development Goals and how it can combat Child Trafficking
MDG One -Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Child trafficking would be controlled if the families had enough money through sustainable employment to feed all the mouths in the family. This would reduce the risk of selling children for money. It would also have a negative impact in cases of children running away from home. When the stomach is full, the temptations for a better life are controlled.
MDG Two -Achieve Universal primary education <ul><li>Keeping children enrolled in schools would to some extent safeguard them from the traffickers. Education imparts knowledge and awareness on issue of child trafficking . They become aware of the danger they might be in. </li></ul>
MDG Three -Promote Gender Equality & Empower Women As the girl child is considered a burden, she is discriminated in many ways.Promoting gender equality could be a way of curbing the crime. Empowering women especially mothers to protect their daughters would also prevent crimes of sexual abuse and trafficking by family members.Educating the girl child is an important way .
MDG Four- Reduce Child Mortality This goal does not affect child trafficking directly. Children under five die of malnutrition and starving. They also do not have proper access to health care. This goal can be related to goal three where children are to be given good and nutritious food and health care to prevent them from succumbing to the provocation's(eg:promise of a good life) of traffickers.
MDG Five - Improve Maternal Health Mother is the child’s best friend and guard. Therefore protecting the mother at child birth and reducing the maternal mortality ratio and assuring her reproductive health will prevent children from being abused and trafficked by other family members. So protecting mothers health is protecting the child's health and life as well .
MDG Six - Combat HIV/AIDS.malaria and other diseases Children who are trafficked and sexually abused are a high risk group for contacting HIV/AIDS and other Sexually Transmitted Illness. Due to unhygienic conditions that they are made to live and work in they are prone to epidemics like malaria and other diseases like Tuberculosis and pneumonia. So combating these diseases is a step in providing health care,support and rehabilitation for the abused children.
MDG Seven - Ensure Environmental Sustainability Depletion of natural resources like forest in the tribal and rural areas has made the livelihood of many people come to a grinding halt. The villages that have been self sufficient for centuries are now facing the onslaught of urbanization and modernisation .Biodiversity loss is another reason. Forced evictions leave people with very little or no livelihood in their home towns. This is when the Traffickers move in with promises of a colourful future. Therefore ensuring sustainable development,reversing loss of environmental resources etc can make people more self sufficient.
MDG Eight- Develop a Global Partnership for Development Good governance, development and poverty reduction both nationally and internationally can control the crime of child trafficking. Addressing the special needs of the least developed and developing countries,like debt relief,official developmental assistance for poverty reduction etc could make people more sustainable in their livelihood.Providing essential drugs at affordable prices to developing countries would also help abused children to better health facilities. Eg: ART(Anti Retroviral Therapy) drugs for HIV/AIDS.