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mahesh tutorials SSC QUESTION PAPER WITH SOLUTION

Question paper of SSC

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mahesh tutorials SSC QUESTION PAPER WITH SOLUTION

  1. 1. Paper - 1 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) In Saurashtra .................. cows are famous for milk production. (Sahiwal, Deoni, Gir) (ii) Forest cover in Andaman and Nicobar islands is about ............ percent. (24, 87, 34, 13) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Micro – irrigation (a) Controls ventilation (ii) Bio – technology (b) Sprinkle irrigation (c) Organisms are used Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) Demand for mica has decreased. (ii) Oil refineries are located along the sea coast. (iii) ‘Land’ is a very important physical resource for the people of India. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Shifting cultivation. (ii) Manganese producing areas. (iii) Poultry farming. Q.3. (A) Draw a simple bar graph with the following information : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS Years Wheat Production (IN LAKH TONNES) 1999 - 2000 76.4 2000 - 01 69.7 2001 - 02 72.8 2002 - 03 65.8 2003 - 04 72.2
  2. 2. Paper - 1... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) Mumbai High Oil Producing Centre (ii) Leading state in silk production (iii) Tea producing area in Assam (iv) Tarapur Atomic energy centre Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Write in brief about milk production in India & show leading state in milk production in the outline map of India. (ii) State the main types of land use. (iii) Give information about depletion of plants and animals. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means ................... in real national income. (increase, decrease, stability) (ii) The services are .................. (intangible, tangible, durable) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) What is meant by economic growth? (ii) Who is a consumer ? (iii) Who do not purchase food grains from PDS? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) What are the rights of the consumers as per the Consumer Protection Act, 1986? (ii) Explain Targeted Public Distribution System.
  3. 3. Paper - 1 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) In Saurashtra Gir cows are famous for milk production. (ii) Forest cover in Andaman and Nicobar islands is about 87 percent. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Micro – irrigation – Sprinkle irrigation (ii) Bio – technology – Organisms are used A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1. Mica is a mineral which has insulating properties hence it is used in electrical and electronic industries. 2. It is also used in production of medicines and paints. 3. Nowadays artificial materials like plastics which are more effective and cheaper than mica are used as a substitute. 4. So the demand for mica has decreased. (ii) Oil refineries are located near the coastal parts of India 1. There are 18 oil refineries in India out of which several refineries are located on the coast. 2. 70% of the mineral oil used in India is imported from foreign countries due to the production of mineral oil being less than the consumption. 3. This mineral oil is transported by water ways and thus it minimizes the cost of transportation if the oil refinery is located along the sea coast. 4. This also helps to avoid the risk during the transportation due to its inflammable nature. (iii) 1. There are various types of landforms in India covered by mountains, hill ranges, plateaus and plains. 2. In India 30 % of area is covered by mountains, about 27 percent by plateau and 43 % by plains. 3. The mountainous regions have forests and wild animals. mineral resources are amply found in the plateau regions. Most of the ½ ½ ½ ½ 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  4. 4. Paper - 1... 2 ... plain areas are suitable for settlements, agriculture and other economic activities. 4. Hence, land is a very important physical resource for people of India. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) 1. Shifting cultivation is a very primitive type of farming. It is practised by some communities from the remote mountainous and forest regions. 2. When fertility of land decreases, people move in search of new piece of land. This is the main feature of shifting cultivation. 3. After the piece of land is selected, the land is cleared and vegetation thereupon is burnt. Due to this, potash content in the soil increases but the organic materials are lost. 4. Good quality seeds, crop protection methods and modern implements are not used. Hence crop production is low. 5. Cutting of trees, soil erosion, floods, low production and unstable life are the main problems of this type of agriculture. 6. Shifting cultivation causes degradation of environment. Hence, there are some restrictions on practising this type of farming. 7. Shifting cultivation in different areas have different local names. e.g. Jhum in North east India, Kumri in Kerala, Bewar in Madhya Pradesh, Podu and Dungar in Orissa. 8. Major crops like rice, corn, jowar, bajra, ragi, chillies, oil-seeds etc. are cultivated. (ii) Manganese deposits are generally found in the nearby fields of iron ore. In India large reserves of manganese are mainly at 1. Karnataka - Shimoga, Chitradurga, Bellary and Uttara Kannada. 2. Madhya Pradesh - Chhindwara and Balaghat. 3. Andhra Pradesh - Srikakulam. 4. Jharkhand - West Singhbhum. 5. Gujarat - Panchmahal and Vadodara. 6. Rajasthan - Banaswara and Udaipur. 7. Maharashtra - Nagpur and Bhandara. 8. Goa. (iii) 1. Poultry occupation is mainly done to get meat and eggs. 2. India ranks fifth in the production of eggs in the world. 3. This occupation is considered as complementary to agriculture. 4. This occupation is well developed in the sates of Andhra Pradesh. West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Kerala. 2 2 2
  5. 5. Paper - 1... 3 ... 2A.3. (A) Draw a simple bar graph with the following information : X Y WHEAT PRODUCTION  Years  40 60 80 100 20 0 1999- 2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 WheatProduction(INLAKHTONNES) SCALE : 1 cm = 20 Lakh tonnes on Y axis 2003-04
  6. 6. Paper - 1 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) During the Post independence period special emphasis was given to dairy occupation and due to this India ranks first in milk production in the world. 1. Special breeds of cows and buffaloes, nutritious fodder and capital for other activities is provided to the farmers dealing in milk production. 2. Veterinary care services have been started in India even at the taluka level. 3. The Government of India has attempted to boost the production of milk by implementing ‘Project Operation Milk Flood’ 4. The objectives of this programme are to provide the farmers with a fair price for their products by linking the rural areas which are high ... 4 ... 2 3 INDIA Leading state in silk production - Karnataka Tea producing area in Assam Mumbai High Oil Producing Centre1. 2. 3. Tarapur Atomic energy centre4. Mumbai High Tarapur 1 2 3 4 Karnataka
  7. 7. Paper - 1... 5 ... 3 3 milk production areas to the urban areas which are high milk consumption areas. This programme also aims at achieving the objective of generating employment in the rural areas and to increase the intake of milk and milk products in the diet of the common man. Hence, due to the efforts taken by the government, today India ranks first in milk production in the world. (Use stencil) (ii) Considering the characteristics, there are five major categories of land use in India. 1. Area under forests – All types of forests are included in this category. About 23 % of the total area of the nation is under forests. Generally forests are dense in the mountainous and heavy rainfall regions and vary according to the amount of rainfall. 2. Land not available for cultivation – Lands under roads, railways, settlements and water bodies are included in this category. Similarly barren, rugged and land not suitable for cultivation also come in this category. About 13 percent of the area of the country is included in this type of land use. West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh have large area of this type. 3. Grazing and cultivable waste land – There are very few permanent pastures in India. Permanent pastures, area under miscellaneous trees and cultivable waste land which is not cultivated at present, are included in this category. Out of the total land in India about 10 percent comes under this category. 4. Fallow land – Land which was under cultivation but presently is not being cultivated is known as fallow land. Some farmers keep some land fallow for a year or two to maintain fertility of the soil. Area under fallow land is about 8 percent in the nation. 5. Cultivated land – About 46 percent of the total area of the nation is under cultivation. Distribution of cultivated area in India is uneven. Percentage of cultivated land is highest in Punjab and Haryana and low in Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Thus, the use of land depends on the characteristics of the land. (Draw divided circle) (iii) India is one of the twelve countries which have a lot of biodiversity. India has 5% of the total living species. India has several varieties of cereals, pulses, spices, vegetables, fibre crops, beverages and a variety of plant species. 1. It is a matter of growing concern that the cover of vegetation in the forests is declining. 2. The species of plants and animals in India are decreasing rapidly. 3. In the past few decades, vegetation has decreased. Of the known medicinal herbs some species have become extinct. 4. The growing population and various industries are directly or indirectly responsible for depletion of plant and animal life.
  8. 8. Paper - 1... 6 ... ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 5. Roads, railways, houses, agriculture, industrial projects and hydro electric projects are being developed in the regions of biodiversity. 6. Hence it results in depletion of plants and animals and also destroys the entire ecosystem. In order to prevent extinction of plant and animal species they are being conserved. Protected areas are being developed in our country. A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means increase in real national income. (ii) The services are intangible. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) The term ‘economic growth’ refers to increase over time in a country’s real output of goods and services or more appropriately product per capita. (ii) It is generally measured in terms of GNP/NNP. Other measures are extent of urbanisation, degree of industrialisation, level of human development etc. (ii) (i) The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 defines any person who buys any commodity or service or a user of such a commodity or service as a ‘Consumer’. (ii) However, an individual buying a commodity for the purpose of resale will not be treated as a “Consumer”. (iii) (i) The homeless poor and those who do not have proper residential address do not purchase food grains from PDS. (ii) The Above Poverty Line (APL) families also have reduced their purchase from PDS after the introduction of the Dual Pricing System in 1997. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) The rights of the consumers under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 are as follows : (i) Right to Safety : Every consumer has a right to be protected from goods which are hazardous to life and property. E.g. colours used in food products, toys, home appliances. (ii) Right to Information : Every consumer has a right to be informed about quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and the price of the commodity or service before purchase. (iii) Right to be Heard : a) Every consumer has the right to express his/her opinion regarding the quality and prices of the goods or services. b) Consumers views should receive due consideration from
  9. 9. Paper - 1 manufacturers, traders and sellers. (iv) Right to Seek Redressal : Every consumer has the right to seek redressal of grievances from the District Forum, the State Commission and the National Commission. (v) Right to Choose : Every consumer has the right wherever possible, to have an access to a variety of goods at competitive prices and make a choice according to their financial ability and preferences. (vi) Right to Consumer Education : Every consumer has the right to receive information about low quality, spurious, adulterated and dangerous goods through posters, exhibitions and literature and other media. (vii) Right to Environment : a) Every consumer has the right to enjoy clear and pollution-free environment b) The consumer can lodge a complaint in writing against any business unit creating pollution and claim redressal. (ii) (i) In 1997, a dual pricing structure was introduced under the Public Distribution system called as the Targeted Public Distribution System. (ii) The P.D.S prices for Below Poverty Line families (BPL) were 50% of the market prices. (iii) On the contrary, P.D.S prices for Above Poverty Line (APL) families were very close to market prices. (iv) There was no incentive for the Above Poverty Line (APL) families to buy from the P.D.S. (v) As a result, their purchase from P.D.S reduced and the stock of food grains with the government piled up. (vi) To solve this problem the government has reduced the P.D.S price by 30% for Above Poverty Line (APL) families in July 2001.  ... 7 ... 3
  10. 10. Paper - 2 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Oxbreed of .................. is from Rajasthan.(Nagori, Kathiawadi, Malwa) (ii) An agricultural activity which is practiced with protection and conservation of resources is called ............... agriculture. (modern, traditional, sustainable, shifting) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Sandalwood (a) Packing boxes (ii) Sheesham (b) Perfumes (c) Furniture Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) Forests are of great economic and ecological importance. (ii) Intensive agriculture is done in densely populated regions. (iii) India exports iron ore on a large scale. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Oil seeds (ii) Land conservation. (iii) Project Operation Milk Flood Programme. Q.3. (A) Draw a simple bar graph with the following information : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS India : Sugar Production Years Production 2001 - 02 150 2002 - 03 190 2003 - 04 170 2004 - 05 130 (IN LAKH TONNES)
  11. 11. Paper - 2... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) Leading Rice producing state in India (ii) Iron ore producing area in Jharkhand (iii) Coffee producing area in South India (iv) Geothermal centre in Himachal Pradesh Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Give information about coal producing areas in India. (ii) What are the characteristics of Indian agriculture ? (iii) State the various measures for conservation of forest taken at the government level. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Development process is continuous and is experienced in ................... period. (short run, long run, very short run) (ii) ............... is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. (Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Karnataka) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) What is meant by economic development? (ii) Which services have been excluded from consumer protection? (iii) What is the basic objective of PDS? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) What are the duties of consumers? (ii) What is the progress of PDS?
  12. 12. Paper - 2 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Oxbreed of Nagori is from Rajasthan. (ii) An agricultural activity which is practiced with protection and conservation of resources is called sustainable agriculture. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Sandalwood – Perfumes (ii) Sheesham – Furniture A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1. Forests are of great economic and ecological importance because of their protective and productive functions. 2. Forests provide us with firewood, timber, sandalwood, medicinal herbs, lac, gum, honey etc. 3. They also perform various protective functions such as it reduces the intensityof floods andpreventssoilerosion, maintainsecologicalbalance, purifies the environment and provides a natural habitat for wild animals. 4. Thus forests not only give us economic gains but also prevents the degradation of environment and maintains ecological balance. (ii) 1. In India farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides, the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 2. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. 3. Because of dense population manpower is available and people get employment. 4. So intensive farming is practiced in the areas of dense population, where cultivable land is limited. (iii) 1. India has very large reserves of iron ore and accounts for 20 percent of the total iron ore reserves of the world. 2. There has also been a significant increase in iron ore production during the post independence period. ½ ½ ½ ½ 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  13. 13. Paper - 2... 2 ... 3. After supplying iron ore to its own industries India exports large quantities of iron ore. 4. This helps India to earn a lot of foreign exchange. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) 1. Groundnuts, sesame, sunflower, safflower, mustard, soyabean, linseed are main oil-seed crops. 2. These crops occupy about 12 percent of the total food cropped area of the country. 3. Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh produce 60 per cent of the total oil-seeds of the country. 4. Groundnut is the principal oil-seed crop. Highest production of groundnut is taken in Gujarat followed by Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. 5. Soyabean is produced on a large scale in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. 6. Production of sunflower is mainly from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. (ii) Conservation of land means protection of land against degradation and improving quality and productivity of it. For providing protection and a secure future to living beings, it is necessary to conserve land. The following measures are useful for conservation of land resources :- 1. Make proper and wise use of land. 2. Develop pollution - free industrial processes. 3. Prevent deforestation and promote afforestation in the deforested regions. 4. Make limited use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and make use of organic fertilizers. 5. Construct bunds on sloping land to prevent soil erosion. 6. Restrict use of agricultural land for other land uses. 7. Control polluted elements which mix with atmosphere and land. 8. Make proper disposal of man-made waste materials, plastics etc. 9. Spread importance of land conservation by means of population education, literacy and environmental education at all levels. (iii) 1. India ranks first in milk production in the world. During the post independence period special emphasis was given to dairy occupation. 2. Farmers were given other facilities such as special breeds of cows and buffaloes, nutritious fodder, veterinary care services and capital for other activities 3. The programme ‘Project Operation Milk Flood’ has been chalked out by the Government of India to increase the milk production 4. The objectives of this programme are to provided a fair price to the farmer for their products. 2 2 2
  14. 14. Paper - 2... 3 ... 2 5. It also has the objective of connecting the rural and the urban areas. 6. The other objectives are to increase the intake of milk in the diet of the common man and to provide employment in the rural areas. A.3. (A) Draw a simple bar graph with the following information : X Y SUGAR PRODUCTION  Years  40 60 80 100 120 140 20 160 180 200 0 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004- 05 Sugarproduction(Inlakhtonnes) SCALE : 1 cm = 20 Lakh tonnes on Y axis
  15. 15. Paper - 2... 4 ... 2 3 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) In India, coal is a very important resource of energy. About 67 percent of the total energy is obtained from it. 1. Coal deposits are found in the river basins of Damodar, Son, Mahanadi, Brahmani, Wardha, Godavari and Indravati and also in the regions of Satpura and Rajmahal hills. 2. Peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite are varieties of coal which are classified on the basis of their carbon content. 3. Peat contains less than 50 percent of carbon occurs at Palani and Nilgiri hills of Tamil Nadu and some parts of Jammu and Kashmir. INDIA Iron ore producing area in Jharkhand – Singhbhum Coffee producing area in South India Leading rice producing state in India – West Bengal 1. 2. 3. 4. Singhbhum 2 Manikaran 4 3 1 West Bengal
  16. 16. Paper - 2... 5 ... 3 4. Lignite contains 65 to 75 percent carbon and is found in the states of Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Rajasthan. In Tamil Nadu, Neyveli is the important lignite coal producing field. 5. Bituminous coal contains 85 to 90 percent of carbon and is found in the state of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. 6. In Jammu and Kashmir anthracite coal is found in small deposits. India stands third after China and United States of America in the reserves of coal in the world. (Use stencil) (ii) India is an agricultural country. It holds an important place in Indian economy. The features of Indian agriculture are - 1. Employment generating sector : Indian agriculture is based on human labour. Hence, it provides employment in agricultural occupations on a large scale. Out of the total population, about 65 percent of the people are engaged in this occupation. 2. Rainfall-based agriculture : Indian agriculture is dependent mainly on monsoon rains. Area under irrigation is very limited. Agricultural production is affected due to uncertain nature of the rainfall. 3. Crop diversity : Several varieties of crops are grown in India in different seasons and at different places throughout the year. Foodgrains, pulses, fibre crops, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables as well as beverage crops are cultivated. 4. Traditional and modern agriculture : Traditional as well as modern methods of agriculture are found in India. In the undeveloped and remote areas traditional methods of agriculture are still in practice. In developing areas modern methods of agriculture are practiced. During the pre-independence period traditional agriculture was being done on a large scale. However, after independence, implementation of new schemes had increased the use of modern agricultural methods. 5. Size of farms : Due to fragmentation of land, size of farms has decreased. Therefore, use of machines becomes difficult. 6. Relations with industrial sector : Due to changing policies in Indian agriculture, co-ordination between agriculture and industries is increasing. Similarly, due to modern means of transport and marketing facilities, relations between agriculture and industries have strengthened. 7. Significance of agricultural products in export : Agricultural products have importance in export trade of India. Agricultural products valuing upto 14 percent contribute to exports of the nation.
  17. 17. Paper - 2... 6 ... 3 ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 (iii) It is the need of the hour to conserve forests for maintaining ecological balance. Following are the various measures for conservation of forest taken at the government level : 1. Prevent cutting of trees. 2. Application of land use for growth of forest. 3. Sanction government grants for tree plantation. 4. Encourage fruit farming. 5. Control conflagration of forest. 6. Involve students of schools and colleges in afforestation. 7. Implement tree adoption system. 8. Plant trees in open public places, barren land and hilly areas. By adopting these measures efforts are being made to prevent tree cutting and conserving vegetation. A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Development process is continuous and is experienced in long run period. (ii) Jammu and Kashmir is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) Economic development means a selective attack on the worst forms of poverty. (ii) Goals of development are progressive reduction and elimination of malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases, inequalities and unemployment. (ii) Services which have been excluded from consumer protection are (i) Free services like free libraries, free medical service etc. (ii) Services provided in the form of individual contract i.e maid servants, domestic servant, etc. (iii) Services of doctors in Government hospitals. (iii) (i) The basic objective of P.D.S. is to provide essential consumer goods at cheap and subsidised prices to the consumer. (ii) Besides this, the other important objective is to maintain the minimum nutritional status of the population. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) The duties of consumers under Consumer Protection Act, 1986 are as follows : (i) Protection against unsafe and dangerous products : A consumer must check the products before purchase. (ii) Protection against deceptive and unfair trade practices : A consumer must obtain proper receipt at the time of purchase of goods.
  18. 18. Paper - 2  ... 7 ... 3 (iii) Protection against all types of pollution : A consumer must protect the environment from air, water and sound pollution. (iv) Proper knowledge : A consumer must acquire basic knowledge of the goods and services which he/she intends to buy. (v) Consumer education : A consumer must participate in consumer education programs organised by voluntary organisations with the help of mass media. (ii) PDS is a system created by Government to supply essential goods at reasonable prices through a chain of fair price shops. (i) Major items covered : Major items covered under PDS are rice, wheat, sugar, kerosene, cloth and edible oils. (ii) Items in demand : 86% of the total PDS sales were for rice, wheat, sugar and kerosene. (iii) Requirements of PDS : Ration cards are issued to the households on the basis of residential address. (iv) Coverage of PDS : PDS covers the entire population. (v) Number of fair price shops : The number of fair price shops have increased from 0.47. lakhs  4.74 Lakhs (1960) (2002) (vi) P.D.S distribution worth :- The P.D.S distributes commodities worth Rs. 30,000 crore annually. (vii) Families benefitted : 16 crore families are benefitted annually by PDS. (viii) Peak level offtake : Peak level offtake of 19 million tonnes took place in 1991-92. (ix) Decreasing offtake : In recent years the offtake from P.D.S. is decreasing due to the reducing gap between open market price and P.D.S. price especially of wheat and rice.
  19. 19. Paper - 3 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) For making colours and bangles ............ is used. (gum, lac, sandalwood, honey) (ii) Large reserves of manganese deposits are present in ................ district of Andhra Pradesh. (Nagpur, Srikakulam, Singhbhum, Hazaribag) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Kaiga (a) Karnataka (ii) Narora (b) Uttar Pradesh (c) Tamil Nadu Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) The size of the farms is small in India. (ii) There is a little scope to increase the area under cultivation in India. (iii) Aluminium is used on a large scale in industrial sectors. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Wind energy. (ii) Land degradation. (iii) Bio-technology. Q.3. (A) Draw a multiple line graph with the following information : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS Years 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 Pulses 30 35 40 20 40 Rice 75 70 75 65 75 Wheat 90 85 95 75 85 CROP PRODUCTION (in million tonnes)
  20. 20. Paper - 3... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) Leading spices producing state in India (ii) Mineral oil producing area in Assam (iii) Cotton producing area in Maharashtra (iv) Solar energy centre in Gujarat Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Mention the uses of Indian forests. (ii) What are the features of intensive farming ? (iii) Give information about cultivated land. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic growth process occurs in a ................... economy. (static, dynamic, sound) (ii) The consumers are ................. (organised, scattered, unorganised) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) Give any one indicator of growth. (ii) Where can a complaint be lodged ? (iii) What is the share of 4 Northern states in the total offtake of food grains for families below poverty line? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) Why is the offtake from P.D.S decreasing? (ii) What is the progress of PDS?
  21. 21. Paper - 3 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) For making colours and bangles lac is used. (ii) Large reserves of manganese deposits are present in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Kaiga – Karnataka (ii) Narora – Uttar Pradesh A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1. Density of population is very high in India, whereas the area under cultivation is limited. 2. Due to dense population manpower is available and farming operation are based on animals and human efforts. 3. In India, farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. 4. Besides, the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. (ii) After independence as much land as possible has already been brought under cultivation. There in not much scope left today to increase the area under cultivation because : 1. Land under roads, railways, settlements and water bodies cannot be brought under cultivation and even grazing land is limited. 2. The area under forests cannot be reduced. 3. Besides, the unfavourable physical and climatic conditions have restricted addition to the area under cultivation. 4. Therefore there is no alternative but cultivate the available land and increase production by improved methods of cultivation. (iii) 1. Aluminium is obtained from bauxite and abundant reserves of it are found in India. 2. Aluminium is lighter in weight than steel but its alloys are as strong as steel. Therefore spare parts of automobiles, aeroplanes, ship etc. are made of it as they consume less fuel. ½ ½ ½ ½ 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  22. 22. Paper - 3... 2 ... 2 2 2 3. Due to its property of conduction of heat and electricity it is used in the manufacture of utensils and electric wires. 4. As it is cheaper and readily available aluminium is used on a large scale in industrial sectors. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) 1. Wind Energy is a non conventional source of energy. 2. The amount of production of the wind energy depends on its velocity, direction of wind and physiography of the region. 3. India ranks 5th in the world in the potentiality of generating wind energy. 4. A large wind energy grid is located near Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. 5. Wind energy is generated in some parts of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karanataka, Gujarat and Orissa. (ii) 1. Decrease in carrying capacity of land due to natural or human intervention is called land degradation. 2. Nowadays, mechanical equipments, and chemical fertilizers are used at large scale. Besides, due to running water and winds, soil particles are transported. 3. It results in decrease in the quality and productivity of soil. The quality of soil decreases. Such condition of land is called land degradation. 4. Floods and water logging have led to formation of saline soils leading to degradation. 5. As land is limited we experience its shortage due to growing population and increasing demands. 6. Due to increase in industrial areas, urbanisation, mining and modernisation in agricultural techniques the problem of land degradation has become very severe. (iii) 1. Certain organisms are used to obtain better quality of production to control pests and diseases of crops and to increase production. 2. This technique is called bio-technology. 3. In recent times, progressive farmers are using bio-technology for farming. 4. It is modern concept which has benefited the farmers to a great extent.
  23. 23. Paper - 3... 3 ... 2A.3. (A) Draw a simple bar graph with the following information : X Y  Years  Cropproduction(inmilliontonnes) 10 20 40 50 30 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-20041999-2000 2000-2001 60 70 80 90 100 CROP PRODUCTION SCALE : 1 cm = 10 million tonnes on Y axis Wheat Rice Pulses INDEX
  24. 24. Paper - 3... 4 ... 2 3 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Forests are of great economic and ecological importance because of their protective and productive function. 1. Forest products include wood, lac, gum, medicinal plants, honey, cane, bamboo, different types of grasses, fruits, flowers and other products. 2. Forests in India provide wood for buildings, furniture and products required by industries. Some of them include teak, deodar, sal, sheesham, khair, sandalwood, sundri, haldu etc. 3. Teak, sal, haldu, provide wood for building purpose. Teak, deodar, sheesham and haldu also provide wood for furniture. INDIA Cotton producing area in Maharashtra Leading spices producing state in India – Kerala 1. 2. 3. Solar energy centre in Gujarat – Madhapur 4. Madhapur 1 2 3 4 Kerala
  25. 25. Paper - 3... 5 ... 3 3 4. Matchboxes and plywood are made from soft wood like deodar. 5. Sundri trees are used for boat making and manufacturing paper, Khair is useful for tanning and making katha. 6. Perfumed oil, handicraft articles and agarbattis are made from sandal wood. 7. Grass in the forest is used as fodder, lac for making colours and bangles and the bark of babul for medicines. 8. Firewood is still used as fuel in rural areas, bamboo used for building material and cane for furniture. 9. Along with the above productive functions the forest also performs various protective functions such as it reduces the intensity of floods and prevents soil erosion, maintains ecological balance, purifies the environment and provides a natural habitat for wild animals. Thus, the contribution of Indian forests to the Indian economy is worth consideration (ii) Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. To get high production intensive labour, high yielding varieties of crops, fertilizers, insecticides and irrigation is used. The features of intensive farming are : 1. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 2. In this type of farming, animals are domesticated. These animals are used for various farming operations. Besides, milk, meat, eggs are obtained as supplementary products from them. 3. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Because of dense population manpower is available. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment. 4. Food grains, fruits, vegetables, oil-seeds are cultivated. 5. Rice is grown where the climate is hot and humid and in heavy rainfall areas. Wheat is grown in low rainfall areas. 6. Intensive agriculture is practised in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Yield per hectare is high in intensive type of farming. (Use stencil) (iii) The distribution of cultivated area in India is very uneven 1. About 46 percent of the total area of the nation is under cultivation. 2. Percentage of area under cultivation is highest in Punjab and Haryana. 3. In states of West Bengal. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Karanataka and Gujarat, area under cultivation is higher than the national average. 4. In the mountainous states of Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, area under cultivation is very low.
  26. 26. Paper - 3... 6 ... ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 3 5. Efforts were made to bring as much land as possible under cultivation. This has led to increase in the cultivated area. 6. There is not much scope left today to increase the area under cultivation, because the area under forests cannot be reduced. Besides, unfavourable physical and climatic conditions have restricted addition to the area under cultivation, Therefore, there is no alternative but cultivate the available land and increase production by improved methods of cultivation. (Use stencil) A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic growth process occurs in a dynamic economy. (ii) The consumers are unorganised. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) Increase overtime in a country’s real output of goods and services is the most important indicator of growth. (ii) It is generally measured in terms of GNP/NNP. (ii) An aggrieved consumer can lodge a complaint at the District Forum / State Commission. (i) A consumer from any place, who has purchased a commodity from Mumbai, must lodge his complaint at the Mumbai Forum/Maharashtra State Commission. (Mumbai - place of purchase of the commodity) (ii) A consumer residing in Pune, who has purchased a commodity manufactured in Haryana, must lodge his complaint at the Pune District Forum / Maharashtra State Commission. (Pune - place of residence of consumer) (iii) (i) The four Northern States of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh accounted for 48% of Below Poverty Line families. (ii) And the food grain offtake from PDS accounted for just 10% of the total offtake of food grains in the country. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) (i) In recent years the offtake from P.D.S. is decreasing due to the reducing gap between open market price and P.D.S. price especially of wheat and rice. (ii) For example - In Delhi the gap between open market price and P.D.S price of wheat reduced from 47% to 8% from 1991 to 1994. (ii) PDS is a system created by Government to supply essential goods at reasonable prices through a chain of fair price shops. (i) Major items covered : Major items covered under PDS are rice, wheat, sugar, kerosene, cloth and edible oils.
  27. 27. Paper - 3  ... 7 ... (ii) Items in demand : 86% of the total PDS sales were for rice, wheat, sugar and kerosene. (iii) Requirements of PDS : Ration cards are issued to the households on the basis of residential address. (iv) Coverage of PDS : PDS covers the entire population. (v) Number of fair price shops : The number of fair price shops have increased from 0.47. lakhs  4.74 Lakhs (1960) (2002) (vi) P.D.S distribution worth :- The P.D.S distributes commodities worth Rs. 30,000 crore annually. (vii) Families benefitted : 16 crore families are benefitted annually by PDS. (viii) Peak level offtake : Peak level offtake of 19 million tonnes took place in 1991-92. (ix) Decreasing offtake : In recent years the offtake from P.D.S. is decreasing due to the reducing gap between open market price and P.D.S. price especially of wheat and rice.
  28. 28. Paper - 4 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Natural gas is produced at .................. on a large scale. (Mumbai High, Nazira, Digboi, Koyli) (ii) ............... state has the highest production of groundnut. (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Cow (a) Jersey (ii) Buffalo (b) Mahesana (c) Bikaneri Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) Goat rearing is less expensive. (ii) Wheat production increased significantly after the Green Revolution. (iii) Minerals in certain areas are on the verge of extinction. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Sustainable agricuture. (ii) Fallow land. (iii) Forest products. Q.3. (A) Draw a compound bar graph with the following information : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS Years 1980-81 1990-91 2000-01 Steam 7500 3000 1000 Diesel 2000 4000 4200 Electric 1500 2000 2200 (Production of Railway Engines)
  29. 29. Paper - 4... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) Leading state in milk production in India (ii) The state having lowest forest cover in North India (iii) Sugarcane producing area in Maharashtra (iv) Atomic energy centre in Rajasthan Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) State the measures for conservation of plants and animals. (ii) What do we mean by conservation of land ? Write the measures for the conservation of land resources. (iii) In the outline map of India show the main rice producing states and give information about rice production in India. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Increase in income of developed countries is ................... developing countries. (less than, more than, equal to) (ii) The reputed firms have their own .................... control departments. (quantity, quality, price) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) Give any one characteristic of developing economy. (ii) Who can lodge a complaint? (iii) Why is the offtake from P.D.S decreasing? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) What are the objects of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986? (ii) Which measures have been suggested in order to remove the defects of P.D.S?
  30. 30. Paper - 4 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Natural gas is produced at Mumbai High on a large scale. (ii) Gujarat state has the highest production of groundnut. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Cow – Jersey (ii) Buffalo – Mahesana A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1 It is less expensive to buy a goat. 2. It is a sturdy animal which thrives on bushy grasses and thorny vegetation. 3. Goats are small in size and require less space. 4. Goats provide us with milk meat and manure. 5. As goat rearing requires less expenditure even a poor man can afford to rear goats. So goat is called the poor man’s cow. (ii) 1. Wheat is cultivated in areas with mean annual rainfall of 75 cm. and fertile soil. It is cultivated in the Rabi season. 2. The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in Uttar Pradesh and it is followed by Punjab and Haryana where wheat is produced on a large scale. 3. There is a significant increase in the production of wheat after green revolution. Improved seeds, proper application of fertilizers and irrigation facilities are utilized. 4. So, wheat production increased significantly after green revolution. (iii) 1. Minerals are formed by natural processes of long duration and are limited and exhaustible. 2. The use of minerals has increased on a large scale due to increasing demand from the agricultural and the industrial sectors. ½ ½ ½ ½ 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  31. 31. Paper - 4... 2 ... 3. Therefore, minerals in certain areas are on the verge of extinction. 4. Industrial development depends on availability of minerals so for the continual industrial development of a nation a regular supply of minerals is essential. So conservation of minerals is necessary. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) ‘Sustainable agriculture is a modern concept. An agricultural activity which is practised with protection and conservation of resources is called sustainable agriculture. Its main objectives are as follows : 1. Maintain environmental balance. 2. Achieve socio-economic equality. 3. Get economic benefits. Farmers, labourers, consumers, planners and other related aspects are an integral part of this agriculture. This type of agriculture does not cause harm to human health and environment and resources are preserved in good quality for the use of future generations. It is practised in some parts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra. (ii) 1. Land which was under cultivation but presently is not being cultivated is known as fallow land. 2. Some farmers keep some land fallow for a year or two to maintain fertility of the soil. 3. Area under fallow land is about 8 percent in the nation. 4. With some efforts such land can be brought under cultivation. (iii) 1. Forest products include wood, lac, gum, medicinal plants, honey, cane, bamboo, different types of grasses, fruits, flowers and other products. 2. Wood is used for making traditional implements for agriculture, timber, paper etc. 3. Scented wood is used for making perfumes, soaps, agarbattis etc. 4. Lac is used for colours and making bangles. 5. Matchboxes and plywood are made from soft wood. 6. Wood is also used to manufacture sports goods and packing boxes. 7. Bark of babul tree is used for making medicines. 8. Sundri trees are used for boat making and manufacturing paper, Khair is useful for tanning and making katha. 9. Forests in India provide wood for buildings, furniture and products required by industries. Some of them include teak, deodar, sal, sheesham, khair, sandalwood, sundri, haldu etc. 2 2 2
  32. 32. Paper - 4... 3 ... 2A.3. (A) Draw a compound bar graph with the following information : Y X Electric Steam Diesel INDEX PRODUCTION OF RAILWAY ENGINES 0 No.ofRailwayEngines 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 1980- 1981 1990- 1991 2000- 2001  Years  SCALE : Scale : 1 cm = 1000 Engines 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000
  33. 33. Paper - 4... 4 ... 2 3 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) In order to prevent extinction of plant and animal species they are being conserved. Following are the measures undertaken : 1. Protected areas are therefore being developed in our country. 2. National parks and sanctuaries are protected by law. Tree cutting and hunting is strictly not allowed. 3. The national parks are restricted from cattle grazing and other traditional occupations. India has 92 national parks and about 500 sanctuaries. 4. They play a vital role in the protection and conservation of natural habitats and their biodiversity. INDIA The state having lowest forest cover in North India – Haryana Sugarcane producing area in Maharashtra Leading state in milk production in India – Uttar Pradesh 1. 2. 3. Atomic energy centre in Rajasthan4. Rawatbhatta 1 3 4 2 Uttar Pradesh Haryana
  34. 34. Paper - 4... 5 ... 3 3 5. Certain projects are undertaken to protect animal species and provide natural environment for the animals. 6. Tiger project, elephant project and save barasingha project are examples of such efforts. 7. Outside their natural habitat animals and plants are conserved in the zoos and botanical gardens. 8. For the conservation of plant species certain government measures like encouraging fruit farming, controlling conflagration of forest, implementing tree adoption system etc. are also being undertaken. Thus by developing sanctuaries and adopting programmes like Van- Mahotsav, animals and plants are being conserved. (ii) Conservation of land means protection of land against degradation and improving quality and productivity of it. For providing protection and a secure future to living beings, it is necessary to conserve land. The following measures are useful for conservation of land resources :- 1. Make proper and wise use of land. 2. Develop pollution - free industrial processes. 3. Prevent deforestation and promote afforestation in the deforested regions. 4. Make limited use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and make use of organic fertilizers. 5. Construct bunds on sloping land to prevent soil erosion. 6. Restrict use of agricultural land for other land uses. 7. Control polluted elements which mix with atmosphere and land. 8. Make proper disposal of man-made waste materials, plastics etc. 9. Spread importance of land conservation by means of population education, literacy and environmental education at all levels. (iii) 1. Rice is the main grain crop of India. India ranks second in the world in production of rice. 2. About 34 percent of the total cultivated area of the nation is under rice cultivation. 3. Out of the total production of foodgrains, production of rice is 42 percent. 4. Rice is cultivated in areas having annual average rainfall of 125 cm. and average temperature of 23 degree celsius. 5. Major rice cultivating areas are north-east India, eastern and western coastal regions and river basin of Ganga. 6. West Bengal, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the major rice producing states. (Use stencil)
  35. 35. Paper - 4... 6 ... ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 3 A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Increase in income of developed countries is more than developing countries. (ii) The reputed firms have their own quality control departments. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) A developing economy like India has Low Per Capita Income as compared to developed economies. (ii) For eg. in 2003 : The per capita income of India was $ 530 and on the other hand the per capita income of Switzerland was about 75 times, U.S.A. was 71 times and that of Germany was 48 times more than the per capita income of India. (ii) As per the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 the following can lodge a complaint : (i) A consumer. (ii) One or more consumers having the same complaint. (iii) The Central Government or any State Government. (iv) Any Voluntary Consumer Association registered under the Companies Act, 1956. (iii) (i) In recent years the offtake from P.D.S. is decreasing due to the reducing gap between open market price and P.D.S. price especially of wheat and rice. (ii) For example - In Delhi the gap between open market price and P.D.S price of wheat reduced from 47% to 8% from 1991 to 1994. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) The objects of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 are as follows :- (i) To protect the interests of the consumers. (ii) To set up quasi-judicial machinery to settle consumers grievances. (iii) To seek speedy and simple redressal to consumer disputes through the machineries which are set up at District, State and Central levels. (iv) To give relief of a specific nature and to award compensation to aggrieved consumers on the basis of merit of each case. (ii) To overcome the defects of P.D.S. the following measures can be adopted : (i) Establishment of food banks : a) Food banks should be established at the local level as this would help in the procurement, storage and distribution at the local level.
  36. 36. Paper - 4  ... 7 ... b) This would reduce the cost of transport, storage and handling, ensuring adequate and timely supply of essential commodities. (ii) Extension of P.D.S Coverage : P.D.S coverage should be extended to cover all BPL families especially the homeless ones. (iii) Adoption of Wage Employment Programmes: Wage Employment Programmes should be adopted by the Government to liquidate the food stocks of Food Corporation of India. (iv) Restructuring of P.D.S: The P.D.S should be restructured to solve the problem of large number of hunger ridden people on one hand and stock of excess food grains in Government godowns on the other.
  37. 37. Paper - 5 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Keonjhar in Orissa is famous for ................ mineral. (mica, iron ore, dolomite, bauxite) (ii) Out of the total forest area in India about ............ percent comes under the reserved forests. (25, 23, 33, 55) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Lignite (a) 90% to 95% (ii) Bituminous (b) 85% to 90% (c) 65% to 75% Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) The production is low in shifting cultivation. (ii) Oil refineries are located along the sea coast. (iii) Fish production has increased in India. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Wind energy. (ii) Uses of copper. (iii) Cattle resource. Q.3. (A) Draw a multiple bar graph with the following information : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS Admissions in Mahesh Tutorials 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 Mulund Branch 200 350 400 Andheri Branch 300 400 500
  38. 38. Paper - 5... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) States having highest area under cultivation (ii) Leading state in fresh water production (iii) Kaiga atomic energy centre (iv) Mumbai High - Natural Gas Field Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Write about the iron ore mineral in India. (ii) State the objectives of National Forest Policy. (iii) What are the features of Indian agriculture ? Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic growth implies ................... changes are expected. (qualitative, quantitative, comparative) (ii) The Consumer Protection Act is basically passed to protect the interests of .................. (producers, consumers, merchants) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) What is meant by economic development? (ii) What do you understand by Right to be heard? (iii) In which year was the offtake from P.D.S outlets maximum? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) Explain the term “Unfair Trade Practice”. (ii) What are the defects of P.D.S?
  39. 39. Paper - 5 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Keonjhar in Orissa is famous for iron ore mineral. (ii) Out of the total forest area in India about 55 percent comes under the reserved forests. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Lignite – 65% to 75% (ii) Bituminous – 85% to 90% A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1. Shifting Cultivation is a very primitive type of farming. 2. It is practised by some communities from the remote mountainous and forest regions. 3. After a piece of land is selected, the land is cleared and the vegetation thereupon is burnt, the potash content in the soil increases but organic materials are lost. 4. Good quality seeds, crop protection methods and modern implements are not used. Hence crop production is low. (ii) Oil refineries are located near the coastal parts of India 1. There are 18 oil refineries in India out of which several refineries are located on the coast. 2. 70% of the mineral oil used in India is imported from foreign countries due to the production of mineral oil being less than the consumption. 3. This mineral oil is transported by water ways and thus it minimizes the cost of transportation if the oil refinery is located along the sea coast. 4. This also helps to avoid the risk during the transportation due to its inflammable nature. (iii) 1. Due to the encouragement offered by the government, modern and well-equipped boats are being utilized. 2. In order to improve fishing occupation the ‘National Fish Seedlings Programme’ has been set up. ½ ½ 1 1 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  40. 40. Paper - 5... 2 ... 3. The fish breeding has been developed by planting fish seedlings in tanks, lakes, reservoirs and other water bodies. 4. Fishermen are provided with well-equipped boats, modern nylon nets, cold storage facilities, loans and government subsidies. 5. This has helped in increasing fish production in India and India has become an exporter of fish. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) 1. Wind Energy is a non conventional source of energy. 2. The amount of production of the wind energy depends on its velocity, direction of wind and physiography of the region. 3. India ranks 5th in the world in the potentiality of generating wind energy. 4. A large wind energy grid is located near Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. 5. Wind energy is generated in some parts of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karanataka, Gujarat and Orissa. (ii) 1. Copper is a non rusting metal and also a good conductor of electricity and is thus used for making electrical wires and electrical equipments. 2. It is also used for making of utensils and alloys. 3. It is also used in the manufacture of medicines. (iii) 1. India ranks first in cattle production in the world. 2. Cattle play a major role in the economy of India. 3. Cows and buffaloes provide us with milk, meat and manure where as the oxen are used for agricultural operation and draught forces. 4. The Kathiawadi (Saurashtra), Nagori (Rajasthan), Malwa (M.P) and Khillari (Maharasthra), are important varieties of oxen in India.Gir (Saurashtra), Sahiwal (Punjab), Deoni (Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh) are breeds of cows which give large quantity of milk Jersey, Brown, Holstein are cross breeds of cows. 5. The population of cattle is high in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh etc. 2 2 2
  41. 41. Paper - 5... 3 ... 2A.3. (A) Draw a multiple bar graph with the following information : Andheri Branch Mulund Branch INDEX Y X TotalAdmissions 200 300 400 500 600 700 100 0 1990 - 91 1991 - 92 1992 - 93  Years  TOTAL ADMISSIONS SCALE : 1 cm = 100 units on Y axis
  42. 42. Paper - 5... 4 ... 2 3 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) Iron ore is used in the manufacture of iron and steel. Iron and steel are the major bases of industrial age. 1. Haematite, magnetite, limonite and siderite are varieties of iron ore. In India haematite deposits are in large quantities followed by magnetite deposits. 2. Out of the total iron ore reserves in the world 20% is found in India. 3. In India most of the iron ore mines are in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Goa and Karnataka States. 4. Theimportant ironoreminesare locatedinDurgandDantewaradistricts of Chhattisgarh, West Singhbhum and East Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand, Sundergarh, Keonjhar and Mayurbhunj districts of Orrisa. INDIA Leading state in fresh water fish production – West Bengal Kaiga atomic energy centre States having highest area under cultivation – Punjab and Haryana 1. 2. 3. Mumbai High – Natural Gas Field4. Mumbai High Kaiga 1 4 2 3 Punjab Haryana West Bengal
  43. 43. Paper - 5... 5 ... 3 3 5. In Maharashtra iron ore deposits are in Chandrapur, Gadhchiroli, Bhandara and Sindhudurg, districts. 6. India supplies iron ore to its own iron and steel plants and also exports a large quantity of it through the ports of Vishakhapatanam, Paradwip, Marmagaon and Mangalore. There has been a significant increase in iron ore production during the post independence period. (Use stencil) (ii) In order to protect and conserve the forests the National Forest Policy has the following objectives : 1. Maintain ecological balance to stabilize the environment. 2. Conserve natural vegetation. 3. Prevent soil erosion in the catchment areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs. 4. Prevent expansion of deserts in Rajasthan and the coastal tracts. 5. Provide an alternative to firewood as a source of fuel to tribals and rural people. 6. Increase the productivity of forests to satisfy needs of the nation. 7. Provide an ideal substitute for wood and encourage proper use of forest produce. 8. Enforce afforestation on a large scale with the help of social forestry programmes, to increase the forest cover area. 9. Encourage people’s movements on a large scale with participation of women. Thus efforts are being taken by the government for conservation of forests. (iii) India is an agricultural country. It holds an important place in Indian economy. The features of Indian agriculture are - 1. Employment generating sector : Indian agriculture is based on human labour. Hence, it provides employment in agricultural occupations on a large scale. Out of the total population,about 65percentof thepeopleareengagedinthisoccupation. 2. Rainfall-based agriculture : Indian agriculture is dependent mainly on monsoon rains. Area under irrigation is very limited. Agricultural production is affected due to uncertain nature of the rainfall. 3. Crop diversity : Several varieties of crops are grown in India in different seasons and at different places throughout the year. Foodgrains, pulses, fibre crops, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables as well as beverage crops are cultivated. 4. Traditional and modern agriculture : Traditional as well as modern methods of agriculture are found in India. In the undeveloped and remote areas traditional
  44. 44. Paper - 5... 6 ... ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 methods of agriculture are still in practice. In developing areas modern methods of agriculture are practiced. During the pre- independence period traditional agriculture was being done on a large scale. However, after independence, implementation of new schemes had increased the use of modern agricultural methods. 5. Size of farms : Due to fragmentation of land, size of farms has decreased. Therefore, use of machines becomes difficult. 6. Relations with industrial sector : Due to changing policies in Indian agriculture, co-ordination between agriculture and industries is increasing. Similarly, due to modern means of transport and marketing facilities, relations between agriculture and industries have strengthened. 7. Significance of agricultural products in export : Agricultural products have importance in export trade of India. Agricultural products valuing upto 14 percent contribute to exports of the nation. A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic growth implies quantitative changes are expected. (ii) The Consumer Protection Act is basically passed to protect the interests of consumers. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) Economic development means a selective attack on the worst forms of poverty. (ii) Goals of development are progressive reduction and elimination of malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases, inequalities and unemployment. (ii) (i) Right to be heard means that the consumers have a right to express their opinions regarding the quality and prices of the goods or services. (ii) Their views should be considered by manufacturers, sellers and traders. (iii) The offtake from P.D.S outlets was a maximum of 19 million tonnes in the year 1991-1992. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) Unfair Trade Practice means a trade practice which for the purpose of promoting the sale of any goods or service adopts any unfair or deceptive practice. Some of these Unfair Trade Practices are as follows :-
  45. 45. Paper - 5  ... 7 ... 3 (i) False representation of goods or services being of a particular standard, quality, quantity, grade etc. (ii) False representation of the second hand/renovated/old goods as new goods. (iii) False representation of sponsorship/affiliation which the seller may not have. (iv) False warranty or guarantee which the seller does not have. (ii) The PDS has been criticised due to some of its defects. They are : (i) Limited benefits to poor : (a) Only 20% of the poor were benefitted from P.D.S. (b) This means it left out majority of the homeless poor and others who do not have proper registered address. (ii) Regional disparities: a) The four southern states accounted for 18% of Below Poverty Line (BPL) population and 49% offtake of the PDS commodities in 1995. b) The four northern states accounted for 48% of Below Poverty Population (BPL) population and 10% offtake of PDS commodities. (iii) Urban Bias : a) The offtake in the urban areas was about85% of the total PDS offtake. b) 75% fair price shops are in rural areas but due to very poor delivery system often foodgrains are not available in them. (iv) Inefficient Food Corporation of India (F.C.I.) : a) The economic cost of F.C.I. has been rising. b) The surplus stocks of wheat and rice are concentrated in only a few states.
  46. 46. Paper - 6 Q.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farming is called ............... farming. (traditional, modern, subsistence, intensive) (ii) Katha is prepared from ............ tree. (Sal, Khair, Sheesham, Haldu) Q.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Fertile land (a) Animal rearing (ii) Pasture land (b) Mining (c) Agriculture Q.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) Forest conservation is the need of the day. (ii) Minerals are important natural resources. (iii) Natural gas is an important fuel in India. Q.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Plantation farming. (ii) Buffalo resources. (iii) Mica. Q.3. (A) Draw a divided rectangle with the following details : 1 1 4 4 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS Types of electricity Uses of electricity Residential 25% Commercial 8% Industrial 35% Farming 24% Others 8%
  47. 47. Paper - 6... 2 ... 2 6 1 4 3 Best Of Luck Q.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) (i) Copper Producing area in Rajasthan. (ii) Leading state in sea fishing. (iii) Jute producing area in West Bengal. (iv) Atomic energy centre in Uttar Pradesh. Q.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) What efforts have been made by the government to increase the fish production in India? (ii) What are the features of intensive farming ? (iii) State the measures for conservation of plants and animals. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means ................... in real national income. (increase, decrease, stability) (ii) ............... is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. (Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Karnataka) Q.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) Give any one characteristic of developing economy. (ii) What is a defect? (iii) What is the basic objective of PDS? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) Explain any five factors leading to consumers exploitation. (ii) Explain Targeted Public Distribution System.
  48. 48. Paper - 6 A.1. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farming is called subsistence farming. (ii) Katha is prepared from Khair tree. A.1. (B) Match the Columns : Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Fertile land – Agriculture (ii) Pasture land – Animal rearing A.2. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any 2) (i) 1. Due to irrational cutting of trees there is a danger of extinction of several plant and animal species. 2. Cover of vegetation in the forests is declining leading to problems of soil erosion, floods, formation of barren lands and problems of ecological imbalance. 3. Although it is possible to grow trees, their growth requires a long time. 4. Therefore, forest conservation is the need of the day for maintaining ecological balance. (ii) 1. Minerals are naturally occurring substances having a definite chemical composition and structure and are formed due to inorganic processes. 2. These are used for the manufacture of machines, production of medicines and also for agricultural activities. 3. The growth and development of industries depends upon the availability of mineral resources. 4. Thus minerals are important natural resources. (iii) The use of natural gas should increase in India because 1. Natural gas reserves are large in India and thus its availability is more. 2. More over it is less polluting fuel as compared to other conventional fuels. ½ ½ ½ ½ 2 2 2 S.S.C. Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 30 Date : Time : 1 hr. GEOGRAPHY – Chapter : 4,5,6,7,8,9,12 ECONOMICS – Chapter : 1,4,5 MAHESH TUTORIALS MODEL ANSWER PAPER
  49. 49. Paper - 6... 2 ... 3. The strain on the conventional fuel wood will be reduced if we are successful in supplying natural gas to the rural areas. 4. This will also help in protecting the forests from destruction by man and so, ecological balance can be maintained. A.2. (B) Write short notes : (Any 2) (i) Major crops like tea, coffee, rubber, spices and coconut are cultivated in plantation farming. 1. The farms of plantation farming are called ‘plantations’ or ‘estates’. The size of the plantation farms in India is about 40 hectares. In West Bengal, some estates are about 200 hectares in size. 2. Only one crop is cultivated in plantation farming. Tea plantations are found in Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal etc. Coffee plantations are in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Rubber plantations are in the states of Kerala, Tripura and Tamil Nadu. 3. Plantation agriculture requires a large amount of capital. 4. Most of the products of plantation agriculture are exported. Plantation crop products have an important place in Indian economy. (ii) 1. India has the highest buffalo population in the world. 57 % of the world’s buffaloes are found in India. 2. 60 % of the milk production in India comes from buffaloes. 3. The famous breeds of buffaloes in India are Jaffrabadi and Mahesana from Gujarat, Niliravi from Punjab, Murha from Haryana, Bhadwari from Uttar Pradesh, Nagpuri from Maharashtra. 4. She buffaloes give us milk where as the male buffaloes are used as draught force and for agricultural work. 5. The buffalo population is high in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. (iii) 1. Mica is a non metallic mineral which has insulating properties 2. It is used in electrical and electronic industries as an insulating material. 3. Mica is also used in production of medicines, paints etc. 4. Mica reserves are very large in India and most of the production of mica comes from Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. 5. Demand for mica has decreased due to the use of artificial substitutes such as plastics which are much cheaper. 2 2 2
  50. 50. Paper - 6... 3 ... 2A.3. (A) Draw a divided rectangle with the following details : 25% 8% 35% 24% 8% Index Others Residential Commercial Industrial Farming TYPES OF USES OF ELECTRICITY 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% SCALE : 1 cm = 10 %
  51. 51. Paper - 6... 4 ... 2 3 A.3. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any 2) A.4. Answer the following in detail : (Any 2) (i) 1. Due to encouragement offered by the government, modern and well- equipped boats are being utilized. 2. In order to improve fishing occupation, the ‘National Fish Seedlings Programme’ has been set up. 3. Fishermen are provided with well-equipped boats, modern nylon nets, cold storage facilities, loans and government subsidies. 4. Fish breeding has been developed by planting fish seedlings in tanks, lakes, reservoirs and other water bodies. 5. This has helped in increasing fish production and India has become exporter of fish. INDIA Leading state in sea fishing Jute producing area in West Bengal Copper Producing area in Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu and Alwar 1. 2. 3. Atomic energy centre in Uttar Pradesh4. Narora 2 3 4 Jhunjhunu Alwar 4 Maharashtra 1
  52. 52. Paper - 6... 5 ... 3 3 6. Food requirement of the growing population is met with fish products to some extent. (Use stencil) (ii) Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. To get high production intensive labour, high yielding varieties of crops, fertilizers, insecticides and irrigation is used. The features of intensive farming are : 1. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 2. In this type of farming, animals are domesticated. These animals are used for various farming operations. Besides, milk, meat, eggs are obtained as supplementary products from them. 3. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Because of dense population manpower is available. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment. 4. Food grains, fruits, vegetables, oil-seeds are cultivated 5. Rice is grown where the climate is hot and humid and in heavy rainfall areas. Wheat is grown in low rainfall areas. 6. Intensive agriculture is practised in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Yield per hectare is high in intensive type of farming. (Use stencil) (iii) In order to prevent extinction of plant and animal species they are being conserved. Following are the measures undertaken : 1. Protected areas are therefore being developed in our country. 2. National parks and sanctuaries are protected by law. Tree cutting and hunting is strictly not allowed. 3. The national parks are restricted from cattle grazing and other traditional occupations. India has 92 national parks and about 500 sanctuaries. 4. They play a vital role in the protection and conservation of natural habitats and their biodiversity. 5. Certain projects are undertaken to protect animal species and provide natural environment for the animals. 6. Tiger project, elephant project and save barasingha project are examples of such efforts. 7. Outside their natural habitat animals and plants are conserved in the zoos and botanical gardens. 8. For the conservation of plant species certain government measures like encouraging fruit farming, controlling conflagration of forest, implementing tree adoption system etc. are also being undertaken. Thus by developing sanctuaries and adopting programmes like Van- Mahotsav, animals and plants are being conserved.
  53. 53. Paper - 6... 6 ... ½ ½ 2 2 2 3 A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means increase in real national income. (ii) Jammu and Kashmir is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. A.6. Answer in 1 or 2 sentences each : (Any 2) (i) (i) A developing economy like India has Low Per Capita Income as compared to developed economies. (ii) For eg. in 2003 : The per capita income of India was $ 530 and on the other hand the per capita income of Switzerland was about 75 times, U.S.A. was 71 times and that of Germany was 48 times more than the per capita income of India. (ii) Defect means any fault, imperfection or short coming in the quality, quantity, potency, purity or standard which is required to be maintained by any law or as is claimed by the trader in relation to any goods. (iii) (i) The basic objective of P.D.S. is to provide essential consumer goods at cheap and subsidised prices to the consumer. (ii) Besides this, the other important objective is to maintain the minimum nutritional status of the population. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any 1) (i) Following factors lead to consumers exploitation : (i) High prices : a) Sometimes artificial shortage of commodities is created in the market. b) The consumers are forced to buy them at higher prices. (ii) Poor quality of goods and services : a) In order to earn greater profit, manufacturers increase the quantity but neglect the quality of production. b) Adulterated material used in production, endangers the health of consumers. (iii) Lack of knowledge : a) Consumers do not get full information about the quality, quantity, potency, purity and standard of the products. b) So, they are compelled to buy unknown substitutes. (iv) Misleading advertisements : a) Sometimes false claims made by advertisements can mislead consumers. b) The manufacturers through such advertisements create artificial demand for undesirable goods. (v) Intangible services : a) Services are intangible and cannot be seen, touched, heard or tasted, before buying them. b) So consumers are often cheated while purchasing services.
  54. 54. Paper - 6  ... 7 ... 3(ii) (i) In 1997, a dual pricing structure was introduced under the Public Distribution system called as the Targeted Public Distribution System. (ii) The P.D.S prices for Below Poverty Line families (BPL) were 50% of the market prices. (iii) On the contrary, P.D.S prices for Above Poverty Line (APL) families were very close to market prices. (iv) There was no incentive for the Above Poverty Line (APL) families to buy from the P.D.S. (v) As a result, their purchase from P.D.S reduced and the stock of food grains with the government piled up. (vi) To solve this problem the government has reduced the P.D.S price by 30% for Above Poverty Line (APL) families in July 2001.

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