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Interesting facts-about-animals-by-s-m-aleem-bukhari-dvm


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Interesting facts-about-animals-by-s-m-aleem-bukhari-dvm

  1. 1. One Thousand & Ten Interesting Facts about Animal Syed M.Aleem Abbas Bukhari DVM
  2. 2. A 1. Agrizoophobia is the fear of wild animals. 2. Ailurophobia is the fear of cats. 3. Apiphobia is the fear of bees. 4. Arachnophobia is the fear of spiders. 5. An Antuprising!There are one millionantsforeveryhumaninthe world.These resilient creaturesalsoneversleepanddonothave lungs. 6. Alligators can live up to 100 years. 7. An anteater is nearly 6 feet long, yet its mouth is only an inch wide. 8. Alligatorscannotmove backwards. 9. African elephants have bigger ears than Indian elephants. 10. There are no ants in Iceland, Greenland, and Antarctica. 11. An amphibian can live both on land and in water. 12. Alligators have been living on Earth for millions of years and are sometimes described as ‘living fossils’. 13. There are two different species of alligator, the American alligator and the Chinese alligator. 14. American alligators live in south-eastern areas of the United States such as Florida and Louisiana. 15. Chinese alligators are found in the Yangtze River but they are critically endangered and only a few remain in the wild. 16. Like other reptiles, alligators are cold-blooded. 17. Alligators can weigh over 450 kg (1000 lb). 18. Alligators have a powerful bite but the muscles that open the jaw are relatively weak. An adult human could hold the jaws of an alligator shut with their bare hands. 19. Alligators eat a range of different animals such as fish, birds, turtles and even deer. 20. Alligator eggs become male or female depending on the temperature, male in warmer temperatures and female in cooler temperatures. 21. Like crocodiles, alligators are part of the order ‘Crocodylia’. 22. Ants are a social insect from the family Formicidae. They evolved from wasp-like ancestors around 110-130 million years ago after the rise of flowering plants. 23. Of an estimated 22,000 ant species, over 12,500 species have been identified. 24. Antarctica and a few remote islands are the only places with no indigenous ants. 25. Ant species range in size from 0.75 mm to 52 mm (0.030 in - 2.0 in). 26. Most ants are black or red in color but some species are green or metallic. 27. Ants can carry 20 times their own weight. 28. Ants can build small colonies of less than 100 ants through to very large colonies that occupy large areas and contain millions of individual ants. 29. Colonies of ants often dividing up labour, but work collectively to solve problems and support the group in a similar way to how human societies work. 30. "Queen" ants are the head of ant colonies, they lay thousands of eggs. Male ants called "drones" have one role which is to mate with the queen. Non-reproducing female ants form castes of "workers" or "soldiers" who find food, care for the queen and offspring, build the nest, and defend the colony or attack others. 31. Foraging worker ants can travel up to 200 metres (700 ft) from their nest and find their way back to the colony by following scent trails left by others. 32. Only female queen ants and male drones, have wings. Queen ants shed there wings after mating with a male, and seek a suitable place to begin a colony. 33. Queen ants can live up to 30 years, the longest of any insect. Workers live for 1 to 3 years, while male drones usually only survive a few weeks.
  3. 3. 34. Ants can bite or sting, bullet ants, have the most painful sting of any insect, its not fatal to humans though like the sting of the Australian jack jumper ant. 35. Ants leave trails and communicate with each other using pheromones as chemical signals. B 36. Bats are the onlymammalsthatcan fly. 37. Butterflieshave twocompoundeyesconsistingof thousandsof lenses,yet theycanonlysee the colorsred,greenand yellow. 38. Butterflies taste with their feet. 39. Bats - The legbonesof a bat are so thinthat no bat can walk. 40. Blue-eyedlemursare one of two(non-human) primatestohave trulyblue eyes. 41. DuringWorldWar II,Americanstriedtotrainbats to drop bombs. 42. It ismuch easierfordogsto learnspokencommandsif theyare giveninconjunctionwithhand signalsorgestures. 43. The blue whale weighsasmuchas thirty elephants andisaslongas three Greyhoundbuses. 44. There isa butterflyinAfricawithenoughpoisoninitsbodytokill six cats! 45. A blackpantherisreallya blackleopard. 46. Whenyoungabalonesfeedonredseaweedtheirshellsturnred. 47. A bat can eat upto 1,000 insectsperhour. 48. Birdscan recognize landmarks. 49. A butterflyhas12,000 eyes.(Lens) 50. The blue whale isthe largestof all whalesandisalsoconsideredthe largestanimal tohave ever existedinthe world. 51. Bumblebeeshave hairontheireyes. 52. Blue whaleshave large enough aortas(the mainbloodvessel) forahumanto crawl through. 53. Butterflieshave theirskeletonsonthe outside of theirbodies,thisisknownasthe exoskeleton. 54. There are roughlytwenty-fourthousandspeciesof butterflies. 55. A full-grownbearcanrun as fast as a horse. 56. The Basenji isthe world’sonlybark-lessdog. 57. The colour reddoesn’treallymake bullsangry;theyare color-blind. 58. A beaver’steeth neverstopgrowing. 59. The Big Five isa group of animalsof Africa:cape buffalo,elephant,leopard,lionandrhino. 60. The lifespanof abush babyis14 years. 61. Cats and horsesare highlysusceptibletoBlackwidow venom, butdogsare relativelyresistant. Sheepandrabbitsare apparentlyimmune. 62. By eatingpestinsects,batssave the U.S. agriculture industryanestimated $3billionperyear. 63. The largestbat colonyinthe worldin BrackenCave,Texas,isbelievedtohave 20 millionbats. 64. Bumblebeescansense aflower’selectricfield anduse ittofindpollen. 65. The blue whale can produce the loudest sound of any animal. At 188 decibels, the noise can be detected over 800 kilometers away. 66. Badgers are part of the family Mustelidae this is the same family as otters, ferret, polecats, weasels and wolverines. 67. There are 11 species of badger, grouped into 3 types, the Melinae (Eurasian badgers), Mellivorinae (Honey badger) and Taxideinae (American badger). 68. Badgers are found in North America, Ireland, Great Britain and most of Europe. There are species in Japan, China, Indonesia and Malaysia. The honey badger is found in sub-Saharan Africa, the Arabian Desert, Turkmenistan, and India.
  4. 4. 69. Badgers are nocturnal mammals. 70. Badgers have stocky bodies with short legs that are suitable for digging. They digs burrows underground called a sett. Their setts are often a maze of tunnels and chambers for sleeping around 6 badgers, setts are kept very clean. 71. The badger has an elongated head with small ears and a distinctive black and white face, their body has grayish fur with black and white areas underneath. 72. Badgers can grow to nearly a meter in length. The European badger is larger than the American badger and the Honey badger. 73. Badgers on average weight around 9 - 11 kg (20 - 24 lbs). 74. The badger can run up to 30 km/h (19 mph) for a short period of time. 75. A male badger is called a boar, the female is called a sow and the young are called cubs. 76. A group of badgers is called a cete, although they are often called clans. There are usually 2 - 15 badgers in a cete. 77. The honey badger is a carnivorous species that has the reputation of being the most fearless and vicious of all mammals. 78. Badgers were eaten in Britain during World War II and were once part of the Native American and settlers diets in the US. Russia still eats badger meat today. 79. Bald Eagles are found in North America. 80. The Great Seal of the United States features a bald eagle. 81. The bald eagle is the national bird of the United States. 82. Although their name suggests otherwise, bald eagles are not bald. 83. Female bald eagles are larger than male bald eagles. 84. Bald eagles eat mostly fish, swooping down to the water and catching them with their powerful talons. 85. Bald eagles live for around 20 years in the wild. 86. Bald eagles build very large nests, sometimes weighing as much as a ton! 87. The bald eagle was added to the list of endangered species in the United States in 1967 and its numbers have recovered well since. 88. There are over 1000 different bat species. 89. Bats are nocturnal (active at night). 90. Bats ‘see’ in the dark using a special skill called echolocation. Bats make noises and wait for the sound waves to bounce back off objects (an echo), if it doesn’t bounce back then they can safely fly forward. They can tell the distance of various objects by how quickly the sound waves bounce back to them. 91. Most bats feed on insects, while others eat fruit, fish or even blood! 92. There are 3 species of vampire bats which feed solely on blood. 93. Vampire bats have small and extremely sharp teeth which are capable of piercing an animal’s skin (humans included) without them even noticing. 94. Vampire bats can carry rabies, making their bites potentially dangerous. 95. Some bats live by themselves while others live in caves with thousands of other bats. 96. Bats can live for over 20 years. 97. Pteropus bats (also known as flying foxes or fruit bats) are the largest in the world. 98. There are two species of beaver. The European or Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) and the North American beaver (Castor canadensis). 99. Beavers are the second largest rodent in the world after the capybara. 100. The beaver is mainly a nocturnal animal. 101. There were once more than 60 million North American beaver. But due to hunting for its fur, its glands for medicine and because the beavers tree-felling and dams affect other land uses, the population has declined to around 12 million. 102. The beaver has a good sense of hearing, smell, and touch. It has poor eyesight, but does have a set of transparent eyelids which allow them to see under water. 103. Using their broad, scaly tail, beavers will forcefully slap the water as an alarm signal to other beavers in the area that a predator is approaching. 104. Beavers are slow on land but using their webbed feet, they are very good swimmers. A beaver can stay under water for up to 15 minutes.
  5. 5. 105. Beavers are herbivores. They like to eat the wood of trees such as the aspen, cottonwood, willow, birch, maple, cherry and also eat pondweed and water lilies. 106. Adult beavers are around 3 feet long and have been known to weigh over 25 kg (55 lb). Females are as large or larger than males of the same age. 107. Beavers can live up to 24 years in the wild. 108. The beaver is the national animal of Canada, and features on the Canadian five-cent piece. 109. Beavers like to keep themselves busy; they are prolific builders during the night. Hence the saying "As busy as a beaver". 110. There are 9 different families of bees and around 20,000 known species. 111. There are 7 species of honey bee and 44 subspecies. 112. Honey bees live as large colonies in honeycomb structures built from beeswax called hives. There are 3 types of bees in a colony, drones, workers, and queens. 113. Beeswax comes from abdomen glands of a worker bee; they use the wax to form the walls and caps of the comb. 114. Honey is made from the nectar and sweet deposits that bees collect from plants and trees. Honey is stored in honeycomb as a food source for the colony. 115. Bees have a long proboscis (type of tongue) that helps them to get the nectar out of flowers; they collect pollen in pollen baskets on their body. 116. Worker bees are female, they collect pollen and nectar to feed the colony, and they clean the hive, make the honey, take care of the offspring and groom / feed the queen. Worker bees live from 1 month in summer up to 9 months over winter. 117. Drones are male, their one job is to mate with the queen, they live for 40 - 50 days. 118. The queen bee's only job is to lay eggs, they lay up to 1,500 eggs a day. The queen can live for 2 - 5 years, and lay about 1 million eggs over her lifetime. 119. There are over 250 known species of bumble bee. 120. A bee's buzz is not produced by the beating of its wings but by vibrating muscles. 121. Only female bees (queen and worker bees) can sting. A honey bee can only sting once, as barbs rip the stinger out of the bee and it will die. Bumblebee's and wasps stingers don't have barbs, so they can sting multiple times without injury. 122. Beetles are the common name for an order of insects called Coleoptera. The name coleoptera comes from the Greek words koleos, meaning "sheath" (cover) and pteron, meaning "wing", so "sheathed wing". Beetles have two pairs of wings, the front pair, called "elytra", are hard, thick sheath or shell-like and protect the more normal rear pair of wings which are used for flying. 123. Butterflies attach their eggs to leaves with special glue. 124. Scientists estimate that there are between 15000 and 20000 different species of butterfly. 125. Monarch butterflies are known for their long migration. Every year monarch butterflies will travel a great distance (sometimes over 4000 km), females will lay eggs and a new generation of monarchs will travel back, completing the cycle. 126. Bees are found on every continent except Antarctica. 127. Black mambas get their name because of the black color inside their mouth. 128. Black mambas are the fastest snake in the world. 129. NBA basketball player Kobe Bryant is nicknamed the ‘Black Mamba’ C 130. National animal of PakistanisChukr. Alectorischukar 131. Cat has 32 musclesineachear. 132. Cowshave bestfriends. 133. A studymeasuringthe effectsof musicfoundthatcowsproduce more milkwhen listeningtosoothingmusic.Theyproduce the mostwhenlisteningtoR.E.M’s“Everybody Hurts.”
  6. 6. 134. Before chickshatch,theycan communicate witheachother and their mother through a system of sounds. 135. Crows are so intelligent they can play pranks on each other. 136. A newbornChinesewaterdeerissosmall itcan almostbe heldinthe palmof the hand. 137. Canislupuslupus is the scientificname fora greywolf. 138. To escape the gripof a crocodile’sjaw,pushyourthumbintoitseyeballs-itwillletyou go instantly. 139. Cats have livedwithpeople foronly7,000- 10000 years. 140. Justone cow givesoff enoughharmful methanegasina single daytofill around400 literbottles. 141. Cowshave fourstomachs. 142. Scientistshave performedbrainsurgeryoncockroaches. 143. On average,cowspoop16 timesperday! 144. It takes3,000 cowsto supplythe NFLwithenoughleatherforayear’ssupplyof footballs. 145. A completelyblindchameleonwill still take onthe colors of itsenvironment. 146. Only5 to10 percentof cheetah cubsmake it to adulthood. 147. Approximately100people die eachyearwhentheyare steppedonbycows. 148. Cats can hear ultrasound. 149. Cats have overone hundredvocal sounds,whiledogsonlyhave aboutten. 150. Cat ownersare 30% lesslikelytosufferaheartattack. 151. A cheetah’slifespanisupto12 yearsin the wild. 152. A chickenwithredearlobeswill produce browneggs,andachickenwithwhite ear lobeswill produce white eggs. 153. If you have a fearof chickens, thenyouactuallyhave Alektorophobia. 154. The crocodile’stongue isunmovable,asitisattachedto the roof of its mouth. 155. Cowsfromdifferentareashave adifferentmooaccent. 156. The scalesof a crocodile are made of certain,the same substance that hoovesand fingernailsare made of. 157. Crocodileseatstones 158. Crocodiles have brainsnolargerthana cigar 159. Cheetahswere trainedbymanforhuntingaslongas 3000 BC 160. Both male andfemale caribougrow antlers. 161. Whencaterpillarsmetamorphosis,theydigestthemselvesintoa“soup,”thenreform intoa butterfly. 162. Catfishuse theirentire bodies totaste things. 163. Cats use theirwhiskerstocheckwhetheraspace istoo small forthemto fitthroughor not. 164. Cats conserve energy by sleeping for an average of 13 to14 hours a day. 165. A group of cats is called a clowder, a male cat is called a tom, a female cat is called a molly or queen while young cats are called kittens. 166. The heaviest domestic cat on record is 21.297 kilograms (46 lb 15.2 oz). 167. Cats can be lethal hunters and very sneaky, when they walk their back paws step almost exactly in the same place as the front paws did beforehand, this keeps noise to a minimum and limits visible tracks. 168. On average cats live for around 12 to 15 years. 169. Cats spend a large amount of time licking their coats to keep them clean.
  7. 7. 170. The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world. They can reach a top speed of around 113 km per hour. 171. A cheetah can accelerate from 0 to 113 km in just a few seconds. 172. Cheetahs are extremely fast however they tire quickly and can only keep up their top speed for a few minutes before they are too tired to continue. 173. Cheetahs are smaller than other members of the big cat family, weighing only 45 – 60 kilograms. 174. One way to always recognize a cheetah is by the long, black lines which run from the inside of each eye to the mouth. These are usually called “tear lines” and scientists believe they help protect the cheetah’s eyes from the harsh sun and help them to see long distances. 175. Cheetahs are the only big cat that cannot roar. They can purr though and usually purr most loudly when they are grooming or sitting near other cheetahs. 176. While lions and leopards usually do their hunting at night, cheetahs hunt for food during the day. 177. A cheetah has amazing eyesight during the day and can spot prey from 5 km away. 178. Cheetahs cannot climb trees and have poor night vision. 179. With their light body weight and blunt claws, cheetahs are not well designed to protect themselves or their prey. When a larger or more aggressive animal approaches a cheetah in the wild, it will give up its catch to avoid a fight. 180. Cheetahs only need to drink once every three to four days. 181. The chicken is the most common species of bird found in the world. 182. There are two species of true camel. The dromedary is a single humped camel that lives in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa area. The Bactrian is a two-humped camel that lives in areas of Central Asia. 183. There are four camel-like mammals that live in South America, llama and alpaca are called "New World camels", while guanaco and vicuna are called "South American camels". 184. Camels live on average for 40 to 50 years. 185. Camels are 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) at shoulder level and 2.15 m (7 ft 1 in) at the hump. 186. Camels are capable of running as fast as 65 km/h (40 mph) for a short period of time, and can maintain a speed of around 40 km/h (25 mph). 187. Dromedary camels weigh 300 to 600 kg (660 to 1,320 lb) and Bactrian camels weigh 300 to 1,000 kg (660 to 2,200 lb). 188. Camels do not actually hold liquid water in their humps. The humps contain fatty tissue reserves, which can be converted to water or energy when required. They can survive up to six months without food or water by using up these fatty stores. 189. A large camel can drink around 30 gallons (113 liters) in just 13 minutes, making them able to rehydrate faster than any other mammal. 190. Long eyelashes, ear hair, and closable nostrils keep sand from affecting the camel, while their wide feet help them move without sinking into sand. 191. Chameleons are a very unique branch of the lizard group of reptiles. 192. There are around 160 species of chameleon. 193. Chameleons live in warm varied habitats from rainforests through to deserts. 194. Special color pigment cells under the skin called chromatophores allow some chameleon species to change their skin color, creating combined patterns of pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, yellow and purple. 195. The chameleons' eyes can rotate and focus separately on 180-degree arcs, so they can see two different objects at the same time. This gives them a full 360-degree field of vision. 196. Chameleons actual eyesight is great they can see small insects 5-10 meters away. They can also see in both visible and ultraviolet light. 197. Chameleons feed by ballistically projecting their tongues often over twice the length of their body to catch prey, forming a suction cup as it hits its target. 198. The chameleons tongue can reach its prey in just 0.07 split seconds, with the projectile acceleration reaching over 41 g's of force. 199. Chameleons are not deaf but they do not actually have ear openings. 200. Many species of chameleon have horn-like bumps or crests on their heads. 201. Species of chameleon can be as small as 15 mm (0.59 in) or as large as 69 cm (27 in).
  8. 8. 202. The clownfish is also known as the anemone fish. There are 28 - 30 recognized species of clownfish. 203. Sea anemones benefit from clownfish who clean them by eating its parasites and dead tentacles, help circulate the water around them, attract potential prey with their bright colors, and provide nutrients from their droppings. 204. Clownfish species include yellow, orange, reddish and blackish varieties with most covered in patches or bars of white color. 205. The largest clownfish can reach 18 cm (7.1 in), and the smallest 10 cm (3.9 in). 206. All clownfish are born as males. When the dominant female of a group dies the largest male will turn itself into a female, this change cannot be reversed back. 207. Clownfish live up to 10 years in the wild but on average up to 6 - 8 years. 208. Females lay around 1000 eggs the male clownfish will guard the eggs. 209. Cattle are red/green color blind. 210. Crabs are decapods from the crustacean family. Decapod means "ten-footed". Crabs have 10 legs, however, the first pair are its claws which are called chelae. 211. Crabs have a thick external skeleton called an exoskeleton. It is a shell made of calcium carbonate and provides protection for the soft tissue underneath. 212. Crabs live in all the world's oceans, in fresh water, and on land. There are over 4500 species of crabs. Other animals with similar names such as hermit crabs, king crabs, porcelain crabs, horseshoe crabs and crab lice, are not true crabs. 213. The collective name for the group of crabs is a cast. 214. Crabs communicate with each other by drumming or waving their pincers. 215. Male crabs tend to often fight with each other over females or hiding holes. 216. The Pea Crab is the smallest known species at just a few millimeters wide. The largest species is the Japanese Spider Crab, with a leg span of up to 4 m (13 ft). 217. Crabs are omnivores (meaning they eat both meat and plants), they feed mainly on algae, but also bacteria, other crustaceans, molluscs, worms, and fungi. 218. The most consumed species of crab in the world is the Japanese Blue Crab. 219. Crocodiles are reptiles. The physical characteristics of crocodiles make them good predators. 220. Crocodiles have the strongest bite of any animal in the world. 221. Crocodiles can survive for a long time without food. 222. Most crocodiles live in fresh water rivers and lakes but some live in salt water. 223. Crocodiles release heat through their mouths rather than through sweat glands. 224. The saltwater crocodile is the largest species of crocodile. 225. Some crocodile species can weigh over 1200 kg (2600 lb). 226. Some cicadas can make sounds nearly 120 decibels loud. 227. Only male crickets chirp. D 228. Dogs’nose printsare as unique ashumanfingerprintsandcanbe usedto identifythem. 229. Dolphinshave namesforeachother. 230. Dog-The onlydogthat doesn’thave apinktongue isthe chow. 231. Dogs have bettereyesightthanhumans,althoughnotascolorful.Onaverage. 232. Deerhave no gall bladders. 233. Apple andpearseedscontainarsenic,whichmaybe deadlytodogs. 234. The dumbestdogin the world isthe Afghanhounds. 235. A dog’sshoulderbladesare unattachedtothe restof the skeletontoallow greater flexibilityforrunning. 236. The earliestEuropeanimagesof dogsare foundincave paintingsdatingback12,000 yearsago in Spain.
  9. 9. 237. Deercan’t eathay. 238. In 2003, Dr. RogerMugfordinventedthe “wag-o-meter”adevice thatclaimsto interpretadog’sexactmood bymeasuringthe wagof itstail. 239. The average dog can run about 19 mph. 240. The most dogs ever owned by one person were 5,000 Mastiffs owned by Kubla Khan. 241. Dogs have sweat glands in between their paws. 242. Chocolate, macadamia nuts, cooked onions, or anything with caffeine is harmful to dogs. 243. The American Kennel Club, the most influential dog club in the United States, was founded in 1884. 244. The placement of the eyes of a donkey enables them to see all four of their legs at all times. 245. Only half of a dolphin’s brain sleeps at a time. The other awake half makes the dolphin come up for air when needed to prevent drowning. 246. Dogs have about 1,700 taste buds 247. Small quantities of grapes and raisins can cause renal failure in dogs. 248. Male dogs will raise their legs while urinating to aim higher on a tree or lamppost because they want to leave a message that they are tall and intimidating. Some wild dogs in Africa try to run up tree trunks while they are urinating to appear to be very large. 249. In Croatia, scientists discovered that lampposts were falling down because a chemical in the urine of male dogs was rotting the metal. 250. The most popular dog breed in Canada, America, and Great Britain is the Labrador retriever. 251. There are almost 60 million dogs in the United States. 252. The Mayans and Aztecs symbolized every tenth day with the dog, and those born under this sign were believed to have outstanding leadership skills. 253. Some dogs can smell dead bodiesunder water! 254. Dogs have a wet nose to collect more of the tiny droplets of smellingchemicals in the air. 255. A ducks quack does echo, it’s just almost impossible to hear. 256. Dogs are about as smart as a two or three-year-oldchild. 257. A dik-dik is a tiny antelope that livesin East Africa, Namibia and Angola. 258. Dik-diks weigh betweenthree and six kilograms. 259. Dogs can see better when the light is low. 260. Dumbledore isn’t only the Headmaster of Hogwarts; in fact a Dumbledore is an old English term for a type of bee. 261. Two dogs were among the Titanic survivors. 262. Dogs can see in color, though they most likelysee colors similar to a color-blind human. 263. Dogs have livedwith humans for over 14,000 years. 264. There are an estimated 400 milliondogs in the world. 265. Dalmatians are completely white at birth. 266. The average dolphineats one-third of its weight on food each day. 267. All dolphins have a different whistle. 268. Dolphins can eat up to 30 pounds of fisha day. 269. Dogs' sense of smell is about 100,000 times stronger than humans', but they have just one-sixth our numbers of taste buds. 270. Dolphins can stay active for 15 days or more by sleepingwith only one half of their brain at a time. 271. Compared to other animals, dolphins are believed to be very intelligent. 272. Dolphins are carnivores (meat eaters).
  10. 10. 273. The Killer Whale (also known as Orca) is actually a type of dolphin. 274. Bottlenose dolphins are the most common and well known type of dolphin. 275. Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves. 276. Dolphins live in schools or pods of up to 12 individuals. 277. Dolphins often display a playful attitude which makes them popular in human culture. They can be seen jumping out of the water, riding waves, play fighting and occasionally interacting with humans swimming in the water. 278. Dolphins use a blowhole on top of their heads to breathe. 279. Dolphins have excellent eyesight and hearing as well as the ability to use echolocation for finding the exact location of objects. 280. Some dolphin species face the threat of extinction, often directly as a result of human behavior. The Yangtze River Dolphin is an example of a dolphin species which may have recently become extinct. 281. Some fishing methods, such as the use of nets, kill a large number of dolphins every year. 282. Deer are part of the Cervidae family that includes moose, reindeer, elk and other species. 283. Male deer grow new antlers each year. 284. Many species of deer have been hunted over the years for their antlers. 285. A male deer is usually called a ‘buck’. A large male deer is often called ‘stag’. A female deer is usually called a ‘doe’. A young deer is usually called a ‘fawn’. A group of deer is known as a ‘herd’. 286. Deer can jump high and swim well. 287. Most deer are born with white spots but lose them within a year. 288. Deer take their first steps within half an hour of their birth. 289. Young deer will usually stay with their mother for around a year. 290. The duck is a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. They are related to swans and geese. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds living in both fresh water and sea water and found on every continent except for Antarctica. 291. A male duck is called a drake, a female duck a hen, and a baby duck a duckling. 292. Dabbling ducks feed on the surface of water, on land, or by ducking their head underwater. Along the edge of their beak is a comb-like structure called a pecten, that enables them to hold slippery food and filter nutrients out of the water. 293. All ducks have highly waterproof feathers due to the feathers interlocking nature and waxy coating. 294. Mallard ducks live 5 to 10 years in the wild and 8+ years in captivity. E 295. Elephantscansmell waterupto 3 milesaway. 296. The closest relatives to the elephant shrew are actually elephants, not shrews. 297. A single elephant tooth can weigh as much as 9 pounds. 298. Most elephantsweighlessthanthe tongue of ablue whale. 299. The veryfirstbomb thatthe AlliesdroppedonBerlininWorldWarTwo hitan elephant. 300.Elephants are covered with hair. 301. The oldest recorded elephant livedfor 82 years. 302. Female bald eagles are 25% larger than males. 303. African elephants only have four teeth to chew their food with. 304. Alternate American names for the Elk are the moose and the Wapiti. 305. Scientists had to go 45 millionyears back in history to find the elephant’s oldest ancestor. 306. Elephantshave a specificalarmcall thatmeans"human."
  11. 11. 307. There are two types of elephant, the Asian elephant and the African elephant (although sometimes the African Elephant is split into two species, the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant). 308. Elephants are the largest land-living mammal in the world. 309. Both female and male African elephants have tusks but only the male Asian elephants have tusks. They use their tusks for digging and finding food. 310. Female elephants are called cows. They start to have calves when they are about 12 years old and they are pregnant for 22 months. 311. An elephant can use its tusks to dig for ground water. An adult elephant needs to drink around 210 litres of water a day. 312. Elephants have large, thin ears. Their ears are made up of a complex network of blood vessels which help regulate their temperature. Blood is circulated through their ears to cool them down in hot climates. 313. Elephants have no natural predators. However, lions will sometimes prey on young or weak elephants in the wild. The main risk to elephants is from humans through poaching and changes to their habitat. 314. The elephant’s trunk is able to sense the size, shape and temperature of an object. An elephant uses its trunk to lift food and suck up water then pour it into its mouth. 315. An elephant’s trunk can grow to be about 2 metres long and can weigh up to 140 kg. Some scientists believe that an elephant’s trunk is made up of 100,000 – 150,000 muscles, but no bones. 316. Female elephants spend their entire lives living in large groups called herds. Male elephant leave their herds at about 13 years old and live fairly solitary lives from this point. 317. Elephants can swim – they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water. 318. Elephants are herbivores and can spend up to 16 hours days collecting leaves, twigs, bamboo and roots. 319. Eagles have powerful talons which help them catch prey. 320. Eagles build their nests on high cliffs or in tall trees. 321. There are over 60 different species of eagle. 322. Eagles feature prominently on the coat of arms of a large number of countries, such as Germany, Mexico, Egypt, Poland and Austria. 323. Golden eagles have been known to hunt foxes, wild cats and even young deer and goats. 324. Female golden eagles usually lay between one and four eggs each breeding season. F 325. Fleascan jumpupto 200 timestheirheight.Thisisequivalenttoaman jumpingthe Empire State BuildinginNewYork. 326. The average fox weighs 14 pounds. 327. The scientificname of the red fox is Vulpes vulpes. 328. The flamingo can only eat when its head is upside down. 329. Fireflies do not bite or have pincers.Fireflies areharmless,they don’t even carry diseases. 330. Female koala’s have two vagina’s. 331.Fireflies arethe only creatures that give off lightwithout generating heat. 332.Ferrets sleep around 20 hours a day. 333.Flamingos arepink becauseshrimp is one of their main sources of food. 334. Fireflies are also known as lightning bugs. 335. Most young firefliesfeedon nectar and pollen,although adult firefliesdo not need to eat to survive. 336. The animal on the Firefox logo is not a fox, but a red panda. 337. In 2006, 253 fish-specieswere listed as critically endangered.
  12. 12. 338. Frogs don’t drink water. They absorb water through their skin. 339. A group of frogs is called an army. 340. A frog is an amphibian. They lay their eggs in water. The eggs hatch into a tadpole which lives in water until it metamorphoses into an adult frog. 341. Tadpoles look more like fish than frogs; they have long finned tails and breathe through gills. 342. Although frogs live on land their habitat must be near swamps, ponds or in a damp place. This is because they will die if their skin dries out. 343. Instead of drinking water, frogs soak it into their body through their skin. 344. Frogs breathe through their nostrils while also absorbing about half the air they need through their skin. 345. Frogs use their sticky, muscular tongue to catch and swallow food. Unlike humans, their tongue is not attached to the back of its mouth. Instead it is attached to the front, enabling the frog to stick its tongue out much further. 346. The common pond frog is ready to breed when it is only three years old. 347. Frogs in the wild face many dangers and are lucky to survive several years. In captivity however, frogs can live for much longer. 348. Frogs can see forwards, sideways and upwards all at the same time. They never close their eyes, even when they sleep. 349. Remarkably, frogs actually use their eyes to help them swallow food. When the frog blinks, its eyeballs are pushed downwards creating a bulge in the roof of its mouth. This bulge squeezes the food inside the frog's mouth down the back of its throat. 350. There are over 30000 known species of fish. 351. Some flatfish use camouflage to hide themselves on the ocean floor. 352. Tuna fish can swim at speeds of up to 70 kph (43 mph). 353. Relative to their body size, fish have small brains compared to most other animals. 354. Fish are covered in scales which are often covered in a layer of slime to help their movement through water. 355. Cleaner fish help out other fish by removing parasites and dead skin from their scales. 356. Flamingos are a type of wading bird that live in areas of large shallow lakes, lagoons, mangrove swamps, tidal flats, and sandy islands. The word "flamingo" comes from the Spanish word "flamenco" which came from the earlier Latin word "flamma" meaning flame or fire. 357. There are six species of flamingo in the world. Two are found in the Old World and four species live in the New World - Americas. 358. The Greater flamingo is the largest species, at up to 1.5 m (5 ft) tall and weighing up to 3.5 kg (8 lbs). The Lesser flamingo is just 90 cm (3 ft) tall, weighing 2.5 kg (5.5 lbs). 359. In the wild flamingos live 20 - 30 years and sometimes over 50 years in captivity. 360. Flamingo legs can be longer than their entire body. The backward bending "knee" of a flamingo's leg is actually its ankle, the knee is out of sight further up the leg. 361. Quite often flamingos will stand on one leg, with the other tucked under the body. It’s not fully understood why they do this but it is believed to conserve body heat. 362. The flamingo is a filter-feeder, holding its curved beak upside down in the water it sucks in the muddy water and pushes the mud and silt out the side while tiny hair-like filters along the beak called lamellae sieve food from the water. 363. The pink to reddish color of a flamingo's feathers comes from carotenoids (the pigment that also makes carrots orange) in their diet of plankton, brine shrimp and blue-green algae. 364. Flamingos are social birds, they live in colonies of sometimes thousands, this helps in avoiding predators, maximizing food intake, and is better for nesting. 365. Flamingo colonies split into breeding groups of up to 50 birds, who then perform a synchronized ritual 'dance' whereby they stand together stretching their necks upwards, uttering calls while waving their heads and then flapping their wings. 366. The flamingo is the national bird of the Bahamas. G
  13. 13. 367. Giraffeshave novocal cords and theirtonguesare blue-blackincolor. 368. Goats-There have been studies that show that goats, like us, have accents. 369. Gorillas can catch human colds and other illnesses. 370. If you keepa goldfish In a dark room, it will become pale! 371. A grasshopper can leap 20 times the length of its own body. 372. A gardencaterpillarhas248 muscles initshead. 373.George Washington’s teeth were made of elephant ivory, and walrus tusks. 374.Goats were the firstanimalsdomesticated by man in 10,000 B.C. 375.Worldwide,more people eat and drink milk from goats than any other animal. 376.The largestgiantsquid ever found weighed 8,000 pounds. 377.Goats do not have teeth in their upper front jaw 378.Goat’s milk is higher in calcium,vitamin Aand niacin than cow’s milk. 379. Giraffe hearts pump twice as hard as a cow’s to get blood to its brain. 380. China has the most goats in the world, they have over 170 Million. 381. Greyhounds are the fastest dogs on Earth and can run at speeds of 45 mph. 382. Goats are quite agile creatures and in some cases they can jump over 5 feet. 383. Goats were the first animals to be used for milk by humans 384. The male goat is called a “buck” or “billy”. 385. The female goat is called a “doe” or “nanny”. 386. A baby goat is called a “kid”. 387. There are over 210 breeds of goats in the world. 388. Goats and octopus’ pupils of their eyes are rectangular. 389. A male gorilla can eat 40 pounds of food a day. 390. When giraffes age, their fur darkens. 391. A giraffe has the same number of bones in its neck as a man. 392. Young goats pickup accents fromeach other. 393. Giraffeshave sturdyheartsandhighbloodpressure,which helppreventfaintingwhen theylifttheirheadsfromthe groundto the sky. 394. Agingmale giraffesgo blackinsteadof gray. 395. GiantArctic jellyfish havetentacles that can reach over 36 metres in length. 396.There are only about 700 mountain gorillasand they livehigh in the mountains in two protected parks in Africa.Lowland gorillaslivein central Africa. 397. You may have seen baby gorillas being carried on the back of their mothers, but for the first few months after birth the mother holds the baby gorilla to her chest. 398. An adult male gorilla is called a silverback because of the distinctive silvery fur growing on their back and hips. Each gorilla family has a silverback as leader who scares away other animals by standing on their back legs and beating their chest! 399. Young male gorillas usually leave their family group when they are about 11 years old and have their own family group by the age of 15 years old. Young female gorillas join a new group at about 8 years old. 400. Gorillas are herbivores. They spend most of their day foraging for food and eating bamboo, leafy plants and sometimes small insects. Adult gorillas can eat up to 30 kilograms of food each day. 401. An adult gorilla is about 1 meter tall to their shoulders when walking on all fours using their arms and their legs. 402. A gorilla can live for 40 – 50 years.
  14. 14. 403. Gorillas are considered to be very intelligent animals. They are known for their use of tools and their varied communication. Some gorillas in captivity at a zoo have been taught to use sign language. 404. A male giraffe can weigh as much as a pickup truck! That’s about 1400 kilograms. 405. Although a giraffe’s neck is 1.5 – 1.8 meters, it contains the same number of vertebrae at a human neck. 406. A giraffe's habitat is usually found in African savannas, grasslands or open woodlands. 407. The hair that makes up a giraffes tail is about 10 times thicker than the average strand of human hair. 408. The distinctive spots that cover a giraffe’s fur act as a good camouflage to protect the giraffe from predators. When the giraffe stands in front of trees and bushes the light and dark coloring of its fur blends in with the shadows and sunlight. 409. It is possible to identify the sex of the giraffe from the horns on its head. Both males and females have horns but the females are smaller and covered with hair at the top. Male giraffes may have up to 3 additional horns. 410. Giraffes are ruminants. This means that they have more than one stomach. In fact, giraffes have four stomachs, the extra stomachs assisting with digesting food. 411. Drinking is one of the most dangerous times for a giraffe. While it is getting a drink it cannot keep a look out for predators and is vulnerable to attack. 412. Male giraffes sometimes fight with their necks over female giraffes. This is called “necking”. The two giraffes stand side by side and one giraffe swings his head and neck, hitting his head against the other giraffe. Sometimes one giraffe is hit to the ground during a combat. 413. A female giraffe gives birth while standing up. The calf drops approximately 6 feet to the ground, but it is not hurt from the fall. 414. The giant panda is native to China. 415. Pandas are an endangered species. Population estimates vary but there may be around 2000 left living in the wild. 416. A giant panda cub weighs only around 150 grams (5 oz) at birth. 417. Adult giant panda males can weigh up to 150 kg (330 lb). 418. Giant panda have a lifespan of around 20 years in the wild. 419. Female pandas raise cubs on their own (the male leaves after mating). 420. The diet of a giant panda is made up almost entirely of bamboo. 421. Giant pandas eat as much as 10 kg (22 lb) of bamboo a day. 422. Giant pandas are good climbers. 423. The scientific name for the giant panda is ‘ailuropoda melanoleuca’. 424. Grasshoppers are an insect from the suborder Caelifera and the order Orthoptera. 425. Locusts are actually species of short-horned grasshoppers, they often gather in large swarms and can destroy entire fields of crops, because a single grasshopper can eat half its body weight in plants per day. In just the U.S. they cause about $1.5 billion in damage to grazing lands each year. 426. There are around 11,000 known species of grasshopper found around the world, often inhabiting grassy fields, meadow and forest areas. 427. Grasshoppers have two antennae, 6 legs, two pairs of wings and small little pinchers to tear off food such as grasses, leaves and cereal crops. 428. Some species of grasshopper species make noises by either rubbing their back legs against the forewings or body, or by snapping their wings when flying. 429. Grasshoppers grow to around 2 inches (5 cm), with some growing as big as 5 inches (12.7cm). Female are usually larger than males. 430. Grasshoppers are often colored in a way that camouflages them in their local habitat, green ones in grassy fields, sandy colored in dirt and desert areas. 431. Grasshoppers can jump about 25cm high and around 1 meter long. If humans could jump as far as grasshoppers do, relative to size, then we could leap more than the length of a football field. 432. The grasshopper can jump as far as it does because its hind legs act like miniature catapults. It bends its legs at the knee, mechanism within the knee works like a spring, storing up
  15. 15. energy. When the grasshopper is ready to jump, it relaxes the leg muscles, allowing the spring to release flinging it into the air. 433. Grasshoppers are commonly eaten in African, Central and South American countries, the insect is a very good source of protein. H 434. Humpbackwhalescreate the loudestsoundof anymammal. 435. Hummingbirdsare the onlybirdsthatcan flybackwardsand theirwingscanbeat at up to 80 timespersecond. 436. The honeybee hasbeenaroundfor 30 millionyears. 437.Hippos can run faster than humans! 438.The hippopotamus is born underwater. 439.Hippo’s sweat is pink. 440.After eating, a housefly regurgitates its food and then eats it again. 441. Hippos attract mates by urinating and defecating. 442. The life of a houseflyis only 14 days. 443. The hippopotamus’s skin is protected by its own pink oily secretion known as ‘pink sweat’. 444. Horses can’t vomit. 445. Female harp seals get in groups to have their babies one mating season is over. 446. Heron’s eggs have a greenish-blue pale color. 447. There is no visual difference between male and female herons. 448. Hyenas regularly eat the faeces of other animals. 449. Hummingbirds are the only birds that can flybackwards. 450. Horsesuse facial expressions tocommunicate witheachother. 451. Honeybeescanflaptheirwings 200 timeseverysecond. 452. Horses and cows sleep whilestandingup. 453.Hamsters arerodents from the subfamily Cricetinae. There are 25 species of hamster. 454.Hamsters have thick silky fur,shorttails,small ears,shortlegs,widefeet and largeeyes. 455.Hamsters usually livein burrows underground duringthe day; they are crepuscular which means they come out attwilightto feed. 456.Wild hamsters feed mainly on seeds, fruits,vegetables and sometimes insects. 457.Hamsters arevery good diggers,they will createburrows in the soil thatcan be over half a meter deep, containingvarious rooms for different purposes. 458.Hamsters have largecheek in which they carry food back to their burrows. Full pouches can make their heads double or triplein size. 459. Hamsters do not have good eyesight, they are nearsighted and also colour-blind. 460. The hamster relies on scent to find their way. They have scent glands which they rub on objects along a path. 461. Depending on the species hamsters can be black, grey, honey, white, brown, yellow, red, or a combination of these colors. 462. Hamsters range in size from the largest breed, the European hamster at 13.4 in (34 cm) long, to the smallest, the dwarf hamster at 2 - 4 in (5.5 - 10.5 cm) long. 463. Hares are usually larger than rabbits and have longer ears. 464. Rabbits give birth to their young in burrows while hares give birth in more open areas. 465. Hares are born with fur and their eyes open. 466. Hares are not kept as house pets. 467. Hares usually live by themselves or in pairs.
  16. 16. 468. Young hares are called leverets. 469. A group of hares is known as a ‘drove’. 470. Hares can run at speeds up to 72 kph (45 mph). 471. There are 17 species of hedgehog. They are found in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and were introduced in New Zealand by settlers. 472. Hedgehogs are not related to other spine covered creatures such as the porcupine or echidna. 473. The spines of a hedgehogs, are stiff hollow hairs, they are not poisonous or barbed and cannot be easily removed, they fall out naturally when a hedgehog sheds its baby spines and grows adult spines a process called "quilling". 474. Hedgehogs have about 5,000 to 6,500 spines at any one time. 475. Most hedgehog species will roll into a tight ball if threatened, making it hard for its attacker to get past the spiky defenses. 476. A baby hedgehog is called a hoglet. 477. Hedgehogs communicate through a combination of snuffles, grunts and squeals. 478. Hedgehogs have weak eyesight but a strong sense of hearing and smell. They can swim, climb and run surprising quickly over short distances. 479. For their size hedgehogs have a relatively long lifespan. They live on average for 4 - 7 years in the wild and longer in captivity. 480. Hedgehogs in colder climates such as the UK will hibernate through winter. 481. If hedgehogs come in contact with humans they can sometimes pass on infections and diseases. 482. Hippopotamuses are found in Africa. 483. The name hippopotamus means ‘river horse’ and is often shortened to hippo. 484. The hippopotamus is generally considered the third largest land mammal (after the White rhinoceros and elephant). 485. Hippopotamuses spend a large amount of time in water such as rivers, lakes and swamps. 486. Resting in water helps keep hippopotamuses temperature down. 487. Hippopotamuses give birth in water. 488. Hippopotamuses have short legs, a huge mouth and a body shaped like a barrel. 489. Although hippos might look a little chubby, they can easily outrun a human. 490. Hippos can be extremely aggressive, especially if they feel threatened. 491. They are regarded as one of the most dangerous animals in Africa. 492. Hippos are threatened by habitat loss and poachers who hunt them for their meat and teeth. 493. A male hippopotamus is called a ‘bull’. A female hippopotamus is called a ‘cow’. A baby hippo is called a ‘calf’. 494. A group of hippos in known as a ‘herd’, ‘pod’, ‘dale’ or ‘bloat’. 495. Hippos typically live for around 45 years. Hippos eat mostly grass. 496. Horses can sleep both lying down and standing up. 497. Horses can run shortly after birth. 498. Domestic horses have a lifespan of around 25 years. 499. A 19th century horse named ‘Old Billy’ is said to have lived 62 years. 500. Horses have around 205 bones in their skeleton. 501. Horses have been domesticated for over 5000 years. 502. Horses have bigger eyes than any other mammal that lives on land. 503. Because horse’s eyes are on the side of their head they are capable of seeing nearly 360 degrees at one time. 504. Horses gallop at around 44 kph (27 mph). 505. The fastest recorded sprinting speed of a horse was 88 kph (55 mph). 506. Scientists believe that horses have evolved over the past 50 million years from much smaller creatures. 507. A male horse is called a stallion. A female horse is called a mare. A young male horse is called a colt. A young female horse is called a filly. 508. Ponies are small horses.
  17. 17. 509. Hummingbirds are one of the smallest kinds of bird in the world. With most species 7.5 - 13 cm (3 - 5 in) in length. The Bee hummingbird is the smallest at just 5 cm (2 in). The largest is the Giant Hummingbird reaching over 20 cm (8 in). 510. They are called hummingbirds due to the sound created by their rapidly beating wings. There are more than 340 species of hummingbirds. 511. Depending on the species a hummingbird's wings can flap on average around 50 times per second, and can reach as high as 200 times per second. This allows them to fly faster than 15 m/s (54 km/h or 34 mph). 512. The hummingbird can hover, fly forwards, backwards and even upside down. 513. Hummingbirds drink the nectar of flowers which gives them a good source of glucose energy, they will catch insects every now and again for a protein boost. 514. A hummingbird's bill varies dramatically depending on the species. Most have a fairly long, thin bill that allows them to reach down to the nectar of a flower. With the bill slightly open they use their tongue to quickly lap up the nectar inside. 515. Apart from insects, hummingbirds have the highest metabolism of all animals due to the need to keep their wings rapidly beating. Because of this the hummingbird visits hundreds of flowers each day and consuming more than their own weight in nectar each day. 516. Because they need to conserve energy hummingbirds do not spend all day flying, they spend the majority of their time perched digesting their food. 517. To conserve energy overnight a hummingbird enters a hibernation-like sleep state called torpor. 518. Depending on the species hummingbirds live on average 3 to 5 years. But have been known to live as long as 12 years. 519. Most hummingbirds of the United States and Canada migrate over 3000km south in fall to spend winter in Mexico or Central America. Some South American species also move north to these areas during the southern winter. I 520.Indus river Dolphin is thenational animal of Pakistan 521.Iguanas,koalasand komodo dragons all havetwo penises! 522. The Irish deer is the largest deer to have ever existed.It went into extinction approximately 7,700 years ago. 523. Ichthyophobia is the fear of fish. 524. A type of "immortal"jellyfish iscapable of cheatingdeath indefinitely. 525. Some insects,such as gerridae(water striders),areableto walk on the surfaceof water. 526. Insects arecold blooded. 527. There are roughly 30 differentspecies of ibis found around the world that vary in size and colour dependingon the species. 528. The female ibis lays up to the 3 eggs which hatch after an incubation period of just a few weeks. 529. The Indochinese tiger (also known as the Corbett's tiger) is a subspecies of tiger, found throughout south-east Asia. J. 530.‘Jaws’ is the most common name for a goldfish. 531. In general, Asiatic jerboas have five toes on their back feetand African jerboas have three. 532. Jellyfishevaporate inthe sun.They’re 98% water.
  18. 18. 533. The jaguar is the 3rd largestof the bigcats afterthe tigerandthe lionandit isthe largestof all the bigcats inthe Americas. 534. Jaguars are onlyfoundinthe Americas.Theirrange extendsfromArizonainSouth- westUnitedStates, Mexico,through Central America,intomostAmazonRiverBasincountriesin SouthAmericaandas farsouth as northern Argentina. 535. Withits spottedcoatthe jaguar most closelyresemblesthe leopardwhichisfoundin Asiaand Africa,however,the jaguarislargerandhas a stockierbuildthanthe leopard,italso has lessbutbiggerrosettes(spots) withsmall dots inthe middle.Whilethe jaguars behavioral habitsmore resemble thatof a tiger. 536. Like the tiger,jaguarsenjoywaterandare goodat swimming. 537. Jaguars roam,huntand live alone,onlycomingtogethertomate.Theyleave ascentto mark theirterritory.Female territoriesmayoverlapandrange insize from25 - 40 km2. While malesterritoriesare doublethatsize,amale will aggressivelyprotecthisarea(andthe resident femaleswithinit) fromothermales. 538. The jaguar stalksand ambushesitsprey,oftenleapingintowaterorfroma tree. 539. Jaguars are carnivores,theypreyonover80 speciesof animal of all sizes,suchas deer, capybara,foxes, fish,frogsandevenlarge anacondasnakes. 540. The jaguar has a verypowerful jaw;itsbite exertsmore force thanthatof a lion. 541. Male jaguarsare about10-20% largerthan females.Onaverage jaguarsweighbetween 124 - 211 lbs(56–96 kg) and are 4 ftto 6.5 ft (1.2 to 1.95 m) in length. 542. Jaguars live inthe wildfor11-15 years,incaptivitytheycanlive over20 years. 543. Many ancientAmericanculturessuchasthe Maya and Aztec,featuredthe jaguarin theirmythologies,itwasoftenregardedasasymbol of strength. 544. Argentina'snational rugbyteambadge includesajaguar.However,ahistorical error resultedinthe teambeingnicknamedtothisday,Los Pumas(the pumas). 545. Jellyfishlookalittle like umbrellas. 546. Jellyfishcanbe large andbrightlycolored. 547. Theycan oftenbe transparent (see-through) ortranslucent(semi-translucent). 548. Some can be veryhard to see,nearlyinvisible tothe humaneye.. 549. A groupof jellyfishiscalleda‘bloom’,‘swarm’ or‘smack’. 550. Large bloomscanfeature over100000 jellyfish. 551. Jellyfishdon’thave brains. 552. Jellyfishuse theirtentaclestosting.Mostare harmlesstohumansbut stingsfromsome species,suchasthe box jellyfish,canbe verypainful andsometimeskill. 553. Box jellyfishare almosttransparent(see-through). 554. Jellyfisheatplankton. 555. Althoughthe wordismentionedintheirname,jellyfishare not fish. K 556. Kangaroosuse theirtailsforbalance,soif you lifta kangaroo’stail off the ground,it can’t hop. 557. Koalabearsalmost exclusivelyeatonlyeucalyptusleavesandnothingelse. 558. At birth,babykangaroosare onlyaboutan inchlong. 559. The kangaroo’s ancestors lived in trees. Today there are eight different kinds of tree kangaroos.
  19. 19. 560. Killer whales are not whales at all, rather a species of dolphin. 561. Kiwis are endangered, flightless birds that live in New Zealand. They lay the largest eggs relative to their body size of any bird in the world. 562. Kangaroos are marsupial animals that are found in Australia as well as New Guinea. 563. There are four different kangaroo species, the red kangaroo, eastern grey kangaroo, western grey kangaroo and antilopine kangaroo. 564. Kangaroos can hop around quickly on two legs or walk around slowly on all four. 565. Kangaroos can’t walk backwards. 566. Kangaroos have very powerful legs and can be dangerous at times. 567. Kangaroos can jump very high, sometimes three times their own height. 568. Kangaroos can swim. 569. Most kangaroos eat grass. 570. Baby kangaroos are known as ‘joeys’. 571. A group of kangaroos is called a ‘mob’, ‘troop’ or ‘court’. 572. The red kangaroo is the largest marsupial in the world. 573. Kangaroos usually live to around six years old in the wild. 574. Australian airline Qantas uses a kangaroo as their symbol. 575. Koalas are native to Australia. 576. Koalas are not bears. 577. Koala fossils found in Australia have been dated as long ago as 20 million years. 578. The brain size of modern koalas has reduced substantially from their ancestors, possibly as an adaptation to the low energy they get from their diets. 579. The closest living relative of the koala is the wombat. 580. Koalas have sharp claws which help them climb trees. 581. Koalas have similar fingerprints to humans. 582. Koalas have large noses that are colored pink or black. 583. Outside of breeding seasons, koalas are quiet animals. 584. A baby koala is called a ‘joey’. 585. Joeys live in their mother’s pouch for around six months and remain with them for another six months or so afterwards. 586. Koalas cannot be kept legally as pets. 587. The King Cobra is the longest snake in the world with the ability to inject venom. They can grow up to 5.6 m (18.5 ft) in length. L 588. Lion in the wildusually makes no more than twenty killsa year. 589. Lion-The female lion does ninety percent of the hunting. 590.Lonomia obliqua is theworld’s deadliestcaterpillar. 591.When a male lion and female tiger mate they make a liger. 592. There are 3,000 kinds of lice in the world. 593. An adult lion’sroar is so loud; it can be heard up to 5 miles(8 km) away. 594. Some lions mate over 50 times a day. 595. Some lobster species can live to be 50 years or older. 596. Locusts have leg muscles that are about 1000 times more powerful than an equal weight of human muscle 597. Lions are the second largest big cat species in the world (behind tigers). 598. The average male lion weighs around 180 kg (400 lb) while the average female lion weighs around 130 kg (290 lb). 599. The heaviest lion on record weighed an amazing 375 kg (826 lb). 600. Lions can reach speeds of up to 81 kph (50 mph) but only in short bursts because of a lack of stamina. 601. Most lions found in the wild live in southern and eastern parts of Africa.
  20. 20. 602. Lions are very social compared to other cat species, often living in prides that feature females, offspring and a few adult males. 603. Male lions are easy to recognize thanks to their distinctive manes. Males with darker manes are more likely to attract female lions (lionesses). 604. Lions are the national animal of Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, England, Ethiopia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Singapore. 605. Lions in the wild live for around 12 years. 606. In the wild, lions rest for around 20 hours a day. 607. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. The scientific name for a leopard is Panthera pardus. 608. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. These black leopards are often mistaken for panthers. 609. Adult leopards are solitary animals. Each adult leopard has its own territory where it lives and, although they often share parts of it, they try to avoid one another. 610. A leopard’s body is built for hunting. They have sleek, powerful bodies and can run at speeds of up to 57 kilometers per hour. They are also excellent swimmers and climbers and can leap and jump long distances. 611. A leopard’s tail is just about as long as its entire body. This helps it with balance and enables it to make sharp turns quickly. 612. Leopards are mostly nocturnal, hunting prey at night. 613. Leopards protect their food from other animals by dragging it high up into the trees. A leopard will often leave their prey up in the tree for days and return only when they are hungry! 614. Female leopards give birth to a little of two or three cubs at a time. By the time a cub is two years old it will leave the company of its mother and live on their own. 615. When a female leopard is ready to mate she will give a scent and rub her body on the trees to leave her smells there. Male leopards either smell the females scent or hear her call to know that she is ready to mate. 616. Some people believe that the bones and whiskers of leopards can heal sick people. Many leopards are killed each year for their fur and body parts and this is one reason why the leopard is an endangered animal. While they were previously found in the wild in a number of areas around the world, their habitat is largely restricted to sub-Saharan Africa with small numbers also found in India, Pakistan, Malaysia, China and Indochina. 617. Some lizards can detach their tails if caught by predators. M 618. National animal of Pakistan is Markhor (Capra falconeri) 619. Macaques make snowballs for fun. 620. The onlymammalsto undergomenopause are elephants,humpbackwhalesandhuman females. 621. The Latin name for moose is alces alces. 622. A mothhas no stomach. 623. A starvingmouse will eatitsowntail. 624. A mole can diga tunnel 300 feetlonginjustone night. 625. Back in 1924, a monkeywasconvictedinSouthBendof the crime of smokinga cigarette and sentencedtopaya 25 dollarfine! 626. Accordingto recordsthere are 50 million monkeysinthe world! 627. Moose have verypoor vision.Some have eventriedtomate withcars. 628. Insects such as bees, mosquitoes and cicadas make noise by rapidly moving their wings. 629. Mosquitoes can be annoying insects but did you know that it's only the female mosquito that actually bites humans.
  21. 21. 630. The meerkat, also called a suricate, is a mammal in the mongoose family and is the only member of the mongoose family that doesn't have a bushy tail. 631. A family group of meerkats can be called a 'mob', 'gang' or 'clan'. These groups usually contain around 20 meerkats but sometimes have as many as 50. 632. Meerkats live on average 7 - 10 years in the wild, and 12 - 14 years in captivity. 633. Adult meerkats are about 25 - 35 cm (9.8 - 13.8 in) tall when standing upright. 634. The meerkat uses its tail to balance when standing upright. They often stand up in the morning to absorb heat on their bellies after a long cold desert night. 635. Meerkats are very good at digging, they have long, strong, curved claws that they use for digging burrows. 636. Within their territory the clan usually have up to 5 different burrows that they sleep in at night. The burrows have multiple entrances and can be 5 m deep. 637. Meerkats have excellent eyesight, they can spot predators in the air from more than 300 m away. They have great peripheral vision and the dark patches around their eyes cut glare from the hot desert surface. 638. A clan of meerkats will always have one "sentry" on guard to watch out for predators while the others forage for food. 639. If the meerkat on guard spots danger, it barks loudly or whistles in one of six different ways. For example if the threat is of low, medium or high urgency and if the predator is in the air or on the ground. 640. For a high-urgency land predator alarm call, meerkats will scatter down their nearest burrow entrance. For a high-urgency aerial predator alarm call, they will crouch down and may look skyward. 641. There are currently 264 known monkey species. 642. Monkeys can be divided into two groups, Old World monkeys that live in Africa and Asia, and New World monkeys that live in South America. 643. A baboon is an example of an Old World monkey, while a marmoset is an example of a New World monkey. 644. Apes are not monkeys. 645. Groups of monkeys are known as a ‘tribe’, ‘troop’ or ‘mission’. 646. The Pygmy Marmoset is the smallest type of monkey, with adults weighing between 120 and 140 grams. 647. The Mandrill is the largest type of monkey, with adult males weighing up to 35 kg. 648. Capuchin monkeys are believed to be one of the smartest New World monkey species. They have the ability to use tools, learn new skills and show various signs of self-awareness. 649. Spider monkeys get their name because of their long arms, legs and tail. 650. The word "mosquito" is the Spanish and Portuguese word for "little fly". 651. There are over 3,500 known species of mosquitoes worldwide. 652. Most species of mosquito are considered to be a major nuisance and pest because they consume the blood of humans and animals. 653. Mosquitoes cause more deaths than any other animal in the world. They are carriers of diseases, including malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever which can be transmitted to humans and animals when the mosquito feeds on blood. 654. Only the female mosquito feeds on blood and when they are not trying to produce eggs, females are happy to stick to eating nectar from plants like the male does. 655. When a female feeds on blood their abdomen expands and can hold up to 3 times its own body weight in blood. 656. Mosquitoes prefer O-type blood, people with high body heat, pregnant women and heavy breathers. Many of these reasons are because mosquitoes can sense carbon dioxide (CO2) from up to 100 feet away. This is a reason why they circulate around our heads where we exhale CO2. 657. Females live for two weeks to a month while males usually live for just a week. 658. Like other flies, mosquitoes go through four lifecycles stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. 659. Female mosquitoes tend to lay their eggs in stagnant water, even very shallow puddles are suitable. 660. Some mosquito can fly for up to four hours continuously at 1 - 2 km/h (0.6 - 1 mph), they are however one of the slowest flying insects.
  22. 22. 661. Mosquitoes can beat their wings between 450 and 600 times per second! 662. Mice use their whiskers to sense changes in temperature and to help feel the surface they are walking along. 663. Mice build very complex burrows with long entrances and many escape routes. They are very clean and tidy rodents with their burrows often having separate areas for storing food, sleeping and going to the toilet. 664. A mouse eats 15 - 20 times a day. Therefore they usually build their homes close to food sources, tending to only travel up to 8 m from their burrows to find food. 665. A mouse or plural mice is a small mammal from the rodent order of animals. 666. There are more than 30 known species of mice. N 667. Noctule bats fly before sunset, whereas Pipistrellesappear soon after sunset. 668. Nurse sharks are generally known to be one of the more sluggish and docile sharks of the differentspecies of shark. 669. The female nurse shark will give birth to between 28 and 25 nurse sharks babies, known as pups. 670. Nurse sharks tend to live to around 25 years of age by which time the nurse shark is often over 4 m in length. When the baby nurse sharks are born, they tend to be around 30 cm long and are already fullydeveloped. 671. The numbat is a small-sizedmarsupial that is found in Western Australia. 672. The numbat has long, colourful fur and despite being a marsupial, the female numbat does not have a pouch on her belly. 673. It has been estimated that there are only 1,500 numbat individuals leftin the wild. 674. The Neanderthal is an old world, modern primate that is now extinct. It is thought that the Neanderthal roamed the lands of Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years. 675. Norfolks are described as fearless,but should not be aggressive despite being capable of defending themselvesif needbe. 676. The Norwegian forest cat has long thick fur, which is in a double-layerto keep the cat warm in the uncompromising winters. The Norwegian forest cat also has a thick layer of fat insulating its body. O 677. Ostrichescanrun fasterthan horses,andthe male ostrichescanroar like lions 678. Oysterscan change genderdependingonwhichisbestformating. 679. A groupof owls iscalleda parliament. 680. The great hornedowl hasno sense of smell. 681. The ostrich hastwo toeson eachfootwhichgivesitgreaterspeed. 682. Barn owlshuntmostlysmall mammalssuchas the short-tailedvole. 683. Many speciesof owlshave special feathersforflyingsilently.
  23. 23. 684. The owl has a small brain. 685. Octopuseshave three hearts. 686. Owlsdon'thave eyeballs. Theyhave eyetubes. 687. Ostrichkickscan kill a human. 688. Octopuseshave twoeyesina globe-shapedhead(mantle) off whichprotrudeeightlong limbscalledtentaclesthathave tworowsof suckersenses. 689. An octopushasa hard beak,like a parrot beak,whichtheyuse tobreakintoand eat theirpray suchas crabs and shellfish. 690. The largestoctopusis believedtobe the giantPacificoctopus, Enteroctopus dofleini whichweighabout15 kg (33 lb),andhas an arm spanup to 4.3 m (14 ft). There are around300 speciesof octopus. 691. Octopusesare believedtobe highlyintelligentcomparedtootherinvertebrates. 692. An octopus'smaindefence againstpredatorssuchas sharksisto hide andcamouflage itself byusingcertainskincellstochange itscolor.Thiscan alsobe usedtotalk withor warn otheroctopuses.Anotherdefence istomake afast escape.Octopusescanejectathick,blackish inkina large cloudto distractthe predatorwhile the octopususesasiphonjetpropulsion systemtoquicklyswimawayheadfirst,witharmstrailingbehind. 693. Octopuseshave verygoodeyesightandan excellentsense of touch. 694. A female octopuscanlayon average about200,000 eggs,however,fendingfor themselvesonlyahandful of the hatchlingswill survive toadulthood. 695. An otter'sdeniscalleda 'holt'or a 'couch'. 696. A group of otters are called a 'bevy', 'family', 'lodge', or 'romp', or, when in water the group is called a 'raft'. 697. The otter is a carnivorous mammal in a branch of the weasel family called Lutrinae. 698. There are around 200 different owl species. 699. Owls are active at night (nocturnal). 700. A group of owls is called a parliament. 701. Most owls hunt insects, small mammals and other birds.Some owl species hunt fish. 702. Owls have powerful talons (claws) which help them catch and kill prey. 703. Owls can turn their heads as much as 270 degrees. 704. Owls are farsighted, meaning they can’t see things close to their eyes clearly. 705. Owls are very quiet in flight compared to other birds of prey. 706. The color of owl’s feathers helps them blend into their environment (camouflage). 707. Barn owls can be recognized by their heart shaped face. P 708. Penguins propose to their life mates with a pebble. 709. Panda-In China, killing a Panda is punishable by death. 710. Puffinsmate forlife. They make their homes on cliff sides and set aside room for their toilet. 711. A pythoncan swallowarabbitwhole andmayeat as manyas 150 mice ina six-month period. 712. At birth,a pandais smallerthana mouse andweighsaboutfourounces. 713. Penguinscanjump6 feetoutof water.
  24. 24. 714. Polarbears are the world’slargestlandpredators. 715. Female polarbearsnormallystarthavingbabycubsat the age of fouror five. 716. Eventhougha polar bearsaverage bodytemperature is37°C;theydon’tgive off any detectable heat,sotheywon’tshow upininfraredphotographs. 717. 79% of petownerssleepwiththeirpets. 718. There isonlyone pinkbottlenose dolphin whichhasbeendiscovered,inaninlandlake inLouisiana,USA. 719. A puppyisborn blind,deaf,andtoothless. 720. A polarbear’souterfur iscalled‘guardhair’. 721. Pikachuisa mouse type Pokémon. 722. The extinctcolossuspenguin stoodastall asLeBronJames. 723. A groupof parrots isknownas a pandemonium. 724. Polarbearshave black skin. 725. Penguinshave knees. 726. A groupof porcupinesiscalleda prickle. 727. Baby porcupines have softquillsatbirth,whichhardenwithinafew days. 728. The animal known as a "panther" actually refers to 3 different types of big cats, leopards (Panthera pardus) or jaguars (Panthera onca) that have a black or white color mutation and a subspecies of the cougar (Puma concolor). 729. Melanism is the name of the dark color pigmentation mutation in a jaguar or leopard that cause the fur to be blackish, it occurs in about 6% of the population. 730. The opposite of melanism is albinism which is an even rarer mutation that can occur in most animal species. The extremely rare "white panther" are albino leopards, jaguars or cougars. 731. Apart from color the Black Panther is believed to be less fertile than normal-colored big cats and also much more unpredictable and aggressive. 732. Black panthers are great swimmers and are one of the strongest tree climbing big cats, often pouncing on prey from a tree, they are capable of leaping up to 20 feet to catch their prey which includes medium sized animals like deer and monkeys and smaller rabbits and birds. 733. Black panthers have good hearing, extremely good eyesight, and a strong jaw. 734. The black panther is often called 'the ghost of the forest'. It is a smart, stealth-like attacker, its dark coat helps it hide and stalk prey very easily, especially at night. 735. There are around 372 different parrot species. Most parrots live in tropical areas .Parrots have curved bills (beaks), strong legs and clawed feet. Parrots are often brightly colored. 736. Parrots are believed to be one of the most intelligent bird species. 737. Some Parrots species are known for imitating human voices. 738. Most parrot species rely on seeds as food. Others may eat fruit, nectar, flowers or small insects. 739. Parrots such as the budgerigar (budgie) and cockatiel are popular as pets. 740. Some parrot species can live for over 80 years. 741. There are 21 different species of cockatoo. Parrot-Cockatoos usually have black, grey or white plumage (feathers). 742. New Zealand is home to some very unique parrots including the kea, kaka and kakapo(Parrots) 743. Keas (parrots) are large, intelligent parrots that live in alpine areas of New Zealand’s South Island. They are the world’s only alpine parrot and are known for their curious and sometimes cheeky behavior near ski fields where they like to investigate bags, steal small items and damage cars. 744. Kakapos (Parrots) are critically endangered flightless parrots, as of 2010 only around 130 are known to exist. They are active at night (nocturnal) and feed on a range of seeds, fruit, plants and pollen. Kakapos are also the world’s heaviest parrot. 745. The name of a baby peafowl is a peachick. The females are called peahens. 746. There are 3 varieties of peafowl, the Indian, the Green and the Congo.
  25. 25. 747. White varieties of peacocks are not albinos, they have a genetic mutation that causes the lack of pigments in the plumage. 748. Peacock feathers accounts for 60 percent of the bird's total body length and with a wingspan measuring 5 feet, it is one of the largest flying birds in the world. 749. In Hindu culture, Lord Karthikeya, the god of war, is said to ride a peacock. 750. Penguins are flightless birds. 751. While other birds have wings for flying, penguins have adapted flippers to help them swim in the water. 752. Most penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. No penguins live at the North Pole. 753. The Emperor Penguin is the tallest of all penguin species, reaching as tall as 120 cm (47 in) in height. 754. Emperor Penguins can stay underwater for around 20 minutes at a time. 755. King Penguins are the second largest penguin specie. They have four layers of feathers to help keep them warm on the cold subantarctic islands where they breed. 756. Yellow eyed penguins (or Hoiho) are endangered penguins native to New Zealand. Their population is believed to be around 4000. 757. Little Blue Penguins are the smallest type of penguin, averaging around 33 cm (13 in) in height. 758. The platypus is a semi-aquatic mammal that has a very unusual appearance, it is duck- billed, has a beaver-like tail, lays eggs, has otter-like fur and webbed feet. 759. The back foot ankle spur of a male platypus contains a venom that is powerful enough to kill small animals such as dogs. The venom is not lethal to humans, but it can cause severe pain, that sometimes lasts for weeks. 760. The platypus is the state animal of New South Wales (NSW). 761. The platypus has been used as a mascot for national events in Australia and is featured on the Australian 20 cent coin. 762. Polar bears are the largest carnivore (meat eater) that lives on land. 763. Polar bears use sea ice as a platform to hunt seals.Seals make up most of a polar bears diet. 764. Male polar bears can weigh up to 680 kg (1500 lb).Female polar bears usually only weigh about half as much as males. 765. Polar bears keep warm thanks to nearly 10 cm of blubber under the skin. 766. Polar bears have 42 teeth. 767. Polar bears have an excellent sense of smell, with the ability to detect seals nearly a mile away (1.6 km). 768. Polar bears can reach speeds up to 40 kph (25 mph) on land and 10 kph (6 mph) in water. 769. Ponies have thicker manes and tails than horses. They also have proportionally shorter legs, thicker necks and shorter heads. 770. Pound for pound, ponies are stronger than horses. 771. Ponies are easy to look after, requiring half the food that a horse would if it was the same weight. Q 772. There are thought to be more than 15 different species of quail,with each speciesof quail being found in different parts of the world and all have slightly differentappearances depending on how they have adapted to their environment. 773. Although the quail is very small sized bird, the quail belongs to the same bird family as pheasants. Quails range in size depending on the speciesfrom the Japanese quail which is around 10cm tall to the larger mountain quail that can grow up to 25 cm tall. 774. Around 95% of the quail's diet is thought to consist of plant matter.
  26. 26. 775. The Quetzal is a medium sized bird that is found inhabiting the moist, tropical rainforests of Central America from southern Mexico right down into Panama. 776. There are six sub-species of Quetzal that are found in varying geographic locations including the Crested Quetzal, the Golden-headed Quetzal, the White-tipped Quetzal, the Pavonine Quetzal, the Eared Quetzal and the most famously known ResplendentQuetzal, all of which belong to the Trogon familyof birds. 777. The Quokka is a small marsupial that is nativelyfound in parts of the south-west of Australia and on only two islands off the south-west coast. 778. The Quokka is one of the smallest Wallaby species in the world 779. The quoll is a medium-sizedmarsupial, natively found in parts of Australia, Papua New Guinea and Tasmania. 780. The quoll is often known as the native cat, due to the cat-like appearance of the quoll. 781. The quoll is a nocturnal animal meaning that it spends the nights hunting and the daytimes hours resting. R 782. Rats laughwhentickled. 783. Swedenhasa rabbitshow-jumpingcompetitioncalledKaninhoppning. 784. Male rabbits are called “bucks,” femalesare “does.” A young rabbitis called a kit(or kitten).Rabbits livein groups. Rabbits areherbivores (planteaters). 785.A rodent’s teeth never stop growing. 786.Reindeer milk has more fat than cow milk. 787. The animal on the Firefox logo is not a fox, but a red panda. 788. Rooster is simply a male chicken. 789. Reindeereyeballs turnblue inwintertohelpthemsee atlowerlightlevels. 790. A group of rhinoceroses is called a crash. 791. The horn of a rhinoceros is madefrom compacted hair rather than bone or another substance.( keratin,the same type of proteinthatmakesuphair and fingernails) 792. Africanspeciesandthe Sumatran rhinoceroshave twohorns,while the Indianand Javanrhinoceros have a single horn. 793. Rabbits havelong ears which can be as longas 10 cm (4 in). 794.Rabbits reproduce very quickly.This can be a major headache for people livingin agricultural areas where rabbits areseen as pests. 795.Rabbits areborn with their eyes closed and without fur. Rabbits have a li fespan of around 10 years. 796. The name rhinoceros means ‘nose horn’ and is often shortened to rhino. 797.All five species of rhinoceros can grow to weigh over 1000 kg (2200 lb).Three of the five rhinoceros species arelisted as beingcritically endangered. 798.White rhino can weigh over 3500 kg (7700 lb). 799.White rhinoceros aregenerally considered the second largestland mammal (after the elephant). 800. Rhinoceros have thick,protective skin. 801. Despite their name, White Rhinoceros areactually gray.
  27. 27. S 802. Snail can growback a new eye if itlosesone. 803. Squirrel -Youmightwantto thanka squirrel the nexttime youenjoythe shade of atree. Millionsof treesare accidentallyplantedbysquirrelsthatburynutsandthenforgetwhere they hidthem. 804. Flyingsquirrelscan’tflylike birdsbuttheycanglide betweentrees. 805. Flyingsquirrelshave beenknowntoglide fordistancesof upto90 meters(295 ft). 806. 807. Seahorse -The slowestfishisthe seahorse,whichmovesalongatabout0.01 mph. 808. Sea otters hold hands when they sleep to keep from drifting apart. 809. Spiders can’t fly. 810. Seahorses mate for life, and when they travel they hold each others’ tails. 811. Squirrels will adopt other squirrels babies if they are abandoned. 812. Spiders - There isan average of 50,000 spidersperacre in greenareas. 813. Snakes are carnivores,whichmeanstheyonly eatanimals,oftensmall onessuchas insects,birds,frogsandothersmall mammals. 814. Songbirds - Some male songbirdssingmore than2000 timeseachday. 815. Evena small amountof alcohol placedona scorpionwill make itgocrazy and stingitself to death! 816. The smell of a skunkcan be detectedbyahumana mile away. 817. A skunkwill notbite andthrow itsscentat the same time. 818. The most poisonousfishinthe worldisthe stone fish. 819. The longestrecordedlife spanof aslugwas 1 year,6 months. 820. Squirrelscannotsee the colourred. 821. The starfishisthe onlyanimal capable of turningitsstomachinside-out. 822. Sharkshave beenaroundlongerthandinosaurs. 823. Abouttwo-thirdsof sharkattackson humanshave takenplace inwaterlessthan six feet deep. 824. Sharksare immune tocancer! 825. Starfishhave eighteyes –one at the endof each leg. 826. Shark corneasare beingusedinhumaneye transplants. 827. Snakes donot blink 828. A squid’seye cangetas bigas a basketball. 829. The sailfishcanswimat the speedof 109 km/h,makingitthe fastestswimmer. 830. There are over2700 typesof snakesinthe worldand theylive indeserts,forests, oceans,streams,lakes. 831. There isa shark called‘goblinshark’whichhasonlybeenseenaround50timessince its discoveryin1897. 832. Starfishdon’tdie of oldage. 833. You are more likelytobe killedbyachampagne cork than bya poisonous spider.
  28. 28. 834. The swan has over25,000 feathersonitsbody. 835. There’sa spiderinBrazil whose bitescancause an erectionthatlastsforhours! 836. Sharkskill fewerthan10 people peryear.Humanskill about100 millionsharksperyear. 837. Squirrels can'tburpor vomit. 838. A single strandof spidersilkisthinnerthana humanhair,but alsofive timesstronger than steel of the same width.A rope just2 inchesthickcouldreportedlystopaBoeing747. 839. A sealionisthe firstnonhumanmammal witha provenabilitytokeepabeat. 840. Seahorse dads carry fertilizedeggsintheirpouch andcan give birthto hundredsof babies ata time. 841. Sharkslay the biggesteggsinthe world. 842. Evenwhena snake has itseyesclosed,it canstill see throughitseyelids. 843. Unlike humans,sheephave four stomachs;eachone helpsthemdigestthe foodthey eat. 844. Sharks do not have a single bone in their bodies. Instead they have a skeleton made up of cartilage; the same type of tough, flexible tissue that makes up human ears and noses. 845. Some sharks remain on the move for their entire lives. This forces water over their gills, delivering oxygen to the blood stream. If the shark stops moving then it will suffocate and die. 846. Sharks have outstanding hearing. They can hear a fish thrashing in the water from as far as 500 metres away! 847. If a shark was put into a large swimming pool, it would be able to smell a single drop of blood in the water. 848. Although most species of shark are less than one metre long, there are some species such as the whale shark, which can be 14 metres long. 849. A pup (baby shark) is born ready to take care of itself. The mother shark leaves the pup to fend for itself and the pup usually makes a fast get away before the mother tries to eat it! 850. Not all species of shark give birth to live pups. Some species lay the egg case on the ocean floor and the pup hatches later on its own. 851. Great whites are the deadliest shark in the ocean. These powerful predators can race through the water at 30 km per hour. 852. Unlike other species of shark, the great white is warm-blooded. Although the great white does not keep a constant body temperature, it needs to eat a lot of meat in order to be able to regulate its temperature. 853. A shark always has a row of smaller teeth developing behind its front teeth. Eventually the smaller teeth move forward, like a conveyor belt, and the front teeth fall out. 854. Silkworms are used as the primary producer of silk. 855. Spiders are not insects. Spiders are arachnids. 856. Spiders have 8 legs while insects have 6. 857. Spiders don’t have antennae while insects do. 858. There are around 40000 different species of spider. 859. Most spiders are harmless to humans but a few spider species, such as the black widow, can bite humans and inject venom. Deaths from spider bites are rare however. 860. An abnormal fear of spiders is called ‘arachnophobia’. 861. Scorpions have eight legs, a pair of pincers (pedipalps) and a narrow segmented tail that often curves over their back, on the end of which is a venomous stinger. The scorpion uses their pincers to quickly grab prey and then whip their poisonous tail stinger over to kill or paralyze the prey. The tail is also used as a useful defence against predators. 862. Scorpions can be found on all continents except for Antarctica. 863. There are over 1750 known species of scorpion. While humans generally fear the scorpion and its poisonous sting only about 25 of the species have venom capable of killing a human. 864. Under UV light such as a black light scorpions are known to glow due to the presence of fluorescent chemicals in their exoskeleton.
  29. 29. 865. Scorpions can eat a massive amount of food in one meal. Their large food storageorgans together with a low metabolism rate and an inactive lifestyle means that if necessary they can survive 6-12 months without eating again. 866. Seals are semiaquatic marine mammals. They have four flippers, so are in a category of animals known as pinnipedia which means 'fin-footed'. 867. There are around 33 species of seals. 868. Seals have a layer of fat under skin called blubber, which keeps them warm in cold water. Their slick fur coat is streamlined for gliding through water. 869. Because they can spend months at sea, seals can sleep underwater. 870. Some seal species can hold their breath for nearly two hours underwater by slowing their heart beat and conserving oxygen. 871. In 1996, a sheep named Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned from a somatic cell. 872. China has the largest number of sheep in the world. 873. Sheep have a field of vision of around 300 degrees, allowing them to see behind themselves without having to turn their head. 874. Snails can have lungs or gills depending on the species and their habitat. Some marine snails actually can have lungs and some land based snails can have gills. 875. Snail-like animals that do not have a shell are usually called slugs. 876. Most snail species have a ribbon-like tongue called a radula that contains thousands of microscopic teeth. The radula works like a file, ripping food up into tiny pieces. 877. Snakes don’t have eyelids. Snakes can’t bite food so have to swallow it whole. 878. Snakes have flexible jaws which allow them to eat prey bigger than their head! 879. Snakes are found on every continent of the world except Antarctica. 880. Snakes have internal ears but not external ones. 881. There are around 3000 different species of snake. 882. Snakes have a unique anatomy which allows them to swallow and digest large prey. 883. Snakes are covered in scales. Snakeskin is smooth and dry. 884. Python reticulates can grow over 8.7 m (28 ft) in length and are considered the longest snakes in the world. 885. Anacondas are large, non-venomous snakes found in South America that can reach over 5 m (16 ft) in length. 886. Like their cousin the shark, stingrays do not have bones, their skeletons are instead made of cartilage. 887. Most varieties of stingrays have one or more barbed venomous stingers on their tail which are only used in self-defense. 888. Stingray’s eyes are on top of their bodies, yet their mouth, gills, and nostrils are on the underside. Because of this stingrays cannot see their prey, instead they use smell and electroreceptor's to find food. 889. To swim, some stingray species flap their fins like a bird and fly through the water, others move their entire bodies in a wavy motion propelling them forward. 890. The leathery skin of the ray (stingrays) is often used to make exotic shoes, boots, belts, wallets, jackets, and cell phone cases. In Japan, the skin is sometimes used as an under layer on Japanese swords due to its hard, rough, texture that keeps the layer on top from sliding on the handle during use. T 891. Tigersnot onlyhave stripesontheirfur,theyalsohave themontheirskin.Notwo tigers everhave the same stripes. 892. TigerDay is the lastSundayinSeptember. 893. Turtlescan breathe throughtheirbutts. 894. Turritopsis nutricula Immortal jellyfish is the only species known to live forever.
  30. 30. 895. Tarantulaspidercan survive formore thantwo yearswithoutfood. 896. The turkey is one of the most famousbirdsinNorthAmerica. 897. No twotigerseverhave the same stripes,andthisishow individualtigerscanbe identified. 898. Taurophobiaisthe fearof bulls. 899. You can tell a turtle’sgenderbythe noise itmakes.Malesgrunt,femaleshiss. 900. Whena male tigerand female lionmate theymake atigon. 901. Turkeyshave a poor sense of smell,butexcellentsense of taste. 902. Tuna fishcan swim40 milesinasingle day 903. More than 45 millionturkeysare cookedandeateninthe US at Thanksgiving. 904. The TyrannosaurusRex wentextinct65 millionyearsago. 905. Tigerscan see 6 timesbetteratnightthanhumans. 906. Before they’re evenborn,sandtigersharkseattheirtwin brothersandsisters! 907. Tardigrades are extremelydurable microscopicanimalsthatexistall overEarth.They can survive anyof the following:300 degreesFahrenheit(149 Celsius), -458degreesF(-272 C), the vacuum of space,pressure six timesstrongerthanthe oceanfloorandmore than a decade withoutfood. 908. Warmer weathercausesmore turtlestobe bornfemale thanmale. 909. The Chinese soft-shelledturtle canexpel urea,the mainwaste productinurine, outof itsmouth. 910. Each of a tarsier’seyeballsisas bigas its brain. 911. Tardigradesare the onlyanimal we know of that can survive inthe vacuumof space. 912. As well as being a famous Looney Tunes character, the Tasmanian Devil is a real animal that is only found in the wild in Tasmania, Australia. It is the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world. 913. The tiger is the biggest species of the cat family. 914. Tigers can reach a length of up to 3.3 metres (11 feet) and weigh as much as 300 kilograms (660 pounds). 915. Subspecies of the tiger include the Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger, Bengal Tiger, South China Tiger, Malayan Tiger and Indochinese Tiger. 916. Many subspecies of the tiger are either endangered or already extinct. Humans are the primary cause of this through hunting and the destruction of habitats. 917. Around half of tiger cubs don’t live beyond two years of age. 918. Tiger cubs leave their mother when they are around 2 years of age. 919. A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’. 920. Tigers are good swimmers and can swim up to 6 kilometres. 921. Rare white tigers carry a gene that is only present in around 1 in every 10000 tigers. 922. Tigers usually hunt alone at night time. 923. Tigers have been known to reach speeds up to 65 kph (40 mph). 924. Less than 10% of hunts end successfully for tigers 925. Tigers can easily jump over 5 metres in length. 926. Various tiger subspecies are the national animals of Bangladesh, India, North Korea, South Korea and Malaysia. 927. There are more tigers held privately as pets than there are in the wild. 928. Turtles have a hard shell that protects them like a shield, this upper shell is called a ‘carapace’. Turtles also have a lower shell called a ‘plastron’. 929. The largest turtle is the leatherback sea turtle, it can weigh over 900 kg! (2000 lb) Turtles lay eggs. Turtles have existed for around 215 million years. 930. Toucans are renown for their large colorful bills. At 8 inches (20 cm) they have the longest bill of any bird in the world in relation to their body size 25 in (63.5 cm).
  31. 31. 931. Despite its size, the toucan's bill is very light as it is made of keratin (like human hair) in a honeycomb-like structure. It is believed to be this large in order to keep the bird cool in the hot climates it lives in. 932. This does mean the toucan's bill is not very strong, so it can't be used for digging or fighting like other bird beaks. 933. Toucans are one of the nosier jungle birds. They live for up to 20 years, and their predators include Jaguars and other big cats. 934. A group of toads is often called a knot. 935. Toads have a pair of parotid glands on the back of their heads. These glands and the skin in general, contain a poison which the toad excretes if feeling stressed or threatened. The poison has different effects on different animals, some find it irritating to eyes and mouth, while it may be fatal to others. 936. Toads do not have teeth, so they do not chew their food, instead swallowing it whole. U 937. A herdof unicorns is calledablessing. 938. The U.S. has the highestdogpopulationinthe world.France hasthe secondhighest. 939. The Uakari is a small speciesof monkey 940. The Uakari is mostwell-knownforit'snakedface whichmostcommonlyrangesfrom pinkto deepredincolour. 941. There are fourdistinctspeciesof Uakari,whichare the Red(Bald) Uakari,the Black- HeadedUakari,the AyresBlack Uakari and the NeblinaUakari,all of whichare verysimilarin appearance butdiffersomewhatinfurcolourandlocation. 942. The name Uakari isactuallypronounced"wakari". 943. The Uguisu isa small speciesof birdthatis nativelyfoundthroughoutJapan,Chinaand Taiwan. 944. The Uguisu isalsocommonlyknownasthe Japanese Bush-Warbler,asitis namedforits beautifullydistinctivesong. 945. There are three differentspeciesof Umbrellabirdwhichare the Long-Wattled Umbrellabird,the AmazonianUmbrellabirdandthe Bare-NeckedUmbrellabirdall of whichlive inslightlydifferentareas. 946. The most distinctivefeature of the Umbrellabirdisthe large creston the top of its head. V 947. Venomoussnakeshave special glandsandteethdesignedtoinjectvenomintotheir prey.There are around 700 differentspeciesof venomoussnakes. 948. Around250 of these are capable of killingahumanwithone bite.Aswell asfor attackingprey,snakesalsouse venominself defense. 949. The most commonway to effectivelytreatvenomoussnake bitesiswithanti-venom. Snake venomcancontainneurotoxinsthatattackthe nervoussystem. 950. Taipansare large Australiansnakesthathave highlevelsof venom. 951. Coral snakesare highlyvenomousbutnotusuallyaggressive,onlybitingasa lastresort. 952. Vipershave long,hollowfangsused toinjectvenom. 953. The vulture isa large,carnivorous birdthat ismostwell knownforitsscavengingnature.
  32. 32. 954. Differentspeciesof vulturesof firstlyclassifiedintotwogroups,the oldworldvultures and the newworldvultures.There are thoughttobe nearly30 differentspeciesof vulture that are foundworldwide. 955. Vulturesfeedonthe remainsof dead animalsandare nevertoofussy aboutwhatisleft. 956. Movementof the vulturesiscalledakettle anda groupof vulturestogetheris sometimesknownasa venue. W 957.A woodpecker can peck 20 times per second. 958.Every day of the year, 100 whales are killed by whalefisherman. 959.A whale’s heart beats only nine times a minute. 960.Whalemilk is 50%fat. 961.Baby whales grow to a 1/3 of their mother’s length in the womb. 962. Baby whales can gain up to 200 pounds per day. 963. The lifespanof 75% of wild birds is 6 months. 964. A group of whales is called a pod. 965. There is no record of a human being attacked by a healthy wolf. 966.Many whales aretoothless. They use a plate of comb-likefibre called baleen to filter small crustaceans and other creatures from the water. 967.There are 79 to 84 different species of whale. They came in many different shapes and sizes! 968.A baby whale is called a calf.Whales formgroups to look after calves and feed together. These groups are often made up of all femaleor all malewhales. 969.Whales that arefound in both Northern and Southern hemisphere never meet or breed together. Their migration is timed so that they arenever in breeding areas atthe same time. 970.The arched lower lip of a whale can often make itlook likeitis smiling!However, this isn’ta “real” smile as the blubber in the head of the whaleprevents the muscles of the face from reachingthe surface. 971.You can tell the age of a whaleby lookingatthe wax plugin its ear. This plugin the ear has a pattern of layers when cut lengthwise that scientists can countto estimate the age of the whale. 972. Whales love to sing! They use this as a call to mates, a way to communicate and also just for fun! After a period of time they get bored of the same whale song and begin to sing a different tune. 973. Sometimes whales make navigation mistakes during migrations. Although they may have made the mistake days before, they don’t realise it until they becoming stranded. 974. Whales support many different types of life. Several creatures, such as barnacles and sea lice, attach themselves to the skin of whales and live there. 975. Wolves are excellent hunters and have been found to be living in more places in the world than any other mammal except humans. 976. The wolf is the ancestor of all breeds of domestic dog. It is part of a group of animals called the wild dogs which also includes the dingo and the coyote. 977. Most wolves weigh about 40 kilograms but the heaviest wolf ever recorded weighed over 80 kilograms! 978. Adult wolves have large feet. A fully grown wolf would have a paw print nearly 13 centimeters long and 10 centimeters wide. 979. Wolves live and hunt in groups called a pack. A pack can range from two wolves to as many as 20 wolves depending on such factors as habitat and food supply. Most packs have one breeding pair of wolves, called the alpha pair, who lead the hunt. 980. Wolf pups are born deaf and blind while weighing around 0.5 kg (1 lb). It takes about 8 months before they are old enough to actively join in wolf pack hunts.