Animal Identification and
Traceability
A BIT ABOUT ME
• My whole life is working with L&DD (1974-2013):
–
–
–
–

Veterinary Officer, LPO
PDS Expert, Trainer, Fac...
My Thoughts
• Sectors (Livestock and Veterinary Public Health)
• Policy Shift “ From Curative to Preventive
• Institutiona...
Livestock Sector - Milestones
Pakistan’s Livestock
1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

Largest

Largest

Largest

Largest

Largest

S...
Livestock Sector Punjab
• L&DDD
• Directorates
• Field Formations
• Institutes
• Service Providers
•Development Projects
•...
L&DDD Punjab
Mission of L&DD
Punjab Vision 2020

‘Support livestock development in a

“To create enabling environment for
...
Challenges
1. Unclear policies and strategies
2. Political influences
3. Livestock trade obligations
4. Certification and ...
System to Move Forward

Develop a national
level database for
animal identification
and record keeping
compatible with
NAD...
The Model

From Farm to Fork Compliance
Tag and register
animals
Issue unique IDs
/ Tag numbers
Register
farmers

Develop
...
From Farm to Fork
1. Animal identification and traceability are important management tools in
animal health, food safety, ...
Definitions
• Registration
is the action by which information on animals (such as identification,
animal health, movement,...
Key elements
• Desired outcomes
•

Desired outcomes, defined through consultation between the Veterinary Authority and
sta...
Performance criteria
• Traceability Performance criteria should be designed in
consultation with other stake holder.
• The...
Designing Objectives
General provisions
• The programme should be designed in consultation with the
stakeholders to facili...
Scope
• Scope should also be defined through consultation
between the Veterinary Authority and other stake
holders.
• The ...
Designing
• Preliminary studies
conduct preliminary studies, which should
take into account:
– animal populations, species...
Designing Contd…..
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

availability of resources (human and financial),
social and cultural aspects,
st...
Means of animal identification
Physical animal or group identifier should consider elements such as the;
–

durability, hu...
Identification tools
1. External tools
2. Plastic tags
3. Ear tags

4. RFIDs

Illustration of tags with bar codes

Animal ...
Movement
When an animal is introduced into or leaves
an establishment, these events constitute a

movement.
• Every establ...
Information system
•

According to the scope, performance criteria and desired outcomes.
The system should provide for the...
Legal framework
• The Animal identification, animal traceability should be under the
responsibility of the Veterinary Auth...
Procedures
• Procedures
for
animal
traceability including:

identification

and

animal

–
–
–
–
–

the establishment of b...
Implementation
Action plan
• An action plan specifying the timetable and including the milestones
and performance indicato...
Checking and verification
• Checking activities should start at the beginning of the
implementation to detect, prevent and...
Process Flow

LDD staff visit farm

L&DDD staff apply
tags with record

L&DDD staff return
record to SCIP

Farmers detail
...
Registration to Traceability
•

Registration:
•
•
•
•
•

•

Identification:
•
•
•

•

Unique Identification
Province, Dist...
Animal Identification and Traceability

Government
Controlled
SCIP &
L&DDD

DATA BASE

Data collection

Traceability
At pr...
Nut Shell

Thanks
One World One Health
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Animal identification and traceability in pakistan

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Animal identification and product traceability from the farm to the fork must be progressively implemented worldwide Source: www.oie.int, Reproduced by Dr. Muhammad Rasheed, muhammadrasheed2352@gmail.com

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Animal identification and traceability in pakistan

  1. 1. Animal Identification and Traceability
  2. 2. A BIT ABOUT ME • My whole life is working with L&DD (1974-2013): – – – – Veterinary Officer, LPO PDS Expert, Trainer, Facilitator, Resource Person National Consultant, Livestock Professional. Deputy Director, TLMMSA • What I’ve achieved: – – – – Confidence, Experience, Recognition Disease Surveillance and Reporting System Rinderpest Accreditation for Pakistan Passion and commitment . – Identification for me, paying back to department Dr. Muhammad Rasheed, 0333-6901401 muhammadrasheed2352@gmail.com
  3. 3. My Thoughts • Sectors (Livestock and Veterinary Public Health) • Policy Shift “ From Curative to Preventive • Institutionalization of services • • • • • Disease Surveillance, Diagnosis, Reporting and Control Disease Free Zones / compartments ISO Certification Veterinary Public Health Milk and Meat Safety Agency • National Animal Herd Identification Database (NAHID) • Punjab Animal Registration and Identification System (PARIS) • National Animal, Agriculture and Plant Health Regulatory Authority • Punjab Animal Health Regulatory Authority (PAHRA) • Guidelines from OIE
  4. 4. Livestock Sector - Milestones Pakistan’s Livestock 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Segment of rural economy Sector of economy Herd of Livestock In GDP Contribution In Agriculture Sector Contribution Livestock contribute 55.1 % of the Agriculture Sector in national economy. 45% Producer of Exports Products Milk Livetsock 11% (Livestock) Livestock accounts Agriculture for 11.5 percent of 55% the total GDP. Livestock Other 89%
  5. 5. Livestock Sector Punjab • L&DDD • Directorates • Field Formations • Institutes • Service Providers •Development Projects • Livestock Boards • Livestock Companies • Rural Programs • NGOs • Foundations • Dairy Processing Units • Meat Producers • Livestock Exporters • Products Exporters • Livestock Owners PLDDB PAMCO PDDC Others L&DDD as Umbrella Nestle Zenith Plan PRSP
  6. 6. L&DDD Punjab Mission of L&DD Punjab Vision 2020 ‘Support livestock development in a “To create enabling environment for policy & regulatory environment that raising livestock production and use enables farmers to realize the it as a vehicle for social security, dividends of livestock farming by poverty alleviation development and ultimately rural leading smartly deploying public investments towards domestic food security and in core public goods & inducing private creation of exportable surpluses”. capital / initiative in the sector for poverty alleviation, food security & generation of exportable surpluses’ Shift from Curative to Preventive 6
  7. 7. Challenges 1. Unclear policies and strategies 2. Political influences 3. Livestock trade obligations 4. Certification and accreditations 5. OIE listed Diseases 6. Transboundry Animal Diseases 7. Disease Surveillance and Reporting 8. Animal Registration and Identification System 9. Disease Free Zone / Compartments 10.ONE WORLD ONE HEALTH Certainly it needs a System
  8. 8. System to Move Forward Develop a national level database for animal identification and record keeping compatible with NADRA Register the farmers using their livestock herds information and include them in the national database Issue unique identity numbers like CNIC numbers and tag the animals with their identity through ear tags etc. This is off-course not an easy task Periodic records of animals can be updated in the database including sale, purchase, production, diseases, breeding information etc.
  9. 9. The Model From Farm to Fork Compliance Tag and register animals Issue unique IDs / Tag numbers Register farmers Develop Database Maintain periodic data of registered animals
  10. 10. From Farm to Fork 1. Animal identification and traceability are important management tools in animal health, food safety, effectiveness of policies and activities relating to disease prevention and control, animal production food safety, and certification of exports OIE World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) helps its Member Countries.  First addressed the issue of traceability in 1998 in Buenos Aires , Argentina In 2001 the OIE made Scientific and Technical Review to traceability. In 2005 an ad hoc Group of experts was established and,  in March 2006, the OIE established a first series of guidelines.  Adopted in May 2007 as official OIE standards.
  11. 11. Definitions • Registration is the action by which information on animals (such as identification, animal health, movement, certification, epidemiology, establishments) is collected, recorded, securely stored and made appropriately accessible and able to be utilised by the Competent Authority. • Animal identification means the combination of the identification and registration of an animal individually, with a unique identifier, or collectively by its epidemiological unit or group, with a unique group identifier. • Animal identification system means the inclusion and linking of components such as identification of establishments/owners, the person(s) responsible for the animal(s), movements and other records with animal identification. • Animal traceability means the ability to follow an animal or group of animals during all stages of its life.
  12. 12. Key elements • Desired outcomes • Desired outcomes, defined through consultation between the Veterinary Authority and stake holders in terms ofthe following: – Animal Health (e.g. disease surveillance and notification; detection and control of disease; vaccination programmes); – Public Health (e.g. surveillance and control of zoonotic diseases and food safety); – Management of Emergencies e.g. natural catastrophes or manmade events; – Trade (support for inspection and certification activities of Veterinary Services, as described under OIE obligations. – Aspects of Animal Husbandry such as animal performance, and genetic data.
  13. 13. Performance criteria • Traceability Performance criteria should be designed in consultation with other stake holder. • The performance criteria depend on the desired outcomes and scope of the programme. • They are usually described in quantitative terms according to the epidemiology of the disease. – Some countries consider it necessary to trace susceptible animals within 24–48 hours when dealing with highly contagious diseases such as FMD and avian influenza. – For food safety, animal tracing to support investigation of incidents may also be urgent. – For chronic animal diseases that are not zoonoses, it may be considered appropriate that animals can be traced over a longer period.
  14. 14. Designing Objectives General provisions • The programme should be designed in consultation with the stakeholders to facilitate the implementation of the animal identification system and animal traceability. • It should take into account the scope, performance criteria and desired outcomes as well as the results of any preliminary study. • All the specified documentation should be standardised as to format, content and context. • To protect and enhance the integrity of the system, procedures should be incorporated into the design of the programme; – to prevent, detect and correct errors – to prevent duplication of identification numbers and – to ensure plausibility of data.
  15. 15. Scope • Scope should also be defined through consultation between the Veterinary Authority and other stake holders. • The scope of animal identification systems is often based on the definition of a species and farming systems e.g. poultry in a defined compartment; cattle within a defined FMD free zone. • Different systems will be appropriate according to the production systems used in countries and the nature of their industries and trade.
  16. 16. Designing • Preliminary studies conduct preliminary studies, which should take into account: – animal populations, species, distribution, herd management, – farming and industry structures, production and location, – animal health, – public health, – trade issues, – aspects of animal husbandry, – zoning and compartmentalisation, – animal movement patterns (including transhumance), – information management and communication, Pilot projects of the preliminary study to test the AITS and to gather information for the design and the implementation. .
  17. 17. Designing Contd….. – – – – – – – – – – – availability of resources (human and financial), social and cultural aspects, stakeholder knowledge of the issues and expectations, gaps between current enabling legislation and what is needed long term, international experience, national experience, available technology options, existing identification system(s), expected benefits from the animal identification systems and animal traceability and to whom they accrue, issues pertaining to data ownership and access rights, reporting requirements. Economic analysis may consider costs, benefits, funding mechanisms and sustainability
  18. 18. Means of animal identification Physical animal or group identifier should consider elements such as the; – durability, human resources, species and age of the animals to be identified, required period of identification, cultural aspects, animal welfare, technology, compatibility and relevant standards, farming practices, production systems, animal population, climatic conditions, resistance to tampering, trade considerations, cost, and retention and readability of the identification method. • The Veterinary Authority should approve the materials and equipment chosen as per given standards and specifications. • The Veterinary Authority is also responsible for ensuring that identifiers are unique and are used in accordance with the requirements of the animal identification system.
  19. 19. Identification tools 1. External tools 2. Plastic tags 3. Ear tags 4. RFIDs Illustration of tags with bar codes Animal Identification and traceability system require: 1. A property or holdings register. 2. An agreed means of identification. 3. Register of identification codes and the initial operators/farmers to whom they were issued. 4. System of recording animal movements and transfer / disposal of animals
  20. 20. Movement When an animal is introduced into or leaves an establishment, these events constitute a movement. • Every establishments should be registered as part of the animal identification system. • The information registered should include the – date of the movement, the establishment from which the animal or group of animals was dispatched, the number of animals moved, the destination establishment, transit, means of transport and the identification of the vehicle/vessel.
  21. 21. Information system • According to the scope, performance criteria and desired outcomes. The system should provide for the collection, compilation, storage and retrieval of information on matters relevant to registration. The following considerations are important: • have the potential for linkage to traceability in the other parts of the food chain; • minimize duplication; • relevant components, including databases, should be compatible; • confidentiality of data; • appropriate safeguards to prevent the loss of data, including a system for backing up the data. • The Veterinary Authority should have access to this information system as appropriate to meet the scope, performance criteria and desired outcomes.
  22. 22. Legal framework • The Animal identification, animal traceability should be under the responsibility of the Veterinary Authority. • This legal framework should address: – desired outcomes and scope; – obligations of the Veterinary Authority and other parties; – organisational arrangements, including the choice of technologies and methods used for the animal identification system and animal traceability; – management of animal movement; – confidentiality of data; – data access / accessibility; – checking, verification, inspection and penalties; – where relevant, funding mechanisms; – where relevant, arrangements to support a pilot project. – Penalties
  23. 23. Procedures • Procedures for animal traceability including: identification and animal – – – – – the establishment of birth / age; when animals are introduced into an establishment; when an animal loses its identification or the identifier becomes unusable; arrangements and rules for the destruction and/or reuse of identifiers; – penalties for the tampering and/or removal of official animal identification devices. • Where group identification, documentation for specifying – the number of animals in the group, the species, the date of identification, the person legally responsible for the animals and/or establishment. – the group are physically identified with a unique group identifier.
  24. 24. Implementation Action plan • An action plan specifying the timetable and including the milestones and performance indicators, the human and financial resources, and checking, enforcement and verification arrangements. • The following activities should be addressed in the action plan: – The scope, performance criteria, desired outcomes, responsibilities, movement and registration requirements and sanctions need to be communicated to all parties. – It is desirable to implement training programmes to assist the Veterinary Services and other parties. – Technical support should be provided to address practical problems.
  25. 25. Checking and verification • Checking activities should start at the beginning of the implementation to detect, prevent and correct errors and to provide feedback on programme design. • Verification should begin after a preliminary period in order to determine compliance with the legal framework and operational requirements. • Auditing should be carried out to detect any problems with the animal identification system and animal traceability and to identify possible improvements. • Periodic review, taking into account the results of checking, verification and auditing activities.
  26. 26. Process Flow LDD staff visit farm L&DDD staff apply tags with record L&DDD staff return record to SCIP Farmers detail collected and communicated to SCIP SCIP send tag to L&DDD SCIP enter record in Database SCIP to move with order SCIP create tags and back to L&DD Tagged animal is part of NAHID
  27. 27. Registration to Traceability • Registration: • • • • • • Identification: • • • • Unique Identification Province, District, UC, Village, animal Compatible with NADRA Data Entry: • • • • • Animal Population Productive Livestock Livestock Owners Livestock as Livelihood Area Profile Animal Description Production data Services data Movement or disposal data Traceability: • • Producer to Processor linkages Processor to Consumer linkages Illustration of tags with bar codes
  28. 28. Animal Identification and Traceability Government Controlled SCIP & L&DDD DATA BASE Data collection Traceability At processor Qualified VOs & Staff Monitoring and validation by L&DDD
  29. 29. Nut Shell Thanks One World One Health

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