› a curved part of a coast that partly surrounds an area of water fiery adjective (RED) › bright red, like fire: a fiery sky/sunset RINGLET › a curled piece of long hair:Her hair hung about her shoulders in ringlets. Quench its speed: stop the boat on the shore….
Biography of the poet: the theme that the poet sketches here somewhat resembles his love with Elizabeth Barrett Browning. To remember, Browning had married Elizabeth secretly after their courtship and they had to keep it secret from her oppressive father. So perhaps the autobiographical tendency is exploring the theme of the poem. meeting at Night, published in 1845, is among the most celebrated English love poems but it also holds a unique place among Browning’s lyrics. In the first place, it is one of his shortest works, comprising just twelve lines. Meeting at Night also bears the imprint of the relationship Browning was involved in at the time he wrote and published the poem. In January 1845 he had started a correspondence with Elizabeth Barrett who had the previous year achieved great popularity with her collection of poems. Elizabeth Barrett was at the time living in virtual imprisonment, confined to her room both by her infirm health and by a jealous and despotic father who controlled every single movement of his three daughters and placed strict limits on their social contacts. After a number of clandestine meetings, Browning followed the example of his idol, the English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley and abducted his beloved from her home. The two got married and escaped to Italy, where they lived until Elizabeth’s death in 1861. Meeting at Night and its companion poem, Parting at Morning, were first published in December 1845 in Dramatic Romances and Lyrics.
. Consonance: It is a half rhyme in which final consonants are repeated but with different preceding vowels. . Assonance: It is the effect created when two syllables in words that are closed together have the same vowel sound but different consonants or the same consonants but different vowels. . Onomatopoeia: It is the effect produced when the words used contain the similar sounds to the noises they describe: "murmuring of innumerable bees".
Rhyme elements: It consist patterns of rhymes. The stressed pattern, the rhyming scheme, which is followed in the poetry.
Alliteration: It is the use of same letters or sounds at the beginning of words that are close together. It was used systematically in Old English poetry but in Modern English poetry is generally used for a particular effect.
refrain.: a short part of a song or poem that is repeated, especially between the verses (= the separate parts)
http://www.freewebs.com/wsu97rx/yellowmoon.htm (This yellow moon shot, was taken with out the white balance on my camera turned on. This was the naked eye color, as it passed through the last of the pollution on the horizon just prior to setting this morning that it was taken. No filter was used in the taking of this shot. Had the white balance been turned on the moon would have shown up as its normal gray color, however I wanted to preserve the magnificance of its color so I took the picture in its naked eye state.)
Stylistic analysis of Robert browning's poem "Meeting at night"
1. The gray sea and the long black land;
2. And the yellow half-moon large and raw;
3. And the startled little waves that leap
4. In fiery ringlets from their sleep,
5. As I gain the cove with pushing prow,
6. And quench its speed i’ the slushy sand.
7. Then a mile of warm sea-scented beach;
8. Three fields to cross till a farm appears;
9. A tap at the pane, the quick sharp scratch
10. And blue spurt of a lighted match,
11. And a voice less loud, thro’ its joys and fears,
12. Than the two hearts beating each to each!
This poem is written by Robert Browning. It is
a poem of love that describes clearly the
man’s journey to his beloved who lives on a
secluded farm across the bay. The lover is
restless and passionate. The woman is
somehow nervous and afraid while waiting for
the man she loves. But, upon hearing the
man’s tap on the window pane, she is very
happy and relieved to see him, which only
shows how deep their love and missing is.
Levels of Stylistic Analysis
The following are the levels of stylistic
analysis that are used to analyze the text.
The rhyme scheme is, in the first stanza
– is abccba,
and in the second – dedded
End rhymes as :
Land, sand in line 1, 6 (a)
Row, prow in line 2,5 (b)
Leap, sleep in line 3,4 (c)
Beach, each ,scratch, match in line
Appears, fears in line 8,11 (e)
This rhyme scheme creates an interesting rhythmic
flow that seems to sway the reader back and forth,
much like the rhythm of the waves mentioned in
the beginning of the poem.
Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds
or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning
of words or in stressed syllables of a phrase.
long-land in line 1
the that in line 3
fiery-from in line 4
pushing-prow in line 5
speed-slushy-sand in line 6
sea-scented in line 7
to-till and field-farm in line 8
less-loud in line 11
than-the and two-to in line 12
There is repeated alliteration of letter “l” in ‘long’
‘black’ ‘large; ‘low’ ‘little’ and ‘leap;. The letter ‘l’ is a
lateral consonant. It is also called a liquid consonant
because it is a very slippery sound.
The repetition of ‘s’ sound in ‘speed’ ‘slushy’ and
‘sand’. It is use to emphasis the idea of the sea and
the sound of the waves and foam.
And repeats 5 times in the starting line of the poem.
Line 2, 3, 6, 10, 11
(this shows that the man is making long time effort to
meet his love.
However, the effort is worthy since the man loves
the woman and expects fiercely to see her, no
matter it’s at night or at day. The refrain occurs
at the close of a stanza, where it helps to
establish meter, influence the mood of love, and
With the usage of end rhyme, alliteration and
repetition, the poem creates aesthetic pleasure
and shows the feeling of the couple.
Tone: The tone of this poem is passionate,
because of language used. the waves represent
the lover, who is described as being “fiery” which
brings idea of passionate into the mind of the
reader. When the lovers are encountered a “blue
spurt of a lighting match” the lightening of the
match is used to symbolize the lighting of the
• Graphical features
There is division of stanzas.
There is usual capitalization.
There is a use of punctuation in this poem.
For example: comma, semi colon and
apostrophe is used in this poem.
The description of the scene on the sea and
about the meeting is vivid and attracting.
Through the different angles of vision we can
just feel like being in the situation, and
appreciating the charm of meeting at night.
The poem is relatively brief; consist of simple
specific concrete words, mainly adjectives and
nouns, just like a gentle narration between
lovers or dramatic monologue.
There are 4 adjectives about color as
Gray, black in line 1
Yellow in line 2
Blue in line 1
Use to make the scene at night vivid . The
beautiful scene symbolizes the wonderful
mood of the couple.
•sea, land, moon, waves, sleep, sand,
field, farm, match, mile, beach, joy, fear
•Startled, gain, quench, appears, scratch,
The poem is full of vivid, colorful imagery; in the
1st 2 lines, there are three different colors( grey,
black, yellow). Later, there are references that
clearly suggest other colors(“fiery” and “warm”)
come to mind. The presence of colors
emphasizes that things are being viewed through
the mind of a unique person.
• Line 1: The sea is “grey” and the land is “black”.
The land could be really black, but it seems more
likely that it appears black because it’s night
time. It’s a way of suggesting the time of day
without directly telling us.
Line 2: “”yellow half-moon”.
The moon does on some occasions, realy
appear to be yellow.
Line 4: the “fiery ringlets” make us imagin
various shades of red, yellow and orange.
Line 7: The “warm sea-scented beach”
probably makes us think of colors like red,
rose, and others, especially considering
previous words in the poem like “fiery” and
Line 10: “blue spurt of a lighted match”
Sometimes matches appear blue at the
moment they’re struck.
All sentences in the poem are statement
just like dramatic monologue, what the
author is very famous with. Many short
sentences are linked into long sentences
with devices of coordination with the usage
of and .
Line 2, 3, 6, 10, 11
There are totally 5 lines beginning with
and. Coordination gives clauses equal
syntactic status , and establish peaceful
mood. It seems that that man has met the
woman at night many times.
In 1st stanza, the author uses startled and fiery
instead of surprising and hot.
The personification gives human form or feelings
to the waves and ringlets, inanimate objects to
show that the man’s feeling is startled and fiery.
In 2nd stanza, tap, scratch and spurt are gentler,
lovelier and shorter in time than knock, scrap
and spring. These words can clearly describe the
feeling of the couple. The man arrives at just
outside of the house, and taps the glass with the
love in his heart. When he is waiting for the
appearance of the woman, he is very nervous and
upset. The woman is also nervous and upset.
After hearing the tap, she lights a match to lights
the place and feels happy and fears to meat her