Nature and Purpose
A development lesson is followed by a drill lesson
instead of a review.
The drill is for automatization of certain facts, habits
It aims to fix associations for permanency or to
It is needed for mastery and all subjects need a little
amount of drill.
Necessary for the mastery of the multiplication table
and correct usage, correct spelling, and correct
grammar and for remembering important historical
For training and motor skills such as handwriting,
typewriting and shorthand, and shopwork.
The mechanics of reading, pronunciation of foreign
word, and the habitation of certain acts must be
The term drill refers to activities that involve
The term practice refers to activities involving
acquisition of skills and skill application
1. Motivation- drill must be motivated in order to
arouse pupils maximum and sustained effort.
Interest may be sustained throughout the lesson if
the pupils are made aware of the outcomes to be
achieved, the standards to be attained, and the
progress they are making.
2. Focalization- drill requires concentration and so
children’s attention should be focused on the specific
facts, habits, or skills. If a model is furnished, this
should be worthy of imitation.
3. Repetition with attention- the use of games is
a very effective in getting repetition with enjoyment
and in sustaining interest. Teaching aids and devices
can also make repetition not too monotonous.
Intrinsic device are better than extrinsic ones. A
good device is one that is simple, intrinsic, concrete,
and based on psychological principles.
4. Application- to show that he has profited from
the drill, the pupil must be able to apply what he has
learned. The drill should be conducted in the way
knowledge is to be used.
Principles of Drill Work
1. Utilization of the principles of learning- the
pupils should be ready for the drill. They will not
ready to memorize something they have not
previously learned. Exercise or practice is necessary
to learning, but it must be correct practice.
2. Way of conducting the drill- the teacher
should conduct the drill in systemic way- fast,
precise, uninterrupted by discussion. The teacher
should be dynamic, alert, enthusiastic, perhaps with
an air of patience to hurry the sluggards along. There
should be no set of order of calling fro responses.
3. Standards- attainable standards that can guide
pupils in their performance should be set up. The
factors of accuracy, speed, quality and quantity
should be considered in setting up standards.
4. Individualization- for the teacher to drill the
class on the same things is wasteful and
uneconomical. A good way would be to divide the
class into groups according to their weaknesses or
Outcomes of Drill
Drill results in establishing habits, skills and rote
associations. Habits are automatic responses. The
teacher aims not just at forming a habit but at
developing the habit into skill. for example, one may
learn to typewrite and to use the proper key. This is a
habit. To typewrite fast and without looking at the
keyboard is a skill. Rote association means
remembering words or ideas in a definite order, such
as reciting a poem or singing a song.
Charlene Marie Besas
Rizza Jackie Lou Bisnan