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China Three Gorges University,Hubei,China

APPLICATION OF RKDHAUGODA’S KEY LAW OF DIALECTICS- IN QUANTUM PHYSICS

This Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics is an advance form of previous Marx-Leninian- dialectics. It is formulated as a single sentence by grand unification as well as simplification of the scattered previous various dialectical categories, principles, laws and statements.

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- 1. Rkdhaugoda’s Dialectical model of theory of every thing 2014-Dr. Rajkumar Dhaugoda, Nepal Assistance professor China Three Gorges University,Hubei,China APPLICATION OF RKDHAUGODA’S KEY LAW OF DIALECTICS- IN QUANTUM PHYSICS BY--DR.RKDHAUGODA Dialectician
- 2. Rkdhaugoda’s key law of dialectics And its uses in various branches of science including medical science Feynman’s diagram A book –by- dr. Rkdhaugoda ISBN- 978-9937-2-4297-4 Rkdhaugoda’s key law of dialectics and its uses in science
- 3. “Doubt every thing ,find your OWN light- Last word of Buddha” BUDHHA WAS BURN IN NEPAL DR. RK DHAUGODA- FROM NEPAL WAY OF LOOKING
- 4. What is dialectics? • “Dialectics is the philosophy, science and methodology of interrelation and transformation of outer and inner sets of contradictions of any given particle, unite, process, phenomena, system or object” -Dr.Rkdhaugoda
- 5. RK Dhaugoda’s Key law of dialectics • “ In any event, system,objects,process,thought or unit contains an external set of opposite phenomena which are also connected relatively by means dynamic reciprocal association with other inner essence one or more sets of opposite phenomena again”. • (It is a new law explored by Dr. R.K.Dhaugoda in the field of dialectics, called RK Dhaugoda’s key law of dialectics) • Here, A and B are outer opposite sets-contained in every system or events or object or process. • X and Y are another internal opposite sets’ reciprocally associated with the outer opposite sets dynamically again
- 6. RK Dhaugoda’s Key law of dialectics • Here, A and B are outer opposite sets-contained in every system or events or object or process. • X and Y are another internal opposite sets’ reciprocally associated with the outer opposite sets dynamically again
- 7. RK Dhaugoda’s Key law of dialectics • Here, A and B opposite ‘ that means A α1/B . • A α X ; A α 1 /Y • Like wise, B α Y and B α 1/ X . • A and B is opposites ,but they can transform into each other; by means changing the ratio/sequence/direction/ quantity/motion X and Y internal opposites into backward or forward.
- 8. Application of RK Dhaugoda’s key law of dialectics • it is the process of finding out of inner opposites like the quantitative and qualitative favorable and unfavorable factor /condition of any external opposite of any given events. You can say it dialectical method/ science. Less( productive mind ,enterprise, laborious earning with investment) poor rich favorable (productive mind ,enterprise, laborious earning with investment) ( productive mind of owner of Facebook and Microsoft) poor and rich are outer opposites. they are related in the process of transforming into each other, the other set of inner opposite factors/ processes are played role essentially. like less productive mind /enterprise/laborious earning with investment and favorable productive mind /enterprise/laborious earning with investment . this is an example of application of Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics(Any event, system,objects,process,thought or unit contains an external set of opposite phenomena which are also connected relatively by means dynamic reciprocal association with other inner essence one or more sets of opposite phenomena again).a poor person can transform into rich person and vice versa. multiply the earning and safe investment. Divide/decrease the expense and loan soon.
- 9. Features of Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics I. This Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics is an advance form of previous Marx- Leninian- dialectics. It is formulated as a single sentence by grand unification as well as simplification of the scattered previous various dialectical categories, principles, laws and statements. II. It is formulated as supper summery of advanced dialectics. “opposite phenomena within opposite phenomena, systems, which are interdepended each other as four dimensional certain reciprocal associations dynamically and primarily. III. This Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics is simple to understand even by lay man. It helps to understand any event , object ,system phenomena in dialectical and scientific way. IV. This Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics is an important advanced dialectical philosophy, which can be used as universal scientific methodology to understand and study / research of various branches of science including Quantum physics and medical science.
- 10. Features of Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics I. This Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics criticizes all the idealistic ,autocratic and extremist thought and practices. And it supports always healthy multiparty competition to establish democratic and developed society. it also helps to the oppressed people and labors/ peasants to transform into owner of big enterprises and factories with equipped more skill, knowledge and concepts. II. It simply generalizes the grand use of dialectical formulas/laws of knowledge /methods to understand simply the general and special events and phenomena in unified simple ways by the scholar as well as ordinary people. III. It simply guides the scholar people who involved in various researches continuously , and helps in drawing scientific hypothesis ,theory , laws , estimation in more broad and simple ways. IV. It helps to establish an essential fact that the dialectical philosophy and science are not separable , and helps to conceptualize they are as sides of a coin in our practical life. V. It essentially criticizes precisely of the dictatorship of the Church /unscientific religious faith and racism,terrirism,imperialism over men's minds .
- 11. Dialectical categories Space and time • According to Newton ,time is defined as constant or absolute phenomena –it is suitable for non-reletivistic objects only. But Einstein described time as relative / variable to realtivistic velocity and gravity , in his theory of special relativity. Einstein described space and time is not separable , they function mutually , forming 3 spatial + 1 temporal dimension= as 4 D. • Spacetimes are the arenas in which all physical events take place— an event is a point in spacetime specified by its time and place. For example, the motion of planets around the sun may be described in a particular type of spacetime. • In general relativity, it is assumed that spacetime is curved by the presence of matter (energy), this curvature being represented by the Riemann tensor. • we should think spacetime as another form of matter ( static electromagnetic wave )
- 12. Experiment to confirm – Einstein's general theory of relativity NASA's Gravity Probe B Confirms Two Einstein Space-Time Theories • NASA's Gravity Probe B (GP-B) mission has confirmed two key predictions derived from Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, which the spacecraft was designed to test. The experiment, launched in 2004, used four ultra- precise gyroscopes to measure the hypothesized geodetic effect, the warping of space and time around a gravitational body, and frame-dragging, the amount a spinning object pulls space and time with it as it rotates. GP-B determined both effects with unprecedented precision by pointing at a single star, IM Pegasi, while in a polar orbit around Earth.
- 13. The concept of space and time. • The knowledge of conception of time and space is very important in any research ,as time and space are the inseperable categories of any matter and they are related each other and to others phenomenas essentially and internally. • All material bodies have a certain extension: length, breadth, height. They are variously placed in relation to each other and constitute parts of one or another system. • Space is a form of coordination of coexisting objects and states of matter. It consists in the fact that objects are extraposed to one another (alongside, beside, beneath, above, within, behind, in front, etc.) and have certain quantitative relationships. The order of coexistence of these objects and their states forms the structure of space. • Material phenomena are characterised by their duration, the sequence of the stages of their motion, their development. Processes may take place either simultaneously, or precede or succeed one another. Such, for example, is the interrelation between day and night. • • The dimension of time can be measured only with the help of certain standards (in seconds. minutes, hours, days, years, centuries, etc.), that is to say, motions that are accepted as being even. The perception of time also allows us to assess the sequence and duration of events. Depending on our subjective sensations such as merriment or grief, pleasure or boredom, time seems either short or long. Time is a form of coordination of objects and states of matter in their succession. It consists in the fact that every state is a consecutive link in a process and has certain quantitative relations with other states. The order of succession of these objects and states forms the structure of time. • Space and time are universal forms of the existence of matter, the coordination of objects. The universality of these forms lies in the fact that they are forms of existence of all the objects and processes that have ever existed or will exist in the infinite universe. Not only the events of the external world, but also all feelings and thoughts take place in space and time. In the material world everything has extension and duration. Space and time have their peculiarities. Space has three dimensions: length, breadth and height, but time has only one—from the past through the present to the future. It is inevitable, unrepeatable and irreversible.
- 14. The concept of space and time • Correct understanding of the essence of space and time is closely connected with the scientific picture of the world. Everything is differentiated, broken down into relatively stable extraposed material formations. The processes that occur in them and condition their conservation (reproduction) and at the same time their transformation, are also differentiated: they constitute the consecutive change of the states of an object. • Dialectics proceeds from acknowledgement of the unity of motion, space, time and matter, which is expressed in the principle that various forms of the structural organisation of matter and the levels of this organisation are characterised by their specific motion, space and time. • To sum up, everything in the world is spatial and temporal. • Space and time are conditioned by matter, as a form is conditioned by its content, and every level of the motion of matter possesses its space-time structure. Thus living cells and organisms, in which geometry becomes more complex and the rhythm of time changes, possess special space-time properties. This is biological time. • There is also historical time, whose unit may be the replacement of one generation by another, which corresponds to a century. Depending on our practical needs, historical time is counted in centuries and millennia. The reference point may be certain cultural-historical events or even legends.
- 15. The concept of space and time • In our everyday lives, our dealings with everything around us, we encounter finite objects, processes. The finite means something that has an end, that is limited in space. In everyday practice we may mean by infinity anything very big or very small, depending on the circumstances. For example, one billion raised to the power of one hundred is in practice an infinite quantity. Our experience is too limited for us to be able to define infinity. Scientists like to joke that they begin to understand infinity only when they think of human folly. • According to dialectical thought, all objects and processes in the world are finite. But the totality of finite things and processes is infinite. The universe had no beginning, has no end and is inexhaustible. Beyond the most distant stellar systems that modern science and technology have permitted us to observe there are still other gigantic celestial bodies. And so on ad infinitum. There are no limits beyond which there might be something that cannot be embraced by the concept of objective reality and there is nothing above it or outside it. Objective reality is in everything. It is everything. • The concept of limit has meaning only when applied to the finite. Neither our distance- bound imagination nor the spacemen of the future can ever encounter some supernatural obstacle such as non-existence. They will never run into something that differs from matter • The concept of beginning is meaningful when applied not to the universe as a whole but only to separate, specific things and processes, that is to say, to the finite. We can set no limits to the universe as a whole. It categorically forbids us to do so. It is ageless. It is infinitely old and eternally young. Someone once wittily remarked that he could not imagine the universe having lived its life and sadly vegetating for the rest of eternity.
- 16. Relation of particle and wave in relation to static and dynamic spacetime Static spacetime(gravity) (dense-spacetime) Matter (particle) wave (energy) Dynamic spacetime ( lose spacetime-gravity less) -particle forms from –static spacetime and have gravity-particle is a form of standing wave. -wave ( energy ) forms from dynamic spacetime, so wave dose not have self gravity. -all the thing of universe is composed of basically wave, which may be standing or dynamic . -basic composition of EM- wave is electron and positron at relative velocity of speed of light.
- 17. The concept of space and time- continuum • Spacetime is found in outside the matter( free form –like our surrounding space, creating outer gravity and mass of matter ) as well as inside the matter( as closed vacuum creating mass and gravity for atomic particles) • When specific amount of spacetime is enclosed by energy full waves at low velocity transforms in to particle( 2 gamma rays ( photons) can transform into 1 electron and 1 positron , vice versa) • ( Feynman diagram )
- 18. Structure and composition of spacetime • Spacetime, which consists of three dimensions of space and one time dimension. • In an attempt to better understand spacetime, mathematical physicist Achim Kempf of the University of Waterloo has proposed a new possible structure of spacetime on the Planck scale. He suggests that spacetime could be both discrete and continuous at the same time, conceivably satisfying general relativity and quantum field theories simultaneously. Kempf’s proposal is inspired by information theory, since information can also be simultaneously discrete and continuous. Read more at: http://phys.org/news180203376.html#jCp • So the basic structure of spacetime in- Planck level may be – the union of plank force, Planck motion, Planck space, time, forming as building blocks of matter- static form of electromagnetic wave or Planck mass, gravity. • The functional composition of spacetime is basically electron and positron in a static wave form of electromagnetic field which simultaneously works as Planck gravity too. -- + -- + + +
- 19. SPACETIME AND GRAVITY • We can create gravity and antigravity field by using diamagnetism, so that gravity is nothing that it is a spacetime curvature, as weak electromagnetic field producing by mass 0f particle or object • This is the core of Einstein's theory of general relativity, which is often summed up in words as follows: "matter tells spacetime how to curve, and curved spacetime tells matter how to move“ • Spacetime is universal( outside and inside of a particle)- which is the seed of matter Closed spacetime to form at lower energy level. Likewise at high energy level –particle itself changes into open space time ,forming another form of matter ,electromagnetic radian, beta decay/photon. • In general relativity, spacetime is assumed to be smooth and continuous—and not just in the mathematical sense. In the theory of quantum mechanics, there is an inherent discreteness present in physics. In attempting to reconcile these two theories, it is sometimes postulated that spacetime should be quantized at the very smallest scales. Current theory is focused on the nature of spacetime at the Planck scale. Causal sets, loop quantum gravity, string theory, and black hole thermodynamics all predict a quantized spacetime with agreement on the order of magnitude. Loop quantum gravity makes precise predictions about the geometry of spacetime at the Planck scale
- 20. Universe is composed of basic components of space and time as unified; and these two forms matter and energy (wave) – all are related /transform into each other in relation to their rate of motion. Low velocity of spacetime (closed) Matter/particle wave (energy) • relative velocity of spacetime( open )
- 21. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- 1. The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction (Contradictions inherent in Nature) 2. Nature Connected and Determined:- 3. Nature is a state of motion and change: - 4. Natural Quantitative change leads to qualitative change. 5. The repetition at a higher stage of certain features, properties, from lower to higher with the apparent (to the old (negation of the negation).
- 22. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction -1 • Contrary to metaphysics, dialectics asserts that internal contradictions are inherent in all things and phenomena of nature, for they all have, their negative and positive sides, a past and future something’s dying away and something developing; and that the struggle between these opposites. The struggle between old and the new, between that which is dying away and that which is being born, between disappearing and developing, constitutes the internal content of the process of development, The internal content of the transformation of quantitative changes into qualitative changes. “Thus actually dialectics is the study of the contradiction within the very essence of things: “And development is the struggle of apposite” Hence, this dialectics is very important in our every day life, E.g. to study health and disease; in human beings. Health and disease are opposite things, in same human beings. Like wise in our body every system and every event has opposite system or counter parts viz; sympathetic/ parasympathetic, cell division / apoptosis, pro inflammatory molecule / anti-inflammatory molecule, damage / healing process, positive / negative feed back control system; inhibitory / excitatory neuro receptor (GABA/NMDA receptors), etc.
- 23. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction -2 • According to dialectics- all things, processes, laws , units, systems of world are made up of opposite factors/ sides, and these opposites are presented inherently/ compulsorily as unified form. these opposites are presented in the form of unity, contradiction, transformation or in motion to form new things . • In brief ,dialectics can be defined as the doctrine of unity of opposites. this embodies essence of dialectics. This concept is an important content of dialectics.
- 24. The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction-3 • Every thing/ process/ law/ event of this universe and its contents are made up of opposites. These opposites can transform into each other, can mix in various ratio to form new another opposites/ variations ,that helps to form tremendous new events and objects / complexes. • Thus any object / event/ process becomes itself another form due to changes –in its time, space, momentum, its ratio of composition and sequences- forming another new things with new qualities. this is the main property of dialectics , that is any thing transforms into anther form itself with change of time ,space, quantity, sequence and velocity. It shows there is always room for change and development of any object/event/process/thought/unit/system. • The contradictions/ opposites may be symmetric or asymmetric, agonistic or antagonistic, outer or inner, specific or generalized. For example opposites of magnetic pole are symmetric .health and disease are outer contradictions, which is related with the opposite inner ratio of intracellular stress factor and intracellular ani-stress factors is in asymmetric 1:4
- 25. The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction-4 • For getting of scientific knowledge, it is essential to have knowledge of the concept of unity of opposites and contradiction. this is the fundamental law of theorizing of Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics as master law of universe as prerequisite law for theory of very thing in physics to unify quantum mechanics and theory of general relativity • In short- the universe and its contains are dialectical in nature, and behaves as the laws of dialectics ,as Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics fundamentally. • Contradictions may be inner /outer, symmetric/ asymmetric, discrete/ continuous, ,agonist /antagonist, particular/general forms. • Mao sums up all the points that were made in his essay “on contradiction”. The law of contradictions is a fundamental basis for dialectical materialistic thought. Contradiction is present in all things and allows all objects to exist. Contradiction depends on other contradictions to exist and can transform itself into another contradiction. Contradictions are separated by superiority and can sometimes have antagonistic relationships with one another. Each contradiction is particular to certain objects and gives objects identity. Understanding all of Mao’s points will give one an understanding of this dense topic of Marxist thought.
- 26. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction and theory of every thing • The Rkdhaugoda's key law dialectics asserts that-all objects/things/ laws/processes/events are connected each other, they transforms into each other, they can act as their opposites by transforming itself into other opposites things bilateral ways-can form manifold events / objects/process – as development of present universe. • the opposites of elemental particle or forces- takes place continuously transformation, mutation, development into manifold things and processes by the process of differentiation of quantity , change of motion, change of sequence, change of direction of the contradictory sides of events/ elemental particles. • This exposes to predict that the theory of every thing to explain all the phenomena of the universe scientifically.
- 27. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction and theory of every thing • A theory of everything (TOE) is a putative theory of theoretical physics that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena, and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle. The theory of everything is also called the final theory. Many candidate theories of everything have been proposed by theoretical physicists during the twentieth century, but none have been confirmed experimentally. • TOE mainly refers to the desire to reconcile the two main successful physical frameworks, general relativity which describes gravity and the large-scale structure of spacetime and quantum field theory, particularly as implemented in the Standard Model, which describes the small-scale structure of matter while incorporating the other three non-gravitational forces, the weak, strong and electromagnetic interactions. • The primary problem in producing a TOE is that general relativity and quantum mechanics are hard to unify. This is one of the unsolved problems in physics. Current candidates for a theory of everything include string theory, M theory and loop quantum gravity. • Einstein assumed that matter was spherically spatially extended, thus matter and space where one and the same thing, he writes; When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one-sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter - (Albert Einstein)
- 28. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction and theory of every thing • simplicity is the best way of dialectical approach • “Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.” – Einstein • Fundamental forms of mater according to dialectical materialism and present science.1.solid 2, liquid 3.Gas 4. plasma- ionized gas 5. electromagnetic wave (energy) –( spacetime and gravitation ,wave form photons / gamma rays) • Present knowledge of physics can not give the answers the question of about the composition of electron and positron, as well as explanation of charges as they behaved -1 and + 1 • For its better answer , we have think/ find out the existence of very primitive essential particle as Super string having in a state of oscillation in opposite ends with opposite direction ( an end oscillating in clockwise direction casing -1 charge and another end oscillating in anti-clockwise direction casing +1 charge . A wave formed superstring in lower energy/ temperature state –can transform into a positive charged supermicroton ( x+) and a negative charged supermicroton ( y- ). • these positive charged supermicroton ( x+) and a negative charged supermicroton ( y- ) are very unstable and unites to form relatively low unstable neutral charged microton ( x+ ,Y-)
- 29. A wave formed superstring in lower energy/ temperature state – can transform into a positive charged supermicroton ( x+) and a negative charged supermicroton ( y- ). • a positive charged supermicroton ( x+) and a negative charged supermicroton ( y-) are outer opposites • Vibrating super string anti clockwise spin and Vibrating super string clockwise spin are inner opposites Vibrating super string anti clockwise spin = x+ (+ - ) x+ y -Y Vibrating super string clockwise spin = y- ( - +)
- 30. Positron +1 charge(x+x+y-) and Electron -1 charge (x+y-y-) are outer opposites. Specific quantity and sequence of Positively charged super microton (x+) and Specific quantity and sequence of negatively charged super microton (y-) are inner opposite. X+ and y- can unite to form ( X+,y-) -neutral -0 charged microton. From these 3 microtons can form 1 electron((x+y-y-) and 1 positron (x+x+y-) Specific quantity and sequence of Positively charged super microton (x+) Positron (+1 charge) Electron (-1 charge) (x+x+y-) (x+y-y-) Specific quantity and sequence of negatively charged super microton (y-) APLICATION OF RKDHAUGODA’S KEY LAW OF DIALECTICS TO EXPLAIN COMPOSION AND CHARGE OF ELECTRON AND POSITRON.
- 31. proved Facts from quantum physic of standard model • 1. electron= -1 charge, Mass= 0.511 MeV ,spin=1/2 ,as elementary particle. • 2. positron= +1 charge, Mass= 0.511 MeV ,spin=1/2 ,as elementary particle. • 3.Nutrino= 0 charge , small but non zero mass, spin=1/2, as elementary particle with weak interaction and gravitation. • 4.photon= 0 charge, 0 mass, spin=1, bosonic elementary particle with electromagnetic interaction. • 5 .gluon= 0 charge, 0 mass, spin=1, bosonic elementary particle with strong nuclear interaction • Quark 6 types, important one are up and down type. Up quark has +2/3 charge, but down quark has -1/3 charge. A proton, composed of two up quarks and onedown quark.all quark has ½ spin ,and interact to all 4-forces.
- 32. proved Facts from quantum physic of standard model • Proton= composition= 2 up quark and 1 down quark, charge- +1,mass=938.272046(21) MeV/c2, spin=1/2, interaction = gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak • Neutron composition= 1 up quark and 2 down quark , charge= 0,mass=939.565378(21) MeV/c2[3] , spin=1/2, interaction = gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak. • Proton neutron
- 33. according to Standard model • Higgs boson ? A boson particle which gives mass to all remaining elementary particles. There is still no satisfactory explanation of how does higgs boson gain its own mass? and has not explained gravity with higgs boson yet. It has not discovered higgs field and its composition yet. Higgs boson does not explain about the mass of dark matter, black hole, proton, and neutron.
- 34. explanation of mass, gravity ( quantum and macro ),changes of particle and their interaction- four basic natural forces like • these positive charged supermicroton ( x+) and a negative charged supermicroton ( y- ) are very unstable and unites to form neutral charged microton ( x+ ,Y-). Mass formation is due to transformation of open volume super string wave into closed volume positive and negative charged super microton ( x+) , ( y- ) particles. • Three neutral charged microton= 3 ( x+ ,Y-)= can transform into Positron +1 charge(x+x+y-) and Electron -1 charge (x+y-y-) and 1 photon with 0 charge (x+x+y- , x+y-y-) as wave form forming electromagnetic field –as functional spacetime= mimics gravity. • Four neutral charged microton= 4 ( x+ ,Y-)= can transform into 2 neutrino with 0 charge ( x+ ,Y- , x+ ,Y-) • A neutral charged microton= ( x+ ,Y-) can act as weak force at lower energy state as wave form .it can mimic as primitive spacetime=quantum gravity • A neutral charged microton= ( x+ ,Y-)= can act as a 0 charged gluon with high energy state forming as wave form, then acts as strong nuclear force.
- 35. Association of various laws of dialectics and. Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics- The Unity of Opposite and Contradiction and theory of every thing • It is already assumed that 3 3 ( x+ ,Y-)= can transform into Positron +1 charge(x+x+y-) and Electron -1 charge (x+y-y-) and 1 photon with 0 charge (x+x+y- , x+y-y-) . • Likewise Positron +1 charge(x+x+y-) and Electron -1 charge (x+y-y-) can transform into 1 photon with 0 charge (x+x+y- , x+y-y-)- this photon again can transform into quark (x+,Y-), anti-quark(-y,+x) and gluon as wave ( x+/y-). • 2 positrons (+2 charge)=(x+x+y-) + (x+x+y-) can transform into mutual 3 up quarks forming + 2/3 charge of each quark. • 1 quark and -1 charged one electron can form one down quark with -1/3 charge ( +2/3 -1 = -1/3 )
- 36. origin and charges of up quark and down quark- according to Rkdhaugoda's dialectical model of theory of every thing + = = 1 positron + 1positron = 3 up quarks with total charge of + 2 • u-quark u-quark+ electron=d-quark or 1 D quack = -1+2/3 = - 1/3 charge x+x+y- x+x+y- 1+1/3-2/3 1+1/3-2/3 1+1/3-2/3
- 37. proved Facts from quantum physic of standard model and origin and charges of proton and neutron from up quark and down quark- according to Rkdhaugoda's dialectical model of theory of every thing • Proton= composition= 2 up quark and 1 down quark, charge- +1,mass=938.272046(21) MeV/c2, spin=1/2, interaction = gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak • Neutron composition= 1 up quark and 2 down quark , charge= 0,mass=939.565378(21) MeV/c2[3] , spin=1/2, interaction = gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak. • Proton =2 u-quark +1 d quark( 1 u-quark+ 1 electron)+ 3 gluon with 0 charge=+ 1 charge • Neutron= 1 u-quark +2 d-quark ( 2 u-quark + 2 electron) + 3 gluon with 0 charge =0 charge
- 38. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING • “Background of theory of every thing” • The concept of fundamental physical law that applied to everything and every process of universe and its contents are existed as basic philosophical thought since ancient society to modern advance scientific society ,like from idealism as god made all rule for everything as readymade till date it is existed in various idealistic and metaphysical philosophical form( like the god particle- higgs boson of standard model) , and another relative advanced branch is scientific dialectical materialism as things itself governed by natural fundamental physical law as Rkdhaugoda’s key law of dialectics “relative association of opposite phenomena within opposite phenomena”.
- 39. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING • A theory of everything (TOE) is an assumed theory of theoretical physics that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena of microcosom and macrocosom; and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle.The theory of everything is also called the final theory. Many candidate theories of everything have been proposed by theoretical physicists during the twentieth century, but none have been confirmed experimentally. The primary problem in producing a TOE is that general relativity and quantum mechanics are hard to unify. This is one of the unsolved problems in physics. Current candidates for a theory of everything include string theory, M theory, and loop quantum gravity • When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one-sentence: Time and space (spacetime) and gravitation have no separate existence from matter - (Albert Einstein) .It directly or indirectly tells us that the starting assumption that the universe is only spacetime requires. The standard physical interpretation of general relativity is that matter causes curved spacetime. Then we can assume the reverse perspective would be that a special type of curved spacetime (dynamic spacetime) causes matter. The static curved spacetime, normally assumed to be caused by matter, this curved spacetime caused by matter is caused simultaneously the gravity. And collectively we have to think here the basic composition of matter, spacetime,gravity and any form of energy like electromagnetic wave would be the same but may varies in their concertration,temperature,velocity and spin.
- 40. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING • “Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.” – Einstein • Einstein believed that deep truths about the workings of the universe would always be "as simple as possible” • Inconsistency of string theory - In the 1970s, physicist Michio Kaku postulated string theory. This theory of everything predicts that small, vibrating strings serve as the building blocks of all matter, and that their vibrations create all four of the fundamental forces like gravity, electromagnetism, electroweak and strong nuclear force in our universe. • But Kaku's theory requires the existence of 11 dimensions to work and, so far, we only know of four dimensions.
- 41. So it is applied the Rkdhaugoda's key law of dialectics to formulate Rkdhaugoda's dialectical model of theory of every thing. • RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THEORY OF EVERY THING-SAYS THAT ALL KNOWN PARTICLE/ THINGS ARE INTERCHANGEABLE EACH OTHER AND TRANSFORMABLE TO ALL KNOWN PARTICLES /ENERGY/ FORCE,DEPENDING UPON VELOCITY, DIRECTION OF SPIN, CHRONOLOGY( SEQUENCE), QUANTITY OF ENERGY EXPENSE( TEMPERATURE), TIME DURATION AND DENSITY OF SPACETIME( CONDENSED/NON-CONDENSED). E.G A TINY VIBRATING ONE DIMENSIONAL SUPER STRING PARTICLE BECOMES CLOSED VOLUMED FORMING primitive MASS AND GRAVITY SIMULTANEOUSLY DUE TO DECREASED VELOCITY/ TEMPERATURE FORMING CLOSED VOLUMED very very unstable PARTICLE RELATIVELY; x+ and y- SUPER MICROTON. And forms unstable 0 charged microton ( X+; y- ).these 3 unstable microtons ( X+; y- ) interact each other in ( with CONDENSED spacetime field to make relative stable particles having mass and with NON-CONDENSED spacetime field helps to form massless bosons like gluons and photons)transforming into- -1 charged electron ( x+,y-,y-), +1 charged positron( x+,x+,y-),0 charged neutrinos(x+,y-,x+,y-) , 0 charged photons(x+,y-,x+,y-,x+,y-)) ,0 charged gluons( wave formed microton(x+/y-) ) and various quarks(+1 charged 2 positrons( x+,x+,y-),( x+,x+,y-)form 3 up quarks, and 1 up quark and one electron form one down quark. These quarks and gluons are the BASIC FUNCTIONAL BUILDING BLOCK PARTICLEs of a proton and a neutron ,there by atoms OF UNIVERSE, IN PRESENCE OF SPACETIME. IT SIMPLY GIVES THE SIMPLE ANSWER OF UNSOLVED PROBLEM OF QUANTUM PHYSICS QUESTION - THE CAUSE OF MASS AND GRAVITY as well as grand unification of quantum mechanics and general relativity .
- 42. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING • Theory of Everything must unify the quantum mechanics and general relativity.This is the one of the fundamental problem of quantum physics. None of the existing various proposed theories have failed to unify the quantum mechanics and general relativity yet. • Theory of Everything must solve the problem on understanding of mass and gravity .or one should able to answer of this question "What are mass and gravitation?"..None of the existing various proposed theories have failed to give the satisfactory answer of this question yet. • Theory 0f evry thing and any newer particle physics theory should connect with gravity.so we should follow the last word of Budhha “doubt every thing, find your own light”. There is still question on higgs theory? The mass of the Higgs particle does not entirely come from the Higgs field! Where does its mass come from? The mass of the Higgs particle does not have a single, simple, understood source, and the curious feature is that its mass is so small ( THAN THAT OF PLANCK MASS ) — this is one aspect of the enormous puzzle called the hierarchy problem. The Higgs field is not the universal giver of mass to things in the universe: not to ordinary atomic matter, not to dark matter, not to black holes.There is not seen in the equations that physicists study, there is any mathematical connection between gravity and the Higgs field. Gravitational fields have spin 2 and are described as part of space and time; they interact with all particles and fields in nature. The Higgs field, which has spin 0, only interacts directly with elementary particles and fields that also participate in the electromagnetic and weak nuclear forces. • the Higgs field, which is not universal: it gives masses to most of the known elementary particles but not to the Higgs particle itself, and not to protons and neutrons, dark matter (most likely), or black holes, • and Einstein’s gravity, which is universal and has to do with energy and momentum but not mass directly, and most certainly does pull on protons and neutrons, dark matter and black holes even though their masses don’t come entirely from the Higgs field. •
- 43. What is the explanation of mass deference of proton and the total mass of compositer of proton ( 2 up quarks and 1 down quark ) ? • Mass of proton = 938.272046(21) MeV/c2 • Mass of up quark= 1.7 - 3.1 MeV/c2 ; Mass of down quark = 4.1-5.7 MeV/c2 • The mass of the proton is about eighty times greater than the sum of the rest masses of the quarks that make it up, while the gluons have zero rest mass. • Dialectical explanation- the vacuum inside the proton is the main cause of more mass than that of its total mass of compositors. Vacuums act as closed volume showing mass effect which displaces spacetime curvature. Vacuum = filled with photon (electro magnetic wave = spacetime = gravity effect) • • • • Vacuum = becomes closed volume = mass effect • fig-proton
- 44. what is the explanation of these phenomena ?-Twin paradox ,Particles in a crystal, Light deviation Mass excess, Mass defect Relativistic particles, on Laue graphics Black holes ?- • what is the explanation of these phenomena ?-Twin paradox ,Particles in a crystal, Light deviation Mass excess, Mass defect Relativistic particles,Von Laue graphics Black holes ?- there are no satisfactory explanations from the standard model and Higgs boson theory yet. THIS PROBLEM CAN BE SOLVED ONLY FROM THE CONCEPT OF MASS EFFECT IS EQUIVALENCE TO CLOSED VOLUME OF A SUBSTANCE.ACTUALLY THERE IS NO MASS, THAT IS THE MASS EFFECT OF CLOSED VOLUME DUE TO SPACETIME CURVATURE. We should think in way as -Gravitational mass effect≡Inertial mass effect≡Spacetime curvature
- 45. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING The twin paradox • The twin paradox is a "thought experiment" in which a twin makes a journey into space in a high- speed rocket and returns home to find he has aged less than his identical twin that stayed on Earth. Nuclear fusion (mass defect) • Nuclear fusion is the process by which two or more atomic nuclei join together to form a single heavier nucleus .In the other parts of the Spacetime Model, we highlight that some light nuclei enclose "closed volumes" between quarks. • In the fusion process, rearrangements of quarks take place. These closed volumes become open volumes. There is also a decrease of the surface, as fig. 3-8 shows. Result is the appearance of a "seism in spacetime", as in the fission process, producing high energy waves.e.g. E = mc²- in which- Converting a closed volume (formerly a mass) into energy follows the same principle. If a closed volume is transformed into an open volume, eddies in spacetime appears, mostly gamma rays. This phenomenon can be assimilated to a tsunami.To fully understand E = mc² and how mass can be transformed into energy, we should think in "closed volumes" instead of "mass" •
- 46. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING The light deflection • Most of the scientist and physicist are familiar with the observation of the light deflection by the sun made by Sir Arthur Eddington during a total solar eclipse in 1919. In this phenomenon , actually the light is not "attracted" by the mass of sun but follows convex geodesics of spacetime produced by the closed volume. Nuclear fission (mass excess) • If an atom is broken into independent nucleons, closed volumes become open volumes This depression produces a kind of seism in spacetime, i.e. high energy waves, mostly gamma rays. So, the principle of the nuclear fission is very simple: When a closed volume becomes open volume, the spacetime curvature made by the closed volume disappears. This produces kind of "tsunami in spacetime".
- 47. RKDHAUGODA’S DIALECTICAL MODEL OF THERY OF EVERY THING Relativistic particles Why does the mass of a particle increase when its speed approaches that of light? Special relativity says that at relativistic speed, lengths seem smaller. Since Mass effect =spacetime curvature, this compression of spacetime curvature produces a mass effect. Therefore, contrary to what we think, at relativistic speed, the "mass" of a particle remains unchanged. It is its "mass effect" due to a virtual compression of spacetime that increases. At relativistic speed, a length contraction appears (special relativity) that increases the mass effect. The "mass effect" is function of closed volumes which produce the curvature of spacetime.The shape of the surface must also be taken into account, as in the Bethe-Weizsäcker formula,because spacetime acts on the surface of the volume. The Von Laue Diagram • If a static spherical symmetry closed volume is inserted in the centre by a thought experiment,we will see a curvature due to elasticity of spacetime . The Minkowski spacetime becomes a Schwarzschild spacetime. Why does the mass of a particle moving inside a crystal increase ? • The lattice of a crystal is an array of tunnels. The particle moves inside one of these tunnels.Closed volumes of each atom of the crystal (nucleons and electrons) curve the spacetime located inside the tunnel, on the path of the particle. Therefore, the density of spacetime will be higher inside the tunnel than outside the crystal.The curvature of spacetime made by atoms is added to that made by the closed volume of the particle. Since "spacetime curvature ≡ mass effect", an increase of spacetime curvature will produce an increase of the mass effect.
- 48. Rkdhaugoda’s dialectical theory of every thing- criticizes the reality of action of higgs boson and its mass • The Higgs boson doesn't explain gravitation. Mass and gravitation are connected together by EFE (weak field approximation). By association, the Higgs boson should also explain gravitation... It doesn't. • The Higgs boson doesn't explain spacetime curvature. • The Higgs boson doesn't unify mass, gravitation, spacetime curvature and general relativity in a single 4D theory. • The Higgs Field is not proven. The Higgs boson requires a Higgs field to explain mass. • There is still question on higgs theory? The mass of the Higgs particle does not entirely come from the Higgs field! Where does its mass come from? The mass of the Higgs particle does not have a single, simple, understood source, and the curious feature is that its mass is so small ( THAN THAT OF PLANCK MASS ) — this is one aspect of the enormous puzzle called the hierarchy problem. • the Higgs field, which is not universal: it gives masses to most of the known elementary particles but not to the Higgs particle itself, and not to protons and neutrons, dark matter (most likely), or black holes. And Einstein’s gravity, which is universal and has to do with energy and momentum but not mass directly, and most certainly does pull on protons and neutrons, dark matter and black holes even though their masses don’t come entirely from the Higgs field.

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