Intro to equine

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  • The top right pic is a pony, the top left is a heavy horse and the running horses at the bottom are light horses. Mention that the explanation of measuring horses is the next slide.
  • Blanket - white over the hip area with a contrasting base color; Spots - white or dark spots over all or a portion of the body; Blanket with spots - a combination of the above two; Roan; Roan Blanket - has roan pattern over a portion of the body, usually the hips; Roan Blanket with Spots - the roan blanket has spots within it; and, Solid - coat has no contrasting color in the form of an Appaloosa coat pattern. Leopard coats are white with dark spots; Snowflake coats have dominant spotting over the hips; Frost coats have white specks with a dark background.
  • Great for endurance racing, etc. Recall on personal experience with first horse.
  • Used for civil war enactments because so bomb proof and also excels on the racing track
  • Intro to equine

    1. 1. Introduction to Equine Science Horse Breeds By Heather Nursement
    2. 2. Major Types of Horses <ul><li>Pony </li></ul><ul><li>Light Horse </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Horse </li></ul><ul><li>Average Heights: </li></ul><ul><li>Pony: 12hh </li></ul><ul><li>Light Horse: 16hh </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Horse: 19hh </li></ul>http://www.emu.edu/students/jlb264/Breeds_of_and_Family_of_horses.htm Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    3. 3. How Horses are Measured <ul><li>Horses height is calculated in hands </li></ul><ul><li>1 hand= 4 inches </li></ul><ul><li>The measurement is taken from ground level to the highest point on the horses withers </li></ul><ul><li>Formula: 4 x WH + FH = Inches high </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WH= whole hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FH= any fraction of height left over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: A horse is 15.2 hh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 x 15 + 2= 62 inches </li></ul></ul>http://www.ultimatehorsesite.com/info/horsehandsconverter.html Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    4. 4. Ten Major Breeds of Horses (Focusing on Light Horses)
    5. 5. Shetland Pony <ul><li>They mature up to 42 inches (about 11hh) </li></ul><ul><li>Very hardy and versatile </li></ul><ul><li>Smallest pure breed in the world </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/shetland/index.htm http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/shetland/index.htm Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    6. 6. Clydesdale Horse <ul><li>Draft horse originally used as a farm workhorse </li></ul><ul><li>Used for short and long distance haulage everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Usually solid color with four white legs </li></ul><ul><li>Still labeled “At Risk” by the Rare Breeds Society </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/clydesdale/index.htm http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/clydesdale/index.htm Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    7. 7. American Quarter Horse <ul><li>Stocky build, heavy muscling and compact appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Old fashioned type and racing type (looks like a well muscled Thoroughbred) </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular breed because they are level headed, sure footed and steady </li></ul><ul><li>Come in all colors and range in height from 14hh to 16hh </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/quarterhorse/index.htm www.carterperformancehorses.com www.quarterh.com Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    8. 8. Thoroughbred Horse <ul><li>Everything about them is long: long, smooth muscles, long forearms, long, sloping shoulders, long loins, long legs </li></ul><ul><li>They average 15hh-16.2hh in height </li></ul><ul><li>They are the greyhounds of the horse world and should look athletic </li></ul><ul><li>Fine boned with thin skin </li></ul><ul><li>Great stamina and strength </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/thoroughbred/index.htm www.maggiesmenagerie.net Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    9. 9. Morgan Horse <ul><li>Smaller horses, averaging 14.1hh to 15.1hh </li></ul><ul><li>They appear longer than they are tall, despite the shortness of their back </li></ul><ul><li>Elastic gaits which give the feel of power </li></ul><ul><li>Noted for their great stamina and soundness </li></ul><ul><li>Courageous, docile, playful and affectionate </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/morgan/index.htm www.horses-and-horse-information.com www.mtphiloinn.com Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    10. 10. Mustang <ul><li>Full in colors and combinations, sizes and builds </li></ul><ul><li>Tough, strong, agile, sound, and quick to learn </li></ul><ul><li>May be adopted through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) </li></ul><ul><li>Takes time to earn their trust, but once they have a sense for your loyalty they learn easily </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/mustang/index.htm www.premierpub.com Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    11. 11. American Paint Horse <ul><li>Sound conformation, versatile athletic ability and intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>Stock horse body type </li></ul><ul><li>American Paint Horse Association (APHA) </li></ul><ul><li>Those that meet the bloodline requirements must have a “qualifying area” of a white spot on a dark horse or a dark spot on a white horse (if neither, they are considered Breeding Stock) </li></ul><ul><li>3 registered color types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overo: Overos often have bold white head markings, such as a bald face. Also, an overo’s body markings will be irregular and scattered, and one or all four legs will be dark. The horse’s tail is usually one color. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobiano: The tobiano pattern is distinguished by oval or round spots that extend down the neck and chest of the horse. Generally, the legs are white, at least below the knees and hocks. The tail is often two colors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tovero: Characteristics of both tobiano and overo </li></ul></ul>www.horsedirectory.com.au www.horses-arizona.com Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    12. 12. Appaloosa Horse <ul><li>White sclera around eyes, striped hooves, sparse and short mane and tail, and mottled skin around the nostrils and genitalia </li></ul><ul><li>Average 14.2hh to 16hh </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Appy patterns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanket with spots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roan blanket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roan blanket with spots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leopard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snowflake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Widely stereotyped as being a little crazy or loopy! </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/appaloosa/index.htm www.inseparabile.com www.equides.free.fr Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    13. 13. Arabian Horse <ul><li>Range from 14.2hh to 16hh </li></ul><ul><li>Sleek, elegant and classy </li></ul><ul><li>Dished faces, level croups and move like they’re floating </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mitbah”-curved arc where the head and the neck meet </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent and affectionate and have incredible endurance </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/arab/index.htm http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/arab/index.htm Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
    14. 14. Standardbred Horse <ul><li>Often described as honest </li></ul><ul><li>Medium build, ranging in size from 14.2hh-17.2hh </li></ul><ul><li>Plain, rugged and capable of performing any job </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest harness racing breed </li></ul><ul><li>Great stamina and virtually “bomb-proof” </li></ul>http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/standardbred/index.htm http://www.equiworld.net/uk/horsecare/Breeds/standardbred/index.htm Compilation: AECD, California || For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com

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