Dairy terminology

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Dairy terminology

  1. 1. Dairy Terminology By John Wallace
  2. 2. Calf <ul><li>Newly born cow </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  3. 3. Colostrum <ul><li>The first milk secreted after calving. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher in total solids than normal milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps create a healthy immune system. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  4. 4. Babcock Test <ul><li>Traditional method of measuring the butterfat content of milk, which may be used for calibrating modern electronic testing devices. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  5. 5. California Mastitis Test <ul><li>An inflammation of the mammary gland usually caused by bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>A mastitis screening test useful for determining the somatic cell content in milk. A reagent is required to react with nuclear material of cells present in milk to form a gel. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California cFor more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  6. 6. CWT <ul><li>Cwt . Hundredweight or 100 pounds of milk  </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  7. 7. Days in Milk <ul><li>The number of days during the present lactation that the cow has been milking, beginning with the last date of calving to the current test date </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  8. 8. Dry cow + Dry date <ul><li>Any cow that has calved once and is not producing milk </li></ul><ul><li>First calendar day the cow is not milked </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  9. 9. Freemartin <ul><li>Female born twin to a bull calf (about 9 out of 10 of these will not conceive). A sterile heifer born twin with a bull. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  10. 10. Freshen <ul><li>Commonly used to designate the act of calving (parturition); to give birth to a calf and concurrently initiate lactation. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  11. 11. Fresh <ul><li>A cow that has recently given birth to a calf. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  12. 12. Heifer <ul><li>A bovine female less than three years of age who has not borne a calf. Young cows with their first calves are sometimes called first-calf heifers </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  13. 13. Lactate <ul><li>To secrete or produce milk </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  14. 14. Nurse cow <ul><li>A dairy cow used to supply milk for nursing calves, commonly other than her own </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  15. 15. Oxytocin <ul><li>A naturally secreted hormone that is important in milk letdown and the contraction of smooth uterine muscles during parturition. </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com
  16. 16. References <ul><li>www.holstein.ca </li></ul><ul><li>www.animal-lib.org.au </li></ul><ul><li>news.nationalgeographic.com </li></ul><ul><li>rwqp.rutgers.edu </li></ul><ul><li>www.obriencounty.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.nctc.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.ddgs.umn.edu </li></ul>Compilation: Agricultural Education and Communication Department, California For more veterinary stuff visit www.techyvety.com

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