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Anatoliy Gruzd (@gruzd)
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The Use of Twitter during the 2014 Crisis in Ukraine: A Tale of Three Languages


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The Use of Twitter during the 2014 Crisis in Ukraine: A Tale of Three Languages

  1. 1. TEMPLATE DESIGN © 2008 Introduction Funding provided in part by Anatoliy Gruzd (@gruzd) This research reviews how Twitter was used during the 2014 EuroMaidan protests in Ukraine. Since Twitter was one of the most popular social media platforms used during the protests (Lokot, 2014), we ask what role it played and who were the key influencers on Twitter who posted about EuroMaidan? • We collected three concurrent samples of public Twitter messages (tweets) that mentioned the word ‘Ukraine’ in three different languages: (1) Україна (in Ukrainian), (2) Украина (in Russian), and (3) Ukraine (in English) • The three datasets were collected by querying the Twitter Public Search API hourly to retrieve up to 1000 most recent tweets per API request • Data Collection Period from February 18 2014 when the protests on Maidan Square in Kyiv—the capital of Ukraine—turned deadly to March 14 2014 the date leading up to the referendum held in Crimea on whether the autonomous republic should join Russia ResultsMethod Example: News Sharing via Twitter Results Україна Украина Ukraine Presumed Language Ukrainian Russian English # Tweets 200,956 527,112 591,394 # Unique Users 46,641 141,541 246,113 Netlytic – Data collection and analysis tool Twitter Communication Network Nodes = Twitter users Ties = “Who retweeted/ replied/mentioned whom” Tie strength = The number of retweets, replies or mentions Україна (in Ukrainian) Top 10 Mentioned Users (activists, news, politicians) @gruzd LIFENEWS - @lifenews_ru Informatsionnyy kanal LIFENEWS – pervyy po srochnym novostyam! Eksklyuzivnyye video po samym glavnym temam dnya ЄВРОМАЙДАН - @euromaidan #Євромайдан #Евромайдан #Euromaidan Ukrainian Revolution СРОЧНЫЕ НОВОСТИ (“Breaking News”) - @molnia_me First to know! Subscribe to the major topics of the day, photos, videos from the event! Голос России (“Golos Rossii”) - @ruvr_ru The official account radio "Voice of Russia" - exclusive interviews, analysis and expert commentary, Russia Alexey Venediktov - @aavst Chief editor of Ekho Moskvy radio station Fedor Shchepetov - @ruredaktor Freelance journalist, Moscow RT in Russian Verified account - @RT_russian RT news, Moscow Вести.ru Verified account - @vesti_news News TV program and television channels ''Russia 1'' and ''Russia 24‘, Russia Maxim Ponomarev - @maximcpk ⓂⒶⓧⓘⓂⒸⓅⓚ Ilya Varlamov Verified account - @varlamov Journalist, architect, photographer, founder of Urban Projects. Moscow Ukraine (in English) Украина (in Russian) Euromaidan PR - @EuromaidanPR Official International Public Relations Secretariat for the Headquarters of National Resistance of the EuroMaidan, Kyiv, Ukraine RT - @RT_com RT (Russia Today) is a global news channel broadcasting from Moscow and Washington studios to over 100 countries around the globe. Anonymous - @YourAnonNews YourAnonNews supports digital and AFK activism. BBC News (World) Verified - @BBCWorld News, features and analysis from BBC News (World edition). London, UK Agence France-Presse Verified - @AFP News - and the stories behind the news - from AFP's reporters around the world. France East of Brussels - @EastOfBrussels Personal Blog about the European Neighbourhood/ Association Policy (ENP/EAP) KyivPost Verified - @KyivPost The Kyiv Post is Ukraine’s leading English-language newspaper. #Kyiv, #Ukraine Christopher Miller Verified - @ChristopherJM Editor at leading English-language newspaper @KyivPost. Also freelance correspondent covering Ukraine. RPCV (Ukraine). Kyiv, Ukraine Wall Street Journal Verified - @WSJ In our 125th year, breaking news and features from the WSJ. New York, NY Reuters Top News Verified - @Reuters Top and breaking news, pictures, and videos from Reuters. Around the world Top 10 Mentioned Users (mostly news accounts) Top 10 Mentioned Users (mostly Russian news agencies & journalists) Правий сектор (Pravyi Sector) - @pravyisektor A far-right Ukrainian nationalist political party Alexander Aronets - @aronets Nationalist. Activist Euromaidan. The blogger. Politician Svoboda, Kyiv Українська правда (“Ukrainian Pravda”) - @ukrpravda_news Hromadske.TV - @HromadskeTV Ukrainian public broadcasting, Ukraine Live13 - @ Live13111 Politics /// News /// Art, Minsk Radio Svoboda - @radiosvoboda News / Research / Photo Video, Kyiv Alexander Briginets - @bryhynets MP, Kyiv Sergiy Metkiy - @SergiyMetkiy Head of Ivano-Frankivsk # FRI. Ukrainian youth public organization "Foundation of Regional Initiatives" (FRI) Єврокраїна (Euro-county) - @euroukraine The most important thing about #Euromaidan first hand, the main events of the Revolution and quotes Highly connected accounts are often targeted by contrary minded users Popular Topics Over Time