Chris Rodriguez: History & Diversity Part 1

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Part 1 (of 2) of Chris Rodriguez's 3/15/2013 Presentation on History & Diversity in Mexico for Primary Source. For educational use only.

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  • Begin with song: Juan García de Céspedes (1619 – 1678), CONVIDANDOESTÁ LA NOCHEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbao4A5VFV0Introduction: Many Mexicos overview of geography and major ethnic groups List and map of Languages Spanish North, mixed Middle, indigenous SouthSources: http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexicohttp://www.cdi.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=758&Itemid=68
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mexico_State_Population_Density_2010.png
  • 80% mestizo (Afro-mestizo)10% Indigenous10% European
  • Possible migration routes to Americas 50,000-12,000 years ago
  • http://www.charlesmann.org/Extras.htmMann, 1491, 103-105orTawantinsuyu (People of the Four Corners)New studies b/c ariel photos of deforested lands
  • 3. Creation Story from the PopulVuh of the Quiché Maya.My adaptation from Dennis Tedlock, PopolVuh: the Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings (New York: Touchstone Books, 1996).
  • http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/popol_vuh/esotericism/pv-16.htm
  • Son of Corn God, floating with birds tied to hunting basket letting blood and offering sacrificed turkey before one of five cosmic trees
  • Mural by Miguel COvarrubias
  • Chris Rodriguez: History & Diversity Part 1

    1. 1. Primary Source 9:15 - 10:45 am, March 15, 2013Guest Speaker, Chris RodriguezHow has Mexico’s history and diversity shaped itstraditions?1. Mexico’s Geography and Indigenous Roots - Many Mexicos Mayan Popul Vuh2. Spanish Conquest and Cultural mestizaje - Many Mexicos Dias de los muertos Indigenous, European, and African mestizaje Virgin Mary of Guadalupe3. Mexican Revolution and “Racial Homage” Celebrating Many Mexicos
    2. 2. Many Mexicos
    3. 3. Mexico: 3 times the size of Texas
    4. 4. Mexico City population, 20 million
    5. 5. Working class neighborhood, Mexico City
    6. 6. Mexico City high rises
    7. 7. Mexico City middle class family
    8. 8. Market in southern Mexico
    9. 9. 1. Mexico’s Population, including Indigenous speakers Mexico’s population density, 2010
    10. 10. 2. IndigenousPeoples, 2000speak at least 1indigenous language 7.7 millionspeak no Spanish 1.3 millionSpanish and 1indigenous language 5 millionIndigenous languages: 88
    11. 11. Ethnolinguistic Map of Mexico
    12. 12. Where do Mexicans come from?
    13. 13. Scientific Story: first American migrants 10,000-40,000 years ago
    14. 14. By 1492approximately25 million First Mexicans XEarth: 500 MillionAmericas: 60 Million
    15. 15. Maya Pyramid, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, 600 AD
    16. 16. 3. Creation Story from Popul Vuh of Quiché Maya “Book of the Community”“Discovered” 1702Middle Americans (Maya, Aztec, etc.) had 10,000s books
    17. 17. Why didChristianPriests burnmost booksin early 1500s?“Burning the booksof the gods.”Codex Tlaxcala.
    18. 18. Tepeu, the MakerGucumatz, Feathered SpiritPerfect Beings mustWorship properly,Keep days/calendar,Give gods offerings,Walk upright,Reproduce,Care for each other,Work, Speak properlyDevine-Social Contract1. Mud/clay2. animals3. wood4…
    19. 19. 4th try, creatureshelped, used white andyellow cornKept calendar,Gave gods offerings,Walked upright,Reproduced,Cared for each other,Worked,Spoke properly,Worshiped properlyleader sacrificed own bloodToo perfect:“Breadth on a mirror”
    20. 20. When Popol Vuh performed - mirror wiped cleanMaya priests performingPopul Vuh, 2001 and 1930s
    21. 21. Section of oldest Maya mural yet found, 100 BC.WhatstrikesyouaboutthePopulVuhstory?
    22. 22. 1490sChristian EuropeansArrive toColonize and ConvertNative Americans
    23. 23. Maya Sacred World Tree connected Spirit and Human worldsChristian Europeanstold story of the sacrificeof their God’s son on crossMaya and others,“we can relate.”
    24. 24. Origin Storyof the Aztecs (people from Aztlan)Emerged fromChicomoztoc“Place of Seven caves”
    25. 25. Chichimecs Groups of northern Mexican peoples begin migrating south in 1000s.Deer skin drawing, ca 1530s
    26. 26. Historical Migration to Valley of Mexico: 1000-1300Aztlan Tenochtitlan
    27. 27. 1324 foundedTenochtitlan“place of thecactus”Image: The Foundingof Tenochtitlan,Codex Mendoza,1530s.
    28. 28. Mexican Flag
    29. 29. 1491: Aztec capital of empire, Tenochichtlan250,000 in Tenochichtlan 1 Million in surrounding basin
    30. 30. Extreme makeover: nomads to city dwellers
    31. 31. 100 miles of artificial lakes Miles of aqueducts
    32. 32. Aztec Market: jade, Queztal feathersSection ofDiegoRiveramural, PalacioNacional, MexicoCity, 1930s

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