Begin with song: Juan García de Céspedes (1619 – 1678), CONVIDANDOESTÁ LA NOCHEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbao4A5VFV0Introduction: Many Mexicos overview of geography and major ethnic groups List and map of Languages Spanish North, mixed Middle, indigenous SouthSources: http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexicohttp://www.cdi.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=758&Itemid=68
80% mestizo (Afro-mestizo)10% Indigenous10% European
Possible migration routes to Americas 50,000-12,000 years ago
http://www.charlesmann.org/Extras.htmMann, 1491, 103-105orTawantinsuyu (People of the Four Corners)New studies b/c ariel photos of deforested lands
3. Creation Story from the PopulVuh of the Quiché Maya.My adaptation from Dennis Tedlock, PopolVuh: the Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings (New York: Touchstone Books, 1996).
Son of Corn God, floating with birds tied to hunting basket letting blood and offering sacrificed turkey before one of five cosmic trees
Mural by Miguel COvarrubias
Chris Rodriguez: History & Diversity Part 1
Primary Source 9:15 - 10:45 am, March 15, 2013Guest Speaker, Chris RodriguezHow has Mexico’s history and diversity shaped itstraditions?1. Mexico’s Geography and Indigenous Roots - Many Mexicos Mayan Popul Vuh2. Spanish Conquest and Cultural mestizaje - Many Mexicos Dias de los muertos Indigenous, European, and African mestizaje Virgin Mary of Guadalupe3. Mexican Revolution and “Racial Homage” Celebrating Many Mexicos
3. Creation Story from Popul Vuh of Quiché Maya “Book of the Community”“Discovered” 1702Middle Americans (Maya, Aztec, etc.) had 10,000s books
Why didChristianPriests burnmost booksin early 1500s?“Burning the booksof the gods.”Codex Tlaxcala.
Tepeu, the MakerGucumatz, Feathered SpiritPerfect Beings mustWorship properly,Keep days/calendar,Give gods offerings,Walk upright,Reproduce,Care for each other,Work, Speak properlyDevine-Social Contract1. Mud/clay2. animals3. wood4…
4th try, creatureshelped, used white andyellow cornKept calendar,Gave gods offerings,Walked upright,Reproduced,Cared for each other,Worked,Spoke properly,Worshiped properlyleader sacrificed own bloodToo perfect:“Breadth on a mirror”
When Popol Vuh performed - mirror wiped cleanMaya priests performingPopul Vuh, 2001 and 1930s
Section of oldest Maya mural yet found, 100 BC.WhatstrikesyouaboutthePopulVuhstory?
1490sChristian EuropeansArrive toColonize and ConvertNative Americans
Maya Sacred World Tree connected Spirit and Human worldsChristian Europeanstold story of the sacrificeof their God’s son on crossMaya and others,“we can relate.”
Origin Storyof the Aztecs (people from Aztlan)Emerged fromChicomoztoc“Place of Seven caves”
Chichimecs Groups of northern Mexican peoples begin migrating south in 1000s.Deer skin drawing, ca 1530s
Historical Migration to Valley of Mexico: 1000-1300Aztlan Tenochtitlan
1324 foundedTenochtitlan“place of thecactus”Image: The Foundingof Tenochtitlan,Codex Mendoza,1530s.