The Indian Ocean

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The Indian Ocean

  1. 1. The Indian Ocean: Integration Across Eras through Trade, Migration, and Islam Sugata BoseGardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs, Department of History, Harvard University
  2. 2. The Gradual Integration of theIndian Ocean Trade Network
  3. 3. The Indian Ocean
  4. 4. Achaemenid Empire(First Persian Empire) ca. 550 – 336 BCE
  5. 5. Mauryan Empire (321 – 185 BCE)
  6. 6. Cochin Harbor with Chinese Nets (west coast of Indian peninsula)
  7. 7. Gathering of Sufis Mughal India, 17th century
  8. 8. Vasco da Gama’s Tombstone in Cochin
  9. 9. The Portuguese in the Indian Ocean
  10. 10. The English and Dutch in the Indian Ocean
  11. 11. Indian merchants and bankers (“intermediary capital”) remained important under British colonialism
  12. 12. Indian Indentured Laborers Arriving in Natal, South Africa
  13. 13. Gandhi in South Africa (third from left)
  14. 14. Islam continued to unite the Indian Ocean religiously and culturally
  15. 15. Tagore’s visit to Iran and Iraqillustrates this shared religious sensibility
  16. 16. Tagore with a Bedouin Chief in Iraq
  17. 17. List of Illustrations3. The Indian Ocean, 1935 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, based on original in Pusey Library Map Room, Harvard University)4. The Persian Empire. (Department of History, US Military Academy via Wikimedia Commons.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Persian_Empire,_490_BC.png)5. The Maurya Dynasty. (Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maurya_Dynasty_in_265_BCE.jpg)6. Cochin Harbor with Chinese fishing nets (Photo by Sugata Bose)7. The Indian Ocean, 1935 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, based on original in Pusey Library Map Room, Harvard University)8. A Gathering of Sufis/Dervishes. Mughal miniature, 1595.9. Vasco de Gama’s Tomb in Cochin (Photo by Sugata Bose)10. Map of the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean (Wikimedia Commons,http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Portuguese_discoveries_and_explorationsV2en.png)11. Map of the English and Dutch in the Indian Ocean (K.N. Chaudhuri, Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean )13. Indians arriving in Natal (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Museum Africa, Johannesburg)14. Gandhi and Leung Quinn, 1908 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Vithalbhai Jhaveri/GandhiServe)16. Tagore at Hafiz’s Grave (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati, Santiniketan)17. Tagore with a Bedouin Chief in Iraq (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati, Santiniketan)18. Poem-painting, Baghdad, May 24, 1932 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati,Santiniketan)Recorded by Sugata Bose, Gardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs, Department of History, Harvard University

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