AN ONTOLOGY BASEDSENSOR SELECTION ENGINEPrimal Pappachan, Prajit Kumar Das(email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)Ebiquity Research Group, University of Maryland. Baltimore CountyCMSC 491/691 – Semantic Web, Spring 2013, Research project
Motivation• Standardize the sensor readings from mobile devices using semantic web technologies.• Provide a semantic interface to the sensor data so as to improve understandability and reusability as well aseasier for developer access.• Create a knowledge base of sensors, their capabilities, accuracy score and power efficiency rating.• Identify sensor groups which can provide the same type of data but with differing accuracy and powerrequirements.• Quantify and codify differences in sensor readings associated with various user activities.• Make it possible to have a fine grained understanding of user context and optimize sensor usage based onthe same so as to save the phone battery.• Correlate locations and sensor readings with place labels based on the user activity.
Use Cases• Alice is at home and sleeping in her bedroom in the night. Using Wi-Fi fingerprinting the mobile knows she isat home. The sensor probes detect no audio, no screen actions and no accelerometer reading and thereforeinfers that she is sleeping. Annotates the corresponding readings with activity as sleeping and place asbedroom. Turns off all sensors to save battery. Next time user is in the same room at same time with similarkind of sensor readings, previous action is taken automatically.• Bob goes to the university on week days at 9 am and is in the same building until 4 pm on these days andattends classes and meetings. Based on similar sensor readings on weekdays between afore-mentioned timeperiod, system can choose a particular combination of sensors based on the capability group, required accuracyof the requesting Apps and power efficiency rating for that time of day in the week.
High Level System ArchitectureApplicationsAndroid FrameworkWi-Fi Fingerprinting Sensor ProbesKnowledge BaseInference EngineSensor Manager ServiceUser Activity InputSensor Manager Middleware
Roadmap to the goal• Extend the existing Platys ontology using OWL 2 Activity Ontology to representassociation between a location and an activity.• Use tagin! to mark indoor locations with Wi-Fi fingerprinting and use funf in a box tocollect sensor data.• Create a sensor ontology to define sensor capability groups, efficiency ratings and accuracyscore.• Develop App to collect user activity tags and associate tags with location.• Generate the rules for the inference engine.• Combine the modules into a middleware which will control the context data flow on themobile.
References & Acknowledgement Zavala, Laura, et al. “Mobile, Collaborative, Context-Aware Systems.” Proc. AAAI Workshop on Activity Context Representation: Techniques and Languages, AAAI. AAAI Press.2011. Nath, Suman. “Ace: exploiting correlation for energy-efficient and continuous context sensing.” Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Mobile systems, applications,and services. ACM, 2012. http://xmlns.com/foaf/spec/ Zhu, Yin, et al. “Feature engineering for place category classification.” Mobile data challenge (by Nokia) workshop, June. 2012. Korpipää, Panu, and Jani Mäntyjärvi. “An ontology for mobile device sensor-based context awareness.” Modeling and Using Context. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003. 451-458. When will your phone battery last as long as your kindle? - http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/feel-the-power-the-future-of-smartphone-batteries/ tagin! - Open source, location tagging engine http://wiki.mobile-accessibility.idrc.ocad.ca/w/Tagin! http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1574119211000265 http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/feel-the-power-the-future-of-smartphone-batteries/• This research was partially supported by the national science foundation (award 0910838) and the air force office of scientific research (grant FA550-08-0265).Dr. Anupam Joshi, Dr. Tim FininUnder the guidance of :Follow me on twitter: @primpopWebsite: http://primux.in