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Risk and Hazards


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Risk and Hazards

  1. 1. Unit 2. Health, safety and injury in sport. <ul><li>Lesson Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the meaning of a risk and a hazard. </li></ul><ul><li>To describe and explain six risks and hazards associated with sports participation. </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is a risk? <ul><li>A risk is a chance that something unpleasant or dangerous might happen. </li></ul><ul><li>All sporting activities carry some risk, but in a role of a teacher, coach or instructor it is their job to minimise the risk. </li></ul><ul><li>If for example the sports hall leaks the floor maybe wet, therefore this needs to be acknowledged and coned off to prevent people slipping on it during playing sport. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a hazard? <ul><li>A hazard is something which could be dangerous to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Sporting activities create lots of hazards, therefore it is the role of a teacher, coach or instructor to acknowledge them to reduce the risk of an accident occurring. </li></ul><ul><li>Sporting example: When participating in the throwing of the javelin, it provides a potential hazard of someone getting hurt. Therefore a safety line maybe put in that you cannot cross until instructed to do so, which reduces the risk of an accident occurring. </li></ul>
  4. 4. In sport how can we reduce the risk or hazards? <ul><li>Health/ Fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Skill and technique </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Warm up/ Warm down </li></ul><ul><li>Correct clothing and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Correct footwear </li></ul><ul><li>No Jewellery </li></ul><ul><li>Obeying of the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Fair play, sportsmanship (Etiquette) </li></ul>
  5. 5. If we didn’t try and reduce the risk in sport, what could happen? <ul><li>Injuries such as pulled muscles, broken bones etc </li></ul><ul><li>Illnesses such as heart attack, shock, asthma attack etc </li></ul><ul><li>Violence such as fighting with the opposition or referee </li></ul><ul><li>Gamesmanship such as cheating. </li></ul>
  6. 6. If we did not acknowledge the hazards that occur in sport what would happen?
  7. 7. Law on Health and Safety <ul><li>Health and Safety at work Act 1974 says that employers must ensure the safety of the people who work for them and all other people involved, such as pupils. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that local authorities, governing bodies and managers of sports facilities and outdoor activity centres must look after their teachers, pupils, instructors and members of the public using their facilities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. If you are responsible for young people you must exercise a ‘duty of call’ <ul><li>Prepare, plan and check an activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure equipment is safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervise, taking safety precautions. </li></ul><ul><li>Have first aid equipment and first aider at hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain basic emergency procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>If an accident occurs an accident form must be filled in. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How can we arrange fair competitions. <ul><li>Are they the same age? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they built similar? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they the same sex? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they have similar levels of skill? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Equipment <ul><li>Keep equipment well maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners of any sports facilities have a responsibility to ensure the equipment is safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitches must be kept well maintained. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions you must answer. <ul><li>Why must activities be planned? </li></ul><ul><li>When teachers/ coaches organise matches what must they take into consideration? </li></ul><ul><li>If an injury occurs, what is required to be filled in? </li></ul>