John Locke Vs Ibn Khaldun

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John Locke Vs Ibn Khaldun

  1. 1. FPA 2023 POLITICAL THEORY (TUTORIAL GROUP 1) JOHN LOCKE & IBNU KHALDUNUNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA BY; PRIDHIVRAJ NAIDU (127445) COLLAGE OF LAW GOVERNMENT AND PRESENTED ON;INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 24TH August 2009
  2. 2. JOHN LOCKE IBN KHALDUN 1632 - 1704 1336-1402
  3. 3. CONTENTS BACKGROUND JOHN LOCKE JOHN LOCKE’S WORK JOHN LOCKE’S KEY IDEAS WHY IT LAST ? BACKGROUND IBN KHALDUN IBN KHALDUN’S WORK IBN KHALDUN’S KEY IDEAS WHY IT LAST ? COMPARING THE PHILOSOPHERS CONCLUSION
  4. 4. BACKGROUND OF JOHN LOCKE John Locke was born into a middle-class family on August 28, 1634, in Somerset, England. Locke received an extraordinarily diverse education from early childhood on. Born during the twenty-year English Civil War, which culminated in 1649 with the execution of Charles I and the dissolution of the House of Lords. He was born in and grew up in one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. England then reinvented herself as a commonwealth where both royalty and an elected parliament would work together to govern the country.
  5. 5. THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR THE MAJOR EVENTS: -THE EXECUTION OF CHARLES 1 -THE DISSOLUTION OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS
  6. 6. JOHN LOCKE’S WORK TWO TREATIES OF GOVERNMENT John Locke wrote Two Treatises on Government. His political theory was founded on social contract theory. Social contract theory: Human nature allows men to be selfish. In a natural state all people were equal and independent, and everyone had a natural right to defend his “life, health, liberty, or possessions.” Locke assumed that the sole right to defend in the state of nature was not enough, so people established a civil society to resolve conflicts in a civil way with help from government in a state of society.
  7. 7. KEY IDEAS John Locke Much of Lockes work is characterized by opposition to authoritarianism. This opposition is both on the level of the individual person and on the level of institutions such as government and church.
  8. 8. THE TWO TREATIES OFGOVERNMENT Consists of the 1st treaty and the 2nd treaty of government 1st treaty: the power and sovereignty of the monarchs 2nd treaty: limited power of the monarchs, :the power of the bourgeoisie,
  9. 9. CONSTITUTIONALMONARCHY Breaking from the second treaty, Locke have developed and created a compromising governance system. The Constitutional Monarchy . A Social contract by Locke.
  10. 10. LOCKE AND WORLD TODAY: THAILAND
  11. 11. BACKGROUND OF IBN KHALDUN Abu Zayd Abd al-Rahman Ibnu Khaldun received a good education. served as assistant and secretary to several government officials. career was dependent on the good will of his superiors, changed jobs frequently when political winds shifted. led an extremely eventful life, traveling to, among other places, Mecca, Damascus. Palestine and Seville, and occasionally finding enough leisure time to teach, study, and write. Among the notable personalities Ibn Khaldun encountered in his adventures were King Pedro I of Castile and Timur.
  12. 12. Qasr Al Kharaneh - Desert Castle (Jordan) -As shelter for traders -Located in the middle of trading route -Importance of traders to the world -As emphasized by Ibn Khaldun himself
  13. 13. IBN KHALDUN WORKS: THE MAGNUM OPUS "AL-MUQADDIMAH" This impressive document is a gist of his wisdom and hard earned experience. use his political and first had knowledge of the people of Maghrib to formulate many of his ideas. discussion of Tribal societies and social forces would be the most interesting part of his thesis. His theories of the science of Umran (sociology) are all pearls of wisdom
  14. 14. The Structure of Muqaddimah Chap 1 : Human civilization in general Chap 2 : Bedouin civilization, savage nation and tribes and their condition of life, including several basic and explanatory statements Chap 3 : On dynasties, royal authority, the caliphate, government ranks and all the goes with these things (basic & supplementary propositions) Chap 4 : Countries & cities and all forms sedentary civilization. The conditions occurring there. Primary and secondary considerations in this connection Chap 5 : On the various aspects of making a living, such as profit and the crafts. The conditions that occur in this connection. A number of problems are connected with this subject. Chap 6 : The various kinds of sciences. The methods of instruction. The conditions that obtain in these condition
  15. 15. IBN KHALDUN’STHOUGHTS SIASAH: Aqilah Diniyah Madaniyah
  16. 16. SIASAH AQILAH>THE BUILDING OF TAMADUNi) Uniting groupsii) Developing Tamadun
  17. 17. SIASAH DINIYAH>APEX:i) Having Free Trade Marketii) Having attractive locationiii) Submerged Tribalism
  18. 18. SIASAH MADANIYAH>CRACK:i) The breaking down of systemii) Increasing cheating, corruption and so oniii) Power struggle takes heed
  19. 19. COMPARING COMPARINGJOHN LOCKE& IBN KHALDUN JOHN LOCKE & IBN KHALDUNPRO: >The Situation now Locke : Widely accepted Ibn Khaldun: Steps are visibleCONTRA: > Background : location : time : social situation
  20. 20.  Development Changes In use Some contra Concerning governance Is in use as an model
  21. 21. THANK YOU PRIDHIVRAJ NAIDU

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