How A Bill Becomes Law

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How A Bill Becomes Law

  1. 1. How a Bill Becomes Law By Steve Prichard
  2. 2. Five Steps: <ul><li>A bill is introduced in congress </li></ul><ul><li>Action is taken by a committee </li></ul><ul><li>Action is taken by a congressional house </li></ul><ul><li>The two houses decide on a final bill </li></ul><ul><li>Action is taken by the President </li></ul>
  3. 3. Now, to explain all of this:
  4. 4. How is a bill introduced in congress? <ul><li>In the House of Representatives: </li></ul><ul><li>A bill can be introduced by any member </li></ul><ul><li>Once proposed, it is given to the Clerk </li></ul><ul><li>In the Senate, a Member Must: </li></ul><ul><li>Be recognized by the Presiding Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the bill in the morning </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is meant by a “Committee Action?” <ul><li>Once proposed, a bill is sent to a committee </li></ul><ul><li>The committee is assigned by the Speaker in the House, or </li></ul><ul><li>By the Presiding officer in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Then, the bill is researched by the committee </li></ul><ul><li>Once findings are reported, a vote is taken </li></ul><ul><li>If it passes, a bill is sent to the Floor </li></ul>
  6. 6. What happens next? <ul><li>On the Floor of the House or Senate, a bill </li></ul><ul><li>Is put on a schedule for debate </li></ul><ul><li>When the time comes, the bill is debated </li></ul><ul><li>Once debate is done, congress votes </li></ul><ul><li>If it is passed, the bill goes to a conference committee </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conference Committee <ul><li>Consists of members of both the House and Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Is needed to get one bill from both House and Senate versions </li></ul><ul><li>Once a workable bill is made, approval is needed from the House and Senate </li></ul><ul><li>If approval is gained, the bill goes to the President </li></ul>
  8. 8. When a Bill is Sent to the President: <ul><li>He can sign it to make it law, but… </li></ul><ul><li>He can also Veto the bill </li></ul><ul><li>Or Leave It Alone… </li></ul><ul><li>If not signed after 10 days, it becomes law if congress is still in session, </li></ul><ul><li>But it is automatically vetoed if they adjourn </li></ul>
  9. 9. In Case of a Veto: <ul><li>The bill is sent back to congress </li></ul><ul><li>The chamber that wrote it can override it, but, </li></ul><ul><li>To do so requires a 2/3 majority </li></ul>
  10. 10. Finally: <ul><li>If the President signs a bill or the veto is overridden, </li></ul><ul><li>it becomes law! </li></ul>
  11. 11. References: www.votesmart.org
  12. 12. The End

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