Georgia in perspective 2013 1 28 13 v 2

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Georgia in perspective 2013 1 28 13 v 2

  1. 1. GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 2013 Statistics, Trends, Facts & Figures for Key Policy IssuesGOVERNOR’S OFFICE of PLANNING & BUDGET
  2. 2. GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  3. 3. GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  4. 4. GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 2013CONTENTS GROWING GEORGIA 7 Population growth and change  Migration  Demographics  Revenue  Job growth  Housing Exports MOBILE GEORGIA 21 Transportation infrastructure  Public trust  Airport  Rail  Bridge maintenance  Highway safety HEALTHY GEORGIA 31 Health status  Lifestyle  Insurance  Mental health services in communities  Mortality rates by disease  Trauma network EDUCATED GEORGIA 49 Educational attainment  National assessments  Graduation  SAT/ACT  Teacher salaries  Technical Colleges  Universities SAFE GEORGIA 69 Public safety  Criminal investigations  Drug offenses  Juvenile crime and justice  Adult corrections  Reconvictions  Pardons and Paroles RESPONSIBLE AND EFFICIENT GOVERNMENT 83 State spending  Debt management  Bond rating  State employment  Administrative operations  Technology GOVERNOR’S OFFICE of PLANNING & BUDGET
  5. 5. Editor’s Note:Georgia in Perspective is a compilation of data from a wide range of sources, including federal and state agenciesas well as private and non-profit organizations. The Governor’s Office of Planning and Budget has attempted topresent the most currently available annual data in this report. However, the most current year for which data areavailable at publication time for Georgia in Perspective varies considerably. For example, national data from feder-al agencies frequently have a two year lag time between occurrence of events being tracked and publication ofdata, due to the amount of time required to compile and publish national summary data for 50 states. Georgia stateagency data are generally available for the most recently completed fiscal year; however, for some types of datathe compilation time is greater for such reasons as fiscal closeout.GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  6. 6. GROWING GEORGIA 2013 “Strategic economic growth in Georgia can be traced back to the state’s vast range of competitive resources that keeps Georgia top of LEADING mind for businesses here and around the world. From our talented INDICATORS workforce, comprehensive incentives and other business assets, Georgia takes intentional steps to make certain businesses in our state can compete in the global market place.” Georgia Department of Economic Development INDICATORS Population Growth 8 Population Change 9 Age Distribution and Population by Race 10 Limited English Proficiency 11 Income and Gross Domestic Product 12 Median Household Income and Poverty Rate 13 Unemployment Rate and TANF 14 SNAP and Homeownership 15 Housing Values and Employment by Industry 16 Jobs and Agricultural Production 17 Exports and Tourism 18 Energy Consumption and Clean Water 19 Air Quality 20GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 2013 GOVERNOR’S OFFICE of PLANNING & BUDGET
  7. 7. Population Growth Georgia’s population was relatively Georgias Population, 1900-2010 stable during the first half of the last century, followed by a period of rapid population growth. 12,000,000 During the 1960s, Georgia’s population grew by 16.3% followed by growth rates of approximately 19% during each of the 10,000,000 succeeding two decades.Number of Persons The fastest pace of growth occurred in 8,000,000 Georgia during the decade between 1990 and 2000, ranking it 6th in popula- tion growth among the 50 states. Growth 6,000,000 increased by 26.4%, twice the national average rate of 13.2%. 4,000,000 The overall population growth rate in Georgia for the decade between 2000 and 2010 was 18.3%. 2,000,000 During the most recent decade, the growth rate peaked at 2.6% between 0 2005 and 2006. The high growth rate 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 between 2005 and 2006 was due in part to migration following Hurricane Katrina.Source: U.S. Census Bureau In 2007, Georgia’s population growth Population Annual Growth Rate: United slowed in response to changing econom- States and Georgia, 2000-2012 ic conditions, reaching the lowest point (1.0%) in 2010. 3.0% Between 2010 and 2012 Georgia added 205,197 new residents. Despite 2.5% the 2nd lowest growth rate in more than a 1.8% decade (1.1%), the state was the 4th Annual Growth Rate 2.0% fastest growing in the nation. Between 2010 and 2011, 3 of Geor- 1.5% gia’s metropolitan statistical areas 1.1% ranked among the country’s 25 fastest 1.0% growing areas: 1.0% -Hinesville-Fort Stewart ranked 1st, with 0.5% 0.7% a 4.1% growth rate, -Warner Robins ranked 8th with a 0.0% growth rate of 2.2%, -Savannah ranked 16th with a growth rate of 2.0%, and -Fort Stewart and Warner Robins United States Georgia metropolitan areas are home to large military installations.Source: U.S. Census BureauA GROWING GEORGIA8 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  8. 8. Population ChangeDuring the last decade, Georgia, NorthCarolina, and Florida registered annual Average Annual Population Growth Rates,growth rates exceeding 1.5%. Alabamaand Tennessee experienced the slowest 2000-2010, 2010-2011 and 2011-2012growth rates in the region. 2.0%The slowdown in population growth Average Annual Percent Changethat occurred in the latter part of the lastdecade persisted into the first two years 1.5%of the current decade. Population growthrates between 2010 and 2012 are wellbelow the average annual growth ratesexperienced by southeastern states andthe nation as a whole during the prior 1.0%decade.During the last decade, Georgia andNorth Carolina experienced the highest 0.5%growth rates in the region. In the currentdecade, Georgia’s population grew atthe 2nd fastest rate among the southeast-ern states. 0.0% United Geo rgia North Florida Sou th Tennessee Alab amaPopulation growth rates between 2011 States Carolin a Carolin aand 2012 among the southeastern states 2000-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012ranged from 1.2% in Florida to 0.4% inAlabama. Source: U.S. Census BureauPopulation change occurs due tonatural increase (number of births minus Components of Population Change:number of deaths) and net migration Southeastern States, 2011-2012(people moving into the area minuspeople moving out). Since the shift ineconomic conditions in 2007, naturalincrease has become a larger contributor Alabamato population growth regionally.Overall, between 2000 and 2009 Georgianatural increase accounted for 45% ofthe state’s population growth. Between2011 and 2012, natural increase was the North Carolinadriving force in Georgia’s populationgrowth, accounting for 56.1% of the Tennesseepopulation increase.Migration represented more than halfof the population growth in 4 of the 6 South Carolinasoutheast states (Florida, South Caroli-na, North Carolina and Tennessee)between 2011 and 2012. Natural Floridaincrease was the major contributor togrowth in only 2 of the region’s states -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%(Alabama and Georgia). Domestic Migration International Migration Natural Increase Source: U.S. Census Bureau A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 9
  9. 9. Age Distribution and Population by Race Georgia had the 6th youngest popula- Age Distribution: tion among the 50 states in 2010, with a United States and Georgia, 2010 median age of 35.3 years, and more than one-quarter of the population (25.7%), 30% 28.2% was under the age of 18 in 2010. 25.7% 26.6% 26.4% 24.0% 25.4% Georgia’s older population 25% continues to increase; residents who are Percentage of Total Population over the age of 65 years account for 10.7% of the total population, an in- 20% crease of 31.4% since 2000. The Centers for Disease Control and 15% Prevention reports that, by 2030, the 11.3% 9.9% 10.0% population aged 65 and over will double 9.5% 10% to 71 million people nationwide. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 5% approximately 4 out of 5 seniors in the 1.8% 1.2% United States have 1 chronic health condition and half have 2 or more 0% conditions. The conditions that most Under 18 18-24 25-44 45-64 65-84 85+ frequently limit activity among older Age in Years Americans include arthritis, hypertension, United States Georgia heart disease, diabetes and respiratory diseases.Source: U.S. Census Bureau Population by Race and Hispanic Origin: Georgia Whites represent the largest racial group in Georgia. However, as a per- centage of the total population, the white 2000 2010 population declined between 2000 and 1.2% 1.6% 0.2% 2010, from 62.7% to 55.9%. 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% Blacks represent the second largest 0.2% 5.3% 8.8% race group in Georgia, comprising 30% of the total population in 2010, a small increase from 28.4% in 2000. 28.4% The Hispanic population experienced 30.0% the fast growth between 2000 and 2010, nearly doubling from 429,976 to 853,689 during that decade. Asians represented the second fastest 2.1% growing group, increasing 83.6% 62.7% 55.9% between 2000 and 2010. 3.2% The number of persons indicating that they were of 2 or more races increased White Two or more races from 1.2% in 2000 to 1.6% in 2010. Asian Hispanic Black or African American Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander The Native Hawaiian and other Pacific American Indian/ Alaskan Native Other Islander population increased from 3,146 to 5,152 over the last decade.Source: U.S. Census BureauA GROWING GEORGIA10 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  10. 10. Limited English Proficiency Percentage of Population 5 Years and Over that Speak English Less Than Very Well: Georgia Counties, 2006-2010 Source: U.S. Census Bureau The U.S. Census Bureau’s five-year American Community Survey (ACS) provides information about language spoken at home for each county in the state. The 2006–2010 ACS data indicates that the percentage of households with residents who speak English less than very well ranges from 4 counties with 0% to 6 counties with more than 10% of households (Echols, Whitfield, Gwinnett, Hall, Atkinson, and Clayton). Spanish is the primary language spoken in 4 of Georgia’s counties (Atkinson, Hall, Whitfield, and Echols) with high proportions of households with residents who do not speak English well. Clayton and Gwinnett counties have the greatest diversity of languages spoken among their residents. While Spanish is the primary non-English language spoken, approximately one-quarter of limited English proficient residents speak an Asian language. A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 11
  11. 11. Income and Gross Domestic Product Per capita income in Georgia and the Per Capita Income: nation as a whole experienced a tempo- rary decline in response to changing United States and Georgia, 2000-2011 economic conditions during the last $45,000 41,663 decade. $40,000 Despite the temporary dip, Georgia experienced an overall 26.5% increase in $35,000 per capita income between 2000 and 30,319 36,104 2011, from $28,541 to $36,104. National- Per Capita Income $30,000 ly, income increased at a faster pace during this period (37.4%). $25,000 28,541 Although Georgia’s per capita income $20,000 lags behind the national average, the state has the 14th lowest cost of living $15,000 among the 50 states. $10,000 Income among Georgia’s counties varies considerably, from $23,887 in $5,000 Hancock County to $81,629 in Forsyth County. Forsyth and Fayette counties $0 rank among the top 50 highest income 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 counties in the country. United States GeorgiaSource: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts Per capita gross domestic product Per Capita Real Gross Domestic Product: (GDP) is the total value of goods and United States and Georgia, 2000-2011 services produced by a state per resident. In 2000, Georgia’s per capita real GDP $44,000 ($40,076) was very similar to the national 42,070 average ($39,775). $42,000 40,076 Nationally, per capita GDP generally increased until 2007, while in Georgia Per Capita GDP $40,000 GDP remained fairly stable. As a result, 39,775 there was a widening gap in GDP $38,000 between Georgia and the nation as a whole. $36,000 37,270 GDP declined steeply between 2008 $34,000 and 2009 both nationally and in Georgia, in response to the economic recession, followed by a period of stabilization. $32,000 The most current figures indicate $30,000 Georgia ($37,270) lagged behind the 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 nation ($42,070) in GDP in 2011. United States GeorgiaSource: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic AccountsA GROWING GEORGIA12 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  12. 12. Median Household Income and Poverty RateMedian income in Georgia fluctuatedconsiderably over the past decade, Median Household Income:peaking mid-decade but declining during United States and Georgia, 2000-2011the economic downturn. There weregains, however, during 2010 and 2011. $55,000 $50,054 thAlthough Georgia ranks 36 for medianhousehold income among the states, the $50,000state’s median household income of$45,973 is the highest among southeast $41,990 $45,000 Household Incomestates. $45,973More than half of Georgia’s population, $40,000 $41,90153.8%, is in the prime workforce agesbetween 25 and 64 years old. According $35,000to the Census Bureau, among allmetropolitan areas in the country, the $30,000Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta metro-politan area has the second highestpercent of young workforce-aged adults $25,000between 35 to 44 years old. $20,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 United States Georgia Source: U.S. Census BureauThe poverty rate measures thepercentage of people in families with Poverty Rate:income below the thresholds specified by United States and Georgia, 2005-2011the federal government. The thresholds 25% Percentage of Families below Povertyvary by family size.Georgia’s poverty rate, 19.1% in 2011, 20% 19.1% 17.9%ranked 5th highest among the 50 states, 16.5%and higher than the national rate of 14.7% 14.7% 15.3% 15.9% 14.4% 14.3% 14.3% Threshold15.9%. 15% 13.3% 13.3% 13.0% 13.2%The poverty rate has increased bothnationally and in Georgia since the mid- 10%2000s. In Georgia, the poverty rateincreased from 14.4% in 2005 to 19.1%in 2011. 5%11 of Georgia’s 159 counties hadpoverty rates above 30% in 2010: 0%Stewart, Calhoun, Atkinson, Clay, 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Dougherty, Bulloch, Clarke, Wheeler, United States GeorgiaHancock, Burke, and Telfair. Size of Family Unit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Poverty Threshold ($) 11,170 15,130 19,090 23,050 27,010 30,970 34,930 38,890 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 13
  13. 13. Unemployment Rate and TANF During the early part of the last Monthly Unemployment Rate: United States decade, Georgia’s unemployment rate and Georgia, 2006-2012 was below the national average. However, since August 2007, the state’s 12 unemployment rate has exceeded the national average every month. 10 According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Unemployment Rate (Percentage) Statistics, Georgia’s unemployment rate peaked in late 2009 at 10.5%, but has 8 since decreased and was 8.5% in November 2012. Annual unemployment rates vary 6 considerably at the local level. Two of Georgia’s counties registered average annual unemployment rates below 7% in 4 2011: Oconee and Miller. Five counties had rates exceeding 15% during that same year: Telfair, Warren, Chattahoo- 2 chee, Jenkins, and Hancock. 0 2006 2008 2010 2012 United States GeorgiaSource: Bureau of Labor Statistics, State and Local Unemployment Temporary Assistance for Needy Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Families (TANF) is a monthly cash and work opportunities assistance program Georgia, Monthly Caseload for low income families and children June 2003-June 2012 under the age of 18. 70,000 The TANF program has four purposes: - Assist needy families so children can 60,000 57,663 be cared for in their home. - Reduce dependency of needy parents Number of Cases 50,000 by promoting job preparation, work and marriage. 40,000 - Prevent out-of-wedlock pregnancies. - Encourage the formation and mainte- 30,000 nance of two-parent families. 18,586 The number of TANF cases decreased 20,000 67% from 57,663 in June 2003 to 18,586 in June 2012. 10,000 At $280, Georgia’s monthly TANF benefit ranked 8th lowest among the 0 states for a single parent family of three 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in July 2011.Source: Georgia Department of Human Services, Division of Family and Children’s ServicesA GROWING GEORGIA14 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  14. 14. SNAP and HomeownershipThe Supplemental Nutrition AssistanceProgram (SNAP) provides food and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programnutrition assistance to eligible families. (formerly Food Stamps): Georgia,SNAP cases can include one person orentire families. October 2007-July 2012Between October 2007 and July 2012, 1,000,000the number of SNAP cases increased by 900,000 Number of SNAP Cases127% in Georgia with an averagemonthly caseload of 860,000 in FY 2011. 800,000 898,825 thGeorgia ranked 10 among the states 700,000in the increase in average monthlyhousehold food stamp participation 600,000between 2007 and 2011. 500,000According to the Department of Human 400,000Services, the average amount a familyreceived in SNAP assistance in FY 2011 300,000 395,695was $305 per month. Households areeligible if total resources, such as 200,000checking accounts, savings accounts,and savings bonds are less than $2,000. 100,000 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: Georgia Department of Human Services, Division of Family and Children’s ServicesHomeownership rates are the numberof owner-occupied housing units divided Homeownership Rates:by the total occupied housing units. United States and Georgia, 2000-2011Georgia’s homeownership rate hasfluctuated over the past decade, from a 69% Percent age of Units Occupied by Ownerhigh of 68.5% in 2007 to a low of 64.6%in 2011. The recent decline in homeown- 68%ership rates began in 2006 nationally andin 2007 in Georgia. 67%Homeownership rates in Georgia wereslightly higher than the national rate in all 66% 66.0%but one year during the period between2000 and 2011. 64.6% 65%Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta had 65.3%the 19th highest foreclosure rate among 64% 64.6%metropolitan areas in August 2012,however, foreclosures were down 22.3% 63%compared to a year earlier.New single unit residential construction 62%in Georgia fluctuated greatly over the 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011past decade, ranging more than 94,000 United States Georgiaunits in 2005 to less than 14,000 in 2011. Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 15
  15. 15. Housing Values and Employment by Industry Median housing values peaked Median Housing Values: nationally and in Georgia in 2008 but United States and Georgia, 2000-2011 have declined each year since that time. $250,000 Median housing values in Georgia were slightly below national levels, during the last decade, but the gap widened during the middle part of the $200,000 $173,600 past decade. Median rent in Georgia’s 35 most Housing Value $150,000 populous counties ranged from $416 per $119,600 month in Walker County to $908 in $147,100 Forsyth County in 2011 according to the Census Bureau. $100,000 $111,200 Georgia has the 6th highest foreclosure rate in the nation, which has resulted in $50,000 declining housing values. As of August 2012, there were 9,478 foreclosure filings in Georgia, representing 1 in every 431 housing units. The August figure, $0 however, represents a decline in filings 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 statewide, compared to June 2010 when United States Georgia there were 12,037 filings.Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey Overall employment in Georgia Employment by Major Industry: declined 2.1% between 2001 and 2011. Georgia, 2001 and 2011 The recession and housing foreclo- 28,941 sures have impacted the construction Natural Resources & Mining 35,059 industry, which lost more than 58,000 jobs between 2001 and 2011. Other Services 1,421,660 1,248,828 Employment in the manufacturing industry decreased by 28.6% between Construction 145,437 2001 to 2011. 203,678 In contrast to construction and manu- Public Administration 239,673 facturing, the finance, professional and 218,122 business services sector remained relatively stable during the period Finance, Professional, Business Services 750433 736182 between 2001 and 2011, increasing by 1.9%. Manufacturing 349,048 498,218 Georgia’s service sector, which includes the industries of leisure and 844,529 hospitality, information, education and Trade, Transportation & Utilities 885,247 health, gained 172,832 jobs over the past decade, posting a 13.8% increase. 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2011 2001Source: Bureau of Labor StatisticsA GROWING GEORGIA16 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  16. 16. Jobs and Agricultural ProductionThe Bureau of Labor Statistics tracksthe number of jobs covered by the Non-Agricultural Jobs: Georgia, 2002-2011Unemployment Insurance Tax Program,which excludes farm employment. 4.2The number of non-agricultural jobspeaked in Georgia at 4.1 million in 2007. 4.1As economic conditions worsened, thenumber jobs in Georgia declined to 3.84 Number of Jobs (In Millions)million in 2010. There was a smallrecovery in 2011, with the number of jobs 4.0increasing to 3.88 million.Small business contributes 1 out of 5 3.9 3.87 3.88jobs to the U.S. economy. The Depart-ment of Community Affairs State SmallBusiness Credit Initiative encouragessmall business through lending pro- 3.8grams, a loan participation program forunderserved markets, a hybrid loanguarantee/risk reserve pool program, and 3.7a portfolio insurance program.Georgia was ranked by ForbesMagazine as the 8th best state for 3.6business climate in 2012 because of the 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011state’s regulatory environment, laborsupply and growth prospects. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor StatisticsValue of agricultural sector productionis the gross value of the commodities Value of Agricultural Sector Production:and services produced. Overall, Georgia, 2000-2011Georgia’s agricultural value increasedfrom $5.8 billion to $9.8 billion between $122000 and 2011. $9.8Georgia’s top five agricultural $10commodities in 2011 were: - Broilers, - Cotton, $8 Billions of Dollars - Chicken Eggs, - Peanuts, and $5.8 $6 - Greenhouse/Nursery.Georgia also leads the nation in pecanproduction. Albany is known as the $4“pecan capital of the world”.Net farm income in Georgia increased $2between 2000 and 2011, from $2.1 billionto $2.5 billion according to the US $0Department of Agriculture. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 17
  17. 17. Exports and Tourism The value of Georgia’s exports more Value of Exports: Georgia, 2000-2011 than doubled between 2000 and 2011 from $14.9 billion to $34.8 billion. $40 $34.8 Georgia’s top 5 exports in 2011: - Transportation $35 equipment, - Machinery (except electrical), $30 - Chemicals, - Paper, and Billions of Dollars $25 - Computers and electronic products. Georgia’s top trade partners are $20 Canada, China, Mexico, Singapore, $14.9 Japan, Germany, and Brazil, exporting more than $1 billion worth of products to $15 each of these countries. $10 Georgia exported to 221 destinations in 2011 and is ranked 12th in the nation in terms of export value. $5 $0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Trade Statistics Express Georgia cultivates strong tourism Direct Tourism Expenditures: through convention and conference business, coastal tourism, and the Georgia, 2000-2011 world’s busiest airport. Despite a dip in tourism expenditures $24 in 2009, direct tourism expenditures in $22.7 Georgia increased 46.5% between 2000 $22 and 2011. Tourism generated more than $1.7 $20 billion in tax revenue for state and local Billions of Dollars governments in 2011. $18 According to the Georgia Department of Economic Development, travel $15.5 $16 industry spending directly supported 238,400 of the state’s jobs in 2011. $14 In 2011, $7.3 billion in wages and salaries were generated in Georgia from $12 the travel industry. Domestic travelers accounted for $20.5 billion in spending, and international travelers generated $10 $2.2 billion the same year. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: The Travel Industry AssociationA GROWING GEORGIA18 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  18. 18. Energy Consumption and Clean WaterFour main fuel types contribute toGeorgia’s total energy consumption: Per Capita Energy Consumption:coal, petroleum, natural gas and electrici- Georgia, 2000-2010ty fuels such as nuclear, hydropower andwood. 400 363.3 353.7The average amount of energy 341.9 342.3 351.1 348.9 337.6 350 328.7 325.0consumed by each Georgian decreased 310.9by 10.6% between 2000 to 2010. 300.5 300 Million BTU Per CapitaGeorgia ranked 24th among the 50states for per capita total energy con- 250sumption in 2010.Georgia is a leading state in the 200production of lumber and pulpwood,which contribute feedstock for biomass 150electricity generation. In 2011, Georgiaranked 3rd in the nation in net electricity 100generation from biomass. 50Between 2006 and 2010, Georgia’selectric power generation from renewablesources increased by 8.6%. 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: Energy Information Administration and Bureau of Economic AnalysisPollutants that cause water qualitystandard violations can pose risks to River Miles Assessed That Meet Waterhuman health, impact fish and wildlife Quality Standards: Georgia, 2000-2012populations and decrease therecreational quality of these waters. 16,000 13,838Total number of river miles in Georgia 14,000is 70,150 miles. 12,000The total number of river miles 9,996assessed in Georgia increased 38% 10,000 River Milesbetween 2000 and 2012, from 9,996 to 8,21113,838. 8,000The proportion of river miles assessed 5,983that met standards remained stable at 6,00040.2% in 2000 and 40.7% in 2012. 5,627 4,000Note: Water quality standards define the goals 4,013for a water body by designating its uses and 2,000setting criteria to protect those uses, includinglimits that define acceptable amounts of 0specific pollutants. 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Miles Fully Supporting Standards Miles Not Fully Supporting Standards Total Miles Assessed Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division A GROWING GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 19
  19. 19. Air Quality Despite fluctuations over the past Ozone Levels: Georgia, 2000-2011 decade, ozone levels have decreased from 0.094 parts per million of volume of 0.10 0.094 air in 2000 to 0.074 in 2011. 0.089 0.09 0.084 0.084 The number of days the Air Quality Ozone (Parts Per Million Volume of Air) 0.082 Index exceeded 100 in the Atlanta 0.079 0.078 0.080 0.08 0.076 0.074 metropolitan area has also fluctuated 0.072 over the past decade, from a high of 81 0.068 0.07 in 2000 to a low of 15 in 2009. 0.06 The Clean Air Campaign in Georgia estimates that by using commute 0.05 alternatives, Georgians reduce the amount of pollutants released into the air 0.04 by 1,800 pounds per day. Commute alternatives include vanpools, carpools, 0.03 teleworking and public transit. The Georgia Clean Air Campaign 0.02 offers financial incentives to Georgians who use commute alternatives, including 0.01 commuter cash and prizes as well as carpool rewards. 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division, Ambient Monitoring Program Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM-2.5) is a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in Particulate Matter (PM-2.5) Concentration the air. Fine particles can be emitted directly Levels: Georgia, 2000-2011 from smoke or formed in the atmosphere 20 from emissions from sources such as power plants, industrial, and mobile sources. Fine 18 17.22 particulate matter is less than 2.5 microns in diameter. 16 15.03 14.56 14.87 14.69 13.72 14.09 13.74 Portions of Georgia, including Macon, Concentration of PM-2.5 14 Atlanta and Rome, have been in "non- 12.56 12.03 attainment status" for PM-2.5. Non- 12 11.14 11.19 Attainment occurs when the area in question does not meet the air quality standard set by 10 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 8 PM-2.5 concentrations declined in Georgia by 35% between 2000 and 2011, from 17.22 6 to 11.19. 4 2 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division, Ambient Monitoring ProgramA GROWING GEORGIA20 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  20. 20. MOBILE GEORGIA 2013 Developing and maintaining Georgia’s transportation infrastructure to move people and products in a 21st century economy. LEADING INDICATORS INDICATORS Transportation Infrastructure 22 Public Transit 23 Airport Travelers and Freeway Runway Length 24 Rail System 25 Deep Water Ports 26 Interstate Maintenance and Bridges 27 Passenger Trips and Evening Peak Hour Speed 28 Motor Vehicle Fatalities 29 State Highway Safety 30GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 2013 GOVERNOR’S OFFICE of PLANNING & BUDGET
  21. 21. Transportation Infrastructure Georgia’s Logistics System Source: Georgia Center of Innovation for Logistics Transportation is an essential segment in Georgia’s economy, providing the infrastructure to move people and products within the state and to and from other states and nations. The transportation infrastructure encompasses roads, airports, rail, and ports. The logistics industry includes the transportation infrastructure as well as the firms that move freight in, out, and through the state. The logistics sector in Georgia generates more than $16 billion in sales each year. The 11,000 logistics providers in the state generate 142,000 jobs.A MOBILE GEORGIA22 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  22. 22. Public Transit Source: Georgia Department of TransportationPublic transit in Georgia is provided by 14 urban systems and 114 rural systems.Urban transit system travel in 2010 totaled 65.4 million revenue vehicle miles and provided 177.5 million passenger trips.These services were provided through use of 1,182 buses and 318 rail cars.Rural transit systems travelled 12.4 million revenue vehicle miles, serving communities with 1.6 million passenger trips.Rural transit systems own 480 paratransit vehicles and 298 ADA compliant vehicles. A MOBILE GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 23
  23. 23. Airport Travelers and Freeway Runway Length Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson Interna- Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport: tional Airport is the world’s busiest pas- Total Passengers, 2000-2011 senger airport. The airport hosts 31 pas- senger airlines which carried 92 million 100 passengers in 2011. 92 89 90 88 89 90 86 85 Hartsfield-Jackson improved interna- 84 tional capacity with the opening of its new 80 79 80 76 77 12 gate International Terminal in May 2012. Millions of Passengers 70 Hartsfield-Jackson has three main air 60 cargo complexes which maintain more than 1.3 million square feet of air cargo 50 handling space. According to the Air- 40 ports Council International, Hartsfield- Jackson Airport ranked 10th in the nation 30 in total cargo in 2011. 20 In September 2012, Atlanta’s airport handled 53,929 metric tons of cargo, a 10 3.1% decline from September of 2011. 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport There are a total of 104 public use air- Number of Airports Meeting State ports in Georgia: 30 level I airports, 32 Recommendation for Runway Length, by level II, 33 level III general aviation air- Airport Type: ports, and 9 level III commercial service 45 Georgia, 2005-2010 airports. 39 40 40 37 38 The number of Georgia airports meet- 36 36 ing recommended runway length in- 35 creased from 66 in 2005 to 84 in 2010. Number of Airports 30 26  Aviation related industry accounted for 25 22 23 16% of Georgia’s GDP in 2010. 20 21 19 18 According to a study by the Georgia 20 16 Department of Transportation (GDOT), 15 12 13 the economic impact of Georgia’s air- 11 11 ports include $62.6 billion in overall eco- 10 nomic output, including 471,000 jobs with 5 an annual payroll of $17.8 billion. 0 Military airports in Georgia contribute 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 an additional 55,000 military and civilian jobs and $11 billion to the state’s econo- Local Airports 4000 Runway Business Airports 5000 Runway my. Regional Airports 5500 RunwaySource: Georgia Department of Transportation, Aviation ProgramsA MOBILE GEORGIA24 GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE
  24. 24. Rail System Georgia’s Rail SystemGeorgia has a rich rail history that began in the mid-1830s. Today, the state’s rail program includes passenger and freightrail services.Passenger rail services are provided by Amtrak and includes service from New York to New Orleans on the Crescent Lineand service from New York to Miami on the Silver Meteor/Silver Star. Amtrak stations are located in Toccoa, Gainesville,Atlanta, Savannah, and Jesup and served more than 200,000 passengers in 2011.Freight rail operates on a network of nearly 5,000 miles of railroad statewide. In addition to CSX and Norfolk Southern, 22short-line operators provide shipping services to Georgia business and industry. CSX operates 1,626 miles of railroad andNorfolk Southern operates 1,912 miles.The mainline tracks in Georgia include 2,436 railroad miles, moving more than 80 million gross tons of product each year.The top freight moved by rail in Georgia include clay, concrete, glass, stone, non-metallic minerals, and pulp/paper. A MOBILE GEORGIA GEORGIA IN PERSPECTIVE 25

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