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Jack London Background

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Jack London Background

  1. 1. Jack London 1876-1916 How old was he when he died?
  2. 2. Family <ul><li>Born in San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Father William Chaney: astrologer </li></ul><ul><li>Mother Flora Wellman: “cold” </li></ul><ul><li>Step-father John London: poor farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Helped by step-sister and servant “Aunt Jenny” </li></ul><ul><li>Went to work at 10 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Quit school at 15 to work full-time in factory (salmon cannery) </li></ul><ul><li>Used books to escape life </li></ul>
  3. 3. Life of Adventure <ul><li>Several odd jobs—many of them at sea </li></ul><ul><li>Oyster pirate </li></ul><ul><li>Fish patrol </li></ul><ul><li>Seaman on whaling schooner </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to high school at 19—passed entrance exam to U of Ca @ Berkley </li></ul><ul><li>One semester </li></ul><ul><li>Lacked finances </li></ul>
  4. 4. Klondike Gold Rush <ul><li>Joined the gold rush to help support his mom after John London died </li></ul><ul><li>Returned home because of illness (scurvy) </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas for writing gained here </li></ul>
  5. 5. Political Ideas <ul><li>Arrested for vagrancy in 1894-one month in jail </li></ul><ul><li>Fought for poor—Socialist </li></ul><ul><li>Shared wealth—never quit working; worried about money </li></ul>
  6. 6. Finally earned money writing <ul><li>Published over 50 novels; letter writer; speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Call of the Wild/The Sea Wolf </li></ul><ul><li>“Great Earthquake and Fire” (San Francisco) written for Collier’s magazine paid 25 cents/word-2500 word article </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adult/Family Life
  8. 8. Married <ul><li>Bessie May Madden-April 7, 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Later divorced (1905)—different interests </li></ul>
  9. 9. Children <ul><li>Joan—born January 15,1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Bess—born October 20,1902 </li></ul><ul><li>Third child died at birth </li></ul>
  10. 10. Married (2 nd time) <ul><li>Charmain Kitterage-November 19, 1905 </li></ul><ul><li>Adventures at sea together </li></ul><ul><li>Built large ranch in California </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jack London’s Admonition <ul><li>Write what you see! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Jack London’s Style <ul><li>Helps reader become involved because he experienced what he wrote about </li></ul><ul><li>Used vivid language </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual word order </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Stories are based on experiences-reality based </li></ul><ul><li>Life and death situations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Primary Source <ul><li>Eyewitness Accounts—autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>Diaries, letters, news accounts, photos, art </li></ul>
  14. 14. Secondary Source <ul><li>Written by someone with no direct experience with events of person’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Using information from other sources </li></ul>

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