LEGAL FRAMEWORKFOR SHALEDEVELOPMENT ANDCULTURAL RESOURCESMarion F. Werkheiser, Attorney at LawCultural Heritage Partners, ...
Cultural Heritage Under Threat   Kirshner Site, Westmoreland County near    West Newton               Kirs hne r Site Pho...
Kirshner Site   2 Monongahela villages, approx. 200 years    apart
Kirshner Site
Kirshner Site
Kirshner Site   Violent end of later settlement: invasion,    burning, massacre and butchering of bodies
End to Excavations
Known Shale Plays in Lower 48
Federal Regulation of HydraulicFracturing (or lack thereof)   National Historic Preservation Act Section 106    Reviews O...
Federal Regulation   Safe Drinking Water Act       Underground Injection Control Program       “Halliburton Loophole” e...
Federal Regulation   Clean Water Act exempts hydraulic fracturing    from NPDES permits   Army Corps of Engineers      ...
Pennsylvania   Oil and Gas Act requires that DEP consider    impacts of proposed wells on listed historical    and archae...
Friedenshutten, Wyalusing, PA   Means “tents of peace” where Moravian    settlers from Czech Republic and Eastern    Dela...
Contact Us            Marion F. Werkheiser              Attorney at Law              (703) 489-6059     marion@culturalher...
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Legal Framework for Shale Development and Cultural Resources

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Marion Werkheiser, Cultural Heritage Partners, LLC

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Legal Framework for Shale Development and Cultural Resources

  1. 1. LEGAL FRAMEWORKFOR SHALEDEVELOPMENT ANDCULTURAL RESOURCESMarion F. Werkheiser, Attorney at LawCultural Heritage Partners, LLC
  2. 2. Cultural Heritage Under Threat Kirshner Site, Westmoreland County near West Newton Kirs hne r Site Pho to g ra p hs Co urte s y o f Bill Jo hns o n
  3. 3. Kirshner Site 2 Monongahela villages, approx. 200 years apart
  4. 4. Kirshner Site
  5. 5. Kirshner Site
  6. 6. Kirshner Site Violent end of later settlement: invasion, burning, massacre and butchering of bodies
  7. 7. End to Excavations
  8. 8. Known Shale Plays in Lower 48
  9. 9. Federal Regulation of HydraulicFracturing (or lack thereof) National Historic Preservation Act Section 106 Reviews Occur as result of Federal Undertaking:  Carried Out, Approved, or Funded by Federal Government  U.S. Public Lands Where is the federal nexus for hydraulic fracturing and shale development?
  10. 10. Federal Regulation Safe Drinking Water Act  Underground Injection Control Program  “Halliburton Loophole” exempts:  The underground injection of fluids or propping agents (other than diesel fuels) pursuant to hydraulic fracturing operations related to oil, gas, or geothermal production activities. 42 U.S.C. § 300h(d)(1)(B) (ii)  UIC Program is not delegated in PA  New definition of “diesel fuels” soon
  11. 11. Federal Regulation Clean Water Act exempts hydraulic fracturing from NPDES permits Army Corps of Engineers  Wetlands and stream crossings DO require federal permits  Interpretation of Appendix C can lead to limited reviews
  12. 12. Pennsylvania Oil and Gas Act requires that DEP consider impacts of proposed wells on listed historical and archaeological sites  10 acre rule Law passed earlier this year overrides local zoning ordinances PHMC’s best practices encourage landowners to require avoidance in their leases, drillers to collaborate and search databases
  13. 13. Friedenshutten, Wyalusing, PA Means “tents of peace” where Moravian settlers from Czech Republic and Eastern Delaware tribe lived together for nearly ten years
  14. 14. Contact Us Marion F. Werkheiser Attorney at Law (703) 489-6059 marion@culturalheritagepartners.com O ur a tto rne y s a re a d m itte d to p ra c tic e la w in Virg inia , Dis tric t o f Co lum bia , M ry la nd a nd Ca lifo rnia a

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