Managing stress


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Managing stress

  1. 1. Managing Stress Productively Prerna Sharma
  2. 2. What’s stress • Stress is physical or emotional reaction/response to any kind of change – external or internal • Stress is a form of pain that comes to tell there is something I need to change • Pain is a messenger that comes to tell me there is something I need to learn • An adaptive response to an internal & external situation that results in physical, psychological and behavioral deviations.
  3. 3. MANAGE AT ALL THE THREE LEVEL – PSYCHOLOGICAL LEVEL: MEDITATION, REASSESSING OUR THOUGHTS & FEELINGS – PHYSICAL LEVEL: EXERCISES, YOGA, PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES – BEHAVIOURAL LEVEL: RESPONDING WITH EQUANIMITY AND CALMNESS. IF the distress crosses the threshold level medical problems like Depression, Anxiety disorders, Hypertension etc. sets in. seek medical help from a qualified medical practitioner
  4. 4. Types Of Stress There are two types of stress: • Eustress • Distress
  5. 5. Types Of Stress Eustress: Stress that is healthy, or gives one a feeling of fulfillment or other positive feelings. Eustress is a process of exploring potential gains.
  6. 6. Types of Stress Distress: • Severe strain resulting from exhaustion or an accident
  7. 7. The Physical Signs of Stress …increased heart rate, stomach & digestive disturbances, diarrhea, sweating, heart attack, ulcers, head aches, chest pains, insomnia, accident prone, alcoholism, high blood pressure
  8. 8. The Mental Signs of Stress …tension, tightness, resistance, friction, anger, guilt, critical, anxiety, evasion, reactive, discontentment, worry, impatience, apprehension
  9. 9. Effects of Stress MENTAL Irritability increases, forgetfulness, concentration decreases, less judgment power weakens. BEHAVIOURAL Smoking / alcohol addiction, nail/biting, not mixing, reckless driving, eating more or less, sleep more or less, work-alcoholism or absenteeism
  10. 10. External & Internal causes of Stress External Fast changing world, hurry, consumerism, media, government policies, population explosions, pollution Internal change of attitude, fear, jealousy, hatred, aspirations, approach
  11. 11. STRESS RELATED DISORDERS • • • • • • • • Sleep disturbance Easy fatigability Loss of appetite Nervousness, tension, irritability, restlessness Depression Abdominal disturbances Migraine headache And many such conditions
  12. 12. Productivity The inverted U relationship between stress and productivity is illustrated by Figure. From the figure it can be observed that as the stress increases the productivity declines. Here, the productivity refers to the work efficiency of individual , or the employee in the organization. Stress From the organization’s stand point, management may not be concerned when employee experience low to moderate level of stress. Such levels may lead to higher employee performance. But high levels of stress or even low levels sustained over a long period of time, can lead to reduced employee performance and thus require action by management. From the individuals standpoint even low levels of stress are likely to be perceived as undesirable.
  14. 14. Individuals and organizations have attempted to deal with stress in various ways. Individuals, for example, may try to reduce stress through better management of their time, nutritious food, exercises, career planning, change in jobs, promotion of psychological health, relaxation, meditation and prayer. Time can be managed effectively by, • Making daily list of activities to be accomplished • Prioritizing activities by importance and urgency • Scheduling activities according to the priority set • Knowing the daily cycle and handling the most demanding parts of job during the high part. Organization may provide counseling or recreation facilities or may improve the job design by matching the person with the job. A proper fit between individual needs and the demands of the task will benefit both the individual and the organization.
  15. 15. Conclusion Undoubtedly in every organization, a small group of the working population suffers from stress. If the management consider stress as an individual problem and not as a management problem, then they have to meet out with the loss due to absenteeism, turn over, total cost of work-related accidents and work that is not up to the standards. The organization should handle stress positively to increase the productivity