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1                ni-_vZ-am-°m-m-hmØ mhv     2012 am¿®v 28 ]I¬     ""............. s]s´∂v F√mw A´nadn-bp-∂p. At±lw Pohn-®n-...
2c-I≥, IΩyq-Wn-Ãv, IΩyq-WnÃv hna¿i-I≥, 60˛-I-fn¬ ae-bmf knn-a-bn¬ thmŸm--sa-Øn® knn-aIfpsS AWn-bd{]-h¿Ø-I≥, S≥, kXy-PnØv t...
3    tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ XI¿∂-t∏mƒ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n B¿tI-hns‚ Npa-X-e-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ncn-{X-Im-c-mb P-d¬ Znan{Xn thmƒ°-t·mhv BZ...
4h-X-c-W-Ønv h¿j-߃°ptijw Fgp-]-XpI-fpsS XpS-°-Øn¬ _me≥ sI mb-cpsSkp`mjv Xnb-t‰gvkv ""DS™ hn{K-l-߃ Gs‰-Sp-Øp. F∂m¬ ]p-c-h...
5kmln-Xyhpw. IhnX {_m“-W≥, tmh¬ £{Xn-b≥, IY sshiy¿, mSIw ip{Z≥. Xnc-°-Ybpw a‰p-sams° Zfn-X-nepw Xmsg. Hcp mS-Ihpw kz¥w t]c...
6     ""F¨]-Xp-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ne-®n{XNcn-{X-߃ s]mXp-hn¬ hyh-l-cn-°p-∂Xv AXv B¿´vkvIqfn¬ hcp∂ kwhn-[m-b-I-cp-sS knn-a-I...
7Zn]{XØn¬ amjns‚ acWm¥cw kckzXn FgpXnb ^o®dnse D≤cWnIƒ). 2010 sesF.F^v.F^v.sI.bnse kn.Fkv.sh¶ntSizc≥ FUnddv sNbvX s^Ãnh¬ _...
8¬tI≠Xps≠∂ ASpØkplrØp°fpsS n¿_≤Ønphgßn A—s Nneam[ya߃°v ap∂nseØn°m≥ SØnb Hmtcm{iahpw C∂p Xncn™p tm°ptºƒHmtcm H‰psImSp°epIf...
9I≠m¬ A∂v AN- O s‚ ka-  ne sX‰n- b - X mbn IcpXns°m≈Ww˛ kz¥wbm{Xm]mXsb°pdn®v A—≥ a°ƒ°v F∂pw ap∂dnbn∏v ¬Inbncp∂p. acWØnepwB...
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T.damodaran

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samakalika malayalam varikha article on t.damodaran master

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T.damodaran

  1. 1. 1 ni-_vZ-am-°m-m-hmØ mhv 2012 am¿®v 28 ]I¬ ""............. s]s´∂v F√mw A´nadn-bp-∂p. At±lw Pohn-®n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ I≠n-s√∂v Sn-®n-cp∂ Xt‚-Sßfn-te°v Iyma-dIfpw t]-Ifpw Iq´-tØmsS Ib-dn-bn-dßp-∂p. AXp-hsc - - - -tIƒ°mØ i_vZ-Øns‚ _m°n-]{Xw Xpd-∂p-tm-°p-∂p. ]d-b-s∏-´n-´n-√mØ `mj-bn¬X¬k-abw Ia‚-dn-Iƒ XpS-ßp-∂p............ CXv Zmtam-Z-c≥amÿ Fgp-Xn-h® Ah-km cwK-a-√, acn®p F∂v Dd-∏m-b-t∏mƒ Ac-tß-dnb cwK-am-Wv. amjv Pohn-®n-cnbv°p-tºmƒ Cßn-s-sbmcp cwKw S-°n-√m-bn-cp-∂p.Bdp ]Xn-‰m≠p ]n∂n´ B s]mXp-Po-hnXw Hcn-°epw Hcp Iyma-d-tbbpw Hcp t]-tbbpwCßs ASp-∏n-®n-´n-√. F∂m¬ B lrZbw ne® nan-j-Øns‚ NqSmdpw apºv kI-e-am-[y-a-ßfpw B PohnXw tXSn-sb-Øn. aXn-bmb tcJ-I-fn-√msX "tÃmdn-Iƒ ]Wn-Xp. Nq≠phnc-ens‚ IcpØv Hcm-bp-jv°mew Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn® Ia-t‚-‰¿ ni_vZ-m-b-Xns‚ {]Jym-]w X¬k-abw Ia‚-dn-bmbn ˛""cmjv{Sob knn-a-I-fpsS BNm-cy≥ Hm¿Ω-bm-bn... Cu cwKw amjv ]t£ ap≥Iq´n I≠n-cp-∂p. HSp-hn¬ Xs‚ ac-W-apJw ImWm-s-Øp-∂-h¿°mbn Xs‚ Ah-km-sØ Ia‚dn dnt°mUv sNbvXv ssa°n-eqsS tIƒ∏n-°-W-sa∂ B{Klw S-∂n√ F∂p-am-{Xw. tPm¨t]mƒ AS-°ap≈ kplr-Øp-°tfmSv CXp - -]d-™p-h-®n-cp-∂p. "mh-S-°m-Ø-hsc kaqlw ssIImcyw sNøp∂ hn[w Fß-s-bm-bn-cp-∂p F∂p Im´p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p amjns‚ e£yw. ""IrjvW]n≈ an≠m-Xm-hWsa-¶n¬ Abm-fpsS izmkw nebv°Ww˛ Cu mSv (1982) - - -izmkw nebv°pw hscbpw amjn-s‚bpw mh-S-°m≥ B¿°p-am-bn-√. IY˛Xnc-°Y˛kw-`m-jWw-˛ Sn.-Zm-tam-Zc≥ F∂p sh≈n-Øn-cbn¬ sXfn-bp-tºmƒ IøSn - -- - - - -Db-cp∂ Xntb‰-dp-Iƒ F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS Hm¿Ω-bm-Wv. AXn-e-∏p-d-sam∂pw hn°o-]o-Un-b-bn¬ In´n-√. ]pXnb am[ya Po-hn-XØns‚ kq{X-hm-Iy-amb KqKn-fn¬ tm°n-bm¬ GXmpw -kq∏¿ln‰v knn-aIfpsS t]cp-IqSn In´n-tb-°pw. 90˛Ifnse am[ya-kvt^m-SØns‚ k¥- - - - -Xn-I-fmb Hcp Nm-ens‚ Iønepw amjns‚ Hcp Pohn-X-tc-Jbpw Hcn-°-ep-ap-≠m-bn-´n-√.Hcp tUmIyp-sa‚-dn-bnepw At±lw A`n--bn-°m≥ t]mbn-´n√. Hc-®Sn am[y-a-Øn-s‚bpwtiJ-c-Øn¬ amjv ]n∂n´ {Sm°p-I-fpsS Hcp I´n-ßp-t]m-ep-ap-≠mIn√. ΩpsS kI-e-am-[y-a-ß-fp-sSbpw Ifn-n-b-aßtfmSv C{Xbpw hn´p-ho-gvN-bn-√msX s]mcp-Xnb as‰mcp ae-bm-fnbpw C{Xbpw o≠ s]mXp-Po-hnXw bn-®p-Im-Wn-√. Hcp tXm‰ ap-jy--√m-bn-cp∂p Sn. Zmtam-Z-c≥. 1956 hw-_¿ H∂nv A∂sØ anI®bqn-th-gvkn‰n AXve‰v F∂ nebv°v tIc-f-∏n-d-hn-bpsS hnf°v sImfp-Øp-hmp≈ Zo]-in- J - b v s °m∏w HmSn- Ø p- S - ß n- b - X m- W v . ]ns∂ amm- © nd ssaXm- sØ {Xkn- ∏ n®^pSvt_mƒsπb¿, eoKnse Xmc-am-bn-cp∂ {_tZgvkv Soans‚ kwLm-S-I-≥, ske-IvS¿,Kme-dn-Isf Cf-°n-a-dn® d^-dn, Ifn-I-fpsS D≈p-I-fn-Iƒ ]Tn-∏n® tIm®v, t{imXm-°sfNm¬Im-eØnp apºv tdUn-tbm°p apºn¬ ]nSn-®n-cp-Ønb BIm-ihm-Wn-bnse dÆnwKv - -Iat‚‰¿, aq∂v ]Xn-‰m≠v Imbn-I£aXbp≈ in£y-KWßsf hm¿sØ-SpØ {Un¬amÿ, - - - - - -Ifn-n-ba߃ {]N-cn-∏n®v ^pSvt_m-fn-s-bpw, _mkv°‰vt_mfn-s-bpw, thmfn-t_m-fn-sbpw - -sIm≠mSnb ae-bm-f-Ønse kvt]m¿Svkv tP¿W-enkØns‚ XpS-°-°m-cn-sem-cmƒ, tImgn-t°mSv tdUntbm tÃj≥ h∂-Imew apX¬ Ahn-SsØ ÿncw B¿´n-Ãv, S≥, mS-I-Ir-Øv, Kmb-I≥, ae-_m-dns‚ mS-I-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ hgn-Øn-cn-hp-Iƒ krjvSn® s{]m^-j-W¬mSIßfpsS Aa-c-°m-c≥, mS-tIm-’h kwLm-S-I≥, {]Pm tkmjy-enÃv ]m¿´n {]Nm-
  2. 2. 2c-I≥, IΩyq-Wn-Ãv, IΩyq-WnÃv hna¿i-I≥, 60˛-I-fn¬ ae-bmf knn-a-bn¬ thmŸm--sa-Øn® knn-aIfpsS AWn-bd{]-h¿Ø-I≥, S≥, kXy-PnØv tdbpsS "]tY¿ ]m©men - - - -bpsS shfn®w BZy-ambn tImgn-t°m-s´-Øn-b-t∏mƒ AXnv X¬k-abw ae-bm-f-Øn¬dÆnßv Ia‚dn Hcp-°nb ^neow skmssk‰n {]h¿Ø-I≥, G‰hpw HSp-hn¬ 80-˛-I-fpsSXpS-°-Øn¬ aebmf knn-a°v P-Iob cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ ASn-Ød ]WnX Xnc-°-Ym-Ir-Øv, Fgp-]-XpIfpsS A¥ywhsc XpS¿∂ knn-a-bnse H‰mb-I k¶-ev]-ßsf _lpkz-c-[m-c-bn-te°v tamNn-∏n® ""CumSns‚ Ne-®n{X inev]n-, acn-®-hcpw Pohn-®n-cn-∏p-≈-h-cp-amb hn{K-l-ßsf DS-®p-sIm-t≠bn-cp∂ hmsamgnNcn-{X-Im-c≥, acWw hscbpw Xf-cmØbp‡n-hm-Zn, acn-®mepw Hcp I¿Ω-ßfpw ]mSn-s√∂v a°sf ap≥Iq´n ]d-t™-ev]n® A—≥˛Sn.-Zm-tam-Z-c≥amÿ Ncn{Xw Iøn-se-SpØv S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B-chw apg-°n-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Kme-dn-Iƒ F∂pw amjnv Np‰pw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]ehnIm-c-ß-fp-sSbpw t]m¿ap-J-߃ amjv AhnsS tcn-´p. F∂pw Hcmƒ°q-´sØ Bt]cphln®p. tIcfw ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS amXr-`q-an-bmbn amdnb C°gn™ Bdp ]Xn-‰m-≠n¬ae-bmfn Ifn® Hcp-hn[w Ifn-IfpsSsbms° d^-dn-bm-bn-cp∂p Zmtam-Z-c≥am-jv. ssaXm--Ønepw cmjv{So-b-Ønepw knn-a-bnepw kmln-Xy-Ønepw nXy-Po-hn-X-Ønepw am[y-a-ß-fn-ep-sam-s° Ac-tß-dp∂ Ifn-Iƒ°v D®-Øn¬ hnkn-eqXn ^uƒ hnfn-°m≥ amjv F∂pwHmSn-s°m-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. kz¥w sNbvXn-IfpsS `hn-jy-Øp-Isf `b-∂tX-bn-√. F{X Acn™p - -hogvØm≥ tm°n-bn´pw B mhv n»-_vZ-am-bn-√. ]d-®n-e-S-ßmØ B mhv ImcWw Ncn-{X-Øns‚ hcm-¥-I-fn¬ n∂p-t]mepw Xs‚ t]cv ssZh-߃ XpS-®p-am-‰n-b-t∏mgpw amjvIpep-ßn-b-tX-bn-√. hmsamgn Ncn-{X-Im-c≥ ]d-®n-em-bn-cp∂p amjns‚ Ie. Hm¿Ω-bm-bn-cp∂p G‰hpw henb _ew. XocmØkwi-b-ß-fp-ambn Ncn-{X-Øn-te°v B≠n-d-ßm≥ CX-t±-lsØ t{]cn-∏n-®p. Ncn-{X-an-Yy-Iƒ D≠m-hp-∂sXßssb∂v Npgn™p ]cn-tim-[n®psImt≠-bn-cp-∂p. teJ-tam ]pkvX- -Itam Fgp-Xm≥ th≠n-bm-bn-cp-∂n√ AXv. adn®v Adn-hns hntam-N--Øns‚ sImSn-b-S-bm-f-am-°m-p≈ t]mcm-´-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. C¥y°v kzmX{¥yw tSn-Ø∂Xn¬ Km‘n-tb-°mƒ ]¶p-h-ln-®Xv c≠mw-tem-I-bp-≤-Øns‚ KXn-am-‰n-adn® Ãmenpw N¿®n-ep-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw djy≥ hnπ-hØntem tkmhn- - -b‰v bqWn-b≥ sI´n-∏Sp-°p-∂Xntem senv Hcp ]¶p-an-√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw ^nZ¬ Imkvt{Sm- - -bpsS kzP--]-£-]mXam-bn-cp∂p sN Kp-thcsb Iyq_-bn¬ n∂pw HmSn-®-sX∂pw Ãmen-t-°mƒ henb Iq´-s°meIƒ°v hgn-sbm-cp-°n-bXv amthm-bpsS ssN-bm-sW∂pw F√mhnπ-h-ßfpw cmjv{Sob FXn-cm-fn-Isf i{Xp-°-fmbn ap{Z-IpØn Iq´-s°me sNbvX-Xns‚IqSn Ncn-{X-am-sW∂pw C¥y≥ hn`-P--Im-eØv Pn∂-bpsS tXr-Xz-Øn¬ Ac-tß-dnb"tSm´¬ B£≥ F∂ Iq´-s°m-e-bpsS Ncn{Xw Km‘n-b-S-°-ap≈ F√m-hcmepw aqSn-h-bv°s∏´ A[ym-bam-sW∂pw Km‘n-h[w AXns‚ XpS¿®-bm-sW∂pw Awt_-Zv°sd Ncn- - -{X-Øn¬ n∂pw AI-‰n-n¿Øn-b-Xn¬ Km‘n-b-S-°-ap≈ kh¿Æ-tIm¨{K v tXrXzwIp‰-I-c-amb KqVm-tem-N Im´n-sb∂pw ]p∂-{]-h-b-em-dns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ n∂pw A∂-hnsS ]m¿´n sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂ Ip¥-°mc≥ ]t{Xm-kns njv°mkw sNbvX Ip‰-Øn¬ n∂pw ]n¬°m-eØv AXns‚ Xe-sXm-´-∏∑mcm-b-h¿°v c£-s∏-Sm-m-hn-s√∂pwtIc-f-Øn¬ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-I-fnse t{SUv bqWn-b≥ apX-em-fnØw ChnsS hf¿∂XvAh¿ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ ]¶p-°-®-h-S-°m-cm-bXn-mem-sW∂pw tIcf Ncn-{XsØ hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn-´Xv "1921se kw`-h-hn-Im-k-߃ BsW∂pw tIcfw C∂p `cn-bv°p-∂Xv ]W-am-sW∂pw ]W-amWv cmjv{So-b°m-cpsS aq¿Øn-sb∂pw amjv Ncn-{X-{K-Ÿßƒ km£n-bm°n - -In´nb kμ¿`-ß-fn-sems° ]d--™p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p.
  3. 3. 3 tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ XI¿∂-t∏mƒ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n B¿tI-hns‚ Npa-X-e-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ncn-{X-Im-c-mb P-d¬ Znan{Xn thmƒ°-t·mhv BZy-ambn B¿tIhv tcJ-Iƒ ]pd-Øp-hn-´p-sIm≠v Xøm-dm-°nb sen-s‚bpw Ãmen-s‚bpw t{SmSvkvIn-bp-sS-bpw_rlXvPohNcn-{X-{K-Ÿ-߃ hmbn®v Xm≥ ]Xn-‰m-≠p-IƒsIm≠v FØn-t®¿∂ hmZ-ap-J-߃°v amjv ASn-h-c-bn-´p. Ncn-{X-Ønv Fs∂-¶nepw tcns‚ hgntb FØm-Xn-cn-bv°m-m-hn-s√∂ {]Xo£ At±lw ssIhn-SmsX n∂p. h¿jß-tfmfw A®-Sn-bn-en-√m-Xn-cp∂ aptkm-fn-n-bpsS acp-a-Is‚ ""knbmtm Ub-dn-°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ ]pd-Øn-dßn-sb∂v Adn™ DS≥ e≠-n-ep≈ Xs‚ _‘p hgn AXp kwL- -Sn-∏n®v Bth-i-tØmsS amjv AXn¬ ]c-Xn-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xv tkzm—m-[n-]-Xn-I-fpsS ]X--sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ kz¥w Dƒ°m-gv®-Iƒ Xs∂-bmtWm aptkm-fn-n-bpsS Imcy-Ønepw kw`-hn-®Xv F∂-dn-bm-m-bn-cp-∂p. temI-Ønse GXp m´n-sebpw GIm-[n-]-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈{KŸ-߃ hne-s°m-SpØv hmßn Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p∂ tPmen Hcp nXy-m`ym-k-am-bn-cp∂p amjv°v. cm{Xn At±-l-Ønv Dd-ßp-hm≥ D≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXv hmb-°pw Fgp-Ønpw D≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. D®-bm-bn-cp∂p amjns‚ Dd-°-k-a-bw. hn{K-l-ß-fpsS {]Xn-Im-cw -apJw tm°mØ hn{K-l`RvPI-m-bn-cp-∂p -Zm-tam-Z-c≥am-ÿ. hn{K-l-߃ XI¿°p-∂-Xn¬ Akm-[m-c-W-am-sbmcp Bμw amjv Ap--`-hn-®n-cp-∂p. Cu {ia-Øns‚ `mK-amWvPohn-®n-cn-°p∂ hn{K-l-ß-sfbpw Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ssIIƒsIm≠v Xs∂ DS-°p-hm-p≈{ia-߃. F∂m¬ CXnv Xncn-®-Sn-Iƒ `b-¶-c-am-bn-cp-∂p. Bfl-an-{X-߃t]mepw amsjHcp thZn ]¶n-Sm≥ £Wn-bv°m≥ `b-∂p. amjv F¥mWv ]d-bm≥ t]mIp-∂sX∂v B¿°pw-{]h-Nn-°m-m-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n√˛""amsj ]nSn-®m¬ In´n-√, kq£n-°Ww ˛ D‰an{X-߃t]mepwAS°w ]d-™p. kp{]-[m thZn-I-fn¬ n∂pw amsj Ah¿ hn´p-]n-Sn-®p. F∂m¬ In´nbAh-k-c-ß-fn-sems° GXv kwLm-S-I-scbpw Aºc-∏n-®p-sIm≠v amjv Xs∂-°p-dn®vAh¿°p≈ `bw icn-h-®p. apJm-ap-J-Ønv Xs∂ tXSn-sb-Ønb Hmtcm ]{X/Nm¬ teJ-I-tcmSpw amjv hyh-ÿ-Iƒ h®p ˛ ""Fs‚ Hmtcm anp´npw C{X cq]-h®v thWw. ]ns∂ Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂-sXm∂pw sh´msX sImSp°pw F∂ Dd∏pw thWw˛ Hcp ]{X-Ønpw Hcp Nm-enpwkΩ-Xn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ ]‰mØ hyh-ÿ-bm-bn-cp∂p A-Xv. Bdp ]Xn-‰m-≠p-°mew ]e ne-I-fnepw s]mXp-Po-hnXw bn® Hcmƒ kI-e-am-[y-a-ß-fn¬ n∂pw AI-∂p-t]m-b-Xns‚Hcp ImcWw Chn-sS-bm-Wv. IqSmsX At±lw ]d-bm≥ D±-in-°p-∂Xv GXp-Xcw A{]n-b-k-Xy-ß-fmWv F∂-dn-bp-∂-h-cm-Is´ ASp-°m-sX-bp-am-bn. hn{K-l`RvPIpw hn{K-l-ßfpwXΩn-ep≈ bp≤-Øn¬ am[y--a-߃ ]qPm-hn-{K-l-߃s°m∏w n∂p F∂p am{Xw. DS™hn-{K-l-߃ Cu Ncn-{X-Øn¬ G‰hpw ]d-b-s∏-´Xpw F∂m¬ Hcn-°epw A®-Sn-bv°-s∏-Sm-Ø-Xp-amb A[ym-b-amWv amjns‚ "DS-™-hn-{K-l-߃. 60˛IfpsS XpS-°-Øn-emWv amjns‚Cu mSIw BZy-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AsXmcp shfn-®-∏m-Sns‚ PohnX Zpc-¥-Øns‚ Bhn-jv°m-c-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ahn-`‡ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS Iq´m-bva-bm-bn-cp∂ao©¥ Iem-km-K¿ ayqknIv ¢_ns‚ Poh-m-Un-bm-bn-cp∂p A∂v amjv. Iq´nv _m_p-cmPpw tImgn-t°mSv A_vZpƒ JmZdpw Imknw-`m-bp-sams°bp≠v. F∂m¬ ]m¿´n-bnse]nf¿∏v Iem-km-Kdns n›-eam-°n-bt∏mƒ mS-Ihpw n∂p-t]m-bn. ]m¿´n-s°-Xnsc i_vZ- - - -ap-b¿Øp∂ shfn-®-∏m-Sns‚ aIs‚ cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ XncpØp hcp-Øn-bm¬ mSIw Gs‰-Sp-°m-sa∂v C.-Fw.-Fkv n¿t±-in-s®-¶nepw amjnXv kzoIm-cy-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]n∂oSv BZym-
  4. 4. 4h-X-c-W-Ønv h¿j-߃°ptijw Fgp-]-XpI-fpsS XpS-°-Øn¬ _me≥ sI mb-cpsSkp`mjv Xnb-t‰gvkv ""DS™ hn{K-l-߃ Gs‰-Sp-Øp. F∂m¬ ]p-c-h-X-c-W-Øns‚{U v dntl-gvk¬ Imºn¬ h®v S∂ as‰mcp Xncp-ج n¿t±iw tImgn-t°m-S≥ kulr-Z-ßfn¬ krjvSn® hn≈-ep-IfpsS {]Xym-LmXw IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p amjns‚ ]n≥°me Pohn- - -Xw. "DS™ hn{K-l-ß-fn¬ shfn-®-∏mSv Xs‚ ]qPm-hn-{K-l-amb tZhn°v ap∂n¬ kz¥wXe sh´n-s]m-fn®v tNmc Xp∏n acn-°p-∂Xm-bn-cp∂p ss¢am-Ivkv. F∂m¬ AXv dn∏ƒkohmb -ss¢am-Ivkm-sW∂pw am‰-Wsa-∂p-w ]d™p Xncp-Øn-®Xv DS-bm≥ hn{K-lßfp-≈Xp-sIm≠v - - - -Cnbpw Ncn-{X-am-bn-´n-√. kz¥w mS-I-Øns‚ "hniz-cq]w kpcm-kp-hns‚ t]cn¬ ]pc-kv°m-c-߃ tSn-b-X-dn™v tamjvSm-hns tXSn tImgn-t°ms´Øn F√m-h-cpw "Aev]w sshIn-t∏mbn F∂vssI ae¿Øn-b-t∏mƒ t] IpØn-bp-S®v Cn Fgp-Xp-I-tb-bn-s√∂p i]Yw sNbvXv Fgp-Øn¬ n∂pw Fs∂-t∂-°p-ambn ]n≥hm-ßnb B‚Wn F∂ ]mhw mS-I-Ir-Øns‚Zpc-t¥-Xn-lmkw Bh¿Øn-°p-∂-Xnv ]Icw Zmtam-Z-c-≥amÿ sNbvXXv hm°ns‚ Bh-m-gn-bnse Ah-km Akv{X-ßfpsaSpØv knn-a-bn¬ ]pXnb Ncn{Xw krjvSn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ°v tijw s¬k¨ s^¿Wm-≠kv Xs‚ "mSI cmhp-Iƒ Fgp-Xp-tºm-gmWv B‚-Wn-bpsS "hniz-cq]w Fßns kpcm-kp-hn-s‚-Xmbn F∂ kXyw kaIm-eo ae-bmfw hmcnI ]pd-Ødn-bn-bv°p-∂Xv. XpS¿∂v B Ncn-{X-Ønv km£n-bmb Blzm≥ - -sk_m-Ãypw AXp icn-h-®p. h¿§o-kns shSn-sh®v sIm∂Xv cma-N{μ≥ mb-cm-sW∂vshfn-s∏-Sp-Øep-≠m-Ip-∂Xv hsc B Ncn{Xw as‰m-∂m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv t]mse-bm-Wv kmlnXy -Ncn-{X-ßfpw. Cuiz-c-hm-cy-cpsS aI≥ c‡-km£n cmPs Bcv Dcp-´n-s°m-∂p-sh∂pwarX-tZlw F¥p-sN-bvsX∂pw Cnbpw Bcpw shfn-s∏-´p-Øn-bn-√m-ØXv sIm≠v AXnnbpwNcn-{X-am-Im≥ ImØp-In-S-°p-I-bm-Wv. DS-™-hn-{Kl߃ krjvSn-® cmKtZz-jy-ß-fpsS Ae-sbm-en-Iƒ efn-X-ambncp∂n√.ae-_mdnse mS-INcn{Xw amXr-`qan BgvN∏Xn-∏n¬ Xnt°m-Sn-b‚ "Ac-ßp-Im-WmØ S≥ - - - - -F∂ Bfl-I-Y-bm-b-t∏mƒ Sn.-Zm-tam-Zc≥ F∂ hm°v t]mepw AXn¬ n∂pw Hgn-hm-°-s∏-´p. CXnv Xnt°m-Sn-b≥ Xm≥ IqSn Dƒs∏´ mS-I-N-cn-{X-Ønse A]q¿Δ A[ym-b-amWv ad-®p-h-®-Xv. AXv Fw.Snbpw sI.-Snbpw Xnt°m-Sn-bpw Sn.Zm-tam-Z-cpw FgpXn amjvAh-X-cn-∏n® "hgn-b-ºew F∂ mS-I-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-am-Wv. kz¥w ac-W-Ønp apºv "hgn-b-ºe Øns‚ n¿Ωm-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂ Blzm≥ sk_m-Ãys‚ Bfl-IYbn-eq-sS-bmWv AXv - -A®-Sn-°-s∏´ Ncn-{X-am-Ip-∂-Xv. knn-a-bn-te°v hcpw-ap-ºp≈ mS-I-h¿j-ß-fn¬ Sn.-Zm-tam-Z-c≥ FgpXn Ah-X-cn-∏n®mSI߃ nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. _me≥ sI.mb¿, IpXnch´w ]∏p, Ip™m-h, Ip™m-≠n,B¿.-sI.mb¿, s√n-t°mSv `mkvI-c≥, hmkp-{]-Zo-]v, im¥m-tZ-hn, a®m´v hmk-¥n, hnem-kn-n, _m_p-cm-Pv, tImgn-t°mSv A_vZpƒ JmZ¿ XpS-ßnb henb Iq´m-bva-bm-bn-cp∂pAXv. s{]m^-k¿ Cuiz-c-hm-cy-cpsS ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ c‡-km-£n-bmb aI≥ cmP≥amjns‚ "ng¬ B¿.-C.kn bn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. A∂v tImgn-t°mSv Kh¨sa‚ vB¿Svkv tImtf-Pn¬ A[ym-]-I-m-bn-cp∂ Cuiz-c-hm-cy¿ amjns‚ Ab¬°m-c-m-bn-cp-∂p. cmPs‚ ]cn-Wm-a-ßfpw Zpc-¥-ßfpw amjv tcn-´p-I-≠p. ]n∂oSv `c-X≥ kwhn-[mwsNbvX "CØncn∏qth Nph∂ ]qthbpw sF.-hn.-i-in-°p-th≠n "Bh-mgnbpw Fgp-Xn-b-t∏mƒ Cu Ap-`-h-߃ amjv AXn-te°v sIm≠p-h-∂p. amjns‚ Hcp mS-Ihpw C∂phscbpw A®-Sn-°s∏-´n-´n√. Fgp-Xnb F√m mS-Ißfpw - -F√m Xnc-°-Y-Ifpw ac-Ww-h-scbpw a-∏m-Tambn-cp-∂p amjn-v. c≠p-Xcw kmln-Xy-amWvap-°p-≈-sX∂ kn≤m¥w amjn-p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A®Sn kmln-Xyhpw A®-Sn-°s∏SmØ
  5. 5. 5kmln-Xyhpw. IhnX {_m“-W≥, tmh¬ £{Xn-b≥, IY sshiy¿, mSIw ip{Z≥. Xnc-°-Ybpw a‰p-sams° Zfn-X-nepw Xmsg. Hcp mS-Ihpw kz¥w t]cn¬ kz¥w Pohn-X-°m-eØv A®-Sn-bv°m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ tIcf kwKoX mSI A°m-Z-an-bpsSbpw kmln-Xy-A-°m-Z-an-bp-sS-bp-sams° IÆnepw IW-°nepw amjv Fgp-Øp-°m-c-t-b√. At±-l-Øns‚ arX-tZ-l-Øn¬ Hcp doØv h°p-∂-Xn¬ n∂p-t]mepw Ah¿ kzX-{¥-cm-bn-cp-∂p.tm th°≥kn, Bcy≥ Am-cy≥ (-]n-∂oSv "Bcy≥ F∂ knn-a-bm-bn) bpK-k-‘n,ng¬, DS™ hn{K-l-߃ F∂n-h-bm-bn-cp∂p amjns‚ {][m mS-I-߃. kXys‚ £Ww F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS Hcp kp{]-`m-X-Øn¬ knn-a-bpsS "AßmSn bnte°v Ib-dn-h∂Hcm-f√ Zmtam-Z-c≥ amÿ. 1960 Ifn¬ BIm-i-hm-Wn-bn¬ ]n.`mkvI-c≥ am-Ãdpw t_∏q-cn¬ ssh°w apl-ΩZv _jodpw tImgn-t°m-S≥ knn-abpsS X-esXm-´∏mb F.-hn≥k‚ v - - - -amÃ-dp-sams°bmbn-cp∂p amjns‚ If-cn-bnse Kpcp-°-∑m¿. tImgn-t°ms´ anTmbnsØcp-hn¬ A∂v c≠v kmw-kvIm-cnI tI{μ-ßfp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. "]oXmw-_¿ ÃpUntbm hn¬ ]oXmw- -_-cpw "ho‰v lukn¬ ap√-ho-´n¬ A_vZpƒ dlvam≥ kmln-_p-am-bn-cp∂p A∂sØtImgn-t°m-S≥ kmwkvIm-cnI Pohn-X-Øn‚ tKmUv^m-Z¿am¿. amjv c≠p-t]cp-sSbpwk¥Xkl-Nm-cn-bpw. 1965 ¬ `mkvIc≥ amjns‚ "iyma-f-t®®n bnemWv BIm-i-hmWn kulr-Z-Øns‚_e-Øn¬ amjv thj-an-Sp-∂Xv. 1967 ¬ F.-hn≥k‚ v amÃ-dpsS "K-cta μn bn¬ s{IUn‰v -ssen¬ So-S∑m-cpsS Iq´-Øn¬ Zmap-amjv F∂ t]cp-h∂p. t{]wko-dns‚ Ap-Ps‚ - -thj-am-bn-cp∂p AXn¬. AXns‚ A°m-esØ ncq]-W-ß-fn-sem-∂n¬ kvt]mSvkv teJ-I-mb Zmap-amjpw thj-an-´n-´p≠v F∂m-bn-cp∂p ]cm-a¿iw. 1969 ¬ ]n.-F≥.ta-tms‚"Hmfhpw Xochpw F∂ Nn{X-Øn¬ a[p-hntmsSm∏w amjv thj-an´p.1974 ¬ Bkm-Zns‚"]mXn-cmhpw ]I¬ shfn-®hpw F∂ -Nn-{X-Øn¬ kpIp-am-cv h®-thjw A{]-Xo-£n-X-ambn kpIp-am-c≥ Nn{X-ap-t]-£n®p t]mb-t∏mƒ amjv FSp-ØWn-™p˛t{]w-ko-dn-s‚bpw -P-b-`m-c-Xn-bpsSbpw aI-m-bn. D‰-an-{X-am-bn-cp∂p ]q ^nenw -C≥Ãn-‰yq-´n¬ n∂pw BZy-ambn tKmƒUv sa-U-ep-ambn h∂ Bkm-Zv. Bkm-Zns‚ Pohn-Xhpw ac-Whpw Adn-bp-am-bn-cp∂ Ah-km-sØ Bfp-I-fn-sem-cmƒ. "n¿Ωmey Øns‚ sSpw-Xq-Wm-bn-cp∂p Bkm-Zv. At±-l-Øns‚ Bfl-lXy Hcp thZ--bmbn amjv Pohn-Xm¥yw hsc sIm≠p S-∂p.aΩp-´n-sbms° XmmZyw h∂Xv Fw.SnbpsS "hn¬°m-p≠v kz]vßfneqsS-bmWv F∂p --]d-bp-tºmƒ at‰Xv Ncn-{X-Ønepw knn-asb kwhn-[m-b-Is‚ Ie-bm°p-∂-h¿ kwhn-[m-b-I≥ Bkm-Zns hnkva-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ amjv tcmjw ]q≠n-cp-∂p. kplrØv ap√-ho-´n¬ A_vZpƒ dlvam≥ kmln-_ns sIm∂v h[-in-£bv°v hn[n-bv°-s∏´ as‰mcp kplrØv apl-ΩZv {km¶ns‚ Ah-km--a-Wn-°q-dp-Isf BhnjvI-cn®amjns‚ tZi-t]m-jnWn°p th≠n sNbvX "ng¬ (1967) F∂ mSIw I≠ A-iz-c--S≥ kXy≥ amÃ-dmWv AXv lcn-l-c-s-s°m≠v Xn-°p-th≠n kwhn-[mw sNøn-°m-mbn Hsc-gp-Øp-°m-cs∂ ne°v amsj BZy-ambn aZn-cm-in-bn-te°v £Wn-°p-∂-Xv.N¿®-Iƒs°mSp-hn¬ AXv knn-a-bm-bn-s√-¶nepw 1975 ¬ lcn-lc≥ Xs∂-bmWv amsjXnc-°Ysb-gpXn-bv°m≥ aZn-cm-in-bn-te°v ho≠pw hnfn-®p-hcp-Øp-∂Xv. t{]wko-dns mb- - - - -I-m°n euam-tcPpw (75), AΩnWn AΩm-hpw (76) Aßs ]nd-∂p. lcn-l-c≥ Xs∂ssI]n-Sn®v Fgp-Xn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p F∂v amjv {]mb-Øn¬ Cf-bhmb Kpcp-hns kvtl- - - -tØmsS F∂pw D≈n¬ sIm≠p--S-∂p. 1980 se "AßmSn bpsS hc-thmsS Sn.-Zm-tam-Z-c≥knn-a-bnse apJy-[m-c-°v KXn-am‰n F∂Xv Ncn-{Xw.
  6. 6. 6 ""F¨]-Xp-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ne-®n{XNcn-{X-߃ s]mXp-hn¬ hyh-l-cn-°p-∂Xv AXv B¿´vkvIqfn¬ hcp∂ kwhn-[m-b-I-cp-sS knn-a-I-fp-sS Ime-am-bm-Wv. A®-Sn-°-s∏´ GXv Ne-®n{XNcn-{X-Ønepw Ap-_-‘-ambn am{Xw `c-X≥, ]fl-cm-P≥, sI.-Pn.-tPm¿÷v F∂o t]cp-Iƒ IqSn tN¿°pw. F∂m¬ ae-bmf knn-a-bpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Htc-k-abw G‰hpw hyXykvXXcw [mc-Iƒ Htc-k-a-bØv knn-asb kº-∂-am-°nb Ime-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ncn-{X-sa-gp-Xn-bXv apgp-hpw Hcp [mc-bpsS h‡m-°ƒ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v AXv kzm`m-hn-Iambpw a‰p [mc-Isf HXp-°n-∏dbp-Itbm sNdp-Xm-°n-°fbp-Itbm - - - - -sNbvXp. lcn-l-cpw tPmjnbpw tamlpw ^mknepw Iaepw {]nb-Z¿ipw kn_n-a-e-bnepw kXy≥ A¥n-°mSpw {ion-hm-kpw lcn-Ip-amdpw Hs° kz¥w temIw krjvSn®Imew IqSnbm-WXv. AtX-°m-eØv Xs∂-bmWv sF.-hn.-iinbpw Sn.-Zm-tam-Zcpw IqSn knn- - - -asb cmjv{So-bh¬°-cn® Hcp [mc ChnsS D¬Lm-Sw sNbvXXv. GXv knn-a°pw AXns‚ - -cmjv{So-b-ap-≠v. F∂m¬ iinbpw amjpw sNbvXXv knn-asb P-Iobcmjv{Sob kwhm-Z-Øns‚ Ac-ßm-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. "CumSv ]pdØndßn 25 h¿jØnp tijamWv tUm. sI tKm]nmYnst∏msemcpNe®n{XNn¥Iv Ign™Im¬pddm≠nse aebmf knnam Ncn{XØn¬ hgnØncnhvkrjvSn® knnabmbncp∂p AsX∂v Is≠ØmmbXv ˛ "" aΩp´n F∂ Ss‚ Actßddw{]Jym]n°p∂p F∂Xv am{Xa√ At±lØns‚ ]n¬°me Nn{XßfpsSbpw s]mXphn¬aebmfknnabpsS Xs∂bpw {]tab߃ "CumSv XpS°an´ ZnibpsSbmWv hnIkn®Xv˛ F∂mWv tKm]n 2004se aΩp´n ]T--Øn¬ D¬tLmjn®Xv. AsXmcp ]pXnb Imcya√.1982¬ Xs∂ tIcfØnse km[mcW Ne®n{X{t]anIƒ°v a nemb Imcyw KthjI¿Im¬p‰m≠nptijw Is≠Øn F∂p am{Xw. At∏mgpw AXv krjvSn-®-Xmcv Fs∂-gp-Xm≥ tKm]n-bpsS t] kΩ-Xn-bv°p-∂n-√. A∂h¿°v AXv ImWmmhn√mbncp∂p.ImcWw H‰[mcbpsS htcWyX AhcpsS IÆpIfn¬ A‘- X - b m- b n _m[n®Imeambncp∂p AXv. C∂pw AXp apgphpw amdn F∂√ . F¶nepw ]gb htcWyXbpsSA{]k‡n Imew Ahsc t_m[ys∏SpØns°mt≠bncn°p∂p F∂pam{Xw. "CumSv krjv S n® hgnØncnhv {]tabßfnse D¬LmSßfn¬ am{Xa√˛""BZyambn Hcp aebmf knna dneokv sNbvX F´ptI{μßfn¬ 125 Znhkw HmSnbdn°m¿Uv "CumSnv e`n®p ˛ CXv km£ys∏SpØp∂ aebmfØnse GddhpwXeapXn¿∂ Ne®n{Xn¿ΩW IºnbpsS DSa IqSnbmbp Pntbmaqhnkns‚ kmcYnF≥.Pn.tPm¨ Xs‚ "Rmpw knnabpw 70 h¿j߃ F∂ {KŸØneqsSbmWv . saIvkn°≥ kwhn[mbImb Aenbmt{μm tKm¨km¬hkv Cmdn‰phns‚_mt_¬ (2006) I≠ph∂v IYm]m{XßfpsS Nne¥nhe t]mep≈ ]ckv]c_‘w I≠vhnkvabw ]q≠v ""tm¨eonbdmb Xnc°Ysb°pdn®v Bthiw sIm≈p∂ knnabnse]pXnb kvIqƒ Ip´nIƒ 1982 Xs∂ ChnsS Ncn{Xw krjvSn® "CumSns‚ LS Fs¥∂vImWpIsbm tIƒ°pItbmt]mepw sNømØhcmsW∂v ΩpsS Ne®n{Xncq]WØns‚ Ncn{Xw sXfnhp ¬Ipw. kn.Fkv.sh¶ntSizcst∏mep≈ HutZymKnINe®n{X ncq]I¿ s^Ãnh¬ _p°pIƒ hgnbpw ]pkvXI߃ hgnbpw kwhmZ߃hgnbpw krjvSn°p∂ GIamamb Ne®n{XImgvN°v Hcn°epw ImWmmhsX t]mbXvknnabpsS Cu _-lp-kz-c-[m-c-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. CXnv Imc-W-hp-ap-≠v. knn-a-bpsS CuhtcWyX XpS°an´ Ne®n{X ncp]Icmb knn°v˛mZn¿j˛ tImgnt°mS≥ {XbßfpsSkzP]£]mXßfpsS XpS¿®bmbmWv ChnsS Ne®n{X ncq]Ww hnIkn®p t]m∂Xv.HSphn¬ amjv acnbvt°≠nh∂p kn.Fkv.sh¶ntSizcv At±lw ChnsS krjvSn®XvF¥mbncp∂p F∂v Hcpkv a cWØnse¶nepw ]dbm≥ HcnSap≠mh≥. (lnμp
  7. 7. 7Zn]{XØn¬ amjns‚ acWm¥cw kckzXn FgpXnb ^o®dnse D≤cWnIƒ). 2010 sesF.F^v.F^v.sI.bnse kn.Fkv.sh¶ntSizc≥ FUnddv sNbvX s^Ãnh¬ _p°n¬amjns‚ ""ImddsØ Infn°qSns‚ Xnc°Ym AhImiw tPm¨t]mfnv A®Sn®psImSpØXv t]mep≈ ]niIpIƒ bmZr›nIambp≠mIp∂X√ . htcWyXIƒ temIsØtm°p∂ hn[amWXneqsS ]pdØphcp∂Xv . IYm]m{XßfpsS Hcmƒ°p´ØnpXs∂ amjns‚ Xnc°YIfnepsS Actßdn.F∂m¬ Cu Bƒ°q´Ønse Hmtcmhy‡n°pw Hmtcm PnhnXhpw a pw sImSp°m≥B FgpØnmbn. sF.hn.iinbpsS "C∂s√¶n¬ msf "1921, "hm¿Ø, "Bhmgn,"ASn-a-Iƒ DS-a-Iƒ, aWncXvØns‚ "DWcq, `c-Xs‚ "Im‰sØ Infn-°q-Sv, "CØn-cn-∏qth Nph∂ ]qth, {]nbZ¿is‚ "Bcy≥, "A`nayp, "AssZzXw, "Imem]mn,XpSßnb nch[n Nn{Xßfn¬ Ncn{Xw PohnXßfneqsS shfn]mSpIƒ SØn . PohnXwnfmZn°cbneqsS am{Xa√ HgpIp∂sX∂v AXv {]Jym]n®p. I√mbn]pgbpsSCcpIcIfnsebpw AßmSnIfnse IqenIfpsSXv IqSnbmWv AsX∂v sXfnbn®p. sh≈n-Øn-c-bn¬ Fgp-Xnb cmjv{So-b-Po-hn-X-Ncn-{X-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. A—≥ ASnb¥cmhÿ°v tijap≈ amμyØn¬ n∂pw tIcfob PohnXsØbpwIymºknsbpw DW¿ØnbXn¬ henb ]¶phln® lrkzIme {]ÿmambncp∂pP-Iob kmwkvIm-cn-Ith-Zn. PIobhnNmcW t]mep≈ A]q¿Δamsbmcp kacq]w AXv -F√m A]Nb߃°psaXnsc apt∂m´ph®p. Cu Du¿÷w aebmfnsb Nen∏n®ImeØns‚ sh≈nØncbnse cmjv{Sobhnkvabambncp∂p. B knn-a-Iƒ. CSXv heXvcmjv { Snb A]- N - b - ß sf Htc- t ]mse FXn- c n- S p∂ cmjv { Sobw AXv apt∂m´ph®p.aebmfknnabn¬ AXnpap≥]pw ]n≥]pw CØcsamcp Imgv®∏mSv IrXyamb cmjv{Sobt_m[tØmsS AhXcn∏n°s∏´n´n√. ΩpsS B¿´vlukv knnaIƒ s]mXphn¬cmjv{Sob]m¿´nIƒ°v ap∂n¬ ]cp-ßn-n-∂n-S-ØmWv Sn.-Z-mtam-Z-c≥ knn-a-Iƒ P-hn-Im-c-߃ Agn-®p-hn-Sp∂ cmjv{Sob knn-a-bpsS apJw ae-bm-f-Øn¬ sh´n-Øp-d-∂-Xv. GXvtImgn-t°m´p°mc-tbpwt]mse "Aßm-Sn-bpsS IYmImcs amjv F∂v hnfn-®n-cp∂ Fs∂1991˛¬ aqØ-a-Iƒ ZoZnsb hnhmlw n›bn®tXmsS amjv XncpØn ˛ Cn o Fs∂Aßns hnfnbv t °≠m A—s∂p hnfn®m¬ aXn ˛ ]ns∂ Ign™ 22h¿jwAt±ltØmsS∏w Pohn®t∏mƒ I≠Xv Hcn°epw A®´n´n√mØ Nn¥bpsS [ocambapJambncp∂p. "amXr`qan Zn]{XØn¬ ^nenwt]Pns‚ NpaXehln°m≥ XpSßnbt∏mgpw ]n∂oSvNn{X`panbpsS NpaXebnte°v h∂t∏mgpw H‰°mcyamWv A—≥ Bhiys∏´Xv ˛ ""Fs‚t]tcm Nn{Xtam o A®Sn°cpXv. Fs∂ Hcp am[yahpw hf¿Øn-b-X-√, AXp-sIm≠pXs∂ Xf¿Øm- p- a m- h n- √ .˛ Hcp hn´phogv ® °pw Xømd√mØ Sn.ZmtamZc≥ F∂t]mcmfnsb AdnbpIbmbncp∂p At∏mƒ. IymadbpsSbpw t]bpsSbpw ap∂n¬Aen™p t]mhp∂, AXnphnjbamIm≥ nc¥cw Icp°ƒ o°p∂A`nhalmflm°fpsS BflcXnIƒ sIm≠v Bgv ® - ∏ - X n∏pIfpw hmcm¥∏Xn∏pIfpsams° nd™pIhnbptºmgpw Hcp {]tem`ßsfbpw hIh°msX A—≥am[yaßtfmSv s]mcpXnn∂ ImgvN hnkvabIcambncp∂p. anTm- b n- s Ø- c phS- ß p∂ ]gb tImgnt°mSns‚ apgph≥ Ncn{XßfpwAkm[cWamsbmcp inev ] `{ZXtbmsS ImØpkq£n®pt]m∂ AhkmsØhy‡nsb∂ ne°v B Hm¿ΩbpsS tiJcØn¬ Ipsds®¶nepw hcpwImeØnp ]I¿∂p
  8. 8. 8¬tI≠Xps≠∂ ASpØkplrØp°fpsS n¿_≤Ønphgßn A—s Nneam[ya߃°v ap∂nseØn°m≥ SØnb Hmtcm{iahpw C∂p Xncn™p tm°ptºƒHmtcm H‰psImSp°epIfmbncp∂p. H∂pw A—tmSv oXnIm´nbn√. A—v ]d-bm-p-≠m-bn-cp∂ G‰hpw {][m-s∏´ Imcy-߃ ]Xn-hp-t]mse sh´nt∏mbn. As√¶n¬ X{¥]cambn -D∂bn°s∏SmsXt]mbn. hncenseÆmhp∂˛ IrXyambn ]d™m¬ mev ˛{iaßtfmcp∂pw A—n¬ _m°nh®Xv ISpØ "Cdnt‰j≥ am{Xambncp∂p˛ ""Rm≥At∏mtg nßtfmSv ]d™n´nt√ Fs∂ CXnv sI´n Fgp∂≈nbv°cpsX∂v .. Fddhpw HSphn¬ A—ss°m≠v B thjw sI´n®Xv, acWØnv GXmpwZnhk߃°v apºv, A—s‚ PnhnXØnse BZysØbpw AhkmsØbpw yqkvss‰vt{]m{Kmanembncp∂p. tPmkv{]Imins‚ acWambncp∂p hnjbw, A—≥ F¥mWv]d™Xv F∂pt]mepw tIƒ°msX ""Rm≥ Xncn-®p-hcmw Sn.-Zm-tam-Z-c≥ F∂p ]d™ntIjvIpam¿ ]ns∂ Xncn®ph∂n√. A—pw tPmkv{]-Imipw aebmfknnabpsSNcn{XØnse mgnI°√pIfnsem∂mb ]n.F≥.tatms‚ "Hmfhpw Xochpw F∂knnabnse {][ms∏´ c≠p thj߃ sNbvX S∑mcmsW∂ hnhcw ]d™ptI´n´pt]mepan√mØh¿°nSbnte°v At±lsØ n¿_‘n®v Ab® a°ƒXs∂bmbncp∂p Ip‰°m¿. B Hm¿ΩIƒ Ncn{XØn¬ ASbmfs∏SptØ≠Xp≠v F∂ a°fpsS B{KlØns‚in£bmbn A—s B sIm®papjy¿°v ap∂nte°v Fgp∂≈n®Xns‚ Ip‰t_m[wRßfpsS tijPohnXØnp≈XmWv. ]e temIbp≤ßfpsSbpw hnπhßfpsSbpwNcn{XØn¬ tImSn°W°nmfpIfpsS Iq´s°meIfpsSbpw _mjv]o-I-c-W-ß-fp-sS-bp-sams° Adnhns‚ km£nbmbn Pohn® A—p hy‡nsb Ncn{XØn¬ tcJs∏SpØpIF∂ apjys‚ AXym{KlsØIpdn®v XnI™ t_m[yap≠mbncp∂p. AhkmImeØvA—≥ kz¥w knnaIsft∏mepw GtXm hnZqc Ncn{XØns‚ `mKambn am{XwI≠p. "Xnc-°Y tXSn-sb-Øp-∂-h¿°v n_-‘--Iƒ ncØ-Øn. kq∏¿Xm-c-߃ Xmcm-]-Y-Øn¬ h∂n-d-ßnb sXmÆq-dp-Iƒ A—-t‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√-˛ -""F-n°v ]d-bm-p-≈-Xn¬ knn-am-°m¿°v Xmev]-cy-an-√, Ah¿°v ]d-bm-p-≈-Xn¬Fnbv°pw˛ AI¬® IqSn hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A—s‚ tamiw kn-n-a-Iƒ Cu AI¬®-bpsS IqSn krjvSn-I-fm-Wv. sXmÆq-dp-Iƒ°vtijw A—≥ B{K-ln® cmjv{Sob knn-a-I-sfm∂pw S-°msX t]mhp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. Ahkmknna "sbkv bph¿ HmW¿]pdØph∂Xv 2006 embncp∂p. AXv Ign™ Bdph¿jØn¬ Hcpnanjw t]mepwshdpsXbncp∂n´n√. n¿Ωm-Xmhv Pntbm Ip´t∏´psamcpan®v "CumSns‚ c≠mw`mKwapX¬ S°msXt]mb B knnaIƒ Ne®n{XNcn{XØnse ]pXnb A¥IhnØpIƒapf∏n® ]pXnb hn{Klkwkv°mc-Øn¬ S°msX t]mb jvSßfmWv. ]q¿Ønbmb]eXnc°YIfpw ]ekwhn[mbIcpsSbpw ssIIfnep≠v. sF.hn.iin apX¬ ]pXnbXeapdbnse injymb {]kmZv hscbp≈h¿ AXn¬s]Spw. HSphn¬ AΩbpsSacWØnp tijw A—≥ knnabn¬n∂pw PohnXØn¬n∂pw ]Xps°hgpXnt∏mhpIbmtWm F∂ Bi-¶-bn¬ NncImean{Xamb {]nbZ¿i≥ n¿_‘n®vA—s G¬∏n® ]Wnbmbncp∂p taml≥emenp th≠nbp≈ ""Ip™menacbv°mcpsScN. A—≥ho≠pw Ncn{XØnte°v Dufnbn´v XpSßpIbmbncp∂p. ""Imem]n°v tijwho≠psamcp Ncn{Xknna˛ AXv kz]vambnØs∂ Ahtijn∏n®p. Ipfn®v ]pds∏´v, hmbn°mp≈ ]pkvXIhpw Xpd∂ph®v BtcmSpw bm{X ]dbmsXH‰bv°p t]mbn ad™p˛HcmXpembØns‚bpw mbnIaWn°v ImØpn¬°msX.""GsX¶nepsamcp hn{KlØnp ap-∂n¬ Rm≥ Fs∂¶nepw ssIIq∏n n¬°p∂Xmbn
  9. 9. 9I≠m¬ A∂v AN- O s‚ ka- ne sX‰n- b - X mbn IcpXns°m≈Ww˛ kz¥wbm{Xm]mXsb°pdn®v A—≥ a°ƒ°v F∂pw ap∂dnbn∏v ¬Inbncp∂p. acWØnepwB hm°p]men®p. BcpsS ap∂nepw hWßnn∂n√. hf- ™ p- n¬°mØ Nq≠phnc¬ PXbpsS Bflmhnse tNmZy߃°mbno°nh® Hcp t]mcmfnbpsS PohnXIY Xs∂bmWnXv. Ncn{XØnen√mØ Ncn{XambnB hm°pIƒ ChnsS {]kcn∏n® hmsamgnIƒ A®-Sn-°-s∏-´n-´n-√m-bn-cn-°mw. F¶nepwhmbn√m°p∂ne∏∑m¿ aunIfmbn n∂t∏mƒ ]ngpsXdnbmmhmØ Hcp mhpacwChnsS tcphnfn®p]dbmp≠mbncp∂p F∂Xns‚ Hm¿Ω°v Ah hcpw XeapdsbtXSnsbØmXncn°n√. Ncn{Xw mh-S°p-∂hcp-sS-Xs√∂v 2012epw {]k‡n sXfn-bn-°p∂ - - - -CumSv B IY Xncp-Øn-sb-gp-Xn-s°m-≈pw. hn{K-l-߃ Fs∂∂pw DS-bm-Xn-cn-°-W-sa-∂n-√t√m.

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