Windows 7

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Windows 7

  1. 1. Windows 7 is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a series of operating systems produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops,  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netbook" o "Netbook" netbooks, tablet PCs, and media center PCs.[5] Windows 7 was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_7" l "cite_note-rtm-5" [6] and reached general retail availability on October 22, 2009,[7] less than three years after the release of its predecessor, Windows Vista. Windows 7's server counterpart, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released at the same time.<br />Unlike its predecessor, Windows Vista, which introduced a large number of new features, Windows 7 was intended to be a more focused, incremental upgrade to the Windows line, with the goal of being compatible with applications and hardware with which Windows Vista was already compatible.[8] Presentations given by Microsoft in 2008 focused on multi-touch support, a redesigned Windows shell with a new taskbar, referred to as the Superbar, a home networking system called HomeGroup,[9] and performance improvements. Some standard applications that have been included with prior releases of Microsoft Windows, including Windows Calendar, Windows Mail, Windows Movie Maker, and Windows Photo Gallery, are not included in Windows 7;[10][11] most are instead offered separately at no charge as part of the Windows Live Essentialssuite.[12]<br />Contents [hide]1 Development1.1 Goals2 Features2.1 New and changed features2.2 Removed features3 Antitrust regulatory attention3.1 Europe4 Reception5 Editions6 Marketing7 Hardware requirements7.1 Physical memory limits7.2 Processor limits8 Service packs8.1 Service Pack 19 References10 External links<br />Development<br />Main article: Development of Windows 7<br />Originally, a version of Windows codenamed Blackcomb was planned as the successor to Windows XP (codename Whistler) and Windows Server 2003. Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WinFS" o "WinFS" WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed "Longhorn," was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb.[13] By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. After three major viruses exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in 2003, Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn.[14]<br />Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006[15] and again renamed Windows 7 in 2007.[16] In 2008, it was announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system.[17][18] There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7,[19] while versioning it as 6.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers,[20] similar toWindows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5.x version numbers.[21]<br />The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1, build 6519.[22] At PDC 2008, Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar. Copies of Windows 7 build 6801 were distributed at the end of the conference; however, the demonstrated taskbar was disabled in this build.<br />On December 27, 2008, the Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BitTorrent_(protocol)" o "BitTorrent (protocol)" BitTorrent.[23] According to a performance test by ZDNet,[24] Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas; including boot and shutdown time and working with files, such as loading documents. Other areas did not beat XP; including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP.[25] On January 7, 2009, the 64-bit version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web, with some torrents being infected with atrojan.[26][27] At CES 2009, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the Windows 7 Beta, build 7000, had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image.[28] The Beta was to be publicly released January 9, 2009, and Microsoft initially planned for the download to be made available to 2.5 million people on this date. However, access to the downloads was delayed because of high traffic.[29] The download limit was also extended, initially until January 24, then again to February 10. People who did not complete downloading the beta had two extra days to complete the download. After February 12, unfinished downloads became unable to complete. Users could still obtain product keys from Microsoft to activate their copies of Windows 7 Beta, which expired on August 1, 2009.<br />The release candidate, build 7100, became available for MSDN and TechNet subscribers and Connect Program participants on April 30, 2009. On May 5, 2009 it became available to the general public, although it had also been leaked onto the Internet via  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BitTorrent_(protocol)" o "BitTorrent (protocol)" BitTorrent.[30] The release candidate was available in five languages and expired on June 1, 2010, with shutdowns every two hours starting March 1, 2010.[31] Microsoft stated that Windows 7 would be released to the general public on October 22, 2009. Microsoft released Windows 7 to MSDN and Technet subscribers on August 6, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. PDT.[32] Microsoft announced that Windows 7, along with Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009. Windows 7 RTM is build 7600.16385.090713-1255, which was compiled on July 13, 2009, and was declared the final RTM build after passing all Microsoft's tests internally.[6]<br />

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