Psychotherapy preethi pgdcp


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Psychotherapy preethi pgdcp

  1. 1. PREETHI BALAN Date :11th October 2012 PGDCP AIPS
  2. 2. OBJECTIVE  To highlight the importance of psychotherapy in the fast paced world around us.  To bring about the key features of psychotherapy how it works  How it compares with spirituality
  3. 3. WHAT IS PSYCHOTHERAPY  Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological problems and mental distress  Goal: increase sense of well-being, reduce discomfort  The approaches used in Psychotherapy  Psychodynamic: insight-oriented therapy.0 An approach to therapy that involved delving into a patients thoughts and past experiences to seek out unconscious desires or fantasies.  Cognitive-behavioral: A type of psychotherapy that involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors.  Humanistic: A form of therapy that focuses on helping people maximize their potential.
  4. 4. WHY PSYCHOTHERAPY  Psychotherapy aims to return its patients to a semblance of psychological normalcy  Tallman (1999): Outside therapy people rarely have friends who listen for more than 20 minutes. People close often involved in problem and can’t provide safe impartial perspective
  5. 5. WHAT WORKS IN PSYCHOTHERAPY  Bruce Wampold (2001) suggested  “Extra-therapeutic” Factors (87%)  Therapeutic Factors (13%)  Therapeutic Alliance (8%)  Therapeutic Allegiance (4%)  Therapy model or technique (1%)  Lambert (1992) estimates 40% client changes due to motivation or severity of problem; 30% to quality of therapeutic relationship; 15% to expectancy (placebo) effects, and 15% to specific techniques.
  6. 6. WHO SEEKS & WHY?  Children: behavioral, school, family issues  Adolescents: as above and issues of separation and peer relationships ,technology addiction  Young adults: all of above plus career issues  Mature adults: all of above plus issues of changing relationships, family alignments, health, work and social status  Older adults: all of above plus end of life issues
  7. 7. CASE  One day at Amity a new student finds her way the Counseling Center …  She’s made friends, joined extra-curricular activities, likes her hostel, and even enjoys the lectures..  But she just can’t get things done. In fact, she can not even start things. And its not because of her study skills or motivation… but she is just unable to concentrate
  8. 8. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION  The psychotherapeutic interventions that can be used are  Cognitive Behavior Therapy:  Person should be asked to focus on Thought –Behavior- Action  Work on short term goals & contiously monitor his TEA system
  9. 9. NEW AGE DISORDERS & PSYCHOTHERAPY  A South Korean couple who let their baby starve while they played role-playing game Prius Online for up to 12 hours at a time.  The treatment for addiction to technology can be through psychotherapy eminent to help “Screenagers”.  The treatment Dr Graham has designed is in three stages. It begins with psychotherapy designed to address the patient's issues with face-to-face relationships.  The next stage is to unpick their relationship with technology and encourage them to switch it off, and finally they are encouraged to take part in both physical exercise and activities with family and friends.
  11. 11. RESEARCH STUDIES Meta Analysis -Results of nearly 400 controlled evaluations of psychotherapy and counseling were coded and integrated statistically. The findings provide convincing evidence of the efficacy of psychotherapy. On the average, the typical therapy client is better off than 75% of untreated individuals. Few important differences in effectivenesscould be established among many quite different types of psychotherapy. -Unoversity of Colorado
  12. 12. SPIRITUALITY  Spirituality origin of the word is from Latin word “Spiritus” meaning “BREATH OF LIFE”  Spirituality is mostly understood through religion and its interpretation which often are misrepresented.  Most Religions we do not develop faith in ourselves by focusing on the self, its symptoms, and healing, as psychotherapy does.  In many religions on looks away from the self and its narrow orbit of concerns and toward the mysterious existence of the Other–God, our neighbors, the greater society, the universe itself.
  13. 13. CONCLUSION  Considering that psychotherapy offers a breath of life to those ailing it is spiritual in nature  There are many schools of thought in psychotherapy and there is no one “right” approach  You must consider multiple “patient factors” when recommending psychotherapy  With the complexities of life Psychotherapy offers solutions.  Proven evidence of change in the brain activity through psychotherapy ,hence results can be considered Tangible results SPIRITUALITY CAN SURELY BE PREVENTIVE BUT PSYCHOTHERAPY IS CURATIVE !!!!!!