Research, Education, and Cybersecurity Policies in India

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Research, Education, and Cybersecurity Policies in India

  1. 1. Research,  Education,  and   Cybersecurity  Policies  in  India Cybersecurity  Governance:  A  Data-­‐Driven  Approach   Harvard  University   Oct  13,  2016 Ponnurangam  Kumaraguru  (“PK”) Associate  Professor Founding  Head,  CERC   fb/ponnurangam.kumaraguru,  @ponguru
  2. 2. Who  am  I?   – Associate  Professor,  IIIT-­‐Delhi     – Ph.D.  from  School  of  Computer  Science,     Carnegie  Mellon  University  (CMU)     – Research  interests   -Cybersecuirty,  Social  Computing,  Computational   Social  Science,  Complex  Networks  pertaining  to   Human  Behavior,  specifically  in  the  context  of   Security  &  Privacy – Co-­‐ordinate  and  manage  Precog,   precog.iiitd.edu.in – ACM  Distinguished  Speaker   2
  3. 3. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCHWDvG Dh4QjWbV79bM2neSg 3
  4. 4. 4 What  we  dabble  with!  
  5. 5. 5 http://meity.gov.in/sites/upload_files/dit/files/National%20Cyber%20Security%20Policy%20(1).pdf
  6. 6. 6 http://cerc.iiitd.ac.in/
  7. 7. 7 NSC  /  NCSC  
  8. 8. 8 NSC  /  NCSC  
  9. 9. OSN  for  Policing:  Boston   9
  10. 10. OSN  for  Policing:  BLR   10
  11. 11. OSN  for  Policing:  BLR   11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Policies:  Micro  Mission     15
  16. 16. Bridging  the  gap   – Officers   – Teachers   – Students   16
  17. 17. Bridging  the  gap 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Accounts  in  the  country!   19 http://precog.iiitd.edu.in/research/osm-­‐policing-­‐india/handles.html
  20. 20. Analyzing  Accounts   20 http://precog.iiitd.edu.in/research/osm-­‐policing-­‐india/analyse/
  21. 21. 21 20  Interviews 4  FGDs 10,427  Surveys #privacyindia12  Methodology 18  months!
  22. 22. 0.08 7.73 0.14 7.10 1.10 6.88 0.28 8.14 1.96 8.58 0.52 0.21 0.74 3.19 9.38 0.35 0.03 0.04 0.25 2.94 11.29 0.02 8.57 0.05 9.39 9.53 0.21 0.17 9.390.48 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.08 Sample  
  23. 23. Demographics Gender  (N=  10,232) Male 67.57 Female 32.43 23 Age   (N=10,350) <18 1.54 18-­‐24 21.31 25-­‐29 32.20 30-­‐39 25.90 40-­‐49 14.09 50-­‐64 4.46 65+ 0.50 Age
  24. 24. Internet  &  Social  Media What  do  you  feel  about  privacy  of  your  personal   information  on  your  OSN?   24 Q42,  N  =  6,855 It  is  not  a  concern  at  all   Since  I  have  specified  my  privacy  settings,  my   data  is  secure  from  a  privacy  breach   Even  though,  I  have  specified  my  privacy   settings,  I  am  concerned  about  privacy  of  my   data   It  is  a  concern,  but  I  still  share  personal   information   It  is  a  concern;  hence  I  do  not  share  personal   data  on  OSN  
  25. 25. Internet  &  Social  Media What  do  you  feel  about  privacy  of  your  personal   information  on  your  OSN?   25 Q42,  N  =  6,855 It  is  not  a  concern  at  all   Since  I  have  specified  my  privacy  settings,  my   data  is  secure  from  a  privacy  breach   42.13   Even  though,  I  have  specified  my  privacy   settings,  I  am  concerned  about  privacy  of  my   data   It  is  a  concern,  but  I  still  share  personal   information   It  is  a  concern;  hence  I  do  not  share  personal   data  on  OSN  
  26. 26. Internet  &  Social  Media What  do  you  feel  about  privacy  of  your  personal   information  on  your  OSN?   26 Q42,  N  =  6,855 It  is  not  a  concern  at  all   19.30   Since  I  have  specified  my  privacy  settings,  my   data  is  secure  from  a  privacy  breach   42.13   Even  though,  I  have  specified  my  privacy   settings,  I  am  concerned  about  privacy  of  my   data   23.84   It  is  a  concern,  but  I  still  share  personal   information   8.02   It  is  a  concern;  hence  I  do  not  share  personal   data  on  OSN   6.71  
  27. 27. Internet  &  Social  Media If  you  receive  a  friendship  request  on  your  most   frequently  used  OSN,  which  of  the  following  people   will  you  add  as  friends?   27 Q43,  N  =  6,929 Person  of  opposite  gender People  from  my  hometown Person  with  nice  profile  picture Strangers  (people  you  do  not   know) Somebody,  whom  you  do  not   know  or  recognize  but  have   mutual  /  common  friends  with Anyone
  28. 28. Internet  &  Social  Media If  you  receive  a  friendship  request  on  your  most   frequently  used  OSN,  which  of  the  following  people   will  you  add  as  friends?   28 Q43,  N  =  6,929 Person  of  opposite  gender People  from  my  hometown Person  with  nice  profile  picture 10.12 Strangers  (people  you  do  not   know) Somebody,  whom  you  do  not   know  or  recognize  but  have   mutual  /  common  friends  with Anyone
  29. 29. Internet  &  Social  Media If  you  receive  a  friendship  request  on  your  most   frequently  used  OSN,  which  of  the  following  people   will  you  add  as  friends?   29 Q43,  N  =  6,929 Person  of  opposite  gender 27.39 People  from  my  hometown Person  with  nice  profile  picture 10.12 Strangers  (people  you  do  not   know) Somebody,  whom  you  do  not   know  or  recognize  but  have   mutual  /  common  friends  with Anyone 2.99
  30. 30. Internet  &  Social  Media If  you  receive  a  friendship  request  on  your  most   frequently  used  OSN,  which  of  the  following  people   will  you  add  as  friends?   30 Q43,  N  =  6,929 Person  of  opposite  gender 27.39 People  from  my  hometown 19.51 Person  with  nice  profile  picture 10.12 Strangers  (people  you  do  not   know) 4.99 Somebody,  whom  you  do  not   know  or  recognize  but  have   mutual  /  common  friends  with 8.31 Anyone 2.99
  31. 31. Takeaways – Cybersecurity  is  a  complex  and  a  multi-­‐ faceted  area  /  problem   – Attempts  are  being  made  in  different   directions   – More  empirical  data  /  analysis  needed   – Long  way  to  go  for  India!   31
  32. 32. Thank  you pk@iiitd.ac.in precog.iiitd.edu.in fb/ponnurangam.kumaraguru

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