YES: Youth Empowerment Theory in Plain Words

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We wanted to translate the concepts in empowerment theory into every day language in order to communicate clearly with people who are carrying out the YES curriculum.

The theory has three primary components: intrapersonal empowerment, interpersonal empowerment, and behavioral empowerment. We express these as: “feeling”, “connecting” and “doing”. Feeling refers to the beliefs and perceptions that you have about yourself. Connecting refers to your relationships with others and with the surrounding environment. Doing refers to the actions that you take that affect your surroundings and yourself.

Each of these aspects of empowerment can be measured by several psychological constructs. These are reflected in our model by simple statements, such as “I am good at leading groups” (leadership efficacy), “I know adults who can help me solve problems” (adult resources), and “I participate in neighborhood activities” (community engagement).

When YES group leaders connect the curriculum with its underlying concepts they can do a better job of communicating the intent of each activity to participating youth.

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YES: Youth Empowerment Theory in Plain Words

  1. 1. Self-Esteem Mastery Intrapersonal Empowerment Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  2. 2. Self-Esteem Mastery Intrapersonal Empowerment Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  3. 3. Self-Esteem Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  4. 4. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  5. 5. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  6. 6. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy Motivation to Control Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  7. 7. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  8. 8. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment Adult Mentoring Relationships Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  9. 9. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support Adult Resources Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  10. 10. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who Resource Mobilization © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  11. 11. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who I know howMobilization Resource to find resources in my community. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  12. 12. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes Leadership Behavior Behavioral Doing Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who I know howMobilization Resource to find resources in my community. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  13. 13. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes ILeadership Behavior things done. organize people to get Behavioral Doing Empowerment Community Engagement School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who I know howMobilization Resource to find resources in my community. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  14. 14. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes ILeadership Behavior things done. organize people to get Behavioral Doing Empowerment ICommunity Engagement activities. participate in neighborhood School Engagement Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who I know howMobilization Resource to find resources in my community. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan
  15. 15. I take a positive attitude toward myself. Self-Esteem I have the skills to work towards my goals. Mastery Intrapersonal Feeling Empowerment I am good at leading groups. Leadership Efficacy I can be involvedControl my community. Motivation to to change Psychological YES Curriculum Empowerment Processes ILeadership Behavior things done. organize people to get Behavioral Doing Empowerment ICommunity Engagement activities. participate in neighborhood ISchool Engagement activities. participate my school’s Interactional Connecting Empowerment I know MentoringI Relationships and advice. Adult adults that go to for support I know Resources can help me solve problems. Adult adults who I know howMobilization Resource to find resources in my community. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of Michigan

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