ICT Facts and Figures - 2013

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Global internet usage figures for 2013 courtesy ITU

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ICT Facts and Figures - 2013

  1. 1. ICT 2013 The World in Facts and Figures “I am pleased to present the latest ICT Facts and Figures which show continued and almost universal growth in ICT uptake. Every day we are moving closer to having almost as many mobile- cellular subscriptions as people on earth. This is exciting news. The mobile revolution is m-powering people in developing countries by delivering ICT applications in education, health, government, banking, environment and business. Let us all celebrate this mobile miracle that I have no doubt will hasten our pace towards sustainable development. ” Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau 6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions As the number of subscriptions approaches global population figures mobile-cellular growth slows 7.1 8 Population 7 6.8 Billions 6 5 4 3 2 Mobile-cellular subscriptions 1 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate In 2013, there are almost as many mobile-cellular subscriptions as people in the world, with more than half in the Asia-Pacific region (3.5 billion out of 6.8 billion total subscriptions). As global mobile-cellular penetration approaches 100% and market saturation is reached, growth rates have fallen to their lowest levels in both developed and developing countries. Mobile-cellular penetration rates stand at 96% globally; 128% in developed countries; and 89% in developing countries. Mobile-cellular penetration, 2013*, and mobile-cellular subscription growth rates, 2005-2013* 180 170 160 35 126 30 0 Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate Per cent __ Developing __ World __ Developed 20 15 10 CIS Developed 25 Europe 20 128 109 The Americas 40 63 89 96 World 60 89 Asia & Pacific 80 Developing 100 105 Arab States 120 Africa Per 100 inhabitants 140 5 0 6.1 5.4 3.7 2005/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12* 12/13*
  2. 2. 2.7 billion people – almost 40% of the world’s population – are online In developing countries, 16% fewer women than men use the Internet Internet users by development level, 2003-2013*, and by region, 2013* Per 100 inhabitants 70 60 __ __ __ 80 77 Developed World Developing 50 39 40 30 31 20 61 60 52 50 40 32 30 20 10 0 75 70 Per 100 inhabitants 80 38 16 10 0 2003 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12* 13* Africa Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate Asia Arab CIS & Pacific States The Europe Americas In 2013, over 2.7 billion people are using the Internet, which corresponds to 39% of the world’s population. Europe is the region with the highest Internet penetration rate in the world (75%), followed by the Americas (61%). In the developing world, 31% of the population is online, compared with 77% in the developed world. In Africa, 16% of people are using the Internet – only half the penetration rate of Asia and the Pacific. The gender gap: men and women online, totals and penetration rates, 2013* Billions of people 41% Internet users 1.4 37% % all of men/women 1.2 33% 1.0 29% 0.8 0.6 74% 80% 0.4 0.2 0.0 Women Men Women Men Women Men Developed Developing World Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate More men than women use the Internet: globally, 37% of all women are online, compared with 41% of all men. This corresponds to 1.3 billion women and 1.5 billion men. The developing world is home to about 826 million female Internet users and 980 million male Internet users. The developed world is home to about 475 million female Internet users and 483 million male Internet users. The gender gap is more pronounced in the developing world, where 16% fewer women than men use the Internet, compared with only 2% fewer women than men in the developed world.
  3. 3. 750 million households – 41% globally – connected to the Internet Households with Internet access, 2013* 108 million Households without Internet Households with Internet 376 million Developing countries 960 million Developed countries 373 million Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate MAIN COLOURS In 2013, 41% of the world’s households are connected to the Internet. Half of them are in the developing world, where household Internet penetration has reached 28%. C 10 Y 100 M 75 K 15 C 74 Y 45 M 0 K 27 In the developed world, 78% of all households are connected to the Internet. 90% of the 1.1 billion households not connected to the Internet are in the developing world. SECONDARY COLOURS Households with Internet access, by region C 70 Y 15 M 0 K 12 C 50 Y 10 M 100 K 0 C 0 Y 50 M 100 K 0 Percentage of households with Internet access 90 80 77 70 61 60 50 46 40 34 30 __ __ __ __ __ __ Europe The Americas CIS Arab States Asia & Pacific Africa 33 20 10 7 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate Europe and Africa are the regions with the highest and the lowest levels of household Internet penetration respectively: 77% in Europe, compared with 7% in Africa. The majority of households in the Americas are online (61%), compared with around one third of households in the Arab States and Asia and the Pacific. Between 2009 and 2013, Internet penetration in households has grown fastest in Africa, with annual growth of 27%, followed by 15% annual growth in Asia and the Pacific, the Arab States and the CIS.
  4. 4. Fixed-broadband prices drop by 82% between 2008 and 2012 As fixed-broadband services become more affordable, penetration increases Fixed-broadband sub-basket as % of GNI p.c. __ __ __ 164.6 100 85.1 80 30 Developing World Developed Fixed-broadband penetration 115.1 120 59.4 60 59.7 40 40.3 41.8 30.1 28.5 20 2.5 0 2.0 1.7 2008 2009 2010 21.5 1.7 1.7 2011 2012† 25 20 15 27 __ __ __ Developed World Developing 10 10 5 6 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. † Preliminary result. * Estimate By 2012, the majority of countries have reached the Broadband Commission target of offering basic fixed-broadband services at below 5% of monthly GNI p.c. Number of countries 60 Developed Developing 50 40 36 30 11 20 10 1 22 26 19 18 19 6 0 0-2 2-5 7 4 4 5-8 8-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 >50 Fixed-broadband sub-basket value 2012† Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: † Preliminary result, based on 173 countries Over the past five years, fixed-broadband prices as a share of GNI per capita dropped by 82%. By 2012, fixedbroadband prices represented 1.7% of monthly GNI p.c. in developed countries. In developing countries, fixedbroadband services remain expensive, accounting for 30.1% of average monthly incomes. In 95 countries – including 48 developing countries – the price of a monthly fixed-broadband subscription represented 5% or less of monthly GNI p.c. in 2012. As services are becoming more affordable, fixed-broadband uptake has shown strong growth and by 2013, there are almost 700 million fixed-broadband subscriptions, corresponding to a global penetration rate of 9.8%. In 2013, the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions in developing countries surpasses those in developed countries. But there is still a wide gap when it comes to fixed-broadband penetration rates, with 6.1% in developing countries (and less than 1% in Sub-Saharan Africa), compared with 27.2% in developed countries.
  5. 5. High-speed access to the internet Differences in broadband speed persist Uptake of high-speed broadband (at least 10 Mbit/s) is highest in some Asian economies, including the Republic of Korea, Hong Kong (China) and Japan, and in several European countries, such as Bulgaria, Iceland and Portugal. In Africa, less than 10% of fixed (wired) broadband subscriptions offer speeds of at least 2 Mbit/s. This is also the case of several countries in Asia and the Pacific, the Americas and some Arab States. Fixed-broadband subscriptions, by speed, early 2012 Korea (Rep.) Hong Kong, China Japan Singapore Macao, China Bangladesh Iran (I.R.) Bhutan Bulgaria Iceland** Portugal United Kingdom Belgium Andorra Denmark Romania Netherlands France Greece Spain Hungary Switzerland Czech Republic Norway*† Israel Finland† Slovenia Slovak Republic Ireland Germany Austria Malta Poland** Estonia Croatia Cyprus† Italy Turkey Bosnia and Herzegovina United States*† Canada*† Brazil Trinidad & Tobago Chile Colombia Ecuador Belize Venezuela Guyana Georgia Russia Azerbaijan Armenia United Arab Emirates Saudi Arabia* Oman Morocco Jordan Tunisia Qatar Egypt Uganda Senegal Namibia Côte d’Ivoire Mauritius Kenya Benin Asia & Pacific Europe Americas CIS Arab States Africa 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ≥10 Mbit/s ≥2 to <10 Mbit/s ≥256 kbit/s to <2 Mbit/s Source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database Note: Refers to advertised speeds. * Data correspond to speed intervals slightly different from the ones defined by ITU. ** Breakdown by speed available only for a part of the total fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions. † Data include fixed wireless broadband subscriptions
  6. 6. Continuous high growth of mobile broadband More than 2 billion subscriptions worldwide by end 2013* Americas Europe CIS 460 million subscriptions 422 million subscriptions 129 million subscriptions 48% penetration 68% penetration 46% penetration 28% CAGR (2010-2013) 33% CAGR (2010-2013) 27% CAGR (2010-2013) Arab States Africa Asia-Pacific 71 million subscriptions 93 million subscriptions 895 million subscriptions 19% penetration 11% penetration 22% penetration 55% CAGR (2010-2013) 82% CAGR (2010-2013) 45% CAGR (2010-2013) Denom and classifications employed in these maps do not imply any opinion on the part of the ITU concerning the legal or other status of any territory or any endorsement or acceptance of any boundary. Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate Active mobile-broadband subscriptions, 2007-2013* In developing countries, the number of mobilebroadband subscriptions more than doubled from 2011 to 2013 (from 472 million to 1.16 billion) and surpassed those in developed countries in 2013. Africa is the region with the highest growth rates over the past three years and mobile-broadband penetration has increased from 2% in 2010 to 11% in 2013. __ __ __ 80 70 Per 100 inhabitants Mobile-broadband subscriptions have climbed from 268 million in 2007 to 2.1 billion in 2013. This reflects an average annual growth rate of 40%, making mobile broadband the most dynamic ICT market. 60 75 Developed World Developing 50 40 30 30 20 20 10 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate 2012* 2013*
  7. 7. Mobile broadband much more expensive in developing countries But considerably cheaper than fixed-broadband services By early 2013, the price of an entry-level mobile-broadband plan represents between 1.2-2.2% of monthly GNI p.c. in developed countries and between 11.324.7% in developing countries, depending on the type of service. Price of mobile-broadband services, early 2013† However, in developing countries, mobilebroadband services cost considerably less than fixed-broadband services: 18.8% of monthly GNI p.c. for a 1 GB postpaid computer-based mobile-broadband plan compared to 30.1% of monthly GNI p.c. for a postpaid fixed-broadband plan with 1 GB of data volume. 7.5 11.3 1.3 Prepaid handset-based (500 MB) 11.4 15.7 1.4 Postpaid computer-based (1 GB) 12.7 18.8 2.2 Prepaid computer-based (1 GB) Among the four typical mobile-broadband plans offered in the market, postpaid handset-based services are the cheapest and prepaid computer-based services are the most expensive, across all regions. Developed World Developing 1.2 Postpaid handset-based (500 MB) 17.7 24.7 0 5 10 15 20 25 Price of service as a % of GNI per capita† Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. † Preliminary result Price of mobile-broadband services by region, early 2013† % of GNI per capita Europe Arab States CIS The Americas Asia & the Pacific Africa Prepaid handset-based (500 MB) 1.1 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 38.8 Postpaid handset-based (500 MB) 1.1 2.2 5.6 5.0 3.5 36.2 Prepaid computer-based (1 GB) 1.9 7.4 7.6 11.1 12.6 58.3 Postpaid computer-based (1 GB) 1.2 2.5 7.4 8.0 10.6 54.6 Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. † Preliminary result A regional comparison highlights that mobile-broadband services remain largely unaffordable in Africa, where the price of a computer-based plan with 1GB of data volume represents on average more than 50% of GNI p.c. Services are most affordable in Europe, where they represent on average less than 2% of GNI p.c. In the Arab States and Asia and the Pacific region, postpaid handset-based services are relatively affordable, accounting for 2.2% and 3.5% of monthly GNI per capita, respectively; prices in the Americas and CIS remain relatively high (5% or above of monthly GNI p.c.) for all mobile-broadband services.
  8. 8. For more information: ICT Data and Statistics Division Telecommunication Development Bureau International Telecommunication Union Place des Nations 1211 Geneva 20 - Switzerland indicators@itu.int www.itu.int/ict E R S H I P P A R T N O N R I N G M E A S U I C T F O R I n t e r n a t i o n a l P M E N T D E V E L O Te l e c o m m u n i c a t i o n U n i o n YEARBOOK OF ST YEARBOOK OF AT IST ICS 20 02 –2 01 1 S TA TI S TI C S Telecomm un I C T I n d i c ai c a t i o n / to 20 02 –2 01 r s 1 2012 *00000* Printed in Switzer land Geneva – Decem ber 2012 ISBN 92-61-000000 ITU-D erland Printed in Switz 2011 Geneva - April 0-0 ISBN 00-00-0000 I n t e r n a t i o n a l l a t i o n a I n t e r n c a t i o n m m u n i Te l e c o M e a s u r in g th e In fo r m a ti o n S o c ie ty for the collection of administ rative data on 2011 Place des Nations cH-1211 Geneva 20 2012 Switzerland 10th ommunicati indicato on/ M E E T INr s G Bangkok, Th of administrative data on Telecommun ications/IcT Organized ICT World Telec 25-27 ailand Se pte mb ww w.i tu. Handbook for the collection Socie ty Infor matio n Meas uring the erland Printed in Switz 2012 Geneva, -7 2-61-14071 ISBN 978-9 Telecommunications/ICT 2011 www.itu.int Printed in Switzerland *37354* Hosted by U n i o n Handbook Internation al Telecommu nication Union Telecommu nication developme nt Bureau 20 12 Te l e c o m m u n i c a t i o n U n i o n Shutterstock Photo credits: Printed in Switzerland Geneva, February 2013 © International Telecommunication Union er 20 12 int /ic t/w tim 12 by

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