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story of Kamau Wanjiru.
2
3
Recognizing Signs of Stress
07/18/09 2
Men will faint from
terror, apprehensive
of what is coming on
the world, for the
heavenly bodies will
be shaken...
6
TERRORISM
6
09/11/2001
TERRORISM
 Matthew 24:6 & 8 See to it that you are not
alarmed. Such things must happen, but
the end is still to come. All these ar...
28/03/2008
"Unhappy, Unloved,
and Out of Control -
An epidemic of
violence, crime and
drunkenness has
made Britain scared
...
07/18/09 4
A common sentence in the city is "if only I
had the time to...
Living in a fast-paced, technological society
wi...
07/18/09 5
“Instant coffee, instant sex,
instant , instant fame....we
want it all,
and we want it NOW!
• THOSE WHO DO NOT LEARN TO
CONTROL STRESS WILL PAY WITH
THEIR HEALTH AND PEACE OF MIND
• THOSE WHO LEARN TO IDENTIFY
THE ...
What is Stress
In his book Stress Without Distress, Hans Selye defines
stress as:
“… one’s reaction to life events … the
n...
STRESS IS AN INSTINCTUAL
REACTION
14
Fight or Flight Response
15
Stress and Illness
1.Psychosomatic disorders are physical disorders that result
from stress or other emotional causes.
...
17
WHAT IS STRESS ?
Stress is the reaction people have to
any alarming demand placed upon them.
It arises when we FEAR that w...
FEAR
FALSE
EVIDENCE
APPEARING
REAL
False evidence appearing real.
20
17
Origin of stress- Gen 3:10
GEN 3:10
07/18/09 11
And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden,
and I was afraid, because I ...
07/18/09 12
Since the fall of man
• Stress has been a part of everyday
life and in fact a certain amount of
stress is esse...
07/18/09 15
Fright- FIGHT or FLIGHT
• Physiological
mechanism
-ADRENALIN
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
RESPONSES
• Increased pupil
dila...
07/18/09 21
STRESSORS vs RESOURCES
• External/Problems= P
• Internal/Resources= R
P<R=Bored
P=R=Ease
P>R=STRESS
• STRESS DIS- STRESS
• EASE DIS- EASE
07/18/09 22
STRESSOR / PROBLEM
 TOO LONG
 TOO OFTEN
 TOO SEVERE
Typical Relationship Between
Performance and Stress
Low High
Levelof
Performance
Low
(poor)
High
(excellent)
Too Little St...
28
Why Stress Happens?
INTERNAL/RESOURCES
When it becomes impossible to
change one’s environment then
personal change or internal change
becomes ...
31
ONE MAN’S MEAT……
Everyone is different, with unique
perceptions of, and reactions to,
events.
Some are more sensitive
owin...
Stress is a reaction.
Most of the stress we experience
is self-generated. How we
perceive life - whether an event
makes us...
Holmes and Rahe’s
Stress scale
• Dr. Thomas H. Holmes measures stress in terms
of "units of change”. His conclusion is tha...
Low Vulnerability High Vulnerability
Stress
Vulnerability
Threshold for mood disorder
Threshold model for Depression
36
Hardiness- Stress Proofing
1.An ability to resist the effect of stress, and to
avoid becoming ill as a result.
2.Hardy ...
07/18/09 30
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
Caffeine
Alc...
07/18/09 31
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
Pessimistic t...
07/18/09 32
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
Unrealistic e...
07/18/09 33
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
Perfectionist...
07/18/09 33
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
Perfectionist...
Low Vulnerability High Vulnerability
Stress
Vulnerability
Threshold for mood disorder
Threshold model for Depression
43
Hardiness- Stress Proofing
1.An ability to resist the effect of stress, and to
avoid becoming ill as a result.
2.Hardy ...
44
OUTLINE
• Modern life, fear and stress
• Origin of stress
• Fright, fight or flight reaction
• Problems vs Resources
• ...
07/18/09 42
STRESS
MANAGEMENT
caution:
46
"Lord, do you not care that my sister
has left me to do all the work by myself?
Tell her then to help me." But the Lord
an...
07/18/09 44
I
THOU SHALL PRIORITISE
WORSHIP NO OTHER GOD BEFORE ME
Not UrgentUrgent
NotImportantImportant
I
The fire service man
Crisis and hassles
Your job
Deadlines
Pressing issue
I...
50
PLANNING!!!!!
It is important to prioritize:
1. list your goals- list all things the important
things you want to accom...
1week
That’s your
milestone
Not UrgentUrgent
NotImportantImportant
I
The fire service man
Crisis and hassles
Your job
Deadlines
Pressing issue
I...
07/18/09 45
II
THOU SHALL NOT WORHIP MONEY
Do not make any idols
Most of us tend to believe if
“we only had more money ”
things life would be good and all would be well.
• Research indica...
55
The Vicious Cycle
• People spend half of their life pursuing money as the highest priority
and loose health in that pro...
56
Make it a Virtuous Cycle
• Pursue God (Spiritual), health (Mind&body) and knowledge (universal
knowledge) then money & ...
• So don’t worry about these things, saying,
‘What will we eat? What will we drink?
What will we wear?’
These things domin...
07/18/09 48
III
SMILE,
know that
“THIS TOO, SHALL PASS”
Do not call the name of the thy God in vain
07/18/09 49
IV
THOU SHALL FIND TIME TO
EXERCISE AND REST
WORK 6 DAYS, REST ON THE SABBATH
60
Physical Activity
1.By doing something physically active, you
provide your body with a healthy outlet for
built up ener...
• GREATEST
WHEN THERE
APPEARS TO
BE NO TIME
FOR IT.
44
• GET 8-9 HOURS OF SLEEP.
• EAT A LIGHT EVENING MEAL.
• AVOID LATE-NIGHT SNACKS, WORK OR TV.
• RETIRE AT A REGULAR TIME - ...
• Periodic breaks
• Restful night’s sleep
• Weekly day of rest
• An annual vacation
50
07/18/09 50
V
HONOR YOUR “DEBTS”
ON TIME.
HONOR YOUR FATHER & MOTHER
To learn to be honest
With ourselves
• To avoid self-defeating denial
With others
• To gain their trust
• Develop good int...
• With spouse
• Friends
• Social groups
77
Live longer and healthier lives.
78
07/18/09 51
THOU SHALL NOT KILL THYSELF
BY CONSUMING UNHEALTHY
SUBSTANCES
THOU SHALL NOT KILL
WHICH OF THE TWO IS REALLY SMOKING?
Some prescription drugs
• Can be addictive.
• Must be used with great caution.
• Only when necessary.
Fill your life with ...
74
07/18/09 52
VII
THOU SHALL COMMUNICATE
WITH THINE NEIGHBOUR, PROPERLY.
Do not commit adultery
76
77
78
07/18/09 53
VIII
THOU SHALL ASK FOR HELP.
Do not steal
07/18/09 54
IX
THOU SHALL NOT BEAR FALSE
WITNESS AGAINST THINE
NEIGHBOUR
DO NOT LIE
• Let us listen more and speak less. After
all God in his own wisdom gave us 2
ears and one tongue
• Before you say anythi...
07/18/09 56
X
BE CONTENT WITH WHAT YOU
HAVE.
THOU SHALL NOT COVET THY NEIGHBOURS ITEMS
Through eyes of optimist
Glass is
half full.
88
Through eyes of pessimist
• Under canopy of
despair, glass is
half empty.
89
85
THE
OPTIMIST
VERSUS
THE
PESSIMIST
86
07/18/09 57
THOU SHALL NOT WORSHIP MONEY
THOU SHALL PRIORITISE
ALL SHALL PASS.
THOU SHALL FIND TIME
TO EXCERCISE AND REST
...
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
Under pressure -stress management
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Under pressure -stress management

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Under pressure -stress management

  1. 1. story of Kamau Wanjiru. 2
  2. 2. 3 Recognizing Signs of Stress
  3. 3. 07/18/09 2 Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken Luke 21:26
  4. 4. 6 TERRORISM 6 09/11/2001 TERRORISM
  5. 5.  Matthew 24:6 & 8 See to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. All these are the beginning of birth pains.
  6. 6. 28/03/2008 "Unhappy, Unloved, and Out of Control - An epidemic of violence, crime and drunkenness has made Britain scared of its young."
  7. 7. 07/18/09 4 A common sentence in the city is "if only I had the time to... Living in a fast-paced, technological society with innumerable demands upon our time, the majority of people can state: “I am stressed out .
  8. 8. 07/18/09 5 “Instant coffee, instant sex, instant , instant fame....we want it all, and we want it NOW!
  9. 9. • THOSE WHO DO NOT LEARN TO CONTROL STRESS WILL PAY WITH THEIR HEALTH AND PEACE OF MIND • THOSE WHO LEARN TO IDENTIFY THE DAMAGING EFFECTS OF STRESS WILL ENJOY A HEALTHIER AND MORE SATISFYING LIFE. 07/18/09 6
  10. 10. What is Stress In his book Stress Without Distress, Hans Selye defines stress as: “… one’s reaction to life events … the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it …” “Our response to any situation we find challenging, frightening, or difficult”
  11. 11. STRESS IS AN INSTINCTUAL REACTION
  12. 12. 14 Fight or Flight Response
  13. 13. 15 Stress and Illness 1.Psychosomatic disorders are physical disorders that result from stress or other emotional causes. 2.These illnesses are evidence of the ways in which the mind affects the body. 1. Lowered resistance – prolonged stress can prevent the immune system from functioning properly. You may experience minor illnesses more frequently, like colds and flu. 2. Ulcers – An ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach or other part of the digestive system. Stress causes an increase in production of hydrochloric acid. 3. Asthma – Stress can trigger an asthma attack, making it difficult to breath, 4. High blood pressure and heart disease – Heart works harder under stress, prolonged stress can damage the heart muscle.
  14. 14. 17
  15. 15. WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the reaction people have to any alarming demand placed upon them. It arises when we FEAR that we cannot cope!
  16. 16. FEAR FALSE EVIDENCE APPEARING REAL False evidence appearing real.
  17. 17. 20 17
  18. 18. Origin of stress- Gen 3:10 GEN 3:10 07/18/09 11 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
  19. 19. 07/18/09 12 Since the fall of man • Stress has been a part of everyday life and in fact a certain amount of stress is essential since it keeps us alert to danger and helps us to perform at our best in certain situations.
  20. 20. 07/18/09 15 Fright- FIGHT or FLIGHT • Physiological mechanism -ADRENALIN ENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSES • Increased pupil dilation • Perspiration • Increased heart rate and blood pressure • Rapid breathing • Muscle tenseness • Increased mental alertness Disciples in the storm
  21. 21. 07/18/09 21 STRESSORS vs RESOURCES • External/Problems= P • Internal/Resources= R P<R=Bored P=R=Ease P>R=STRESS
  22. 22. • STRESS DIS- STRESS • EASE DIS- EASE 07/18/09 22 STRESSOR / PROBLEM  TOO LONG  TOO OFTEN  TOO SEVERE
  23. 23. Typical Relationship Between Performance and Stress Low High Levelof Performance Low (poor) High (excellent) Too Little Stress Optimum Stress Excessive Stress Stress
  24. 24. 28
  25. 25. Why Stress Happens?
  26. 26. INTERNAL/RESOURCES When it becomes impossible to change one’s environment then personal change or internal change becomes necessary 07/18/09 26
  27. 27. 31
  28. 28. ONE MAN’S MEAT…… Everyone is different, with unique perceptions of, and reactions to, events. Some are more sensitive owing to experiences in childhood, the influence of teachers, parents and religion etc.
  29. 29. Stress is a reaction. Most of the stress we experience is self-generated. How we perceive life - whether an event makes us feel threatened or stimulated, encouraged or discouraged, happy or sad - depends to a large extent on how we perceive ourselves.
  30. 30. Holmes and Rahe’s Stress scale • Dr. Thomas H. Holmes measures stress in terms of "units of change”. His conclusion is that no one can handle more than 300 units of stress in a twelve- month period without suffering physically or emotionally during the next two years. • Holmes, of course, was speaking from a strictly human point of view - with God "all things are possible." 07/18/09 25
  31. 31. Low Vulnerability High Vulnerability Stress Vulnerability Threshold for mood disorder Threshold model for Depression
  32. 32. 36 Hardiness- Stress Proofing 1.An ability to resist the effect of stress, and to avoid becoming ill as a result. 2.Hardy individuals possess 3 characteristics. 1.View stressful events as challenges or opportunities rather than threats. 2.Committed to whatever they are doing. 3.Have a sense of control over what they are doing. Kobasa et AL
  33. 33. 07/18/09 30 INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits Caffeine Alcohol Lack of sleep Overloaded schedule
  34. 34. 07/18/09 31 INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits Pessimistic thinking Self criticism Over analysing
  35. 35. 07/18/09 32 INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits Unrealistic expectations Taking things personally All or nothing thinking Exaggeration Rigid thinking
  36. 36. 07/18/09 33 INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits Perfectionists Workaholics Type A personality
  37. 37. 07/18/09 33 INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits Perfectionists Workaholics Type A personality
  38. 38. Low Vulnerability High Vulnerability Stress Vulnerability Threshold for mood disorder Threshold model for Depression
  39. 39. 43 Hardiness- Stress Proofing 1.An ability to resist the effect of stress, and to avoid becoming ill as a result. 2.Hardy individuals possess 3 characteristics. 1.View stressful events as challenges or opportunities rather than threats. 2.Committed to whatever they are doing. 3.Have a sense of control over what they are doing. Kobasa et AL
  40. 40. 44 OUTLINE • Modern life, fear and stress • Origin of stress • Fright, fight or flight reaction • Problems vs Resources • Signs of stress • Eustress vs Distress • Causes of Stress • External causes • Internal causes- Mind traps • Stress and diseases • Stress management-10 COMMANDMENTS 44
  41. 41. 07/18/09 42 STRESS MANAGEMENT
  42. 42. caution: 46
  43. 43. "Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to do all the work by myself? Tell her then to help me." But the Lord answered her, "Martha, Martha, you are worried and distracted by many things; there is need of only one thing. Mary has chosen the better part, which will not be taken away from her.” Luke10:41 07/18/09 43
  44. 44. 07/18/09 44 I THOU SHALL PRIORITISE WORSHIP NO OTHER GOD BEFORE ME
  45. 45. Not UrgentUrgent NotImportantImportant I The fire service man Crisis and hassles Your job Deadlines Pressing issue II PLANS/Relationships  God Family (Spouse and Chn Plans for Your talent? Health –Meals, Rest, Exercise Career/ Financial Planning III The Yes-man Latest gossip Fashion Facebook, SMS, Ping e-Mails Phone interruptions Urgent IV The quadrant of waste Watching TV – OBE/Nolllywood Playing computer games Reading magazines idleness and loitering Sports/Football game
  46. 46. 50 PLANNING!!!!! It is important to prioritize: 1. list your goals- list all things the important things you want to accomplish . 2.Schedule your Priorities- There is time ! 3. Monitor your progress- throughout the week, look back at your plan and see if it is still working towards your goal
  47. 47. 1week That’s your milestone
  48. 48. Not UrgentUrgent NotImportantImportant I The fire service man Crisis and hassles Your job Deadlines Pressing issue II Plans / Relationship  God Family (Spouse and Chn Plans for Your talent? Health –Meals, Rest, Exercise Career/ Financial Planning III The Yes-man Latest gossip Fashion Facebook, SMS, Ping e-Mails Phone interruptions Urgent IV The quadrant of waste Watching TV – OBE/Nollywood Playing computer games Reading magazines idleness and loitering Sports/Football game
  49. 49. 07/18/09 45 II THOU SHALL NOT WORHIP MONEY Do not make any idols
  50. 50. Most of us tend to believe if “we only had more money ” things life would be good and all would be well. • Research indicates that it’s not the amount of money you have, but the way it’s managed that causes stress. 54
  51. 51. 55 The Vicious Cycle • People spend half of their life pursuing money as the highest priority and loose health in that process. • In the remaining half they spend that money trying to regain the health Priority 1) Pursue money 2) Pursue fame Loose health Loose joy Less creative Less Accomplishment Less RecognitionLess MoneyMore stress on the priorities
  52. 52. 56 Make it a Virtuous Cycle • Pursue God (Spiritual), health (Mind&body) and knowledge (universal knowledge) then money & fame will follow as a byproduct • Caution: This can not become an excuse for escapism – Story of the praying villager 1) Pursue God 1) Pursue health 2) Pursue knowledge More joy More creative More Accomplishment More RecognitionMore MoneyContinue stress on the priorities
  53. 53. • So don’t worry about these things, saying, ‘What will we eat? What will we drink? What will we wear?’ These things dominate the thoughts of unbelievers, but your heavenly Father already knows all your needs. - Matthew 6:31-32 (NLT) 07/18/09 46
  54. 54. 07/18/09 48 III SMILE, know that “THIS TOO, SHALL PASS” Do not call the name of the thy God in vain
  55. 55. 07/18/09 49 IV THOU SHALL FIND TIME TO EXERCISE AND REST WORK 6 DAYS, REST ON THE SABBATH
  56. 56. 60 Physical Activity 1.By doing something physically active, you provide your body with a healthy outlet for built up energy. 2.Select activities that you enjoy and feel good doing. 3.Try to incorporate activity into your daily routine to combat daily stressors
  57. 57. • GREATEST WHEN THERE APPEARS TO BE NO TIME FOR IT. 44
  58. 58. • GET 8-9 HOURS OF SLEEP. • EAT A LIGHT EVENING MEAL. • AVOID LATE-NIGHT SNACKS, WORK OR TV. • RETIRE AT A REGULAR TIME - WARM BATH. 46
  59. 59. • Periodic breaks • Restful night’s sleep • Weekly day of rest • An annual vacation 50
  60. 60. 07/18/09 50 V HONOR YOUR “DEBTS” ON TIME. HONOR YOUR FATHER & MOTHER
  61. 61. To learn to be honest With ourselves • To avoid self-defeating denial With others • To gain their trust • Develop good interpersonal relationships 76
  62. 62. • With spouse • Friends • Social groups 77
  63. 63. Live longer and healthier lives. 78
  64. 64. 07/18/09 51 THOU SHALL NOT KILL THYSELF BY CONSUMING UNHEALTHY SUBSTANCES THOU SHALL NOT KILL
  65. 65. WHICH OF THE TWO IS REALLY SMOKING?
  66. 66. Some prescription drugs • Can be addictive. • Must be used with great caution. • Only when necessary. Fill your life with Celebrations 67
  67. 67. 74
  68. 68. 07/18/09 52 VII THOU SHALL COMMUNICATE WITH THINE NEIGHBOUR, PROPERLY. Do not commit adultery
  69. 69. 76
  70. 70. 77
  71. 71. 78
  72. 72. 07/18/09 53 VIII THOU SHALL ASK FOR HELP. Do not steal
  73. 73. 07/18/09 54 IX THOU SHALL NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS AGAINST THINE NEIGHBOUR DO NOT LIE
  74. 74. • Let us listen more and speak less. After all God in his own wisdom gave us 2 ears and one tongue • Before you say anything let it go through this three point test 1.Is it true 2.2.is it kind 3.3. is it necessary If it fails any of the above test then don’t say it 07/18/09 55
  75. 75. 07/18/09 56 X BE CONTENT WITH WHAT YOU HAVE. THOU SHALL NOT COVET THY NEIGHBOURS ITEMS
  76. 76. Through eyes of optimist Glass is half full. 88
  77. 77. Through eyes of pessimist • Under canopy of despair, glass is half empty. 89
  78. 78. 85 THE OPTIMIST VERSUS THE PESSIMIST
  79. 79. 86
  80. 80. 07/18/09 57 THOU SHALL NOT WORSHIP MONEY THOU SHALL PRIORITISE ALL SHALL PASS. THOU SHALL FIND TIME TO EXCERCISE AND REST HoNOR YOUR DEBTS ON TIME THOU SHALL NOT KILL THYSELF BY CONSUMING UNHEALTHY SUBSTANCES THOU SHALL ASK FOR HELP THOU SHALL COMMUNICATE WITH THINE NEIGHBOUR, properly THOU SHALL NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS AGAINST THINE NEIGHBOUR THOU SHALL NOT COVET THY NEIGHBOURS ITEMS

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