Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
HYPERTENSION
Hypertension questions <ul><li>1. A blood pressure greater than 140 over 90  (140/90 mmHg) is generally considered too hig...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>2. You can usually tell if your blood pressure is too high by the way you feel.  </li></ul>
Hypertension questions <ul><li>3. Having one elevated blood pressure reading means than you have high blood pressure.  </l...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>4. High blood pressure (sometimes called hypertension) is a major risk factor for heart dis...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>5. If you are being treated for high blood pressure you will need to stay on treatment the ...
HYPERTENSION
Leading Risks For Death  (World Health Organization 2002) 3 5 4 2 1 Cholesterol Alcohol HYPERTENSION Tobacco use Overweight
 
What Is Blood Pressure? <ul><li>Blood pressure is the amount of force on the walls of the arteries as the blood circulates...
<ul><li>The upper number is when the heart beats  </li></ul><ul><li>( S ystolic  B lood  P ressure  SBP) </li></ul><ul><li...
Measured in mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) <ul><li>e.g. 124/82 mm Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Systolic=124 mm Hg </li></ul><ul><l...
What is Hypertension ? <ul><li>It is also called High Blood Pressure (HBP) </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension is a blood press...
Blood pressure category  Optimal <120 and <80 Normal <130 and  <85 High normal 130–139   or 85–89 Hypertension Stage 1 140...
What Causes HYPERTENSION ? <ul><li>95% ‘not known’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics  40% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environm...
Investigations
Your Lifestyle Can Raise Your Blood Pressure   <ul><li>Sedentary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy diet  </li></ul><ul...
Hypertension Is More Common in Older People
Untreated Hypertension
What Are the Benefits of Treating Hypertension?   <ul><li>Heart attack by 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure by 50% </li>...
Who Can Help You  Control & Treat Your Hypertension ? <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Your family including church </li></ul...
How Low Should Your BP Be? <ul><li>Most people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 140/90 mm Hg  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diabe...
9 Ways to Help Control Hypertension <ul><li>1.NUTRITION  </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet </li></ul><ul><li>2. EXERCIS...
. Be active for at least 30 minutes 4-5 times / week
 
9 Ways to Help Control Hypertension(Cont..) <ul><li>5. Cut back on salt and processed food </li></ul><ul><li>6. Don’t  smo...
Drugs for Hypertension
Antihypertensive Drugs (Drugs Used to Treat Hypertension) <ul><ul><li>risk of death and disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Antihypertensive Drugs (Cont.) <ul><ul><li>Are taken for life unless your doctor stops the medication </li></ul></ul><ul><...
If Medication Is Not Taken As Directed <ul><li>BP may not be controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Your doctor may prescribe anothe...
Effect of Medication  Too much medicine (Side effects) Therapeutic zone Too little medicine Time Drug Concentration
Hints For Using Medication Wisely <ul><li>Tailor your medication taking to fit your daily schedule (e.g. when you brush yo...
Summary <ul><li>Hypertension is a common cause of disability and death </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension can be prevented and...
Blood Pressure Screening Program
Hypertension questions <ul><li>1. A blood pressure greater than 140 over 90  (140/90 mmHg) is generally considered too hig...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>2. You can usually tell if your blood pressure is too high by the way you feel.  </li></ul>...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>3. Having one elevated blood pressure reading means than you have high blood pressure.  </l...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>4. High blood pressure (sometimes called hypertension) is a major risk factor for heart dis...
Hypertension questions <ul><li>5. If you are being treated for high blood pressure you will need to stay on treatment the ...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Hypertension Pro

3,364 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • good job
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Hypertension Pro

  1. 1. HYPERTENSION
  2. 2. Hypertension questions <ul><li>1. A blood pressure greater than 140 over 90 (140/90 mmHg) is generally considered too high. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hypertension questions <ul><li>2. You can usually tell if your blood pressure is too high by the way you feel. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hypertension questions <ul><li>3. Having one elevated blood pressure reading means than you have high blood pressure. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hypertension questions <ul><li>4. High blood pressure (sometimes called hypertension) is a major risk factor for heart disease. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hypertension questions <ul><li>5. If you are being treated for high blood pressure you will need to stay on treatment the rest of your life. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HYPERTENSION
  8. 8. Leading Risks For Death (World Health Organization 2002) 3 5 4 2 1 Cholesterol Alcohol HYPERTENSION Tobacco use Overweight
  9. 10. What Is Blood Pressure? <ul><li>Blood pressure is the amount of force on the walls of the arteries as the blood circulates around the body. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The upper number is when the heart beats </li></ul><ul><li>( S ystolic B lood P ressure SBP) </li></ul><ul><li>The lower number is when the heart relaxes </li></ul><ul><li>( D iastolic B lood P ressure DBP) </li></ul>What Do The Numbers Mean?
  11. 12. Measured in mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) <ul><li>e.g. 124/82 mm Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Systolic=124 mm Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Diastolic= 82 mm Hg </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is Hypertension ? <ul><li>It is also called High Blood Pressure (HBP) </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension is a blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg or greater </li></ul>140 90
  13. 14. Blood pressure category Optimal <120 and <80 Normal <130 and <85 High normal 130–139 or 85–89 Hypertension Stage 1 140–159 or 90–99 Stage 2 160–179 or 100–109 Stage 3 > 180 or > 110 Blood pressure (mmHg) Systolic Diastolic Classification of Blood Pressure for Adults
  14. 15. What Causes HYPERTENSION ? <ul><li>95% ‘not known’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics 40% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment 60% (lifestyle) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5% underlying disease </li></ul>
  15. 16. Investigations
  16. 17. Your Lifestyle Can Raise Your Blood Pressure <ul><li>Sedentary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy diet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too little fresh fruit, fresh vegetables and low fat dairy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too much salt (sodium) and saturated fats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Excess alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
  17. 18. Hypertension Is More Common in Older People
  18. 19. Untreated Hypertension
  19. 20. What Are the Benefits of Treating Hypertension? <ul><li>Heart attack by 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure by 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke by 38% </li></ul><ul><li>Death by 10% </li></ul>For a decrease of 10/5 mm Hg:
  20. 21. Who Can Help You Control & Treat Your Hypertension ? <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Your family including church </li></ul><ul><li>Family doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse, dietitian, pharmacist, psychologist, exercise physiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Medical specialist </li></ul>
  21. 22. How Low Should Your BP Be? <ul><li>Most people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 140/90 mm Hg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diabetes or kidney disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 130/80 mm Hg </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. 9 Ways to Help Control Hypertension <ul><li>1.NUTRITION </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet </li></ul><ul><li>2. EXERCISE </li></ul><ul><li>Be active for at least 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 times / week </li></ul><ul><li>3. WEIGHT Control BMI =20-25 </li></ul><ul><li>4. NO ALCOHOL </li></ul>
  23. 24. . Be active for at least 30 minutes 4-5 times / week
  24. 26. 9 Ways to Help Control Hypertension(Cont..) <ul><li>5. Cut back on salt and processed food </li></ul><ul><li>6. Don’t smoke </li></ul><ul><li>7. Take time to relax </li></ul><ul><li>8. Take medications as prescribed </li></ul><ul><li>9. Check your BP at home </li></ul>
  25. 27. Drugs for Hypertension
  26. 28. Antihypertensive Drugs (Drugs Used to Treat Hypertension) <ul><ul><li>risk of death and disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually do not make you feel better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually do not make you feel worse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually need to be combined to normalize blood pressure </li></ul></ul>
  27. 29. Antihypertensive Drugs (Cont.) <ul><ul><li>Are taken for life unless your doctor stops the medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to be continued, even though you feel well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can interact with alcohol </li></ul></ul>
  28. 30. If Medication Is Not Taken As Directed <ul><li>BP may not be controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Your doctor may prescribe another drug or increase dosage since they might think the first one didn’t work </li></ul><ul><li>Side effects may be more troublesome </li></ul><ul><li>An adverse reaction or event may result </li></ul>
  29. 31. Effect of Medication Too much medicine (Side effects) Therapeutic zone Too little medicine Time Drug Concentration
  30. 32. Hints For Using Medication Wisely <ul><li>Tailor your medication taking to fit your daily schedule (e.g. when you brush your teeth) </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor your BP to see how well your medications are working </li></ul><ul><li>Use medication according to days on the packaging </li></ul>
  31. 33. Summary <ul><li>Hypertension is a common cause of disability and death </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension can be prevented and treated by changes in lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>The problems caused by hypertension can be largely prevented by drug therapy if treatment goals are reached </li></ul>
  32. 34. Blood Pressure Screening Program
  33. 35. Hypertension questions <ul><li>1. A blood pressure greater than 140 over 90 (140/90 mmHg) is generally considered too high. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  34. 36. Hypertension questions <ul><li>2. You can usually tell if your blood pressure is too high by the way you feel. </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  35. 37. Hypertension questions <ul><li>3. Having one elevated blood pressure reading means than you have high blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  36. 38. Hypertension questions <ul><li>4. High blood pressure (sometimes called hypertension) is a major risk factor for heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  37. 39. Hypertension questions <ul><li>5. If you are being treated for high blood pressure you will need to stay on treatment the rest of your life. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>

×