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# 2013 how to-top_pravin_kolhe

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### 2013 how to-top_pravin_kolhe

1. 1. By Pravin Kolhe, Executive Engineer, Water Resources Department, Government of Maharashtra www.pravinkolhe.com 2nd July 2013. 1 Sunday, July 21, 2013How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
2. 2.  Its wrong question…  Correct question is… 2 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
3. 3.  What is difference between “Minimum” and “Optimum”?  Consider a graph as shown here.  On X-axis= Input (Study Efforts)  On Y-axis= Output (Result)  Study-Result curve looks like this. 3 Input (Study Efforts) Output (Result) How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Study-Result curve
4. 4.  Minimum Study Efforts results Minimum Output.  Maximum Study results Average Output.  Optimum Study results Maximum Output.  You have to search for optimum study input, which varies from person to person. 4 Input (Study Efforts) Output (Result) Min MaxOptimum How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Study-Result curve Min Avg Max Study-Result curve
5. 5. 5 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe SUCCESS …is not always what you see ! SUCCESS …is going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm. Sunday, July 21, 2013
6. 6. Success= (Intelligence) × (Hard work) × (Attitude) 6 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013 Would you like me to give you a formula for success? It is quite Simple. Double your rate of failure. -Thomas Watson
7. 7. 7 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013  Success is not an accident; it is result of positive attitude and hard work.  To achieve a unit degree of success you must have all there ingredients. i.e. Intelligence, Hard work and Attitude. Absence of any one of them will not result in success.  Fall in one ingredient can be compensated by rise in other. eg: limitation of intelligence can be overcome by hard work or attitude.
8. 8. 8 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013 1 • Intelligence 2 • Hard Work 3 • Attitude
9. 9.  Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills.  Extra-ordinary talent is not always necessary for success.  With ordinary talent and extraordinary perseverance, all things are attainable.Sunday, July 21, 2013 9 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
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11. 11. 11 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
12. 12.  Hard Work beats talent when talent fails to Work Hard.  “The Dictionary is the only place that success comes before work. Hard work is the price we must pay for success.  “There are no shortcuts to any place worth going.”  Remember that the finest steel has to pass through fire to become the best. Sunday, July 21, 2013 12 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
13. 13. 13 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
14. 14. 14 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
15. 15. Success= (Intelligence) x (Hard work) x (Attitude) ×(1+ „Smartness‟) 15 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013 • Lets add one more term in above formula for success i.e. (1+Smartness). • If you are one unit smart, your success will be twice, on the other hand, if you are not smart, then success will be one unit. • Higher the smartness, higher will be the success. • Success is highly dependent on smartness.
16. 16. • Common Sense • Vision • Discipline. • Team Work • Courage to Face Challenges • Good Health • Do Not Reinvest Wheel. • Get it Right first time. • Time management. • Computer/Internet skills. Smartness 16 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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18. 18.  It is a art of seeing things that are invisible to others. 18 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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23. 23.  “Reinvent the Wheel” tells people not to do work that has already been done by somebody else.  In open life environment, it is waste of resources.  Learn from Others. 23 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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25. 25.  Time is not money. It is more precious than Money. Money can be stored; time cannot.  Set SMART Goals (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-based)  Prioritize Goals 4D (Do the urgent, Delegate to others, Delay non-urgent, Delete Non-value added)  Learn to say „NO‟ :- You can‟t do everything. Don‟t undertake things you can‟t complete. Remain consistent to your primary goals. 25 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
26. 26.  Use your waiting time in productive way, say reading.  Identify & list time wasting culprits and eliminate them.  Do have your personal prime time:- (Morning/Evening/Night).  Review your goals. 26 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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29. 29. 29 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013  If you think you can-or you can‟t-you‟re right. -Henry Ford.  You can‟t always control circumstances. But you can control your thoughts. -Charles Popplestone  Imagination is more important than Knowledge -Albert Einstein.  You are limited only by your imagination.
30. 30. 30 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013  The words you consistently select will shape your destiny. -Anthony Robbins  The secret of happiness is to count your blessings while others are adding up their troubles -William Penn
31. 31. 31 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013  Heaven Helps Those Who Acts.  The only way to escape from the prison of fear is action. -Joe Tye  Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood. -Marie Curie
32. 32.  Consider a Stair-case.  You are at bottom.  Set a small goal at first step. 32 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
33. 33.  Work Hard and get it done.  This will give U lot of confidence.  Then set next higher goal and get it done.  Proceed in this way. 33 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
34. 34.  Go step by step.  Incremental Addition.  Never jump directly…! Because if you fails, you will come back to first step.  Don‟t forget Ultimate Aim. Remember: Not failure, but Low Aim Is Crime. 34 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
35. 35. 35 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013 1) Planning for Study 2) Selection of Reference Books 3) Organizing Syllabus 4) Strategy for Study 5) Listening Skills 6) Reading Skills  Notes  Revision  Tips for Examination  Tips for Career Planning  Overcome fear of Failure.
36. 36. 36 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
37. 37.  Some persons spend their days in study, but achieve very little success, because they neglect planning.  Consider your abilities and limitations while planning. 37 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
38. 38.  People generally overestimate themselves. Initially you may fail, but after some time, planning will become your habit.  Remember: Planning is not only required during study, it is lifetime activity & it needs periodical updating.  Types of Planning:-  Long term: Prepare plan for the whole semester for complete syllabus.  Short term: Plan for a week and for each topic. 38 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
39. 39. The 3 steps of planning gives answer to 3 basic questions:- Why >> Define Objective How & When >> Create Roadmap Who >> Act and Update Plan:- 1) Define Objective:- (WHY?)  What you want to achieve? Write it down on paper.  e.g.:- “To Top XYZ Exam by studying 6 months”  “Achieve 85% Marks in ABC Exam” 39 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
40. 40. 2) Create Roadmap:- (HOW & WHEN?)  Take copy of syllabus and previous years question papers.  From question paper find the important topics and chapters for each subject & list them.  List the days in your hand. Deduct the days for non-study activities (if any).  Reduce the days by 10% for Revision 10% for depression to arrive at net days.  Now, calculate the number of days that can be allotted to each subject, by considering your interest, understanding and difficult nature of subject.  For e.g.: Easy Subject = Less Time; Difficult/New Subject = More Time and so on. 40 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
41. 41. 3) Act and Update Plan:-  Start acting Update the Study Calendar every week, depending upon your progress.  Update the Study Calendar every week, depending upon your progress.  Even though you are not able to complete the planned syllabus in scheduled period, don‟t worry, we have buffer of 20% time. But don‟t rely on that too much. 41 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
42. 42.  Frustration is integral part of life. Don‟t worry…!  Take „smart‟ decisions and make sacrifices. It will pay U back.  Remember ‘No Free Lunch’ College Study Sleeping Social Activities Frustration and depression 42 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
43. 43.  Selection of books should be done with proper care , since Ur success heavily depends on it.  Market is flooded with books. So follow only those books in which you are comfortable in understanding the fundamentals  It is better to solve/read a book twice rather than two books once. 43 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
44. 44.  Never take a book without pen/pencil in other hand.  Write what U understand/not understand on that page. It will help U in next revision.  Use Ur own books. Don‟t write on Library books. Instead, first make a Xerox copy. 44 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
45. 45. 45 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
46. 46.  Go through Complete Syllabus.  Go through previous years question papers.  Identify “Important” & “Urgent” topics.  IMPORTANT:- From exam point of view  URGENT:- From daily learning point of view. 46 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
47. 47.  Divide whole syllabus in to four parts as- 47 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Q1 • Important & Urgent Q2 • Important but Not Urgent Q3 • Not Important but Urgent Q4 • Neither Important Nor Urgent Sunday, July 21, 2013
48. 48.  Q1:- 50 % time  Q2:- 20% time  Q3:- 20% time  Q4:- 10% time 48 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
49. 49.  It is not necessary and possible also… to command whole syllabus.  Make habit of studying on desk, rather than on bed.  This will help you in noting down/marking important point.  Your sleep will not disturbed. 49 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
50. 50.  Listening is the process of receiving, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or non- verbal messages. Sunday, July 21, 2013 50 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
51. 51. Hearing Listening Simply the act of perceiving sound by the ear Is something you consciously choose to do; requires concentration Physiological Process (physical) Psychological Process (physical + mental) Passive Active Natural Process Learned Process; A skill Do you think there is a difference between hearing and listening?
52. 52.  Listening: Learned first, Used most (45%), Taught least.  Speaking: Learned second, Used next most (30%), Taught next least.  Reading: Learned third, Used next least (16%), Taught next most  Writing: Learned fourth, Used Least (9%), Taught most. Truth is:-Most individuals are inefficient listeners !!!
53. 53. Concentration:-  Speed of Talking : 125 words per minute.  Speed of Thinking : >1200 words per minute  Thus, Speech happens at about 10% of your mind‟s capacity. Effective Listening depends on utilisation of rest 90% processing by concentration.  Demonstrate you are paying attention to what is being said by providing feedback through nodding your head.  Pay attention to what isn't said—to feelings, facial expressions, gestures, posture and other nonverbal cues.  Listen to words and try to picture what the speaker is saying.
54. 54.  Stop talking! You cannot listen while talking.  Avoiding distractions or at least controlling them.  Face the speaker and maintain eye contact.  Judge content, not delivery;  Find areas of interest.  Keep your mind open; Be attentive, but relaxed.  Ask questions only to ensure understanding.  Wait for the speaker to pause to ask clarifying questions.  Don‟t interrupt and don‟t impose your “solutions”
55. 55.  Use Ur own notes.  Make a habit to take notes in class.  1st Version : 10 pages/chapter  2nd Version: 3 pages/chapter  3rd Version: ½ page/chapter  Zip and unzip procedure.  Keep Ur notes and books with U…forever. 56 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
56. 56.  Before going to exam, close all the books and have a look on final notes.  My notes are available for your reference at- 57 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe http://www.pravinkolhe.com/cenotes.html Sunday, July 21, 2013
57. 57.  When U feel fresh & energetic (morning): Start with theory and new topics  When Ur tired, (evening): Problems and revision.  Have a look on syllabus at the start of semester.  Remember…!  Don‟t have a mentality that firstly I will complete theory and then problems. Both should be done simultaneously. 58 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
58. 58.  Read a topic carefully.  Close your eyes and try to recollect whatever you had studied.  Do this very systematically, step- by-step and gradually.  When you stuck, open your notes and look.  NEVER try to remember a particular numerical problem. 59 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
59. 59.  Brief Review in class:-  Immediately after class.  Just before start of the class.  Group Study:-  Help Others, share with others.  In long term, getters don‟t get& givers get. 60 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
60. 60.  Before going to exam, don‟t talk with negative minded persons.  Between two exams, don‟t discuss question paper of previous exam.  You must be mentally tough. Be bold & confident.  You must concentrate on your task irrespective of what is going around. 61 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
62. 62.  I know the above given tips are very minute.  But remember nobody falls from a hill, everyone slips from a small stone. 63 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
63. 63.  If possible, use two coloured pen- Blue and Black. But don‟t waste your time.  Make balance between speed and accuracy.  At the end of each question, write summary.  Don‟t loose your confidence even if you have NOT performed well in one exam. Remember, if paper is  Remember you are not representing only an answer but also your understanding of concepts, your knowledge etc.  your answer should be in such a manner that any person who corrects it should be able to understand your logic, concepts & methods used to derive those answers 64 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
64. 64. Sunday, July 21, 2013 65 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe
65. 65.  Exam ke kuch din pehale frustration ho jata hain… Kya kare?  Don‟t worry…Its natural…!  Remember: A piece of coal perform well under temperature and pressure, known as ‘Diamond’.  No pressure; no diamonds. 66 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
66. 66.  At the bottom of success ladder, there is only crowd; at upper part there is a competition.  Always remain in upper part.  U should be strong to handle these tension.  You can get everything in life that you want, if you help others to get what they want. 67 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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68. 68.  Just ask one question to Ur mind-  What U want to be after 10 years from now?  Consider Ur capabilities and limitations…!  Don‟t underestimate or Overestimate Ur self.  Ur answer will be Ur career 69 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
69. 69.  Broad vision  Be inspired from others  Interact with others  When U achieve success, U will face challenge and again U have to achieve 70 C B A U Line of sight Ur initial aim Ur ultimate aim How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
70. 70.  A man who failed in business at the age of 21,  defeated in a legislative race at age 22;  failed again in business at age 24;  overcame the death of his sweetheart at age 26;  had a nervous breakdown at age 27;  lost a congressional race at age 34;  lost a senatorial race at age 45;  failed in an effort to become vice-president at age 47;  lost a senatorial race at age 49; 71 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
71. 71. 72  and was elected as president of the United States at age 52.  This man was Abraham Lincoln.  Would you call him a failure?  It takes both rain and sunshine to create a rainbow, same way, it takes failure and success to create victory. How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
72. 72. 73  FE (1999-2000) : Ex…! (Year Down)  FE (2000-2001) : All clear  SE (2001-2002) : Class Topper  TE (2002-2003) : College Topper  BE (2003-2004) : University Topper  GATE (2005) : Top 5% in India  MTech @ IITK (2005-2007) : Second TopperHow to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
73. 73. 74  2007:- MPSC Engineering Service Exam (1st in Maharashtra)  Distance Learning:-  2010:- Diploma in Management  2011:- Post Graduate Diploma in Management.  2011:- Post Graduate Diploma in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation  2012:- Post Graduate Diploma in Financial Management  Government Sponsored:-  2013:- Executive Post Graduate Programme in e-Governance at IIM Indore (Pursuing) How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
74. 74.  It is possible only because of positive attitude and self confidence.  Excellence is a journey; not destination.  There are thousands way to achieve Ur goal; but U have to choose optimum way.  Remember: Everything is possible in life. U should have courage to do things.  Believe Ur‟self and one day U will be at TOP. 75 How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe Sunday, July 21, 2013
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78. 78. Wish you all the best. Sunday, July 21, 2013How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe