Regular Expressions in QTP
Sometimes there might be situations where values of objects keep on varying and QTP may fail to...
Go to the object properties screen displayed in the right side of the screen. Select the property that has the
value Inbox...
Check the Regular expressions check box. A dialog box gets raised asking the user whether to add a back
slash before each ...
Click on OK and close the object repository window. For first option QTP executes the scripts successfully
if the Inbox ha...
For 0-999 mails
Inbox([0-9][0-9][0-9])

For first option QTP executes the scripts successfully if the Inbox has 0-9 mails....
„Constant Value options‟ dialog box gets displayed. Now check the regular expressions check box and Click
on yes in the di...
For 0-9 mails
Inbox([0-9])
For 0-99 mails
Inbox([0-9][0-9])
For 0-999 mails
Inbox([0-9][0-9][0-9])
Click on OK and close t...
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Regular Expressions in QTP

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Regular Expressions in QTP

  1. 1. Regular Expressions in QTP Sometimes there might be situations where values of objects keep on varying and QTP may fail to recognize them or checkpoints might get failed as the expected and actual data are not matching. In such cases Regular expressions come into picture. It enables QTP to identify objects and text strings with varying values.Regular expressions can be used: 1. In identifying the property values of an object 2. Inparametrization 3. For creation of checkpoints on objects with varying values 1. In identifying property values of an object: In this concept, let‟s see how to handle QTP when a value of an object is varied. Let‟s walk through this section with a small example: Assume that you have to record a scenario of verifying the mails in a mail account. Open the mail with valid username and password. Now click on Inbox. When you have opened your mail account assume that there are 5 mails. So the inbox would be showing Inbox (5). When you click on that, the mails get displayed. Following would be the statement that gets generated when clicked on Inbox: Browser(“Gmail”).Page(“Gmail”).Link(“Inbox(5)”).click Now when the same script is run again, QTP fails at the same step as the number of mails in the inbox is 4. Or even more if some new mails have come. The script execution doesn‟t get passed unless the total number of new mails is again 5. We make use of regular expression here as the value for the number of mails keeps varying. For creating a regular expression, go to object repository from ResourcesàObject repository. Select the link object Inbox (5) from object list displayed in the left side.
  2. 2. Go to the object properties screen displayed in the right side of the screen. Select the property that has the value Inbox (5). Click on the configure icon that gets displayed there. „Value configuration Options‟ dialog box gets displayed.
  3. 3. Check the Regular expressions check box. A dialog box gets raised asking the user whether to add a back slash before each special character in order to treat it literally. As we have special characters „(„ and „)‟ we need to click on Yes and QTP adds a slash character before both the Parenthesis characters. If you want qtp script to be successful for 0-9 mails then give the following value in Constant edit box: Inbox([0-9]) For 0-99 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9]) For 0-999 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9][0-9])
  4. 4. Click on OK and close the object repository window. For first option QTP executes the scripts successfully if the Inbox has 0-9 mails. Second option executes successfully for 0-99 mails and third option for 0-999 mails. 2. In Parameterization: In some cases, we need to parameterize the varying values in the script. In such cases we parameterize the values and use the regular expression in parameterized value i.e., in data table sheet where the value is present. Using the same example mentioned above lets discuss how can be regular expressions in parameterization process. Select the link object Inbox (5) from object list displayed in the left side of Object repository. Go to the object properties screen displayed in the right side of the screen. Select the property that has the value Inbox (5). Click on the configure icon that gets displayed there. „Value configuration Options‟ dialog box gets displayed. Set the Parameter Radio button and select the location of data table (global/local). Enter a title for the column.Now check the Regular expressions checkbox in advanced configurations option. Click on Yes in the dialog box that gets displayed. Click on OK and close the object repository window. If you want QTP script to be successful for 0-9 mails then give the following value in Data table sheet of QTP: Inbox([0-9]) For 0-99 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9])
  5. 5. For 0-999 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9][0-9]) For first option QTP executes the scripts successfully if the Inbox has 0-9 mails. Second option executes successfully for 0-99 mails and third option for 0-999 mails. Using this example, the values can be changed directly in the data table sheet. 3. For creation of checkpoints on objects with varying values Assume that you have to create a text check point on some text which gets varied continuously. In the same example mentioned above, you need to insert a text checkpoint on Inbox (5) which gets varied basing on the number of mails available in the inbox. When the checkpoint is created, it takes Inbox (5) as the expected value and when the same script is run again when there are 4 mails in the inbox, and then the checkpoint fails. To overcome such situations, regular expressions is used again. Insert a checkpoint by selecting Insert-->Checkpoint-->Text Checkpoint. (Make sure that QTP is in recording mode) Select the text on which you want to insert text checkpoint (i.e., Inbox (5)). Text checkpoint properties window gets opened.Make sure that the radio button is set to constant dialog box. Click on Constant Value options icon that gets displayed there.
  6. 6. „Constant Value options‟ dialog box gets displayed. Now check the regular expressions check box and Click on yes in the dialog box that gets displayed to treat „(„ and „)‟ as literal characters. Now in the same way as mentioned in the above two examples enter the data as per your requirement.
  7. 7. For 0-9 mails Inbox([0-9]) For 0-99 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9]) For 0-999 mails Inbox([0-9][0-9][0-9]) Click on OK and close the Text checkpoint properties window. For first option QTP checkpoint gets passed if the Inbox has 0-9 mails. Second option gets passed for 0-99 mails and third option for 0-999 mails.

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