What is poverty ???
●Condition where people's basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not
being met. Poverty is generally of two types:
(1) Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occurs when people
cannot obtain adequate resources (measured in terms of calories or
nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health. Absolute
poverty means about the same everywhere, and can be eradicated as
demonstrated by some countries.
(2) Relative poverty occurs when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level
of living standards as determined by a government (and enjoyed by
the bulk of the population) that vary from country to country, sometimes
within the same country. Relative poverty occurs everywhere, is said to be
increasing, and may never be eradicated...
A number of factors are responsible for poverty in the rural areas of India. Rural populations
primarily depend on agriculture as their livelihoods, which in turn, is highly dependant on
rain patterns and monsoons. Inadequate rain and improper irrigation facilities can obviously
cause low, or in some cases, zero production of crops followed by the obvious but
sometimes catastrophic repercussions that often follows.
An Indian family unit can be often
very large, which can exacerbate the
effects of poverty. Also, the caste
system which is still found a lot in
India (although it is getting less) is a
major reason for rural poverty for it
keeps people locked in the endless
cycle with less facilities and
opportunities for the lower castes.
The government has planned and
implemented poverty eradication
programs, but the benefits of all
these programs have yet to reach the
core of the country.
The phenomenal increase in
the city populations is one of
the main reasons for the
urban poverty in India. The
massive and relatively recent
increase is a result of major
migration of rural families to
cities. This migration is
mainly caused by poor
in villages and is exacerbated
by the fact that there are
few job opportunities in the
cities as well….
Poverty is like punishment for a crime you didn't commit. ~Eli
●Children living in poverty
have a higher number of
absenteeism or leave school
all together because they are
more likely to have to work or
care for family members..…
●Dropout rates of 16 to 24year-old students who come
from low income families are
seven times more likely to
drop out than those from
families with higher
Terrorism:A problem of unemployment...
It’s become a commonplace in
newspapers to blame poverty of
fueling terrorism by creating a state
of misery and frustration that
pushes people to join terrorist
organizations. While this doesn’t
seem a totally groundless
accusation – it makes sense and
feeds the riches’ tormented
conscience – more and more
research shows that the effect of
poverty on terrorism is not that
Health :A universal and simple measure of poverty
consists in looking at different populations’
health and life expectancy. It’s no surprise
that anywhere on earth, poorer
communities fare worse than richer ones.
But people's health is affected not only by
material poverty but also by social
exclusion, yet another of the neglected
effects of poverty. No matter if poverty
affects someone's mental or physical
health, the end result is the same: on
average the poor live shorter lives than the
Environment:Backward industry and lifestyle issues
There is no proof that poverty, especially in
cities, has an impact on the environment.
On the other hand, backward (or not so
developed) technologies and an industry’s
energy efficiency (how much energy it needs
to produce an amount of goods) will greatly
affect the environment.
On the whole, the middle- and upperclasses lifestyles are also greatly responsible
for the depletion of natural resources and
the production of (toxic) waste. Or at least
lifestyles based on over-consumption are
the true responsible…..
●”There are people in the world so hungry, that
God cannot appear to them except in the form
of bread”. ~Mahatma Gandhi
●”It is a poverty to decide that a child must die
so that you may live as you wish”.
- Mother Teresa
●“If a free society cannot help the many who
are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich”.
- John F. Kennedy
●“There are millions of children today who
don’t attend school. However, education is the
only way to get ahead in this country”.
- Azim Premji
Reasons for poverty in our country :● Unemployment:The continuously expanding army of unemployed is another cause of poverty. The job
seeker is increasing in number at a higher rate than the expansion in employment
●Price Rise:The continuous and steep price rise has added to the miseries of poor. It has
benefited a few people in the society and the persons in lower income group find it
difficult to get their minimum needs.
●Rapidly Rising Population:The population during the last 45 years has increased at the rate of 2.2% per
annum. On average 17 million people are added every year to its population which
raises the demand for consumption goods considerably
● Low Productivity in Agriculture:The level of productivity in agriculture is low due to subdivided and fragmented
holdings, lack of capital, use of traditional methods of cultivation, illiteracy etc. This is
the main cause of poverty in the country….
●Low Rate of Economic Development:The rate of economic development in India has been below the required level.
Therefore, there persists a gap between level of availability and requirements of goods
and services. The net result is poverty……
●Shortage of Capital and Able
Entrepreneurship:Capital and able entrepreneurship have important role in accelerating the growth. But
these are in short supply making it difficult to increase production significantly…
The social set up is still backward and is not conducive to faster development. Laws of
inheritance, caste system, traditions and customs are putting hindrances in the way of faster
development and have aggravate" the problem of poverty.
The Britishers started lopsided development in India and reduced Indian economy to a
colonial state. They exploited the natural resources to suit their interests and weaken the
industrial base of Indian economy.
1) National Old Age Pension Scheme
2)National family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)
3) National Maternity Benefit Scheme
5) Rural Housing-Indira Awaas Yojana
6) National Rural Employment Guarantee
●Employment opportunities:Poverty can be eliminated if the poor people are given the jobs according to their needs
and talents.Self employment can also be provided to them.Government can set up
institutions which trains them in some practices and skills.
●Establishment of Small Scale Industries:Government should develop cottage, handicrafts and other small scale industries to in
the backward regions of our country.Moreover this will transfer resources from the areas
of surplus to the deficit solving the problem of urbanization.
●Education:Government should take steps to spread awareness for education so that the people do
not have to depend on others for their income .They can also protect themselves from
exploitation by the greedy traders.
●Reduce Inflation:Inflation tends to make poor poorer and rich richer.There should be a stability in the price
level of the country.Government should also reduce the burden of tax on the poor and
charge more on the richer class.Rationing should be promoted so that the poor people get
the basic necessities if life at lower price level.
Check Population growth:-
Much of the problem of poverty can be solved if the population of the country can be
reduced to a average level.This will make developmental plans successful and the poor
people will have a greater share in the funds of the government.
●Proper Utilization of Resources:Resources of the country should be utilized properly so that we can have the benefits of
those free gifts of nature.
Uplift of Agriculture :Agriculture is the backbone of our country.It provides income to
vast number of people.Hence the government should also concentrate on it and not only
on the industries.
Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark and poverty threshold used by
the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals
and households in need of government assistance and aid .
Criteria are different for rural and urban areas. In
its Tenth Five-Year Plan, the degree of deprivation is measured with the help of
parameters with scores given from 0–4, with 13 parameters. Families with 17 marks or
less (formerly 15 marks or less) out of a maximum 52 marks have been classified as
BPL.Poverty line solely depends on the per capita income in India rather than level of
Since the early 1950s, govt has initiated, sustained, and refined
various planning schemes to help the poor attain self-sufficiency in food production.
Probably the most important initiative has been the supply of basic commodities,
particularly food at controlled prices, available throughout the country as the poor
spend about 80% of their income on food. The schemes have however not been
very successful because the rate of poverty reduction lags behind the rapid
population growth rate.
Therefor we have been able to learned that poverty is one of the major issues in the world
that need to be address quickly in the poorest villages in which thousands of people are
dying, and most of these people are children’s. We have learned that poverty refers to the
condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean
water, nutrition, healthcare, clothing, food, and a place to live, poverty is a deadly issue
that’s killing our population slow and that we as the affected ones need to take actions
against it. We have also learned that poverty that affect mostly poor people, because of the
little resources they have, this means that poverty is an issue that’s harming poor people
that want to get out of poverty, but they can’t because they don’t have the support of rich
people. Even though there are a lot of people trying to stop poverty, it is impossible to stop
it without the support of rich countries, this is because to fight poverty we have to fight it
with a lot of money and their only a few countries that could support us with this need.
Something else that we have learned is that poverty today is looking worst then when it
first started; millions of kids are living on piles of trash dying of starvation. The reason there
are so many people living in poverty is because millions of other people are spending
money in things they don’t need. The most important thing that we have all learned from
this research is that poverty can be stop, but to be able to stop it we must all support each
other, with no hate or anything that could harm us. So for those that are willing to help
don’t help because you feel pressure, do it because you want to and your heart is telling
you to do it……