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control of nosocomial infections derived from the hospital air and contaminated equipment

control of nosocomial infections derived from the hospital air and contaminated equipment

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control of nosocomial infections derived from the hospital air and contaminated equipment

  1. 1. CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS DERIVED FROM THE HOSPITAL AIR AND INFECTION ARISING FROM CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT by Ms. V. Pravallika Msc (N)
  2. 2. The levels of bacteria in the air are most closely correlated with the degree of house keeping Methods to control air borne infection In the operating room the following factors are important The no. of people and their activities The highest bacterial content has been focused to occur during periods of the greatest activity. Hence the member of individuals and their activities should be regulated .
  3. 3. The quality of air in the operating room, filters can be used to ensure that the air entering the operating room doesn’t contain pathogenic bacteria. Ultra violet light in the operating room seems to significantly reduce the number of bacteria in the air. In other areas disinfectant sprays and vapors and the proper ventilation may help to control air borne infection particles.
  4. 4. The measures described below, if meticulously adhered to may reduce the possibility of nosocomial infections arising from contaminated equipment. 1. Water reservoirs of all the types, for example, those on oxygen equipment, are prone to become contaminated should be changed daily. 2. Equipment for inhalation therapy tends to become heavily contaminated during use. Between use for patients, such equipment should be completely disassembled and then undergo gas sterilization.
  5. 5. 3. Materials used for administering intravenous infusions should be checked. Equipment, such as portable x-ray machines can collect dust, which may be dislodged over the patient there should be constant attention to keep such equipment clean. 4. All linen, when removed from the point of use, should be placed in bags for transport to the sorting area. Proper surveillance of laundry is absolutely essential to ensure adequate supply of safe linen for use in various areas.

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