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PSPD Newletter Spring 2011


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PSPD Newletter Spring 2011

  2. 2. Jaime SteinIntroductionI n a conversation at our 2010 Holi- students, faculty and community have day party, Water Quality Systems collaborated on adaptation and resil- professor, Paul Mankiewicz, and I iency plans for our most vulnerable wa-were enjoying the excitement of the end terfront communities. Studios tackledof semester and discussing the stellar rising tide in Red Hook, economic andcompany that we share within PSPD’s social resiliency on the Sunset Park wa-faculty. “Guild” was the descriptor Paul terfront, and sustainability planning forused. A fitting name for the concentra- a coastal community near Goa, India.tion of practicing architects, designers, A Friday evening lecture series hasplanners, advocates and scientists we been initiated focused on the sustain-represent. All unified in our belief in able waterfront; I hope you will join justice and our pursuits of inno-vation within our respective fields. Indeed, our most recent curricular innovations are centered within theIt is in this spirit that I write the science, design and policy of “greenintroduction to our PSPD Spring 2011 infrastructure.” Green infrastructureNewsletter, focusing on and illustrat- represents the hybridization of ouring faculty and student interests in and buildings and sidewalks to enableinnovation with regard to water. From stormwater capture, mitigate combinedcomprehensive watershed and sewer outfalls, increase biodiversity,waterfront planning to grass-roots water and cool our cities. In addition toquality advocacy and green hosting the Department of Environmen-infrastructure design, our faculty and tal Protection’s Green Infrastructurestudent pursuits are having a major Community Grant workshop Februaryimpact on both the City and State’s 28th, we are developing, along with themanagement of one of our most Institute’s Center for Continuing andprecious natural resources, water. Professional Studies, a professional Spring 2011 certificate in green infrastructure. WeThe program I direct, Urban Environ- will continue to explore research grants CONTRIBUTORSmental Systems Management, explores for interested faculty and students. I Carter Craftthe nexus of environmental science, encourage you to follow our research Toby Snyderdesign and policy within our City’s and progress toward innovative solu- Jaime Steinmanagement of solid waste, energy and tions related to water management. Ira Sternwater. Our faculty is leading the charge • Jaime Stein is the Academic Coordinator for Laura Stingeron water-related issues that are further Urban Environmental Systems Management. Meg Walkerexacerbated by the impacts of climate Kate Zidarchange. We do so with an unwavering Cover Photo: Carter Craftintent on addressing the challenges ofClimate Change. For over a year now PROGRAMS for SUSTAINABLE PLANNING 2 and DEVELOPMENT
  3. 3. Ira SternThe Green Infrastructure of theNYC Water SuppyThe Ridgewood Reservoir on the border between Queens and Brooklyn near Bushwick has been a contentious site between the community, who largely wants it pre-served and trails restored, and the Parks Department, who has plans to fill it in and turn it into ballparks. For more info on the community preservation effort visit: Photo: dogtooth77 (Flickr)U sually, when the NYC Water components to enhance supply’s stabil- in lost communities include a host of Supply is described, there tends ity, performance, and longevity. While stormwater swales and vegetated buffer to be a focus on the thousands it is well understood that the water- zones that require constant upkeep.of miles of water mains, hundreds of shed itself is comprised of natural and Hydropower facilities were constructedmiles of tunnels, stone waterworks managed areas that produce the clean at the outlet of tunnels that move waterbuildings, dams and spillways, and water that New York City is known for, from one reservoir to another.industrial-sized treatment facilities. there are significant City owned assetsThis ‘grey’ infrastructure is critical to of green infrastructure that are operated A major component of the 1997delivering water to half of NY State’s and maintained on a daily, albeit quiet, Watershed Agreement was to increasepopulation and is the target of a sig- basis. the original buffer lands through landnificant proportion of the City’s capital acquisition into the watersheds them-budget. This green infrastructure includes selves. Protecting land permanently reservoir buffer lands that include and keeping it in its natural state isHowever, the water supply is as de- forestland, fields, wetlands, and a more reliable strategy than control-pendent on its ‘green’ infrastructure riparian areas along streams. Large ling pollution on developed areas. Incomponents as it is its vital pipes and earthen dams that create the reservoirs addition, although forestland in anyvalves. Besides the land acquired for need to be maintained in grass cover, state is better for water quality thanthe reservoirs themselves, the engi- burrowing animals need to be con- developed land, research has shownneers that designed the water supply trolled and drainage systems main- that vigorously growing forests providesystem, beginning in the mid 1800’s, tained. The roads and bridges that better nutrient uptake than a matureincorporated a variety of critical green the City built to replace infrastructure forest. Diversity of species and age of 3
  4. 4. (Continued from previous page) design of City engineers. It would take passion I have for the environment the basic elements of good land use and the creativity it takes to work withthe forest protect against pestilence and planning and a ‘roll up your sleeves and communities on difficult situations. Iextreme weather. These factors lead to get to know your neighbors approach’ to want the students to be prepared forplanning and management strategies to implement an effective program. While this challenge, as my professors at Pratt‘maintain’ this critical piece of green some may call this is an did for me, and, as a result, I enjoyinfrastructure. oversimplification, as a person who was seeing them develop their own careers ‘on the ground’, I can say that until and bring Pratt values to their work. •On a landscape level, the ecosystem relationships were developed between Ira Stern is a Regional Manager at the NYCDEP Bureau of Water Supply, a PSPD alumni andfunction of natural and managed lands upstate and downstate people, the member of the faculty.are dependent on the actions and be- beginning of trust and cooperation (thathavior of people since all land is owned has lasted 15 years so far) would notby some entity – public or private – and have occurred.all land is classified for tax purposesone way or another. This means that I was lucky enough to lead a watershedgreen infrastructure is dependent planning division in NYC Depart- Project foron people and communities and thedynamic relationships and motivations ment of Environmental Protection that was given responsibility to protect the Public Spacesof the individual and the collective. watershed through the development and Spring TrainingProtecting land permanently and keeping it in its natural state is a more Hosted by the PSPDreliable strategy than controlling pollution on developed areas. April 28-29Learning about watersheds and the implementation of voluntary water- Streets As Placesrivers and landscape they depend on is shed programs to purchase priorityfascinating, but it pales in comparison lands, develop stream managementto the people and community dynam- plans and restoration projects, pro- May 5-6ics that determination the form and duce infrastructure plans and build How to Turn a Place Aroundfunction of the landscape. Facilitation, wastewater treatment plants andcompromise, listening to all perspec- stormwater projects, work with farm-tives, getting the right stakeholders ers and forest landowners to do pollu- May 20-11together, and dealing honestly and tion prevention plans and implement How to Createopenly were key to making progress on best management practices. We relied Successful Marketsprotecting what is essentially a shared on local capacity building and imple-resource. While the watershed supplies mentation, peer to peer education,the lifeblood to a great City, 75% of focused on multiple objectives, and June 9-10the watershed land is owned by private created local non-profit organizations Placemaking:individuals. Whose rights are more (funded by the City) to deliver many Making It Happenimportant? of these programs. Pratt taught me to trust the power of good process and toMy experiential education at Pratt (MS rely on the inherent ability of people All courses will take place atCRP ’85) prepared me well for the chal- to work out solutions when recogniz- the Pratt Manhattan Campuslenge of working for NYC beginning ing the benefit of mutual objectives. at 144 West 14th Streetin 1995 just when the City needed tosettle lawsuits with watershed commu- Teaching at Pratt has enabled me to (between 6th and 7th Aves)nities and develop a watershed protec- reach a cherished level of profes- in New York City.tion plan that met the requirements sional development since I benefitof the EPA for Filtration Avoidance. greatly from the energy, knowledge,The green infrastructure was in place and experience of my students. It For questions, please contactthanks to the stewardship of watershed motivates me to keep current in my Dana Kitzes atresidents, farmers, forest landowners, field and provides an outlet for the towns and 8 counties, as well as the PROGRAMS for SUSTAINABLE PLANNING 4 and DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. Meg Walker well-known Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Cleveland Browns StadiumPlanning for Diversity on the and the Great Lakes Science Center, and a smattering of boats around theWaterfront: The PPS Experience underused Voinovich Park, the water- front is dominated by port uses. The Cleveland-Cuyahoga County PortT Authority is planning to move its port he world’s most appealing urban Makai waterfront, a 200-acre state- activities east of the downtown so that it waterfronts, from the Coney owned property near the downtown that can develop its extraordinary 100 acre Island Boardwalk to Sydney Har- formerly housed light industry. To kick property. PPS worked with Ehrenkranzbor and Vancouver’s Granville Island, off the process, an advisory council was Eckstut and Kuhn Architects on theare truly accessible, public environ- created from among the many cultures master plan for the site, developing aments that attract a broad cross section that make up the local community, with program of uses for its new publicof people, diverse in age, race and cul- native Hawaiians taking the lead, to spaces.tural background. Yet, new waterfront formulate guiding principles for thedevelopments and parks in many cities, project. The group’s #1 principle states In reaching out to dozens of stakeholderincluding New York, too often appeal that Kaka’ako should be a Community organizations, including a variety ofto only one age group or socioeco- Cultural Gathering Place that will cultural arts entities and immigrantnomic sector, or worse, become private “celebrate the intertwined cultures of groups, we learned that Cleveland-enclaves that serve only the people who the community by ensuring a welcom- ers identify with their neighborhoodslive there. How can we avoid the pit- ing gathering place for a broad cross- -- separate villages that house homo-falls of exclusivity, particularly in a city section of people diverse in age, income geneous populations --and rarely withthat already struggles with social and and ethnicity.” Consistent with this the city at large. Furthermore, theethnic tensions, and cultural insularity? goal, participants in the planning pro- city functions like a donut with noth-Project for Public Spaces (PPS) helped cess recommended that the waterfront ing in the middle, since the downtownto plan a number of urban waterfronts include an outdoor multi-cultural festi- – although blessed with magnificentrecently where the communities’ goals val space for Honolulu’s diverse ethnic architecture -- has lost much of itsincluded putting the public first and communities, educational facilities that strength as a retail and cultural cen-celebrating pluralism. Here are some communicate the cultural history of ter. The lakefront suffers from theprinciples we have gleaned from these the area, and a local food and cultural same fate: tourists may go to the Rockexperiences. market place stocked by local farmers, and Roll Hall of Fame, but rarely do fishers and traditional craftmakers. residents venture down there. Out ofMAKE PUBLIC GOALS our interviews and public brainstorm-THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE CREATE A SHARED ing workshops emerged a new visionHonolulu’s Kaka’ako Makai Waterfront COMMUNITY VISION for the waterfront: flexible plazas, parksUrban waterfronts are too valuable to Cleveland’s Downtown Lakefront and esplanades where all Cleveland-become the domain solely of a private Unlike a master plan, a community ers can mingle, and where differentdeveloper or a single user group; they visioning process does not lock a proj- cultures can share their foods, music,belong to all the people. Private devel- ect into a prescribed solution. It is a dances and performances throughoutopment is not unwelcome, but the best citizen-driven initiative that outlines the year, indoors and out. And wesolutions for revamping waterfronts put a set of goals–ideals to strive for–that challenged the City to start achievingpublic goals first. Community engage- set the stage for people to think boldly, this dream immediately, with program-ment – and, ultimately, local owner- make breakthroughs, and achieve new ming and partnerships that activate theship and pride – depend on this basic possibilities. Because a vision is adapt- underused piers and parking lots rightpremise. able and can be implemented gradually, away, even before the planning for the starting with small experiments, it often new district is completed, in order toHawaiians are ensuring that this prin- becomes more powerful through time build excitement for the shared visionciple is born out in practice on their as public enthusiasm for making bold of a waterfront where everyone feelsHonolulu waterfront. PPS is part of changes gains support. welcome.a team of planners and designers thatis working with the Honolulu commu- Cleveland’s Lake Erie waterfront liesnity on a master plan for the Kaka’ako at the heart of the city. Except for its 5
  6. 6. (Continued from previous page) serve the broadly diverse population to son River waterfront may do more to identify ten different public destina- economically revive the city than justCREATE MULTIPLE MULTI-USE tions that they would like to see on the building luxury residential towers.DESTINTIONS waterfront and how they could assist inYonkers Hudson River Waterfront programming them to serve their needs. In his 2007 report, entitled “E PluribusPPS has found that an effective way to Local theater and music groups that Unum: Diversity and Community in thepropel a visioning process is to set a lack space saw the potential of flexible Twenty-First Century,” Robert Putnam,goal of creating ten great destinations outdoor performance areas; the Parks the author of Bowling Alone, writes:along a waterfront, an idea we call the Department would like an outdoor skat- “Tolerance for difference is but a first“Power of Ten.” This focus on des- ing rink; a canoeing club identified a step. To strengthen shared identities,tinations, rather than “open space” or safe harbor for educational programs; we need more opportunities for mean-parks, enables a genuine community- the African-American youth center ingful interaction across ethnic linesled process to take root. Residents, wanted to run recreational programs for where Americans (new and old) work,businesses, community organizations its kids around a Great Lawn; the Hud- learn, recreate, and live.”and other stakeholders identify the son River Museum envisions gallerieskey public destinations. The same exhibiting local artists on the ground Water, like food, is a magnet for ev-principle is applied at each destination floors of residential buildings; and, the eryone, a social leveler. The naturalto come up with a list of ten activities Bezak Environmental Center wants attraction of being near the water, ofresulting in a wealth of things to do that more shoreline space for its ecological touching it and, even better, of get-broadens the appeal of the destination, studies. By constantly emphasizing ting onto it draws young and old, ofencouraging round-the-clock use. that riverfront public spaces are for ev- all races and cultures. Our waterfront eryone in Yonkers, not just the people public spaces offer one of the bestIn our work on Yonkers’ Hudson River who live in the new condo towers, and opportunities for the “meaningfulwaterfront (for the Point Street Landing that they could be flexibly-designed so interaction across ethnic lines” thatproject with Perkins Eastman Archi- that they can be shared by a number Putnam describes if we plan for it fromtects), we stressed the need to create a of local partners, we helped the City the beginning and sustain it over timewide range of public destinations on the understand what a tremendous commu- through the continuing involvement ofwaterfront to counter the privatization nity-building asset its waterfront could a wide range of partners.• Meg Walker isthat could potentially result from the be. Increased tax revenues are not a Vice President at the Project for Public Spaces.large amount of residential develop- the only benefits that can be reaped. For more information, go to pps.orgment planned. We asked community Rebuilding the pride and identity of thegroups and non-profit organizations that Yonkers around its spectacular Hud-A sketch of the envisioned Cleveland Lakefront Promenade by Ehrenkranz Eckstut and Kuhn Architects PROGRAMS for 6 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  7. 7. Kate ZidarMinds in the Gutter Newtown Creek, which borders Queens and Brooklyn, was the site of the Design/Build ESM course. Photo: Verbunkos (Flickr)C ombined Sewer Overflow is is a looming problem, extremely dif- opportunities in the gutter, coming from everybody and nobody’s ficult to solve through “conventional” a diverse array of sources. Minds in the problem. During a rainstorm means, that requires and expansion of Gutter launched on Earth Day, Aprilin New York City, the storm drains in their current skill set. 22, 2010 at the Museum of the City ofthe street essentially shunt the total New York with a viewing of the designsvolume of local weather into the same Where all of these viewpoints have and a panel discussion about the proj-set of pipes as our toilets. When the an opportunity to come together is ect, featuring some of the competition’scombined system fills up with rain, the the Stormwater Infrastructure Matters jurors, exhibiting designers and repre-overage – a frothy mix of human waste, (S.W.I.M.) Coalition, an alliance of over sentatives of the S.W.I.M. Coalition.runoff from roadways and any form of 70 groups dedicated to ensuring swim- In the year since its launch, Mindslitter imaginable - is released directly mable waters around New York City in the Gutter has traveled to multipleto local water bodies, without treatment. through natural, sustainable stormwater professional conferences and served asThis is happening almost every time it management practices. Through policy, a curriculum for formal and informalrains at the waterfronts New Yorkers education, outreach, implementation educational events, including Prattutilize for employment and recreation. and monitoring, S.W.I.M. members con- Institute. Minds in the Gutter inspiredWe might see (or smell) some evi- tribute to the collective understanding a 2010 summer design/build course ondence of a CSO overflow where float- of how CSO pollution can be reduced stormwater in the Urban Environmentalable garbage collects via currents or while providing environmental benefits Systems Management program. Usingis quarantined behind floating booms, upland through Green Infrastructure. the city and campus as a classroom,but you basically need to be peering this course explored stormwater man-over the bulkhead at a known outfall (in Last year, the S.W.I.M. Coalition agement as a planning, policy, designthe rain, at low tide) to know for sure if launched Minds in the Gutter, a call for and social justice issue. StudentsCSO overflows are happening. submissions to anyone — professionals, gained exposure to local current events students, the general public — with involving stormwater management, theFrom a planning perspective, this is an ideas for managing stormwater run- broader Green Infrastructure move-elegant (yet completely gross) illustra- off from New York City roadways and ment, and hands-on experience withtion of infrastructure carrying capac- sidewalks, and an exploration into how planning and implementation of proj-ity. From the perspective of boaters, agencies, communities and individuals ects currently underway. For their finalopen water swimmers and fishermen, are working on these issues. The jury projects, students created concepts forit’s a stinky mess they might witness brought leaders from city government, stormwater management interventionsup close, raising serious public heath academia, urban pedagogy and state- on multiple sites within the Newtownconcerns. For community gardeners level green infrastructure planning to Creek sewershed. • Minds in the Gutter livesand urban farmers, rain is a cherished the table to consider the submissions. online at, and was created with the support of NYC Environmentalresource to be carefully stored, not The 15 designs that were selected for Fund. Kate Zidar is a PSPD graduate and mem-squandered down a drain. For policy the exhibit showcase a broad range of ber of the faculty.makers, regulators and engineers – this physical and environmental 7
  8. 8. Toby Snyder, LEEDBuilding the Ground it proposed reclamation of approximate- ly 150,000 square meters of land. Thomas McKnight, Senior Vice President of Development at the NYC Economic Development Corporation, recently took note of the project and asked, “If they can do all of that land reclamation in Copenhagen, why can’tM ark Twain once advised, “Buy A case in point is FXFOWLE’s award we do it here in New York?” Puzzled, land, they’re not making it winning entry, City Regenerative, in I began researching land reclamation, anymore.” No doubt he was an international competition for the which has been practiced around theaware of the sky-rocketing cost of land Nordhavnen district, currently a con- world for centuries, from the creation ofin the rapidly urbanizing world of the tainer port and cruise ship terminal, in farm land in Holland and of city neigh-Industrial Revolution. Although well- Copenhagen, Denmark. Our vision for borhoods in Miami to airports aroundtraveled, perhaps he was not familiar the 200-hectare waterfront site con- the world. Recently, however, the U.S.with the practice of land reclamation, in nects urban infrastructure, extends the has viewed it with greater suspicionwhich shallow bodies of water are filled existing waterway, weaves open space than Denmark has. I found that physi-in to create developable and/or arable through a series of neighborhoods and cal geography, economy, history, andland. Essentially, they are still making commercial nodes, and sets a new stan- culture contribute to the differences init. dard for low-carbon consumption. And, shaping our respective policies.City Regenerative - FXFOWLE’s vision for urban planning and innovative architectural strategies tohouse 40,000 residents, create 40,000 jobs, and provide access for 40,000 bicycles. PROGRAMS for 8 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  9. 9. The Nordhavnen peninsula today, with the city center of Copenhagen in the distance. to land reclamation. Both the U.S. and competition site. The Danes discoveredUNEQUAL GEOGRAPHY Denmark protect wildlife habitat with that a large population of green toadsPhysically, one of the greatest threats regulations that limit or prevent land (bufo viridis), protected by the Euro-to reclaimed land is the water around reclamation, dredging, pier construc- pean Economic Community Habitatsit. In general, areas with dramatic tion, and shoreline reconstruction. Directive, had established themselvestidal changes, such as the northeastern Since enacting the Endangered Species in the shallow ponds at the end of theUnited States, are more vulnerable to Act in 1970, many U.S. construction Nordhavnen peninsula. Essentially, asinundation and erosion than areas with projects have been stopped or delayed. long as sufficient measures were takensmall fluctuation, such as the Oresund, The most famous case is perhaps in to create new habitats elsewhere onthe strait that separates Denmark from protecting the snail darter fish (percina site, the toads and their ponds could beSweden. Furthermore, climate induced tanasi) from the Tennessee Valley Au- moved.sea level rises are predicted to increase thority’s construction of the Tellico Damnon-uniformly around the globe; the (constructed only after being delayed ECONOMIC REALITYOresund should experience less in- through injunctions that were argued Few development authorities can gen-crease than the U.S. Atlantic coast. The before the Supreme Court). Such mea- erate the funds to reclaim land. In mostthreat of inundation is greater here as sures are not uniformly applied—much U.S. cash-strapped municipalities, pri-well, which, due to its particular ocean depends on the specifics of each spe- vate entities with small capital reservesand wind currents, suffers hurricanes, cies and habitat. A new pier in the East own the majority of land. Conversely, instorm surges, and floods more frequent- River at the Northside Piers project in Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Dubai, Southly than the well-protected Oresund. Williamsburg was stymied following a Korea, and Hong Kong, each govern-In fact, in 500-years of practicing moratorium that prohibited disrupting ment owns a majority of the land—pri-land reclamation Copenhagen has not the river bed and shoreline during the vate property is often held in 99-yearrecorded a single flood.  fish mating season.  land leases. While these well-financed cities draw on national capital reservesApproaches to indigenous wildlife also Contrast our approach with the Danes’ for urban projects, the resulting re-differentiate our respective approaches treatment of the species found on the claimed land represents a 9
  10. 10. (Continued from previous page)smaller share of the government’s totalproperty portfolio. In recent years, landreclamation projects have occurredwhere low-cost flat land is scarce—Foster + Partners’ Hong Kong Inter-national Airport (9.4 km2 reclaimed),Renzo Piano’s Kansai International Air-port (10 km2) in Osaka, most of TokyoBay (249 km2) or Bahrain (410 km2), forthat matter, all the Palm developmentsin Dubai—and the resulting land valuewould be profitable.Historically, the United States prac- A park created from reclaimed land in “City Regenerative.”ticed land reclamation more often than take place where enough “cutting” preserved as pure and does today, examples include: the balances it. This was the case in theBack Bay and Logan Airport in Boston 1970s when 1.2 million cubic yards Copenhagen’s population is very(1,800 acres reclaimed); much of the were excavated from the World Trade conscious of its role in constructingSan Francisco harbor; the Port of Center site and ’dumped’ at the Battery the landscape. A much longer sharedProvidence and East Providence, Park City site in the Hudson River. The civic history dates as far back as theRhode Island; and the 92-acre Battery Nordhavnen project in Copenhagen can Vikings and Romans. Copenhagen hasPark City in New York; as well as much only now be realized as a result of the built up its harbor over time, from theof Lower Manhattan. The post-war increased construction activity taking construction of the Citadel at the city’speriod of suburban sprawl, which place around the city, most notably the heart and the fortification of Slotshol-greatly spared Copenhagen, has done massive highway tunneling under the men to the creation and expansion ofmore to proportionally reduce the Oresund harbor. the Nordhavnen Peninsula itself. Withvalue of U.S. waterfront sites, making such a long history of continuously set-it unlikely that any reclamation proj- CULTURAL SPECULATIONS tling the land, it is nearly impossible toect could generate comparative value. Stating that all reclamation projects conceive of “pure” land in Denmark orWhen high-value land does warrant get a green light in Copenhagen and consider the forces of development as threatening. Perhaps the U.S., with its sprawling metropolitan regions, labyrinthine property laws, infrastructural fragmen- tation, and jurisdictional redundancy, can shift its policies to a simpler, yet more nuanced, understanding of howHistorical growth of the Nordhavnen peninsula over the last 400 years, with the best to fit into the American landscape.“City Regenerative” proposal for the next 45 years. Not that we should simply adopt Danish practices, but we should take a moreadded expense, the common practice is a red light in the U.S. oversimplifies holistic approach towards decidingto build up rather than out. Skyscrapers it. Americans often regard their cities where to develop land and where toare not common at all in Copenhagen; as constructed out of a wilderness on preserve it. The value of Twain’s quoterather, the Danes developed a high- “virgin” soil from an often mysterious may yet prove to be prescient advice,density mid-rise urbanism. and unknown natural world. This has not as a rapacious investment strategy, led our development to assume either a but as a reminder of the scarce and pre-The soil and fill needed for reclamation frontiersman-like “battle against cious resource we should not squanderprojects, depending on their scale, is nature” or its inverse corollary, or exhaust. • Toby Snyder is a designer forenormous, and “filling” can only deference to sacred land to be FXFOWLE and a PSPD faculty member. PROGRAMS for SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  11. 11. Carter Craft often side-by-side. In many ways theseBreak Through the Surface, activities complemented each other, and they may yet again.Here’s How When faced with your next waterfront design or development opportunity, think about the following aspects of your site: bottom condition, water depth, water quality, movement, and the water’s edge. Historic maps will give you some ideas, but in an estuary so dramatically altered by human ingenu- ity and intervention, there is no sub-T stitute for doing your own investigating hink about any new waterfront What most of today’s waterfront devel- firsthand – or at least up to your knees. development you’ve seen re- opments seem to do best is to keep peo- cently. There was probably a lot ple from making contact with the actual BOTTOM CONDITIONof glass, carefully selected to accentu- water. This is unfortunate and unneces- The condition of the bay-, creek- orate the reflections off the water or catch sary. Unfortunate mainly because water river bottom will show you a numberthe color of the sky. An interesting light quality in urban rivers, harbors and of useful things. Rocky bottoms willfixture, reminding you that modern bays has improved so dramatically in tell you there’s probably a lot of waveaesthetics almost always change – or at the last four decades since the passage and wake action there. The finer grainleast our tastes do. Nearest the water’s of the Clean Water Act. It’s unnecessary silts get washed away by the currents. edge there was a railing, finished in because with a little more consideration If there’s silt or even muck there thenbrushed metal and likely topped by of the natural characteristics of the you might have some options. Calma dense hardwood not native to North water, and just a touch of imagination, waters are ripe for some human connec-America. It may even have won some every new waterfront development can tion. The finer silts here can help holdaward, but it’s relationship to the water help us all reconnect to what historical- roots for submerged plants or inter-is probably nothing more than a visual ly was the most vibrant harbor and port tidal grasses. Muck can swallow yourconnection. That’s not just unfortunate, in the western hemisphere. This harbor shoe, but at the same time not provideit’s wrong. is historically a place where recreation enough structure for plantlife to take and commerce have long coexisted, and hold. The best of all worlds is sand, it provides some structure, it’s uniform and easy to handle, it’s generally clean, and it’s easy on the feet. As you head farther away from the shoreline, you’ll start to find a different bottom condition at different distances. For instance, at East River State Park in Williamsburg you can see the sand up near the high water line, and heavier rocks farther. Depending on the size of your site you may be able to create different zones of water-related activ- ity: a mooring area there for sailboats, a kayak launch here, even some spar- tina marsh along the edge if it can be protected both from wave action and human interference. Pay close attention to the slope of the bottom – along the many shipping channels in and aroundYou CAN Get There From Here: Each year NYC Swim hosts the Brooklyn Bridge swim, where hundredsof swimmers negotiate the tides and currents for 1 kilometer in the East River. Photo: Carter Craft
  12. 12. (Continued from previous page) matter of hours. Unless you know the the Port. Add to this amount the almost tide cycle quite well it can be hard to 5-foot tidal variation and suddenly itsNew York it is not unusual to find some even plan an activity in certain areas.  clear why boating doesn’t always worksteep drop-off not at all far from shore. For boats, water depth is also very everywhere we might hope.No one likes to get in over their head if important. Every vessel has a dimen-they’re not ready for it. sion known as “draft.” This is the depth Sailboats deserve a special mention.   of the boat’s hull or structure below the Many have a fixed, often deep keel.WATER DEPTH water line.  For something lightweight This is the part of the hull which ex- At waterfront sites in New York City, like a kayak, the draft can be just a few tends deep down into the water to helpthe most important thing to keep in inches.  For a small motor boat plan on maintain the boat’s stability while inmind about water depth is that it 1-2 feet.  For a water taxi it might be rough seas or heavy wind. If your sail- boat has a centerboard - a removable or pivoting part of the keel that can beWhen faced with your next waterfront design or development opportunity, raised up or removed in shallow watersthink about the following aspects of your site: bottom condition, water depth, –it can dock just about anywhere inwater quality, movement, and the water’s edge.  the harbor. However, if your sailboat has a fixed keel then you’ll have to bechanges: the ocean’s tides have a dra- 3-5 feet, depending on the design of much more careful. If you are at thematic influence throughout the water- the boat. For many of the larger dinner dock at low tide and the bottom condi-front zone. As the North Atlantic Ocean and party boats the draft could be 7-10 tions are fine grain silts, you might havesloshes back and forth between North feet and for working tugs plan on 8-15 some scuffing or minor damage to theAmerica on the east and Europe on the feet. If the vessel is ocean going then keel.  But if that bottom condition atwest, the level and the height of the the draft can be much larger. Surging low tide is rock or stone, or the water iswater rises and falls almost 5 feet every and stormy seas demand a deeper keel just too shallow, it’s possible that yoursix hours throughout much of NYC. But to help keep the ship upright. Large keel could get wedged, and functionin places like the Upper East River, commercial ships are in a league of like a pry bar pushing your sailboat upalong the south Bronx, northern Queens their own. Most of the modern con- against or away from the dock. This canand western Long Island Sound, where tainer ships have a draft of 45-50 feet be very dangerous- both for the struc-the tidal influence is more complex, the or more. This issue of draft is what is tural integrity of the vessel as well aslevel of the water can rise and fall close driving the largest dredging project anyone trying to get on or off the eight feet with every cycle. This ever in this Port; the US Army Corps of  variation happens because when the Engineers is now in its 2nd decade of atide is coming in ocean water first starts $1.3 billion plus project to deepen allpushing westward through Long Island of the primary shipping channels intoSound, along the coast of New England.Soon the High Tide reaches the area The Water Beckons: the Harlem River has a number of opportunitiesaround the Throgs Neck and Whit- to better connect land and water activities. Photo: Carter Craftestone Bridges. Meanwhile, the samesurge of the Atlantic has also beenpushing in along the south shore ofLong Island and enters the Narrows. Asthe tide moves up through the Harbor,it can enter into the Kills around StatenIsland, go up the Hudson, or up theEast River Thus, along the Upper EastRiver for much of the day the tide ispushing in from both directions.Water depth is critical for two reasons. For human use, what may look like anattractive wading beach in the InnerHarbor at low tide will disappear in a PROGRAMS for 12 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  13. 13. Oyster Cove at Pier 101 on Governors Island is home to many water-based programs, including those of the Downtown Boathouse and the Urban AssemblyNew York Harbor School. The NYC School Construction Authority is renovating an adjacent building to become an oyster hatchery, boat maintenance shop,and SCUBA program support space for the School. Photo: Carter CraftMOVEMENT wedge beneath the Hudson’s salt-free Looking at all these factors above: Most importantly, keep in mind the water flowing out on top. The water’s bottom condition, water depth, waterHarbor’s water is almost always moving.  particular movement in any location quality, movement and wind it is clearJust the wind can have such a dramatic therefore isn’t just influenced by the that planning for the waterfront is justinfluence on the water’s flow speed and tide, but also it’s temperature and salt as complex as planning for the land. direction that it alone warrants a much content.  Thus a ship that has a draft of Just as important but not discussed inlonger article. But basic geography 20 or 30 feet may actually be dealing this article is the issue of water qualityand physical form play large roles too. with a current pushing them along 25 – the physical, biological and chemicalWhere the river or bay is broad like a feet below, while at the surface of the makeup of the water itself. It’s a verywide pool the rate is slower. Where the water the tide is working against their dynamic environment and our visionwaterway is constricted and narrow the vessel. Think for a minute what these for it ought to be as well. As our waterpace is much more rapid. The efforts conflicting forces might do if you were quality continues to improve its impor-to capture tidal energy in the estuary trying to move sideways, which you tant to remember we must try also toare concentrated along the East River often need to when docking a boat. find the balance between human usewhere the water is the fastest-moving   and enjoyment and the ecological func-current anywhere in or near New York tions needed to support the biodiversityCity.   But just as the tide rises, so THE WATERS EDGE that defines any healthy environment,the currents speed up and then slow  If you ever find yourself in a situation particularly an urban one. Though ourbefore the tide starts to fall. That period where you can’t make headway against nation’s politics offer us little hope thatwhen the current seems to stop – when the wind or the tide, chances are you such a balance exists, the fact that thisthe tide is turning – is called “slack” will look for some place to wait for estuary remains home to virtually alltide.  Slack tide is when many sensi- conditions to change, or to tie up, go the native species of fish that dwelledtive in-water activities get scheduled.  get coffee or even come back tomorrow.  here before European settlement makeThe annual swim under the Brooklyn This is when the unfortunate reality it clear we are blessed with a biologi-Bridge and the docking of many cruise of our inflexible edges will strike you.  cally rich environment. We owe it toor container ships are all scheduled at There just aren’t many places to get out.  ourselves and future generations toor near slack tide so as to minimize the It’s hard with a boat – but even harder create new connections to and into thepotential influence of the tide on the if you ever find yourself in the water water that can help us create syn-activity that needs to happen.   looking for a place to get out.  The best ergy between human use and natural models for today are probably the ones function, or at least a better balanceAsk any Harbor Pilot about the move- used here years ago:  staircases, ramps, than the industrial revolution has yetment of the water and he or she may and floating docks or barges.  Ladders achieved. • Carter Craft teaches Waterfrontgive you a long treatise reminding you are needed at regular intervals to help Planning in the PSPD. He is USCG-licenced Captain and principal of Outside New York, athat colder water coming in from the swimmers and scuba divers to get in consulting firm specializing in programming,ocean sinks below warmer water flowing and out, in areas where those activities education, infrastructure design, and events.down the river.  Ocean water is saltier are taking well, causing it to come in like a 13
  14. 14. Laura StingerImproving the Resiliency ofCoastal CommunitiesS unset Park, a community-of- color on the waterfront is par- ticularly vulnerable to the effectsof climate change. A recent editorialpublished in the journal, EnvironmentalJustice, explained the uneven impactsof climate change this way, “Climateresearchers report that vulnerable com-munities, even in the most prosperousnations, will be the first and worst hit.In this country, the most impacted areaswill be communities-of-color, Indig-enous Peoples, and low-income com-munities that are socio-economicallydisadvantaged, disproportionatelyburdened by poor environmental qual-ity, and least able to adapt. They willbe the first to experience extreme heatevents, respiratory illness, vector-borneinfectious diseases, food insecurity, andnatural disasters.”In the Sunset Park studio led by RonShiffman, Mercedes Narciso, Ellen could not only weather the effects of polluting infrastructure to be sited nearNeises, Eddie Bautista, and Stuart climate change but slow them and help the water and homes with little or noPertz, our client, the environmental protect the community from them. environmental review. As the residentsjustice community organization of the community are already burdenedUPROSE (United Puerto Rican Sunset Park is a coastal neighbor- by the Gowanus Expressway, a freeway-Organization of Sunset Park), posed to hood in Brooklyn, south of Red Hook like Fourth Avenue that cuts them offus the mandate to create a holistic plan and north of Bay Ridge. The diverse from the waterfront, a waste transferto create community resilience in the community of, among others, Puerto station, multiple brownfields, and aface of climate change. Our approach Rican, Mexican, Chinese, and Pales- severe lack of public space,to resilience was broad, and neces- tinian residents runs upland from the environmental justice is of the utmostsarily so, encompassing urban design, waterfront to the park that carries its capacity building, land- namesake. The waterfront is a workingscape design, economic development, waterfront and is a source of employ- Sunset Park has been the subject ofaffordable housing, disaster planning, ment for residents, 20% of Sunset Park many planning endeavors. There is aand city and regional policy. We looked residents walk to work. The waterfront 197-A plan, a Greenway plan, a Visioninto ways to foster economic resilience, is a significant maritime industrial area, Plan from the Economic Developmentresilience of the built form, tenure and an SMIA, and as such has special zon- Corporation, and the new Waterfrontsecurity for long term residents, a resil- ing that is meant to keep manufactur- Revitalization Plan. All these plansient culture, and a diverse and healthy ing in the area but has the unfortunate vary in their commitment and innova-waterfront and open space network that and dangerous side effect of allowing tion to raising the quality of life for PROGRAMS for 14 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  15. 15. Sunset Park residents, but they shareone thing in common, they were madebefore it was clear that the effects ofclimate change must be a main threadwoven through any look at a waterfrontcommunity, especially one with pollut-ing infrastructure in a storm surge zone.We knew that any initiative must beled by the community and thereforeempower and strengthen the commu-nity, as UPROSE has been doing fordecades. After a disaster, it has beenshown again and again that an affectedcommunity that had a strong and well-established social network recoveredfaster, with more residents returning,crucial services up and running againin a shorter time, and in some cases,improved facilities compared to pre-disaster. Thus many of our recom-mendations went beyond land-use andlooked to build and support the vibrantnetworks that already exist in the area;an informed group of activist youth, a Previous Page and Above: Images from the final presentation and report by the Sunset Park Studiolively tradition of street vending andentrepreneurship, strong community with programming and events. the industrial sectororganizations, and an active street life. D Innovative ways to help small, green B Making sure the new park at bushTaken as a whole, we knew that our manufacturing thrive on the waterfront: terminal uses local vendors.recommendations must simultaneously E A community kitchen for vendors 3 Support for continuing environmentalraise the economic capital, the social to develop ideas, upscale production, health and justice:capital, and the built capital while hav- and cut down on sanitation violations. A Using the bay ridge salt flats whiching a strong framework for ensuring that Designed as a closed-loop system, the lie just off the coast of Sunset Park as along-term residents are not displaced building would also house large-scale wave attenuation buffer, utilizing ecol-by gentrification. composting, a wholesale produce dis- ogy restoration and oyster reefs. tributor sourcing from upstate farmers B Building a ecology center for youthOur recommendations laid out a and transported via the Hudson to the environmental education on the wa-greener and stronger Sunset Park and waterfront rail barge connection, a roof- terfront; including oyster cultivation,included: top farm, and a wash cut and bag facil- wetland construction, water testing, soil1 Innovative ways to create more open ity, providing jobs and fresh produce for testing, urban and manage storm water: the NYC school system. 4 Housing and rights of tenure:A A backyard farming network with 2 Innovative ways to build capacity and A Using the TIL program, convertresource and knowledge sharing, work- social capacity: foreclosed properties into affordabledays, all connected to emergency food A A foreign language teaching coopera- housing co-ops.distribution. tive. B Collaborate with local community de-B Raised bed food production and a lo- B A mobile health clinic. velopment corporations and innovativecal vendors market on a former brown- C Connecting the elderly population design-build firms to create housingfield. with the rest of the community through where the future residents participateC Green waterfront connector streets an intergenerational video project in the design, building, and mainte-running upland all the way to the water documenting their history and stories. nance of the buildings. • Laura Stingerand featuring bio-swales, extended tree 3 Innovative economic development: is a second year student in City and Regionalpits, and pedestrian-only weekends Planning. A Sustainable materials management in 15
  16. 16. Landmarks about the landmark with just a single agriculture, then mechanized it and tap. It’s designed for students doing added fertilizers and chemicals, we are field work, architects, historic preser- now on the cusp of the third agricul-West (and East, vationists, urban planners, and even tourists and anyone else curious about tural revolution: growing food in urban areas, using less land, water and fossil New York’s rich architectural history. fuels, while applying fewer chemicals.North, South) The app has been featured on the New York Times’ City Room Blog as well After a fascinating time travel through as He has also created the invention of primitive and modern versions for Boston and San Francisco. agriculture–with all their advantages Currently, it is built for the Palm Pre or and problems–Dr. Despommier, a Pixi, but an iPhone version is coming microbiologist, lifts us into the coming soon. • Learn more at world of high-rise farming. In new or refurbished buildings, farmers of tomor- row will grow all kinds of food that we Gelvin Stevenson can be eating the next day. Book review of The Vertical Farm by Dr. Dickson Despommier The illustrations are lively and infor- 2010, Thomas Dunne Books mative; the style is easy and friendly; $25.99, 320 pages and the message is compelling: we eat better and the eco-sphere can heal Future Farming itself and once again provide all those wonderful services–carbon sequestration and clean water, to mention two–that it used to do. So while you’re reading “The Vertical Farm”- and it is truly a must-read–contemplate all those advantages, and taste thatT he ubiquity of smartphones has fresh food. • Gelvin Stevenson teaches Envi- ronmental Economics in the PSPD. begun to start to weave their way into the urban fabric, and a new, Upcomingreadily accessible layer of an“augmented reality” is beginning toemerge. Prior to the development ofthese devices, history was markedgeographically by staid plaques hiding Facilities Lroadside and in the bushes. Now we ooking for a solution to food scar-are able to tune into the wavelengthsof history as easy as pressing a few city, excessive chemicals on our foods, too much energy used in Management Programbuttons on the devices already in our growing and transporting food, nutrientpockets. runoff, the disappearance of low skilled jobs in urban areas, and food that justPSPD GIS instructor Steven plain doesn’t taste very good? ThenRomalewski has developed a mobile welcome to the vertical farm revolution, Thursday, April 14, 2011 Development as a Contact Sportapp called Landmarks: New York. It and the foundational book on Vertical Robert Sanna, Exec VP & Director,lists the official landmarked buildings Farming by the movement’s leading Forest City Ratner Companiesnear you anywhere in the 5 boroughs, light, Columbia University Professor Atlantic Yards as a development scenario has allproviding details such as when the Emeritus Dickson Daniel Despommier. the hallmarks and the travails of current property issues. Anecdotes about policy, costs, procedures,landmark was designated, if it’s in a marketing and the ultimate goals will elucidateHistoric District, thumbnail photos, and “The Vertical Farm” is a tour de force the story of this new Brooklyn landmark. 6:30 PM,Wikipedia links. You can view each of the promise of this latest agricultural Room 213, Pratt Manhattan.location on a map, and email details revolution. Just as humans developed PROGRAMS for 16 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT
  17. 17. Nancy Campbell and Anna Peccianti as usual, was engaged in the planning Redemption with Carsten Paludan- of the event and had volunteered to co- MüllerAlumni Updates chair the newly reformed PPAA. In the last 10 months, she has had a remark- April 15: Redefining Artistic Advocacy with Aaron Levy able recovery that has her speaking and April 29: New York State Climate Ac- writing more clearly every day. tion Plan with Alan Belensz An event will be held in Alison’s honor, helping to raise funds for Trinity Hu- CONNECT WITH PPAA ONLINE man Services Center (140 Montrose Av- Pratt Institute Alumni Association has enue, Brooklyn, NY 11206) on Sunday, recently launched it’s new and April 3rd at 2pm. A raffle will be held enhanced website: to help support Alison’s family with the The new site features an online direc- medical costs they have incurred. For tory, alumni news and networking more information contact Yadhira Deras groups. The site will also help alumni (THSC) at 718-388-3176 or Rolando take advantage of benefits including Guzman (St. Nicks) at discounted membership to Pratt’s ath- letic facility and free entry to some city museums. PSPD SPRING LECTURE SERIES Last month, Programs for Sustainable To make this experience valuable, we Planning and Development launched need your help. Please visit to alumni. its Spring Lecture Series. This compel- to log into Pratt’s online ling series features local leaders and alumni database and make sure thatAllison Cordero leading a public workshop.Photo: PPAA internationally renowned practitioners the Institute has your most current discussing and debating current plan- contact information, preferred email ad-ALUMNI INFO ning, preservation and environmental dress and any personal or professionalAlison Cordero (Class of 1991) has a topics. Lectures have been contempo- accomplishments you’d like to share.long history in serving the communi- rary and compelling and audience dis- Once you’ve logged-in to the site,ties of North Brooklyn. Starting at cussion has been lively and engaging. please find the Pratt Planning AlumniSt. Nick’s Alliance in 1984 as a Pratt Please mark the series in your calendar Association (search “Groups” on theInstitute intern, Alison has served as and be sure to share it with friends and left hand side), created just for PSPDthe Deputy Director for Community colleagues in New York City. alumni. PPAA will disseminate as allPreservation since 1997. Her nearly We look forward to seeing you there! relevant news for PSPD alumni through30 years of service to the Greenpoint- Reception 5:30; this group.Williamsburg community is undeterred. Lecture 6:00;As Frank Lang, Housing Director at St. Q+A 7:00 We would also encourage you to con-Nick Alliance attests, “Alison’s big- nect with PPAA on our LinkedIn page.gest strength is her consistent desire to Pratt Manhattan Campus Our group name is “Pratt Planning”.work in a collaborative manner with all 144 West 14th Street, New York We look forward to seeing you online!facets of the neighborhood to coordinate Room 213 (Unless otherwise noted)and build consensus toward an advo- RSVP prattpspd@gmail.comcacy agenda.” April 1: Vision 2020 ComprehensiveAs some of you may know, Alison Click here to visit our LinkedIn page. Waterfront Plan with Mike Marrellaexperienced a stroke in May 2010 just April 8: Cultural Heritage: Roots,as the department was preparing to Relations, Rationales, Rights andcelebrate its 50th Anniversary. Alison, What is PPAA? The Pratt Planning Alumni Association (PPAA) aims to invigorate our dynamic alumni network to bring the benefits, resources and expertise to alumni and to current students. To provide PPAA with financial contributions or volunteer time, please email PPAA Co-Chairs Nancy Campbell and Anna Peccianti at 17
  18. 18. AAKRITI, the journal of the Goa College for Architecture, wrote an article about the experienceAccomplishments of Pratt’s studio on the coast of India. The studio wil be covered in full in the summer issue of Multiplicity. Click here to read the article.In December, Eddie Bautista was a part of Lee Miller, ‘13, a joint-degree student at the craft Requests for Proposals to redevelop to thethe White House’s first panel on Environmental Pratt Institute and Brooklyn Law School was area, while continuing to consult with the Com-Justice. He spoke on the Healthy Communities awarded the American Planning Association’s munity Board.and Place-based Initiatives panel and requested (APA) Daniel J. Curtin, Jr., Planning Law Fel-federal assistance to support local efforts by City lowship. The APA’s Planning Law Division Eric Allison spoke at the Neighborhood Pres-officials and NYC-EJA members to reform the awards the Fellowship to one student annually ervation Center co-sponsored by the HistoricSignificant Maritime Industrial Area’s designa- to foster greater interest in the study of land use Districts Council, discussing the new booktion found in the NYC Waterfront Revitalization planning and its interrelationship with the law. he co-authored with Lauren Peters, HistoricProgram. The recipient advocates for thoughtful planning Preservation and the Livable City. The book by preparing articles on land use for publication, serves as “a guide to how historic preservationJoan Byron was a part of a panel discussion, assisting in the APA’s educational programs and can enhance the economic and environmentalRoads to Nowhere: Public Works in a Time of the solicitation and review of session proposals sustainability of cities and towns.Crisis. The panel was co-sponsored by the Pratt submitted by Planning Law Division membersCenter and the Regional Plan Association as for the annual National APA Conference. Sciame Construction sponsored this se-a part of the Musuem of the City of New York’s mester’s OSHA-10 certification classes. Thison going Urban Forum series on New York Adedayo Ologundudu put together a forum at event was held at the Sciame offices in LowerInfrastructure. Columbia University as a kick off event for the Manhattan. non-profit he has founded, the Global Environ-Steve Jones from McGraw-Hill construction mental Management Foundation. Additionally A book that included a contribution from Ronshared research findings with Construction and he serves as Associate Lecturer and Research Shiffman, What We See: Advancing the Observa-Facilities Management students on how BIM is Fellow within the Department of Quantity Sur- tions of Jane Jacobs, has been named one of thetransforming building design, construction and veying, School of Environmental Technology at top books of 2010 by re:place Magazine. It wasoperation, with profound implications for future Federal University of Technology in Akure, Ni- also recently listed as one of the ten best booksConstruction Managers. geria, and is Chief Priest of the Yoruba culture. of 2010 in urban planning, design, and develop- ment by Planetizen.Ned Kaufman will give the keynote speechat the Looking Forward Symposium being put Nadine Post, Editor at ENR, lead a discussion Jaime Stein was a speaker at the second instal-together by Historic New England and Roger in project delivery systems and BIM at Pratt lation of the NYC Future Metropolis eventsWilliams University. The event is to take place Manhattan in January, as well as other forms of put on by Solar One, a Green Energy, Arts,on the 1st of October, 2011. collaborative delivery. The “lean” construction and Education Center located in Stuyvesant initiative, specifically the Lean Construction Cove Park. She spoke on the subject of Green Institute, was reviewed. Infrastructure. In January, Manhattan’s Community Board 3 PSPD and the Consulate General of the Federal approved a set of guidelines to redevelop six Republic of Germany co-sponsored a discussion acres of largely vacant City-owned property on at the Center for Architecture in December with the Lower East Side – one of the largest tracts Englebert Daldrup and Peter Zionicky, authors of such land remaining in Manhattan – collec- of the book, Large Scale Project in German tively known as the Seward Park Urban Renewal Cities: Urban Development 1990-2010. In this Area. Over the past 40 years, efforts to rebuild work, the authors examine nineteen large-scale on the sites, which were originally raised as projects that have been undertaken over the past part of an urban renewal scheme, have been twenty years. They discussed a few of these proj- immobilized by strong community disagreement ects, focusing on Hamburg and Stuttgart, and over what should be built there, and for whom. whether these efforts have indeed contributed to Since April 2010, the City has been working the ‘renaissance of the European city.’ The book with a designated CB3 committee to create a is available for order on Amazon. plan that represents a good compromise between divergent community voices. The meetings have been facilitated (and the guidelines drafted) by PSPD’s Chair John Shapiro, PSPD Professor EDITORIAL William Calabrese Eve Baron, and Simon Kawitzky, a recent Geoffrey DyckSAVE THE DATE! graduate. As approved, the guidelines call forSaturday, April 16 11am - 6pm more than 800 units of housing, approximatelyRe:Construction: Rebuilding Dialogues, a sym- half of which will be affordable. Also called for CHAIRposium on diversity sponsored by PIPSA and are substantial amounts of retail, commercial, John Shapiro and community space, as well as public openLEAP will be taking place in Higgins Hall. space. The City intends to use the guidelines to PROGRAMS for 18 SUSTAINABLE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT