How To Write A Summary


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How To Write A Summary

  1. 1. How to WRITE a Summary Created By: Mrs. Pratt 4 th Grade English/Language Arts
  2. 2. Words to Know: <ul><li>Text – words in the book (THE STORY) </li></ul><ul><li>CITE - to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), esp. as an authority </li></ul><ul><li>GIVE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism - the unauthorized use or close imitation of the words and thoughts of another author </li></ul><ul><li>(When you use someone else’s words/ work and try to pass them off as something you created.) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Preparation <ul><li>PREWRITING our SUMMARY </li></ul><ul><li>3 step process : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps to organize your thoughts so that your summary is clear and accurate </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Step 1 – TOPIC <ul><ul><li>Locate the topic (word or phrase that tells what the text is about) – be as precise (clear or exact) as you can </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Step 2 – PURPOSE <ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the text? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To Inform, To Express, To Entertain, To Influence? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look back at your “AUTHOR’S PURPOSE” notes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or, CLICK HERE </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Step 3 - SECTIONS <ul><li>Look for the separate sections throughout your Non-Fiction Book </li></ul><ul><li>These are also known as (aka) Subtitles </li></ul><ul><li>You can summarize each section with only 1 sentence to get the MAJOR POINTS in the whole text </li></ul>
  7. 7. REMEMBER Summaries are: <ul><li>short restatements of a text’s main points </li></ul><ul><li>Always MUCH shorter than the book </li></ul><ul><li>they shorten a text’s main ideas into a few concise sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>When writing a summary, be sure to record the text’s major ideas </li></ul>
  8. 8. TIPS on CITING: <ul><li>DO NOT copy from the text – that is plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>If you MUST use a phrase from the text: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Write in quotations” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Author’s LAST NAME, p.X) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite what page the quote came from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE : “Sharks have been on Earth for more than 400 million years.” (Mattern, p.9) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CHECKLIST: <ul><li>Reread your text until you fully understand it. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a one sentence restatement of the text's main idea without looking at the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the text’s main idea as your summary's topic sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the summary in your own words. Avoid looking at your text while writing your summary. </li></ul><ul><li>If you must include some of the text's original words and phrases, quote and paraphrase accurately. </li></ul><ul><li>Document the text's author, title, date of publication and any other important citation information. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Think about it like this: <ul><li>How much of the details is important? </li></ul><ul><li>In a summary, all you are giving the reader is the “ BARE BONES ” of the text! </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Keep these notes in the READING section of your binder ALL YEAR. If you misplace them you can visit our classroom website to make a copy of them again! Enjoy all your SUMMARIZING! </li></ul>