Buck pr 522


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Buck pr 522

  1. 1. Overview of Terrorism Understanding Terrorism 10th Annual Emergency Management Conference San Juan, PR May 22, 2000 Dr. George Buck University of South Florida
  2. 2. Definition of Terrorism <ul><li>Terrorism actually comes from the Latin Word “Fear” </li></ul><ul><li>“The Unlawful Use of Force Against Persons or Property to Intimidate or Coerce a Government, the Civilian Population, or Segment Thereof, in the Furtherance of Political or Social Objectives.”(Source FBI) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of Terrorism <ul><li>However the Media defines “Terrorism” for the day’s news events </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paradigm <ul><li>New York’s World Trade Center Bombed </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Eastern Terrorist. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paradigm <ul><li>Oklahoma City Bombing </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Eastern Man detained </li></ul><ul><li>However, the boy next door did it </li></ul>
  6. 6. Paradigm <ul><li>Tokyo Subway “PARADIGM BROKEN” </li></ul><ul><li>The Harbor Incident (United States) </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Attack </li></ul>
  7. 7. Terrorism Priorities <ul><li>The priories’ in the United States relating to the threats of Terrorism is Domestic in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>August 7, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>3:30 am Eastern Time </li></ul>
  8. 8. Terrorism Priorities <ul><li>The priories’ in the United States relating to the threats of Terrorism is International in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>August 7, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>3:40 am Eastern Time </li></ul>
  9. 9. Terrorism Priorities <ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Dirty Bombs </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Terrorist and their Thinking
  11. 11. Two Types of Groups <ul><li>Domestic/ </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>International </li></ul>
  12. 12. Domestic Terrorism It’s Roots
  13. 13. The Birth of the Ku Klux Klan ( KKK) June 9, 1866 Started as a Social Organization by General Nathan Bedford All of the founding members were college educated
  14. 14. Domestic Terrorism <ul><li>Groups believe that the time has come to arm themselves in defense of their liberties. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Domestic Terrorism (National) Terroristic activities of groups or individuals directed at elements or the U.S. Government or population without foreign direction
  16. 16. Domestic Terrorism <ul><li>The time has come to arm ourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>The Declaration of Independence itself says that “whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends [life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness], </li></ul>
  17. 17. Domestic Terrorism <ul><li>“It is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson advised that “the tree of liberty must be watered periodically with the blood of patriots and tyrants.” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Domestic Terrorism Timothy McVeigh’s favorite T-shirt
  19. 19. National Terrorism, It’s Thinking <ul><li>National - Who Wrote the Constitution, Before 1866? </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Social Contract <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence was the Promise; the Constitution was the fulfillment. </li></ul><ul><li>1866 the fulfillment and promise was broken. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Armed Forces of National Liberation. The FALN has claimed responsibility for numerous bombings in the United States; its 1975 bombing of Fraunces Tavern in New York killed four and injured 63. Attacked U.S. government targets in Puerto Rico.
  22. 22. National and International Join Forces
  23. 23. International Terrorism War by Proxy
  24. 24. International Terrorism War by Nations (States) or Causes International - Disrupt Daily .
  25. 25. Terrorist Motives <ul><li>Ethnic Cleansing </li></ul><ul><li>Damage Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Disrupt Normal Life </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Kill of an Enemy </li></ul>
  26. 26. Terrorist Motives <ul><li>Undermine Confidence In Government </li></ul><ul><li>- Requires Media Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>- Should effect as many people as possible </li></ul><ul><li>- Must last long enough to overwhelm (NYC) </li></ul><ul><li>Local resources </li></ul><ul><li>Media audience </li></ul><ul><li>- Usually directed towards injury fatality (International Terrorist) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Target Selection <ul><li>Based on: </li></ul><ul><li>Motive </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Device Available </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Deployment Method Available </li></ul>
  28. 28. Thinking Outside the Box <ul><li>They ARE!! </li></ul>
  29. 29. Types of Terrorist Incidents Four Primary Types for Emergency Services
  30. 30. Terrorist Incidents <ul><li>Explosives and Arson </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Agents </li></ul>
  31. 31. Explosives and Arson <ul><li>70% of Attacks Worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizes Property Damage </li></ul><ul><li>Target Individuals (Letter or Package Bombs) </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy Building, Aircraft, Monuments, etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>Large Devices, Truck or Car Bombs </li></ul>
  32. 32. Operational Procedures for Terrorist Incidents FACTORS FOR PREPARING Common Weapons Stand-off Weapons Super Terrorism
  33. 33. Operational Changes <ul><li>Emergency Services strategic thinker must be willing to “think the unthinkable” so that appropriate responses may be conceived. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not overstate the threat. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Terrorist Units and Cells: A Functional Approach Funding <ul><li>Sources: crime, harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Processing and management, </li></ul><ul><li>Nation States </li></ul>Training <ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul>Intelligence <ul><li>Supplied </li></ul><ul><li>Gathered </li></ul><ul><li>Internet/other open source </li></ul><ul><li>Information and politics </li></ul>Logistics <ul><li>Equipment & supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Other essentials </li></ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul>Operations <ul><li>One-man </li></ul><ul><li>Team </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral/ collaborative </li></ul>
  35. 35. Government Response to Terrorism: A Functional Approach Funding <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>Federal, State and </li></ul><ul><li>Local Taxes </li></ul>Training <ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul>Intelligence <ul><li>Supplied </li></ul><ul><li>Gathered </li></ul><ul><li>Internet/other open source </li></ul><ul><li>Information and politics </li></ul>Logistics <ul><li>Equipment & supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Other essentials </li></ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul>Operations <ul><li>One-man </li></ul><ul><li>Team </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral/ collaborative </li></ul>
  36. 36. Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorist Targets and their Weapons
  37. 37. Common Weapons <ul><li>Fertilizer Bombs </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamite </li></ul><ul><li>Semtex </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic and Semi-automatic and Pistols remain the weapons of choice. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Stand-Off Weapons <ul><li>American Stinger </li></ul><ul><li>Russian SA-7 Hand-Held Anti-Aircraft missiles </li></ul><ul><li>US Army Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) </li></ul><ul><li>Russian RPG-7 Anti-Tank Weapon </li></ul><ul><li>And Increasing Bombing Technologies. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Where is Terrorism Going? The CYBER World
  40. 40. ARE YOU READY??
  41. 41. HE IS!!!!!!!!!