It was a major means of transport in the ancient period.
It has large potential in India.
So efforts are made through planning for its development.
Waterways in India are quite developed.
During the past times, India was one of the seagoing countries.
Seamen used to sail far and wide , transporting Indian commerce and culture.
India was a primary shipbuilding country during the time of Napoleonic wars.
It was only during the British dominion that it lost its reputation.
India since independence, has been trying to retrieve their doomed position.
a river, canal, or other body of water serving as
a route or way of travel or transport is known as
Water transport is classified into two
groups and they are
INLAND WATER TRANSPORT
The shipping is divided into
costal shipping and
1. It is the cheapest means
2. It facilitates transport of
3. It is useful to develop
4. It is eco-friendly mode of
1. It is neglected because people prefer
quick transportation through roads and
2. Delay in loading and unloading of
cargo, inefficient handing of goods,
inadequate ports etc. results into losses.
3. The tonnage capacity of Indian ships is
low so here is tough competition from
foreign shipping companies.
4. An increase in wage rate and
maintenance cost, raised its operational
5. It is adversely affected by natural
calamities like cyclone, flood, tsunami
From waterways we can import and export the